UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, March

Acceptance of 'Step-by-Step' Reconciliation Welcomed
The acceptance by the warring Afghan parties of a "step-by-step process of national reconciliation through the establishment of a fully representative and broad-based Authoritative Council"--which would negotiate a cease-fire, establish a national...
Ad Hoc Group Formed to Elaborate 'Agenda for Development.' (to Look at Priority issues)(UN General Assembly Second Committee Activity)
The General Assembly on 19 December decided to establish an ad hoc open-ended working group to begin work in early 1995 to further elaborate a comprehensive, action-oriented "Agenda for Development". The possibility of holding an international conference...
A Session of 'Imagination, Creativity, Solidarity:' Historic Climaxes to UN Efforts Witnessed, Environment Concerns at Forefront
The forty-ninth General Assembly--in the words of its President, Amara Essy of Cote d'lvoire--was characterized by "imagination, creativity and a spirit of soidarity". The session, which opened on 20 September and was suspended on 23 December, witnessed...
Border Crisis Recedes in Face of Security Council Demands
The Security Council on 15 October demanded that Iraq immediately complete the withdrawal of all its military units recently deployed in southern Iraq to their original positions and refrain from using its military or any other forces in a hostile or...
Children Often Bear High Cost of Armed Conflicts, Poverty: Assembly Promotes Rights, Ensures Their Tomorrows
Economic marginalization, along with the devastations of armed conflict, are "casting a shadow over the future of nations by depriving millions of children of the right to develop normally in mind and body", asserts The State of the World's Children...
Convention on Safety of UN Personnel, Terrorism Declaration Adopted
The General Assembly on 9 December adopted and opened for signature, ratification and acceptance a 29-article Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel. In adopting resolution 49/59, the Assembly also underlined the importance...
Council Endorses October Elections: New Parliament Installed
The first ever multi-party elections in Mozambique, held from 27 to 29 October, were declared "free and fair" on 19 November by the Secretary-General's Special Representative for Mozambique, Aldo Ajello. In a statement made following the announcement...
End-of-Year Cease-Fire Signed, Further Negotiations Urged: Tightened Sanctions against FRY Vetoed
Following complex, start-stop negotiations, agreements on a cease-fire and on a complete cessation of hostilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina were signed by its President Alija Izetbegovic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic on 23 and 31 December,...
Hope for 'Transition Period' by June: Voter Identification Proceeds
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has expressed hope that enough progress would have been made by 31 March 1995 in identifying and registering voters in Western Sahara, to enable him to recommend 1 June 1995 as the start of the transitional period....
Humanitarian Efforts Threatened by Security Problems: International Tribunal Created
Acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council on 8 November established an international tribunal for Rewanda to prosecute persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in...
Israeli-Jordan Peace Treaty Welcomed: Progress in Other Areas Hoped For
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 26 October congratulated King Hussein of Jordan and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel on the signing earlier that day of the peace treaty between their countries, ending years of a state of belligerence....
Lukasa Protocol Welcomed Ending 20 Years of War: UNAVEM II Extended until February 1995
The Security Council on 21 November welcomed the signing of the Protocol of Lusaka by representatives of the Government of Angola and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The Protocol, together with the Bicesse Peace Accords,...
Mandela Calls for UN Support to Rebuild South Africa
South African President Nelson Mandela has told the General Assembly that the new, democratic, non-racial South Africa would need the UN's continued support "to achieve the goal of the betterment of the conditions of life" of his people. In a 3 October...
Massive Emergencies, Large-Scale Reparations Confront UNHCR
The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) had been confronted with the dual challenge of massive emergencies and large-scale repatriations during 1994, High Commissioner Sadako Ogata reported to the General Assembly's Third Committee...
Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century
The United Nations, on the eve of its fiftieth anniversary in 1995, must adapt to developments in the world today, General Assembly President Amara Essy of Cote d'lvoire told the world body on 12 October, at the end of the three-week general debate....
Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century
CAMBODIA Prince Norodom Sirivudh, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, expressed the warmest gratitude of the Cambodian people to the UN for its wonderful gift of freedom. After 23 years of war, Cambodia...
Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century
ALBANIA Foreign Minister Alfred Serreqi said that both Serb and Greek nationalism were "seriously threatening the Balkans". Serb nationalism had launched an "aggression in the north" and a "war to realize a Greater Serbia by creating a real holocaust"...
Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Lester Bird, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, said debt was "strangling" efforts of countries in his region to breathe life into their economies. If a meaningful dialogue between the rich and poor nations did not...
Obstacles to Women's Progress to Be Addressed in Beijing
The sharing of power between men and women remains unacceptably low, while economic deprivation, abuse and discrimination still exist, asserted speakers during the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) consideration of the advancement of...
ONUSAL Mandate Extended to April 1995
In reaffirming the UN commitment to "verify full implementation" of the 16 January 1992 Peace Accords in El Salvador, the Security Council on 23 November extended the mandate of the UN Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) "for one final period until...
Peace Agreement Concluded: UNOMIL Mandate Extended
All the warring factions in Liberia concluded on 21 December in Accra, Ghana, a peace agreement, which calls for a cessation of hostilities as of 28 December, the seating of a new transitional government within two weeks, disarmament of combatants, and...
Peace-Keeping, Decolonization Reviewed
Peacemaking activities--described by the General Assembly as an "essential function of the United Nations"--were among the "important means for the prevention, containment and resolution of disputes, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the...
Plans for 1995 Conferences on Social Issues Domoinate Agenda
Preparations for three major UN global conferences in 1995--the World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen); the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing); and the Ninth UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (Cairo)--highlighted...
Post-Cold-War Nuclear, Security Issues Debated in Disarmament Forum
Conscious of "serious risks to humanity" posed by the continuing existence and development of nuclear weapons, the General Assembly on 15 December asked the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion on whether the "threat or use of nuclear...
Return of Aristide Hailed after Three-Year Exile
In welcoming the return to Haiti of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide--in exile since the September 1991 military coup--the Security Council on 15 October expressed confidence that Haitians could now "begin to rebuild their country with dignity and consolidate...
Sea Law Convention Enters into Force
The entry into force of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea has turned the dream of a comprehensive law for the oceans into reality and was one of the greatest achievements of this century, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the first meeting...
Security Council Urges Rejection of Confrontation, Violence, Extremism
Concerned about the escalating violence in Burundi, the Security Council on 22 December urged all sides to reject confrontational tactics, violence or extremism, and to work towards compromise and conciliation in a spirit of national unity which transcended...
Tajikistan Operations Established: Secretary-General Visits Area
Establishment of a new UN observer mission in Tajikistan, Ukraine's accession to the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the General Assembly's acknowledgement of the Russian troop withdrawal from the Baltic States, and the Secretary-General's trips...
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea: A Chronology
The First UN Conference on the Law of the Sea was held at Geneva in 1958 and resulted in the adoption of four conventions: on the high seas; on the territorial sea and the contiguous zone; on the continental shelf; and on fishing and conservation of...
Transnational 'Crimebusters' Agree on New Action Plan
NAPLES, Italy--The new-style criminal organizations of the 1990s--termed "crime multinationals" by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali--were the subject of the World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime (21-23 November, Naples),...
Trusteeship Council Formally Suspends Operation: Palau Admitted to UN
The admission to the UN of Palau--the last of the Trust Territories--was an "historic moment", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said on 15 December at a flag-rising ceremony to mark the event. "Now, the task for which the Trusteeship Council...
UN Peace-Keepers to Withdraw by End of March 1995
The Security Council on 4 November, in extending the mandate of the UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II) for a final period until 31 March 1995, decided that every effort should be made to withdraw all peace-keeping forces and assets from Somalia "in...
Yalta and the 'Voting Formula.' (Big Three Meeting at Pre-United Nations summit)(A Look Back, February 1945)
Beginning at 11:30 on the night of 2 February 1945, the first of 25 military transport planes took off from the Mediterranean island of Malta. They left at 10-minute intervals, until all were airborne shortly before dawn. The American and British aircraft...