UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 2, June

1994 Session Cites 'Increased Need for Disarmament.' (UN Conference on Disarmament Meeting, Jan 25-Mar 31, 1994) (Includes News of Other UN Actions on Disarmament and Chemical Weapons)
With the end of the cold war, the disarmament process had "become a reality", stated Gerard Errera of France, President of the Conference on Disarmament, at the opening of the first part of the body's 1994 session (25 January-31 March, Geneva). ...
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Acting Now to Make a Difference
With an estimated 5,000 people infected each day with HIV, urgency is a feeling Dr. Michael Merson knows well. The devoted Executive Director of WHO's Global Programme on AIDS (GPA) speaks movingly to groups and individuals around the world about the...
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Assembly, Council Support Steps to Promote First Non-Racial, Democratic Elections
In important steps towards supporting the process of peaceful democratic change in South Africa, the Security Council and the General Assembly adopted resolutions to help Promote the success of South Africa's first non-racial, democratic elections...
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A Time to Reflect, a Time to Look Forward
Seated comfortably in her 31st-floor office in the tall, glass UN Secretariat building in New York, Gillian Martin Sorensen, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General for Information and Public Policy, reflects confidence in her overwhelming task of...
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Capturing Sun-Rays, Reaping the Wind
Despite the environmental appeal and economic feasibility of using renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind Power, technologies in that area have "not yet found widespread use in either developed or developing countries", the Secretary-General...
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Chemical Warfare Agents Destroyed, Special Commission Reports
The UN Special Commission on Iraqi disarmament (UNSCOM), set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991), has virtually completed the destruction of Iraq's declared and recovered stockpiles of chemical warfare agents, it was reported on 2 5 March....
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Civilian Human Rights Observers Return; UN Mission Faces Obstacles
Ten observers of the joint UN/Organization of American States (OAS) International Civilian Mission in Haiti (MICIVIH) returned to the capital city of Port-au-Prince on 26 January to "start their work anew to ensure respect for human rights", according...
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Commission Confronts 'New Realities'; 109 Texts Adopted at Six-Week Session
The UN Commission on Human Rights, at its fiftieth session, encountered both breakthroughs and difficulties in adapting its focus to what have been described as the "new realities" of a "new era in human rights" that emerged during the landmark World...
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Commission Gives High Priority to Monitoring Global Trends
The effect of population growth on the environment, the role and status of women, and the demographic implications of development Policies were among major topics discussed by the Population Commission at its twenty-seventh session (28-31 March, New...
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Completion of Inspections Urged
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) was called upon by the Security Council on 31 March to allow the inspectors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to complete the inspection activities agreed to by the Agency and the People's...
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Confronting a Calamity: To Combat the World's Most Menacing Epidemic, the UN Mounts a New Joint Programme
With a quick smile and flashing eyes, Wingston Zulu of Zambia stood at the threshold of his adult life. it was 1990 and the promise of a scholarship to study abroad had thrown the door to adventure wide open for him. "We were supposed to go to the...
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Desertification Convention Nears Completion
The International Negotiating Committee charged with creating a new UN instrument to combat desertification continued work on a 42-article draft convention at its third (17-28 January, New York) and fourth (21-31 March, Geneva) sessions. The new convention...
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Deteriorating Security Situation Continues: UNAMIR Mandate Extended
Expressing concern over the deterioration of security in Rwanda, particularly in the capital city of Kigali, the Security Council on 5 April extended the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) until 29 July. The Council specified...
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Draft for 1995 Summit Prepared
A draft structure for a Declaration and a Programme of Action to be adopted at the 1995 World Summit for Social Development was finalized at the first substantive session of its Preparatory Committee (New York, 31 January-11 February). The Declaration...
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Equal Pay, Urban Women Problems Discussed by Commission
Equal pay for work of equal value, women in urban areas and measures to eradicate violence against women were among the issues dealt with by the Commission on the Status of Women at its thirty-eighth session (7-18 March, New York). Being also the...
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Ethnic Conflicts, Turmoil Persist; Observer Status Granted to CIS
Armed conflicts, ethnic strife, political turmoil and violence, economic disruption and rapidly growing refugee populations--those problems persisted in some former Soviet Republics, especially Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan, as the UN continued...
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Fate of World's Fisheries Debated
Improving the management and conservation of high seas fisheries was the focus of the UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks at its second session (14-31 March, New York). While progress was made toward agreement...
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From the 'A-Train' to Fighting AIDS
The grimy walls of the New York City underground subway system might seem an unlikely canvas for launching an art career. But from these bizarre beginnings, the unusual work of American pop artist Keith Haring soon came to light in major galleries...
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High Commissioner for Human Rights: The 'Moral Voice of Humanity.' (UN Appoints Jose Ayala Lasso) (Interview)
Less than two months after its historic decision to create a High Commissioner for Human Rights, the General Assembly on 14 February unanimously approved the appointment of Jose Ayala Lasso to the new post. A former Foreign Minister of Ecuador,...
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Identification Commission to Proceed with Voter Registration
The Identification Commission of the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) has been asked by the Security Council to proceed with the identification and registration of potential voters by 30 June, with a view to holding the balloting...
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International Cartels Expand Influence, INCB Reports
The global drug menace has penetrated the spheres of international politics and world economics, as the influence of powerful drug cartels continues to rise, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) has reported. "Today, countries that are...
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Investigating the Acts of Desperate Men
Before there was a UN, there was an organization bearing its name--the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC). On 20 October 1943, more than two years before the UN Charter came into effect, representatives of 17 nations--Australia, Belgium,...
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Lack of Agreement Reported on Confidence-Building Package
Lack of agreement has been reported on the package of confidence-building measures Presented by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to the two parties to the Cyprus situation. In a 4 April report (S/1994/380), he said that the Turkish Cypriot side...
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Mandate for UNOSOM II Revised; 'Coercive Methods' Not to Be Used
A revised mandate for the UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II) was established by the Security Council on 4 February, after carrying out a fundamental review of the political, humanitarian and security situations in the country. "UNOSOM II is on...
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National Transitional Government Installed as Disarmament Begins
Thousands of Liberians witnessed the installation ceremony in Monrovia of the new Liberian National Transitional Government on 7 March, the same day a nationwide process of disarmament was to begin. These key events were the culmination of international...
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Natural Resources Committee Calls for Global Water Plan
A worldwide plan to avert an impending global water crisis was called for by the Committee on Natural Resources at its second session (22 February-4 March, New York). The strategy should define specific areas of priority to diminish significantly...
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Peaceful, Historic Elections 'Acceptable' but Second Round Required; 1.5 Million Voters at Poll
The authorities in El Salvador were called upon by the Security Council on 7 April to correct the shortcomings in the first round of the presidential elections held on 20 March. In a statement by its President Colin Keating of New Zealand, the Council...
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Progress towards National Reconciliation Reported; Mandate of UNAVEM II Extended
Intensive negotiations for a comprehensive peace settlement in Angola had stalled on the issue of participation of the National Union for the Total independence of Angola (UNITA) in the management of State affairs, it was reported on 31 March. The...
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Regions Prepare for 1995 Congress
Organized crime, "eco-crime", and crime prevention strategies were among topics discussed at five regional preparatory meetings for the Ninth UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in 1995. Crime is undermining the...
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Renewable Energy Sources Discussed
A call of cleaner energy and increased use of renewable sources of energy, such as solar and wind power, was heard at the first meeting of a restructured UN body designed to discuss ways to make energy use compatible with sustainable development. ...
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Return to 'Normal Life' in Sarajevo Urged; New Agreement, Cease-Fires Reached, but Situation 'Far from Stable.' (Includes Related Article on Book 'I Dream of Peace: Images of War by Children of Former Yugoslavia')
All parties to the Bosnian conflict were called upon by the Security Council on 4 March to cooperate with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the consolidation of a cease-fire in and around Sarajevo. In unanimously adopting resolution...
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Security Council Condemns 'Appalling' Hebron Massacre
Expressing shock over the "appalling massacre" of Palestinian worshippers in the Mosque of Ibrahim in the West Bank town of Hebron on 25 February during the holy month of Ramadan, the Security Council on 18 March called for measures to "guarantee the...
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Small Island Nations Face Big Issues at Barbados Conference
Once known for their untouched story-book charm, small islands today face deforestation, soil erosion, sea-level rise and other problems that have left them grappling for happy endings. To tackle these issues and formulate strategies promoting environmentally-friendly...
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Students Discuss UN Issues in Ambassadors' Chairs
The meeting that took place on 3 and 4 March in the vast General Assembly Hall of the United Nations looked like a typical UN event: Hundreds of "ambassadors" from different nations milled about, looking for their seats, chatting with delegates from...
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Task of Nation-Building 'Monumental.' (UN Sec Gen Boutros Boutros Ghali's Concerns for Cambodia)
The challenge before the international community is to respond speedily and effectively to the needs of Cambodia as it undertakes the monumental task of nation-building. So stated UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in a message to the second...
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The 38th Floor: A Time for Realism; Following Are Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali Made between 1 January and 31 March 1994
An indispensable mechanism ... This is a time not for frustration and dismay, but for realism. We need, therefore, to treat this time not as one more transition, but as a turning point. We must combine our efforts towards greater international...
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Timetable for Withdrawal of ONUMOZ Asked
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has been asked to prepare a timetable to guide the completion of the mandate of the UN Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ), including specific proposals for a phased drawdown of military forces in the transportation...
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Two Major Accords Signed
The signing of two accords--"declaration on measures for a political settlement of the Georgian/Abkhaz conflict" and "Quadripartite Agreement on voluntary return of refugees and displaced persons"--on 4 April in Moscow by the Georgian and Abkhaz sides...
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'Unprecedented Expansion' Not Matched by Financial Support
An "unprecedented expansion" of UN peacekeeping and peacemaking responsibilities had generated optimism among Member States, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali reported on 14 March. That optimism was reflected in their support for peace-keeping...
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Women and Children: Increasingly Targeted by HIV
A young woman sat in a crowded clinic with a small baby, waiting patiently to see a nurse. The child, resting limply in his mother's arms, had not eaten for days and suffered from persistent diarrhoea. While anxious over her baby's health, the mother...
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