Romanian Journal of Political Science

Articles

Vol. 13, No. 1, Summer

Proceedings of the Constitutional Court and the Ombudsman's Activity: First Steps in Practice on the Basis of Regulation of the Basic Law
The development of proceedings in the Constitutional Court is linked to the creation of correctional mechanisms and constitutional balancing bodies to replace the former authoritarian systems in Europe. A Constitutional Court ensures the democratic...
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The Triple Crisis in Hungary: The "Backsliding" of Hungarian Democracy after Twenty Years
Introduction: The triple crisis in the New Member States In Hungary the crisis of the democracy has taken place most markedly in both aspects of democracy, i.e. in the formal democratic institutions (procedural democracy with rule of law and the...
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The Political Economy of Turkey's Eastern Turn: An Empirical Analysis of Erdogan's State Visits (2003-2010)
Introduction Turkey has experienced significant changes in its domestic and international politics since the 'post-Islamist' Justice and Development Party (AdaletveKalkinmaPartisi, hereafter AKP) came to power in late 2002. The AKP government improved...
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The Choice of Monetary Policy and Its Relevance for Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from a Global Perspective
Introduction One would think that in our modern society in which central banks are taken for granted as institutions operating the monetary policy of a country (and capable of generating miracles during financial crises) economists have reached...
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Risks of Corruption and the Management of EU Funds in Romania
The Problem Romania has received a consistent piece of the EU cake, ranking fourth after Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary, in terms of the amount earmarked for the 2007-2013 programming period with 19, 67 billion EUR given by the EU for the...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, Winter

Consociational Electoral Engineering Revisited: Findings from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Introduction After the three and a half years-long war, hundreds of thousands of casualties, and millions of people displaced, the architects of the 1995 Dayton Agreement engineered a consociational political arrangement for Bosnia and Herzegovina...
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Factors Affecting the Long-Term Success of New Parliamentary Parties: Findings in a Post-Communist Context
Introduction Following an initial academic interest in party formation and survival (Duverger 1954), research into the electoral success and parliamentary durability of new parties (4) has remained rather underdeveloped. This is probably because...
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Big Five Personality Traits Model in Electoral Behaviour Studies
Introduction The foundation of this study is the belief that personality and politics are integral planes that intertwine at the level of various decisions and behaviours. The following considerations are a result of the author's research into psychological,...
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Normative Power Japan: The European Union's Ideational Successor or Another "Contradiction in Terms"?
Introduction The decision-making process of a modern state is usually perceived as being based on the rational choices of its political leadership, summoned upon to decide what is best for the state. This sort of self-attributed wisdom implies that...
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Post-Soviet Georgia in the Process of Transformation-Modernization Challenges in Public Service
Introduction Georgia is considered to be a "post-Soviet" state, a "transitional/transforming society" and a "young democracy". In a transitional society, the weakening of various systems brings about the necessity to transform and institutionalise...
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Pippa Norris, Making Democratic Governance Work: How Regimes Shape Prosperity, Welfare, and Peace
Pippa Norris, Making democratic governance work: how regimes shape prosperity, welfare, and peace (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012). In "Making democratic governance work: how regimes shape prosperity, welfare, and peace", Harvard Professor...
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Vol. 12, No. 2, Winter

Does the Trio Matter? the Case of the Slovenian EU Council Presidency
Introduction The idea of establishing a Trio Presidency for the European Union Council (hereafter EU Council) aimed at replacing the national short-term oriented presidencies with a more stable and long-term oriented presidency, to assist the less...
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Eurosceptics-Enemies or a Necessary Part of European Integration?
Introduction In his oft-quoted study "Europe's 'Democratic Deficit': The Question of Standards" the Italian political scientist Giandomenico Majone claims that the evaluation of any product or institution is a matter of defining standards and their...
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Romania under EU Influence: Note on the Constitutive Limits of External Constitutional Interventions
Constitutionalism and Constitutional Law: Referential, Transnational, Supranational, Global Since the appearance of the modern normative constitution, at the end of the 18th and the onset of the 19th century, the question as to the proper balance...
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Good Governance in the Slovenian Employment and Education Policy Fields: Myth or Reality?
Introduction Civil society has become a fashionable concept in political science, closely associated with democracy and representation (Almond and Verba, 1965; Putnam, 2002). Its significance has increased remarkably after the fall of communist...
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Creating a Citizen Centric Administration through eGovernment in Romania
Introduction Beginning with 2008, the year that marked the debut of the economic global crisis, the governments of different states are now being confronted more than ever with the imperative of redefining the concepts that guide their activity....
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Douglas A. Irwin. Free Trade under Fire. Third Edition. Princeton University Press. 2009
Douglas A. Irwin. Free Trade under Fire. Third Edition. Princeton University Press. 2009 In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries trade and economic development received a painful hit, that of mercantilism. This was a system of monopolistic privileges...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, Summer

Lessons from a Divided Society: How to Deal with Party Factionalism
Political parties in new democracies underwent a process of institutionalisation and organisational adaptation. Despite their recent formation, these actors do present similar features with their Western counterparts, preserving at the same time sui...
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Clientelism: Electoral Forms and Functions in the Romanian Case Study
Clientelism--generally taken to mean contingent direct exchanges between patrons and clients, has the potential to be a major factor of power wielding in the political process of a democracy. This paper explores how the electoral process in a new democracy...
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Restructuring the Foreign Policy of the EU: Competing Narratives and Discourses
In the last two decades the European Union has come to be viewed as a unique international actor (Aggestam 2011; Bickerton 2011b; Allen & M. Smith 1990; Biscop & Andersson 2007; Bull 1982; Diez 2005; Hill 2003; Howorth 2010; HydePrice 2008;...
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Post-Accession Effects of Conditionality: New Member States and the Implementation of the EU Competition Policy
The modernization of the EU competition policy has shifted the focus of research from the legal and political implications to the role of national administrations in the implementation process. The 2003 Modernisation Package has granted national competition...
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How Can Romania Meet European Requirements in the Field of Energy?
An Assessment of the current situation Absence of transparency in trading, over-the-counter contracts follow a political rather than a commercial logic. We are talking here about the so-called "contracts with the smart guys", whereby rent-seeking...
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Vol. 11, No. 2, Winter

Challenges at EU's New Eastern Frontier Twenty Years after USSR's Fall
I. Russia and the European Union--parallel evolutions in the last two decades The fall of USSR has been accompanied and followed by a series of processes: from independence movements and declarations to breakaway attempts--some of them successful--inside...
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Lilliputian in a Goliath World: The Preventive Diplomacy of Slovenia in Solving the Question of Kosovo's Independence
Introduction According to the theory of small states in international relations, small states do not have as many means to achieve their foreign policy goals as larger states have (Morgenthau, 1948/2004: 97; Keohane, 1969; Benwell, 2011). However,...
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Diverging Party Outcomes in Hybrid Regimes: The Cases of Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro
Introduction Contrary to 'overly optimistic' scholarly expectations (Levitsky and Way, 2002), transitions from authoritarianism in the last quarter of the preceding century have, in rare instances only, led to creation of democratic political systems...
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Deconstructing Security
Environmental security. Food security. Military security. Markets security. Social security. Human security. It seems that all the aspects of everyday life are covered by some form of security. Barry Buzan deplored, in the first edition of his very...
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'Backseat Driving': European Institutions and Crisis Management in Moldova
Introduction The European Union (EU) is one of the largest economic powers in the world but has often been reluctant to engage in international affairs on a level commensurate with its potential might. Although attempts at forging a common European...
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Some Histories Stay Secret, but Not Entirely Silent: Dealing with the Communist Past in Central and Eastern Europe
"If particular representations of the past have permeated the public domain, it is because they embody an intentionality--social, political, institutional and so on--that promotes or authorizes their entry" (Wood 1999, 2) Since the demise of communism...
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Cristian Preda, Rumanii Fericiti. Vot Si Putere De la 1831 Pina in Prezent
Apart from his excellent works about the evolution of the Romanian political thinking or about the history of liberalism, Cristian Preda has published so far three books (obviously, also many other studies) which are milestones for the electoral systems...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, Summer

Beyond Perception. Has Romania's Governance Improved after 2004?
Post-communist countries embarked on their EU accession path with Transparency international scores below the lowest level in Western Europe and their culture was frequently described as entirely corrupt (1). Surveys on bribing cannot fully capture...
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Europeanization and Effective Democracy in Romania and Bulgaria
The drive towards Europe has been part of Romanian and Bulgarian political agenda, the syncope of communism apart, since the early days of state building and nation-building in the nineteenth century. This "'geocultural Bovarism,' a disposition to...
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Governance Reforms and Anti-Corruption Commission in Bangladesh
Introduction The era of globalization witnessed concerted anti-corruption efforts to promote political reforms by reducing the costs of corruption, which has become a major governance issue nowadays. This effort has been particularly directed at...
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The Ideological Institutionalization of the Romanian Party System
Introduction Twenty years after the fall of communism and the rebirth of multiparty politics in Central and Eastern Europe, the party systems evolved from high levels of fragmentation and volatility characterizing the 1990's (Mair 1997; Rose et...
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Implications of the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base Introduction on Tax Revenues (Case Study on Romania)
Introduction Nowadays, the approach on the corporate income harmonization is the most important issues of debate on the agenda of the European Commission and in the theoretical approaches of specialists. The extreme diversity of these approaches...
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Vol. 10, No. S1, September

EU as a Good Governance Promoter
Discontent with poor governance is on the rise in Europe. In comparison to the 2007 results, the 2009 Eurobarometer showed that a significantly higher number of respondents believe that "corruption is a problem for all levels of government." In the...
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The Experience of Civil Society as an Anticorruption Actor in East Central Europe
I. The double paradox The celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall in East Central Europe was accompanied by the usual soul-searching customary at such moments. After successfully completing their EU accession, most...
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Civil Society and Anti-Corruption: Experiences from Albania, Kosovo and Serbia
Introduction With the introduction of the good governance agenda in the 90s, corruption has been increasingly recognized as an impediment in democratic functioning and economic development. The rising salience of corruption (and anti-corruption)...
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Fighting Corruption in Croatia with the Prospect of European Union Membership: On the Non-Sustainability of EU Conditionality in Policy Fields Governed by the Soft Acquis Communautaire and Lessons Learned from the Previous Enlargements to Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania
"Greek tragedy is based on myth, and Croatian on corruption." (Ivica Djikic) (2) Introduction Croatia could conclude accession talks in 2010. Such was the message that awaited Ivo Josipovic upon his arrival in Brussels for his first visit to...
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Anti-Corruption in Slovakia: The Role of Civil Society
1. Introduction The accession of Slovakia to the European Union (EU) on May 1st 2004 was meant to be "an irrevocable shift away from the bad habits of the past" (The Economist, 2009). After having turned from the "laggard" of Central and Eastern...
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The European Neighbourhood Policy-A Reality Check: How Effective Is the European Neighbourhood Policy in Promoting Good Governance?
1. Introduction International actors and national donors have increasingly recognised that good governance constitutes a prerequisite for development. With sound state institutions, governments are capable of providing a stable environment that...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, Summer

Foreign Direct Investment and Civil Rights: Testing Decreasing Returns to Civil Rights
Overview This study addresses the relationship between quality of democracy and the level of inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI inflows). In particular, it examines how effective improvements in political and civil rights are to attract inflows...
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International and Domestic Policy Responses to the Financial Crisis in Central and Eastern Europe: Lessons for Ukraine
Introduction The ongoing financial and economic crisis raised a number of new questions and challenges to be addressed by academics and state officials both on the global and national levels. What are the primary causes of the crisis? What lessons...
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Non-Partisan Local Actors as the Element of Absorbed Local Democracy?
I. A Conductive Political Sphere: Anti-partisanship In Slovenia Political parties first appeared in Slovenian territory in the second half of the 19th century and disappeared prior to World War II. One can only identify two periods in Slovenian...
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European Rules as 'Law of the Land'? towards Optimalisation of EU Member State Compliance
Introduction For many lawyers, politicians and policy officials in the European Union, it has always remained a glorious pipe dream to achieve and maintain a maximal effectiveness of all the rules adopted. In accordance with United States' constitutional...
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Modern "Don-Quixotism" or an Emerging Norm of International Relations? Prevention of Armed Conflicts in the European Union and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Introduction There is no doubt: history is a bad teacher, especially when looked at through the perspective of armed conflicts. (2) Despite the efforts of numerous subjects of international relations to prevent armed conflicts or at least to solve...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring

Globalisation, Economic Policy and Rural Development in Europe
1. Introduction Rural Europe has been experiencing far-reaching transformations in the context of contemporary economic globalization. Most rural areas have traditionally depended on agrarian activity. Nevertheless, the general decline in the importance...
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Romanian Fiscal Policies: Do They Fight or Exacerbate the Crisis?
Introduction It is now undisputed that the world faces the most serious economic downturn since the Great Depression. There are more and more voices calling for action against the financial crisis, and expectations on governments worldwide grow...
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When the East Goes West: Romanian Migrants in Italy or How to Deal with Mobility Issues in the EU 27
I. INTRODUCTION Central as it is to the common market, as one of the four fundamental freedoms of the Union, the free movement of persons has proved somewhat more problematic than the others (Postelnicu, 2007). This may be in part because 'people...
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The Failure to Restore the Monarchy in Post-Communist Bulgaria
Introduction Despite sharp elite disagreements about the timing and nature of the constituent process, Bulgaria was the first country in post-Communist Europe to reach a constitutional settlement, setting this southeast European nation on a rocky...
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'Europe' and the Extreme Right: Comparing Partidul Romania Mare and Vlaams Belang
Introduction Extreme right strategies are focused above all else on the construction of a stark division between the included and the excluded, but the formulation of such a division is often taken to be between a narrowly defined 'nation' versus...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, Winter

The Economic Effects of Political Institutions: Are Post-Communist Countries Different?
Introduction Iversen and Soskice (2005) suggest that the observed variation in income redistribution among developed countries is rooted in historical institutions that go back as far as the 19th century. However, the framework they propose does...
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Socio-Economic Transformations in Post-Communist Countries: Central and Eastern Europe and Russia Compared
Introduction This article investigates the most recent socio-economic transformations occurring in post-communist countries taken as ex ample the cases of Central and Eastern Europe (2) (CEE) and of the Russian Federation. It also provides a sufficient...
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The Impact of the EU on Governance Reforms in Post-Communist Europe: A Comparison between First and Second-Wave Candidates
1. Introduction Transition from communism to capitalism had an uneven development. A short glimpse at some institutional and economic indicators (e.g. from World Bank, the EBRD etc.) at the end of the 1990s reveals a more or less clear variation...
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The Helping Hand: The Role of the EU in the Democratization of Post-Communist Europe
Introduction The Huntingtonian third wave of democratization following the collapse of the Soviet Union represents an important area of study for many political scientists. It concerns a political transition from autocracy to democracy in the countries...
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Anti-Semitic and Holocaust-Denying Topics in the Romanian Media
Introduction This paper will be looking at the main anti-Semitic and Holocaust-denying topics in the Romanian media during 2007. The axiological premise of this assessment is that in a modern society, freedom of expression is not unlimited. According...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring

Administrative and Political Corruption in Bulgaria: Status and Dynamics (1998-2006)
It is always difficult to say how much (or how little) corrupt the administration of a country is unless a proper operational definition of corruption is used. There are two ways of dealing with the more general approach towards corruption. First,...
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Democratization in Eastern Europe: A Viable Model for the Middle East?
Introduction Following the end of the Cold War and the rapid democratization of Eastern Europe, expectations that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) would soon follow suit ran high. (1) Due to the lack of any significant changes that could...
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Transition as a Legacy
In spite of the increasing differentiation between CEE democracies one striking commonality appears to be the fact that virtually all ended up having an institutional set-up with a high number of "veto players" in decision-making, or something Arend...
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From Sofia to Brussels Corrupt Democratization in the Context of European Integration
Defining the problem The phenomenon of corruption enjoys an increasing amount of attention worldwide at least since the political change of 1989. The growing number of corruption surveys commissioned by different international organizations and...
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How Media and Politics Shape Each Other in the New Europe
Line of inquiry How well do media theories from the developed West fit postcommunist Europe? Surely since the late eighties of the 20th century to nowadays the evolution of the media in Eastern Europe (EE) was spectacular and often unpredictable...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, Winter

Property Restitution: What Went Wrong in Romania?
Property restitution laws have always been presented by their initiators--mainly the left wing post-Communist party, in power in 1991, 1995 and 2001 when these measures have been adopted--as instruments designed to clarify and accelerate the Communist...
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The Hottest Comodity: How Emigrants Can Be a Country's Most Valuable Resource
I. TWICE THE PRESENTS, HALF THE SANTA--INTRODUCTION The picture of the world today is, broadly speaking, of limited resources meeting ever more numerous and more complex challenges. Moreover, these challenges and risks are almost always interrelated:...
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Roads to Nowhere
While they have come a long way in the past seventeen years, Romania's road and rail sectors still face a serious capacity crisis, which has practically blocked the majority of investments and rehabilitation of infrastructure for more than two years....
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'Europe' and the Post-Communist Public Discourse in Bulgaria
Among past and future candidate countries, Bulgaria rates among the most pro-European countries. (3) Studies on the public discourse relating to Europe have been conducted for some Central European states. (4) While there are studies concerning Bulgaria's...
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The Long Way to Europe
Visiting Targoviste in a quiet autumn afternoon, it is a fairly pleasant surprise especially when coming from the noise and frenzy of Bucharest. The city suggests a patriarchal and comfortable climate, it is reasonably clean and it can still be driven...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring

European Integration, Regional Change and Ethnic Minority Mobilisation: An Introduction
Abstract: The aim of this introductory chapter is to provide an overview of the theoretical framework informing the case studies presented in this issue. In the context of nation and state building, it describes and analyzes the presence of minorities...
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Regions, Minorities and European Integration: A Case Study on Muslim Minorities (Turks and Muslim Bulgarians) in the SCR of Bulgaria
Abstract The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of the European regional policy and the European integration of Bulgaria on the political mobilisation, social-economic status and the perception of two compact Muslim groups--Turks and...
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The Influence of EU Accession on Minorities' Status in East Central Europe
Abstract The comparative report analyses the individual cases which constituted the EUROREG project with the aims of: enhancing the existing knowledge on the nature of regional development, mobilization, ethnic minority politicization, and how these...
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Regions, Minorities and European Integration: A Case Study on the Italo-Slovene Border
Abstract The study investigates the impact European integration has had on the mobilisation of the Slovenian ethnic minority and the Italian majority in the Italo-Slovene border region. It also addresses the changing interests and identities of...
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Regions, Minorities and European Integration: A Case Study on Muslims in Western Thrace, Greece
Abstract: This report explores the regional changes and the redefined government policy towards the minority in Western Thrace, Greece, which were largely undertaken in the context of EU integration, as well as their consequences for ethnic politics,...
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Regions, Minorities and European Integration: A Case Study on Hungarians in the Kosice Region, Slovakia
Abstract The report presented a case of the influence of European integration on the political and socioeconomic status of the Hungarian minority in Slovakia. Based on the historical background and the analysis of empirical findings, we tried to...
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Italian National Community in Slovene Istria and European Integration
Abstract The article aims to explicate the potential effects of European integration and cross-border cooperation initiatives on the Italian national community in Slovenia in terms of its rights and protection, political participation, socio-economic...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, Winter

A Balance Sheet of the Vices and Virtues of 'Populisms'
Abstract: Politicians and political scientists invariably use the term 'populism' to designate persons or movements they do not like or would not like to have come to power. To be called a 'populist' is to be insulted and, if possible, excluded from...
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Party-Based Euro-Skepticism in Germany
Abstract: For some authors, Euro-skepticism represents one of the great recipes for success of the new anti-establishment parties in European Union opposing Europeanization and globalization and occupying some policy fields along the globalism-nationalism...
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The Heavy Burden of History: The Political Uses of the Past in the Yugoslav Successor States
Abstract: The attempts to explain the causes and character of nationalist policies in the post-Yugoslav states. In the region that historically belonged to Yugoslavia and that today entails six Yugoslav successor states, with a seventh one (Kosovo)...
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Right-Wing Extremism in France-Departmental Differences in the Vote for the National Front
Abstract: Although many studies have addressed the electoral success of right-wing parties and, in particular, the French National Front, no analysis has so far explored departmental differences in the share of votes. This analysis fills this gap by...
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Spread of Value Orientations among Political and Economic Elites in Serbia
Abstract: The paper analyses findings of two surveys of value orientations spread among political and economic elites in Serbia, carried out in 1989 and 2003/04. The analysis is focused on two pairs of mutually conflicting orientations: political liberalism...
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Disputed Identity as Unescapable Pluralism. Moldova's Ambiguous Transition
Abstract: Romania's accession to the European Union in 2007 provided Europe with an odd new neighbor. The small country of Moldova (4.3 millions inhabitants, with only two thirds de facto residing there) was pictured by The Economist in 1995 as "a...
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Romanian Foreign Policy in the Context of Transatlantic Divergences
Abstract: There were at least four situations in which European and American stances over how international politics should be conducted clashed and in which Romania was pressured to take one side or another: International Child Adoptions, Kyoto Protocol,...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, Winter

Religion and Politics
The last years have seen an impressive rise of the role of religion in many countries. Free elections seem increasingly to be used by religious political groups to advance their political agenda, which seems a rule opposed to the separation of State...
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A Christian or a Laic Europe? Moving beyond a False Dichotomy
Abstract: In order to assess the debate concerning the constitutional recognition of Christianity in Europe, we need to pose the more general question of the role (if any) of the symbolic function of the modern democratic constitution in relation...
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Some Reflections on Religion and Multiculturalism in Romania: Towards a Reappraisal of the Grammar of Traditions
Abstract: This paper discusses the potential of the Christian tradition in Romania to offer a constructive answer to the contemporary dilemmas of multiculturalism. However, for this to happen there is a significant need for a fresh re-reading of...
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Church-State Relations in Post-Communist Romania. Real Deprivatization or the Way Back to Byzantine Symphonia?
Abstract This paper starts from the belief that the realities of post-communist world, including the relations between Church and State, should benefit from an appropriate theoretical delineation, which is currently missing. This is more relevant...
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Charity or Tolerance? Debating Moralities in the Educational System of Contemporary Serbia
Abstract: After regime change in 2000, the Serbian Ministry of Education introduced two new subjects in the schools: civic education and religious education. Representatives of local civil society associated the establishment of religious education...
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Secularism in Republic of Moldova-Politics of Religion or Religious Politics: Where Do We Draw the Boundaries?
Abstract This paper focuses on the relationship between church and state in the Republic of Moldova, and particularly on the increasingly-blurred boundaries between the two. Given the fact that the ruling party is Communist, it seems even more inconceivable...
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The Consent of State and the Blessing of Church: A Case Study on the New Bulgarian Denominations Act (1)
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to reveal how the law-making process confronts new problems that arise in the search for pragmatic solutions to state-church relations. The specific case study used is the Denominations Act, adopted by the Bulgarian...
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The Chance for Civil Society in Central Asia or the Role of Islamic Movements in Shaping Political Modernity
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the theoretical and practical underpinnings for a potentially beneficial role that religion can play in strengthening counter-authoritarian groups and civil society in Central Asian states. Both fundamentalist...
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Brusselian as Newspeak. the EU's Public Discourse on Enlargement and the Constitutional Treaty *
Abstract: Problems of European integration and governance are increasingly analysed from a discursive perspective. This article seeks to examine the reasons behind the increasing distance between Europe/European Union and its citizens by taking...
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Byzantine Ecclesiology in a New Member State of the European Union: The Romanian Case
Among the few volumes with collected studies on the broad and vague topic of Church, Society and State in Romania that have been edited during the last years none would call for a critical review. Taken together, they express the need for a thorough...
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