UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 4, December

'A Year of Remarkable Change.' (United Nations Under-Secretary-General Ronald Spiers Address)
The UN has increasingly become involved as an institution in an "international landscape littered with issues", he said. And the work of the forty-sixth session, which began on 17 September, will reflect that situation, he added. The session will...
Changes in Global Economy Reviewed in Economic and Social Council
The 54-member Council, which beginning in 1992 will meet once a year in a four- to five-week session, also held an informal exchange of views on the report of the South Commission, set up in 1987 to suggest solutions to the economic and social problems...
Committee Evaluates African Recovery and Sets 'New Agenda.' (United Nations Ad Hoc Committee of the Whole of the General Assembly)
A new plan for African recovery efforts was formulated by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Whole of the General Assembly, which met in the New York from 3 to 14 September to conduct the final review and appraisal of the five-year UN Programme of Action...
Committee Forecast
Nineteen disarmament items will be considered, as well as two on international security and one on the question of Antartica. Three of the disarmament items include 29 sub-items. The Committee is expected to focus on those dealing with weapons...
Conference on Disarmament: Hope for Chemical Weapons Ban in 1992
A final agreement in 1992 on an international convention banning chemical weapons was predicted at the conclusion of this year's session of the Conference on Disarmament. "Our work has acquired a qualitatively new content, and negotiations have...
Deadlock on El Salvador Situation May Be Broken
The Security Council on 30 September reaffirmed its strong support for the urgent completion of the peace process in El Salvador and expressed its readiness to support the implementation of a settlement. The Government of El Salvador and the Frente...
Energy Experts Review 1981 Nairobi Action Plan
An intergovernmental group of experts has concluded that the Nairobi Programme of Action for the Development and Utilization of New and Renewable Sources of Energy is still valid, despite slow progress in realizing many of its goals. New priorities...
Environmental Awareness High among TNCs, Benchmark Survey Finds
The survey was undertaken at the request of the Economic and Social Council (resolution 1990/71) as part of preparations for the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The study-known as the "Benchmark Corporate Environmental Survey"--attempts...
General Assembly Opens in a Changed International Climate
In his 6 September report on the state of the Organization (A/46/1), the Secretary-General stressed that the UN had kept pace with the year's historic change. But the concern that Charter principles should govern the emerging international order continued....
Helping Children Smile
'What I really want to do is make children smile", said British actor Roger Moore, best known for his cinematic portrayal of Special Agent 007--James Bond. And in Mr. Moore's view, children can only smile if their stomachs are full and if they are...
Inspectors Charge Iraq Has Ongoing Nuclear Weapons Programme
The 45-member team, in Iraq from 22 to 30 September to conduct the sixth nuclear inspection, was detained for four days by Iraqi authorities in a Baghdad parking lot outside a nuclear facility, after having obtained what was described as "top secret"...
Intention of US, USSR to Discontinue Weapons Deliveries to All Afghan Side Welcome
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 13 September welcomed the announcement in Moscow by the Soviet Union and the United States of their intention to discontinue weapons deliveries to all Afghan sides, effective 1 January 1992. Such a decision,...
In the News: Africa Not Forgotten
African countries have been strongly voicing their fears in recent months that the continent is being "marginalized". Recent speeches by African Heads of State in the general debate at this year's General Assembly gave ample evidence of their concern...
Minorities Subcommission Discusses Discrimination Problems
A wide variety of issues, including religious intolerance, contemporary forms of slavery, problems of women, children and youth and the relationship between human rights and the environment, was discussed by the UN Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination...
Parties to Conflict in Yugoslavia Urged to Settle Their Disputes Peacefully
In unanimously adopting Council resolution 713 (1991) at a ministerial-level meeting, the Council, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, decided that all States should, for the purposes of establishing peace and stability in Yugoslavia, immediately...
Preparatory Committee Narrows Options for 'Agenda 21.' (United Nations Preparatory Committee for the UN Conference on the Environment and Development)
Proposals to achieve environmentally sound, sustainable economic development in all countries--known collectively as "Agenda 21"--were thoroughly discussed by the Preparatory Committee for the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) as...
Process to End Apartheid 'Halting' but 'On Course.' (United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar on Apartheid in South Africa)
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, in the second progress report on the implementation of the 1989 Declaration on Apartheid and its Destructive Consequences in Southern Africa, stated that "over the last 12 months, the process towards the end...
'Quiet Diplomacy' of Secretary-General Pays off with Release of Hostages, Prisoners
A long-standing, intensive process of "quiet diplomacy" by Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar and his top aide on this matter paid off with the release of three Western hostages held in Lebanon, the release by Israel of 51 Lebanese prisoners...
Region Faces 'Enormous Challenge' in Recovering from Gulf War
The region affected by the Persian Gulf crisis "continues to face an enormous challenge in its attempt to recover from the ravages of war", a new UN report states. The 59-page document, released on 15 July, was prepared by a mission headed by Sadruddin...
Sea Law Body Approves Consortium as Pioneer Investor
The Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, at its resumed ninth session (12-30 August, New York), approved the application for registration as a pioneer of Interoceanmetal...
Secretary-General Recommends Establishment of UN Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC)
Negotiations on the draft Agreement had reached an advanced stage. The draft Agreement was reported in a 26 November 1990 communique of the five permanent members of the Security Council--China, France, USSR, United Kingdom, United States--and the...
Security Council Endorses Secretary-General's Intentions to Resume Discussions on Cyprus
The Security Council on 11 October endorsed the Secretary-General's intentions to resume discussions in early November with the two parties in Cyprus and with Greece and Turkey, to complete a set of ideas of an overall framework agreement on Cyprus....
Security Council Permits Limited Oil Sales by Iraq, Sets Compensation Payment Rate: Also Demands Iraqi Compliance with Disarmament Measures
The Security Council on 15 August partially lifted a ban on the sale of Iraqi oil and set compensation payments for damage inflicted on Kuwait during the war at 30 per cent of Iraq's annual oil exports. It also demanded Iraq's compliance with diarmament...
Seven States Join UN; Membership Now 166
All seven members--the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania--were admitted by acclamation by the General Assembly. On the same day, their...
The 38th Floor
Progress towards peace ... Peace in its truest sense is the inspiration and the ultimate goal of all that the United Nations does and seeks. Recent years have brought significant progress towards peace. The role of the United Nations in the...
The Human Rights Covenants: Tools in the 'Struggle of Enforcement.' (A Look Back ... 25 Years Ago)
People illegally imprisoned have been freed, victims of human rights violations have been compensated and national laws have been improved thanks to two important United Nations treaties--the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and...
The Model UN: Learning about Diplomacy
Every year, some 60,000 young people across the United States, as well as in many other places in the world, gather in gymnasiums, auditoriums and classrooms to participate in a unique international programme. The Model UN is a simulation of the...
The United Nations International School: A Model of Diversity
On the edge of the East River, about a mile south of UN Headquarters in Manhattan, stands the United Nations International School (UNIS), a model of ethnic diversity and scholastic achievement. Here, approximately 1,300 students of 117 nationalities...
Third Review Conference Focuses on Verification, Confidence-Building
The Conference adopted by consensus a Final Declaration, in which participants stated that the use of biological weapons is "repugnant to the conscience of mankind". The 15-article Convention--considered the first international agreement to provide...
UN Plan for Western Sahara Is Launched: Military Observers Stationed at 10 Posts
The UN settlement plan for Western Sahara was launched on 6 September, with a formal cease-fire between the forces of Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberacion de Saguia el-Hamray y de Rio de Oro (POLISARIO) and the stationing of UN military...