UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 2, June-August

Around the World with the Wind. (Passing by (Literally!))
There are many ways of characterizing the first non-stop balloon trip around the world which the Breitling Orbiter 3 team completed in March 1999: athletic, historic, technological, human or even philosophical. All these different facets have excited...
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A Vast, Afflicted Landscape. (Notes from the Chair)
Despite the two world conferences held so far to combat racism, we witness racism and discrimination continuing their ravages the world over, sometimes reaching levels prejudicial to the maintenance of international peace and security. While we had...
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Democracy: An International Issue. (from the Secretary-General)
In many parts of the world, over the last ten years or so, the United Nations has had to cope with conflicts in which one group's fear of another was cultivated and exploited by political leaders for their own selfish ends and made the basis of appalling...
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Diversity, Human Rights and Peace. (Culture Watch)
If globalization is a fact of life, so is human diversity. The management of national, cultural and religious diversity is a high priority for the United Nations and national policy makers in the twenty-first century. As more and more people are brought...
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Durban: Admission Unreserved. (Conference Room Paper)
The World Conference against Racism will be held in 3 Durban, South Africa from 31 August to 7 September 2001. Among its many-goals is to deliberate on what has been achieved over the past decades in the global struggle against racism and racial discrimination,...
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Education and the Freedom from Exclusion. (ESSAY)
The divisiveness of ethnic conflict within a State and among groups in its society is increasingly salient in the global environment of the twenty-first century. This fact illustrates at once the challenges to sovereignty from sub-national actors....
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Ethnocentrism in Africa
A starting point in the global drive towards defeating racism is ethnocentrism. Aggressive ethnocentrism results in serious and large-scale violation of rights based on origin, gender, language and religion. Africa has played scene to many of these...
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General Assembly Renews Commitment to Principles of Habitat Agenda
At a time when half of the world's 6 billion people are living in cities, and the world is facing the unprecedented growth of urban population, mainly in the developing world, Member States of the United Nations on 8 June renewed their commitment to...
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Has Beans. Is Well. (FieldWatch)
It takes more than bricks and mortar to improve public health and bring back patient confidence in a country where state health services have been starved for 25 years. Kisanfu health centre has seen the number of patients using it over the past...
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Legislative Challenges for Sustainable Urban Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
At the onset of the twenty-first century, Africa faces major challenges, which include rapid urbanization without meaningful industrialization of the national economies. This has major consequences in that while the bulk of the population will have...
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Limiting Power of Governments over People. (the Human Rights Committee)
March 23 marked the twenty-fifth anniversary of the entry into force of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The event prompted a number of questions, not the least of which is how effective and pervasive the Covenant and other...
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Listening. Inclusiveness. Tolerance. Reciprocity. (Perspective)
As the philosopher Wittgenstein presciently reminded us in Tractatus, the ways in which we look at the world to alter the world. The United Nations 2001 theme of "Dialogue among Civilizations" is a lofty initiative that has already moved into the global...
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No Star Burns Brighter Than Family. (Moorings-The World of United Nations Peoples)
Everyone at the United Nations represents some cultural abode--a unique place of beginnings and the springboard of dreams. Like the prodigal son, restless to drink life, we venture beyond home to sculpture our ideal world. Sometimes the journey takes...
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Our Children: The Divide between Promise and Progress
The good news since the 1990 Children's Summit * A one-third cut in mortality among children under the age of five was achieved over the last ten years by 63 countries. * Deaths of young children from diarrhoeal diseases were cut in half, saving...
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Peace Watch
KOSOVO Security Council mission visits Yugoslavia A Security Council mission-the first to include all 15 members and be headed by the Council President-visited Kosovo and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 16 to l8 June. During its visit,...
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Reconciling Non-Intervention and Human Rights
"When you come to a fork in the road, take it." Yogi Berra's well-known aphorism is an apt introduction to the topic of this essay. Over the last decade, the international community has been protracted engaged in a debate over issues raised by humanitarian...
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Rule of Law Has a New Forum. (NGOWatch)
The United Nations benefits tremendously from the expertise and dedication of thousands of non-governmental organizations interested in its work. It is not so often though that top-flight lawyers from all over the world form a not-for-profit organization...
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Secretary-General Kofi Annan Appointed to Second Term
On 29 June 2001, as this issue was going to press, Kofi Annan was unanimously reappointed as Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Security Council on 27 June had adopted by acclamation a resolution expressing appreciation for Mr. Annan's "effective...
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Success Story: For Five Months This Was a Familiar Sign in Parts of Uganda. the Uganda Ebola Outbreak Was First Reported in October 2000. Today, It Is Officially Over
The World Health Organization (WHO) reported at the end of February 2001 that the last person to be infected by the virus had recovered 42 days earlier twice the maximum incubation period for Ebola to develop. The international response in support...
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The Ebola-Virus: ... and the Challenges to Health Research in Africa
Sometimes, it seems that much of Africa almost courts misery, reading like the script of a bad action movie, everything happening at once -- disease, natural disasters; war, epidemics -- a Hollywood producer would likely throw it out as too unbelievable....
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The Peaceful Resolution of Crises
Han Seung-soo, who has been elected President of the fifty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly, is Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea. He was first elected in 1988 as a Member of the National Assembly. From...
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The Price of Success, the Cost of Failure: Special Session on HIV/AIDS
It is hard to believe it was only twenty years ago this June that the first clinical evidence for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was reported in the medical press. In the two intervening decades, more than 56 million men, women and children-a...
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The Seeds of the Syrigna Tree
It was in 1996, an early spring night, that the events of 1967 came flooding back to me. I was 10 years old then, growing up in South Africa. And almost 30 years later, the incidents of a terrible night, so carefully tucked away for so long, were...
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The United Nations Population Fund. (Then and Now)
"Thirty years ago, my predecessor U Thant transferred a small trust fund to the new United Nations Development Programme", said Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 1999. "A small group of donors provided a small amount of money for the new fund's operations....
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The United Nations: Redefinition or Renewal? (Thinking Aloud)
Are economic factors and considerations becoming more important in international relations? In traditional diplomacy, international relations have generally been considered the exclusive domain of States and their representatives. But other actors,...
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The United Nations: Redefinition or Renewal? (Thinking Aloud)
What can we expect from the United Nations in the new century? Too much or too little, or just more of the same? Our expectations depend on our perception of what the United Nations is about and what it can accomplish. We have known, ever since the...
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Tolerance and Diversity - a Vision for the 21st Century
As a new century begins, we believe each society needs to ask itself certain questions. Is it sufficiently inclusive? Is it non-discriminatory? Are its norms of behaviour based on the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?...
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Tourism: The Enhancement of Respect
On 1 October 1999, the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), held in Santiago, Chile, approved the "Global Code of Ethics for Tourism". This article explains how the Code was created, the principles contained in it, and how it will...
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Towards Real Mutual Tolerance. (Mission Statement)
The purpose of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cu1tural Organization (UNESCO), created in the aftermath of a global war, was to help build peace in the minds of men through the mind's own instruments: education, science and culture....
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United Nations Chronicle
Kofi Annan's reappointment as Secretary-General of the United Nations more than six months before his current tenure ends is a tribute without precedent to him personally and to the ideal of unanimity in decision-making in the institution he serves--the...
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What the United Nations Should Do about People Smuggling. (UNconventional: A Point of View)
People smuggling (1) must first be recognized for what it is: a profitable and direct attack on a State's sovereign right to determine who may enter and remain in its territory. People smugglers frequently compound this core affront with abuse of the...
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World Conference against Racism. (UNREPORTED News on the United Nations System at Work)
The World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance will be held in Durban, South Africa, from 31 August to 7 September 2001. In this regard, UNreported focuses on a number of matters to be discussed at the...
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Zambia's First Decade as LDC
In May 2001, the European Union and the United Nations hosted the Third United Nations Conference on Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in Brussels, Belgium. Testimony to the continuously growing number of LDCs was Zambia's first-time participation as...
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