North American Journal of Psychology

Articles from Vol. 13, No. 2, June

An Interview with David Schonfeld: The Educator's Role in Helping Children with Grief
David J. Schonfeld, MD, FAAP, is Thelma and Jack Rubinstein Professor of Pediatrics. He also serves as director for the National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement, and in a similar capacity for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics at the...
Brief Report: Celebrity Worshipers and the Five-Factor Model of Personality
In the second half of the twentieth century social critics observed that western societies were undergoing a seemingly unhealthy and pervasive trend: Real heroes were being replaced by celebrities--persons whose achievements amounted to little more...
Brief Report: Teaching History of Psychology for the Historically Challenged Instructor
Instructors generally teach courses in their areas of expertise (e.g., Learning or Social Psychology) or areas in which they have been trained regardless of specialty (e.g., Research Methods). However, History of Psychology is generally taken as a...
Cheers vs. Jeers: Effects of Audience Feedback on Individual Athletic Performance
There are a number of factors that can influence an athlete's performance during a game other than the athlete's skill. Athletes must perform in front of crowds in every game, and crowds express their feelings about athletes' performances by, for instance,...
Culture and Gender Differences in Boredom Proneness
Many scholars have suggested that boredom is a contributing factor to an assortment of personal, social, and organizational problems (Bernstein, 1975; Healy, 1984). Early work depicted boredom as a widespread "disease" (e.g., Mark, 1972; Ramey, 1974),...
Does the Shipley Institute of Living Scale Measure Fluid and Crystallized Abilities?
Developed over six decades ago, the Shipley Institute of Living Scale (Shipley, 1967; Zachary, 1991) is a brief measure of intelligence consisting of two subtests. On the Abstraction subtest, participants must complete numerical problems, word patterns,...
How Type of Treatment and Presence of PTSD Affect Employment, Self-Regulation, and Abstinence
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk for substance use disorders (SUDs; Najavits, Weiss, & Shaw, 1997). Studies have found rates of PTSD and SUD comorbidity as high as 25-59% (Brown, Recupero, & Stout, 1995;...
Impact of Wireless Technology in a Human Sexuality Course
A wireless personal response system (PRS) consists of a number of handheld response devices through which individuals can make different types of responses (e.g., multiple choice, true-false, numerical), a receiver, and software that allows for the...
Perfectionism and Psychological Adjustment among College Students: Does Educational Context Matter?
Perfectionism is generally seen as the "striving for flawlessness" (Flett & Hewitt, 2002, p. 5), and although perfectionism exists among individuals of all ages, perfectionism and its influence on psychological adjustment among college students...
Religious Typologies and Health Risk Behaviors of African American College Students
Research on the impact of religiosity or spirituality on physical and mental health is a topic of increasing significance and interest to scientist in numerous fields. A growing body of work indicates that religiousness is positively related to a number...
Self-Reported Health and Risk Behaviors: Do They Influence Attitudes toward Pricing Health Insurance?
Some form of health insurance is offered to employees by approximately 60% of private organizations. While 59% of private organizations with less than 100 employees offer health insurance, this benefit is offered by 93% of those organizations with...
Social Networking and Political Campaigns: Perceptions of Candidates as Interpersonal Constructs
Research in political communication recognizes the role of interpersonal communication in the campaign process, with research looking at interpersonal influence, opinion leadership, and anticipated conversations with other individuals (Powell &...
Taste Preference for Brand Name versus Store Brand Sodas
How similar in taste preference are store brand products compared to the major national brands? Various stores such as Wal-Mart have their own private label versions of major products. The typical advantage to these products is the reduced price, relative...
The Effects of Word Variability on the Lexical Decision Task
Our ability to process words during a lexical decision task depends on a number of lexical features. These lexical features include, but are not limited to, word frequency (i.e. the number of times a word appears in written text), orthographic neighborhood...
The Influence of Reducing Inter-Item Context Cue Formation on Memory Scores
Encoding Specificity predicts an increase in memory performance accuracy when features present during the encoding of information are also present during testing (Tulving & Thomson, 1973). These features include contextual cues found in the environment...
The Moderating Effects of Organized Activities on the Relations between Body Mass and Social Adjustment in Adolescents
Adolescence is marked by a myriad of bio-psychosocial shifts, including rapid physical changes, emotional and cognitive maturation, and enhanced sensitivity to peer relations (Newman & Newman, 2003). In addition, weight gain associated with puberty...