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UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 3, Fall

And, in Informal Settings
Among the innovations introduced at the Millennium Summit were four interactive round-table sessions to discuss the overarching theme of the Summit. "The Role of the United Nations in the twenty-first century." In the phrase of Prime Minister Gob Chok...
Biological Diversity an Uphill Campaign at an Unpropitious Time
It is easier to rally support for particular biological assets, tigers or wetlands, than for a relatively abstract biodiversity, consistently ranked last in public awareness among all environmental issues, ranging from wildlife to climate change. Indeed,...
CoUNterpoint
In talking with my parents who are in their mid-80s, I discovered that they actually believe some junkmail articles that claim the UN is taking over the USA somehow. I know that we are fortunate to live in a country where free speech is a right, so...
Democracy as Conflict Prevention
In 1992, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious or Linguistic Minorities broke new ground by suggesting that States should try to accommodate their ethnically diverse populations through democratic...
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Stalemate in Peace Process The Council on 13 October extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) until 15 December 2000. Noting in his latest report the stalemate in the peace process, Secretary-General...
Determined Elimination of the Danger of Deliberate Disease
When the Security Council met for the first time at the level of Heads of State and Government on 31 January 1992, following a year in which the United Nations had successfully countered the aggression of Iraq against Kuwait, there was a sense of real...
Diamonds Are the Heart of the Matter
International Community Takes a Close Look at Conflict Diamonds Momentum has been gathering worldwide to globally ban all trade in conflict diamonds. Earlier this year, groundbreaking reports made clear to what extent diamonds--and other "lootable"...
Disarming Our Hearts and Our Nations
TOWARDS A CULTURE OF PEACE On 19 November 1998, for the first time in its history, Ambassadors to the United Nations spent an entire day discussing in the General Assembly the meaning and practice of non-violence. Representatives from over 20 nations...
DPI/NGO Conference on Global Solidarity
"Global Solidarity: The Way to Peace and International Cooperation" was the theme of the 53rd annual Conference organized by the United Nations Department of Public Information in coordination with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which was held...
East Timor
Militia Attacks on the Rise Briefing the Security Council on 29 September, the head of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) said the Government of Indonesia was responsible for dealing with violent militia in West...
Global Alliances and Multilateral Policy
MAKE MULTILATERAL AID WORK The United Nations is no more and no less than the contributions of individual nations. As long as States lack the political will to make it a powerful organization, how realistic is it to expect it to play a pioneering...
Halting a Thousand Suns Bridging the Chasm between the Nuclear Haves and Have-Nots
The biggest problem of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) may simply be its name. Stop a hundred "ordinary Americans" on the street and ask them what the NPT is about. In our civically impoverished age, 90 would undoubtedly...
Horn of Africa
New UN Mission Established In an effort to end their two-year border war, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed on 18 June in Algiers the Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities, which called upon the United Nations, in cooperation with the Organization...
Initiating a Global Council
SHIFT FOCUS FROM DOMESTIC TO DEVELOPMENT ISSUES Globalization has brought on winds of interrelated change, be it political, social or technological. As given markets are being globalized at a greater speed, the expectation is high for the United...
Investing in the Rural Poor A Challenge for the 21st Century
Over the past half century; there has been a growing awareness that humankind is placing immense pressure on the earth's resources--land, water and atmosphere--in its quest for better living. At the dawn of this millennium, global natural resources...
Is an AIDS Vaccine Possible?
In the early eighties, when human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was established as the cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), there was considerable expectation that a vaccine would soon be developed. However, the scientific community...
Is a Strong, Workable Biological Weapons Convention Feasible?
The fact that this question needs to be asked is a sad reflection on the state of international law as it relates to arms control and disarmament. The old-fashioned view enshrined in the legal concept pacta sunt servanda (treaties are observed) is...
Kosovo
On the Path to Self-Governance On 22 September, Secretary-General Kofi Annan reported that Kosovo's transition to self-governance could be derailed by hard-line Albanian elements who used violence to undermine confidence in the democratic process....
Middle East
Violence Derails Peace Process Continued violence between Palestinian demonstrators and Israeli security forces led to an indefinite suspension of peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, threatening to derail the Middle East peace...
Multidimensional Change and Regional Response
At the dawn of the new millennium, there are undoubtedly high expectations in all corners of the globe as to what the United Nations, as the only universal assembly of Governments committed to the pursuit of peace and security, and economic and social...
National Parliaments, International Potential
The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), a world organization of parliaments founded in 1889, held its first-ever Conference of Presiding Officers of National Parliaments at UN Headquarters from 30 August to 1 September 2000. Convened on the eve of the...
'Never Love Only Our Own'
REFUGEES: WHO ARE THEY? The old woman with her bloody feet in worn-out sandals? The mother in fear? The crying child? How do we describe their importance in our lives? The media's description does not fit--they are described as a sad existence of running...
New UN Web Site Launched
The United Nations Web site had undergone a dramatic facelift, Mahbub Ahmad, Chief of the Information Technology Section of the Department of Public Information, told correspondents at the launching of the redesigned site at a UN Headquarters press...
'Our Preparation Stands in Expectation'
MANAGE THE GLOBALIZATION OF SOLIDARITY In the context of the new millennium, it seems everything has been said about the past, present and future of the United Nations. I will focus only on five expectations that would play a central role in any...
Reclaiming the Future: The Millennium Summit
Over three days in September, the world's leaders convened to seize "a unique and symbolically compelling moment to articulate and affirm an animating vision for the United Nations", in the phrase of the General Assembly resolution that decided upon...
Sanctions and Collective Guilt
Economic sanctions are a favourite tool of some international political actors. Most of the debate surrounding them centres on their effectiveness in producing the political actions demanded by the targeted country. Yet, such debates miss the real...
Security Council Summit
In connection with the Millennium Summit, the Security Council on 7 September 2000 met at the level of Heads of State and Government for the second time in its history. Following an extended debate, the world leaders--9 Presidents, 5 Prime Ministers...
Sierra Leone
Security Council Mission to the Region Deciding to review the situation in Sierra Leone by 31 October, the Security Council on 20 September extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) until 31 December 2000. On 7...
Silence Is Music
"Silence is music; it's when you think." The words of legendary jazz pianist Barry Harris tapped me as I listened to the China National Traditional Orchestra. But it wasn't the pause between notes that captivated me, it was the reverence of the audience....
States Can Be Made Accountable for Small Arms
Small children have big dreams; small arms cause big Stragedies", said Deputy Secretary-General Louise Frechette at the inauguration of the exhibit on "Taking Aim at Small Arms: Defending Children's Rights". This statement dearly illustrates the three...
Strengthening the United Nations
TACKLE REFORM ISSUES COMPREHENSIVELY AND EFFECTIVELY There is still much to be done by the United Nations at the dawn of the twenty-first century. I would like to share my own expectations of the Organization, touching upon the main issues facing...
The Century Ahead
Ever-Greater Problems or Ever-Wider Opportunities? As we enter the new millennium, our environmental underpinnings are far more valuable in strictly economic terms than we had ever supposed. Because most environmental goods and services are not...
The Chronicle INTERVIEW
H.E. Mr. Harri Holkeri President of the Millennium Assembly The President of the fifty-fifth session of the Unite Nations General Assembly -- the Millennium Assembly -- brings to the office a wealth of political experience, as well as a reputation...
The Rio Group and the Millennium Summit
By His Excellency Andres Pastrana Arango President of the Republic of Colombia The Millennium Summit coincided with the period during which Colombia has had the great honour to serve as the pro tempore Secretariat of the Rio Group. For the...
United Nations Millenium Declaration
Values and Principles WE, HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT, have gathered at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 6 to 8 September 2000, at the dawn of a new millennium, to reaffirm our faith in the Organization and its Charter as indispensable...
'UN Peacekeepers Must Be Able to Carry out Their Mandate'
The Panel on United Nations Peace Operations In March 2000, Secretary-General Kofi Annan set up an independent panel to make "a clear set of recommendations on how to do better in future in the whole range of United Nations activities in the area...
Women and Armed Conflict
With women and children accounting for over three quarters of the 40 million people displaced worldwide by armed clashes or human rights violations, the Security Council adopted a wide-ranging resolution on the role of women in preventing conflict,...
World Peace Summit
The first-ever World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders, organized by an international coalition within the inter-faith movement, was held in New York on 28 and 29 August. More than 1,000 participants gathered to identify ways that the...