UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 2, June-August

Biggest Lesson in History! (Global Campaign for Education)
On 9 April 2003, halfway through Global Action Week 2003 (6 to 13 April), over 1.3 million people-students, teachers, celebrities, government officials, community activists- from over a hundred countries converged in universities, schools, community...
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Certainly as Dangerous as a Cigarette. (Disarmament Watch)
The attention given in recent years to the problem of the illicit manufacture, transfer and circulation of small arms and light weapons, and their excessive accumulation, has certainly grown, permitting substantial progress to be made, particularly...
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Colleges and Universities Fail to Meet Demands for Teaching International Relations
Colleges and universities in many countries, particularly in the United States, are not offering adequate courses in international relations that reflect current global affairs, nor are they meeting student demands for a curriculum that is more relevant...
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DePaul University: Connecting Schools with the United Nations. (UN Videoconferencing Programme)
I had attended a faculty demonstration on videoconferencing at DePaul University where I teach, and a few weeks later read an article about the United Nations conducting videoconferences. "I have an idea: we can hold discussions between our students...
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Face to Face with Former Child Soldiers-And Hope: Messenger of Peace Michael Douglas Visits Sierra Leone. (First Person)
When actor Michael Douglas agreed to go to Sierra Leone to film a documentary for the United Nations, he could not have envisioned the impact the visit to the war-torn West African country would have on him. By the end of his five-day stay in February...
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'Find New Unity': From Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Statement to the Security Council on 30 April. (from the Secretary-General)
The thing that stands out when we review international engagement in countries affected by conflict is that no single approach has ever been adopted twice, because no two conflicts or post-conflict situations are alike. Even the four recent cases of...
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Health-Promoting Schools Initiative in the Americas. (Health Education)
Health promotion and health education in schools is a pressing priority, and ensuring the right to health and education for all children is a responsibility shared by all. It is an investment that each society should make in order to generate and augment...
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Improvement Involves Educators, among Others. (Mental Health)
While programmes directed at improving physical health have had remarkable success in many parts of the world, mental health has been neglected. This neglect is all the more serious in view of the large and growing burden that mental disorders cause...
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Improving Equity of Access to Medicines. (Pharmaceuticals)
The issue of access to medicines by developing countries around the world is one of great significance. Good health is vital for the economic development of nations, and promoting the health of their citizens is one of the most important duties of...
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Literacy as Freedom
The United Nations Literacy Decade (2003-2012) With over 860 million adults worldwide who cannot read or write--one in five adults--and more than 113 million children out of school, the United Nations has launched the Literacy Decade (2 003-2012)...
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Of Bicycles and Bipeds in Bogota. (Field Watch)
Enrique Penalosa's enthusiasm is contagious. When he began his three-year term in 1997 as mayor of Bogota, Colombia, the city was one of the most polluted and traffic-ensnarled in the world. Now that residents can ride their bicycles or take an innovative...
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OPEC: Ensuring an Energy-Secure Future
Silva-Calderon, Alvaro For over four decades, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has been committed to a set of principles geared towards establishing an energy-secure future for the world we live in. Two fundamental objectives...
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Patents, Prices and Patients. (Pharmaceuticals)
Infectious diseases kill aver 10 million people each year more than 90 per cent of whom are in the developing world. (1) The leading causes of illness and death in Africa Asia and South America--regions which account for four fifths of world population--are...
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Pile Them High, Sell Them Cheap Women and Sex for Sale
Willmott, Liz "Trading Women", David Feingold's compelling documentary about the trafficking of women and girls into the Thai sex industry, unravels the complex social and political tapestry forming the backdrop to the global trafficking menace....
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Potentials of Literacy: A Multilingual Perspective. (Basic Education)
In the Indian tradition, both oral and literate cultures have played a vital role. Literacy is not an all-or-none phenomenon. Indian heritage rejects the supremacy of one culture over the other, but the contemporary society has succumbed to what Argentine...
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Promoting Corporate Governance in Pakistan. (Partnerships)
During the past few years, the financial and corporate world has witnessed significant changes. Following the Asian financial crisis, recent accounting scandals have brought to light the importance of an effective institutional framework that would...
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Promoting Literacy for a Decade of Action
The United Nations Literacy Decade began with strong backing from the international community of educators as 500 teachers and representatives from educational institutions gathered at UN Headquarters in New York on 31 January for the conference, "Literacy...
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Russia's Revised National Education Policy Reflects ICPD International Education Agenda
An entire chapter of the Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo, Egypt in 1994, is devoted to education, characterized as a "key factor in sustainable development", as well as...
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Security Council Agrees on Interim Arrangements in Iraq. (Peace Watch)
As the UN Chronicle went to press, the United Nations Security Council on 22 May adopted with near unanimity a resolution granting wide interim governing powers to the United States and its coalition partners and including a role for the United Nations...
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Slow Economic Recovery Forecast. (the State of the World)
The world economy is in the process of a slow recovery, but impediments to growth remain in the form of overcapacity, overvalued asset prices, shaky investor confidence and macroeconomic imbalances, according to two recent economic reports of the United...
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Strengthening Staff Security: Priorities and Challenges. ('Protecting the Protectors')
"We are waiting for the enemy. We sit here like bait, unarmed, waiting for the wave while waiting for the militia to do what they have to do; I will draft the agenda for the meeting tomorrow on Kapang. The aim of the meeting: to examine how we are...
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Students Launch Africa Hunger Alert. (International Grassroots Campaign)
Every autumn, my 12th grade German-language students, together with our German club, choose an international crisis and then adopt a plan of action to solve it. This year, we decided that we had to do something about the famine that currently threatens...
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Teaching People to Use Water Wisely. (Putting the Puzzle Together)
As the Special Envoy for Water of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO), it is my pleasure to contribute towards increasing awareness of water, our most precious resource. In some parts of the world, demand far...
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The Chronicle Interview
IBRAHIMA E. SALL is the Director of the Programme of Assistance and Coordination for Security and Development (PCASED), a UN Development Programme (UNDP) Africa regional programme designed to combat the proliferation of small arms and to be the implementing...
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The Gambia and Education: A Success Story. (Education Policy)
Situated at the western bulge of Africa, The Gambia is 11,000 square kilometres in area and bordered on three sides by Senegal and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 1.4 million, its growth rate stands at 4.2 per cent and is among...
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The Global Response to SARS
The global approach to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO), has been aimed at sealing off opportunities for further spread, both within countries reporting cases and internationally. Experiences...
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The Role of the European Union in Development Assistance and in Increasing ODA. (Financing for Development)
In March 2002, the International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Monterrey, Mexico, addressed the major challenge of mobilizing the financial resources necessary for the implementation of the Millennium Declaration's development targets,...
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The United Nations and Civil Society: A New Step in the Right Direction. (NGO Watch)
It seems the combination of Kofi Annan as Secretary-General of the United Nations and the various UN conferences during the 1990s has been a good thing for the participation of civil society in the activities of the UN system. That said, however, it...
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Trafficking of Women and Children in Southeast Asia. (Exploited, Not Educated)
It is estimated that more than two million people worldwide are being trafficked each year, the majority of whom are women and children. Within the Southeast Asian region alone, over 225,000 are transported across borders, according to United States...
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UN Chronicle
Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to education. But education is much more than just a basic human right. It can build not only mutual understanding among cultures at the individual level but...
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Underusing UN Information Resources. (A Puzzling Picture)
United Nations information use presents a puzzling picture, especially in academia. Many information resources receive extraordinary use. In 2001, visitors to the main UN web site viewed an average of 500,000 HTML files daily. According to Mahbub Ahmad,...
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United Nations Screens TV Series Illuminating Worldwide Child Issues. ('What's Going On?')
The United Nations Department of Public Information on 15 April hosted a screening of one episode of "What's Going On?", a ten-part series produced by the UN Works programme in collaboration with Showtime Networks and RCN Entertainment. It explores...
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United Nations Workers Grapple with SARS. (Global Health Threat)
The world's first recognized case of a deadly new disease, later named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), occurred in the Guangdong Province of China on 16 November 2002. The disease is characterized by high fever and respiratory symptoms, including...
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Universities as Agents for Social and Economic Progress. (Development Watch)
There is general recognition that the realization of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is a shared responsibility of both developed and developing countries. Concrete actions under consideration include reassessing financial assistance...
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WHO and FIA Join Efforts for Road Safety
Leaders from around the world met in London on II February 2003 in a joint effort to improve road safety and reduce road traffic related deaths. Among them, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Max Mosley,...
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Wildlife Atlas Maps Vital Role of Ecosystems. (Passing By)
Experts estimate that at the current extinction rates of plants and animals, the Earth is losing one major drug every two years, and that less than 1 per cent of the world's 250,000 tropical plants has been screened for potential pharmaceutical applications....
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Yale-UN Oral History Project. (the Chronicle Library Shelf)
The Yale-United Nations Oral History Project was undertaken to gain a better understanding of what goes on behind the scenes on political and security issues by talking to people who participated in major events in which the United Nations was involved....
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