UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 25, No. 3, September

11 Months in Space: A Record; 1987 Achievements in Space Lauded by UN Committee
Cosmonaut Yuri V. Romanenko returned to Earth on 29 December 1987 after spending 326 days-nearly 11 months-on board Soviet space station Mir, the longest time any person has ever spent in space. China, using satellites launched by its "Long March...
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A Catalyst to Spur Further Positive Action; Guidelines for Confidence-Building, Verification Focus of Work of Disarmament Commission
Draft guidelines for confidence-building measures and recommendations on verification in all its aspects were elaborated by the UN Disarmament Commission at its 1988 session (New York, 2-20 May). Some progress was also madc on principles related to...
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Arms Limitation and Disarmament Agreements; Bilateral Agreements
Since the inception of the United Nations, the combined efforts of Governments, at the multilateral and bilateral levels, have resulted in limited yet significant agreements on various arms limitation and disarmament measures. Multilateral instruments...
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Cyprus Force Mandate Extended through 15 December 1988
The Security Council on 15 June extended the mandate of the United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for six months until 15 December 1988. In adopting resolution 614 (1988) unanimously, the body also asked that Secretary-General Javier...
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France, Japan and USSR Register as Pioneer Investors
France, Japan and the Soviet Union became pioneer investors in the International Sea-Bed Area on 16 May joining India, which had registered in 1987. It is considered a significant step towards putting into practice the 1982 United Nations Convention...
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General Assembly Approves Special Economic Plan for Central America
Assembly on 12 May at the end of a two-day resumed session, In adopting resolution 42/231 by consensus, the plenary urged the international community to increase technical, economic and financial co-operation with Central American countries. The...
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Global Network of Energy Research Centres Urged by UN Committee
The creation of a global network of research centres to speed the development and use of energy derived from the sun, water, wind and other "alternative" sources of energy has been urged by the UN Committee on the Development and Utilization of New...
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Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000 Adopted; Poor and Homeless Are Its Main Focus
A "Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000" an international policy framework to help solve the world-wide housing crisis-was approved by the 58-member Commission on Human Settlements at its eleventh session (New Delhi, 6-12 April). The 32-page...
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High-Level Debate, Innovative Proposals Highlight Session; No Consensus on Concluding Document; the Vital Objective: Terminating the Arms Race
The early morning skies over the UN Headquarters complex on the East River were threatening, gray and gloomy. It was just after 6 a.m. on Sunday, 26 June. And, after all-night consultations, delegates to the third special session of the General...
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Implementation of Afghanistan Agreement Begins
Fifty military officers, drawn from existing UN peacekeeping operations in the Middle East, have been dispatched to the capitals of Afghanistan and, Pakistan as a first step in implementing the Afghanistaii peace settlement. Known as the United...
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Iran-Iraq Conflict; Chemical Weapons Use Condemned in Security Council
The Security Council on 9 May vigorously condemned the continued use of chemical weapons in the conflict between Iran and Iraq, contrary to obligations under the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous and other...
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Mid-Term Review of Africa Economic Recovery Programme to Be Made in September
An Ad Hoc Committee of the Whole of the General Assembly will meet in early September to review and appraise the five-year UN Programme of Action for African Economic Recovery and Development 1986-1990. "A timely opportunity for action", United Nations...
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Palestinian Rights; Crucial to a Middle East Settlement
The General Assembly over the years has cited the question of Palestine as "the core of the conflict i the Middle East", and stated that one important element of a comprehensive peace settlement for the region involved securing the rights of the Palestinian...
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Respect for AIDS Victims Rights, Wars against Polio, Smoking Asked
Respect for the human rights of victims of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and campaigns against polio and smoking have been called for by the 41st World Health Assembly (Geneva, 2-13 May). The 166-member body which guides the work of the...
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Some New Ideas, Proposals; a Basis for Future Action
The mass of ideas and proposals on disarmament-some new, some reaffirmedemanating from the third special session constitute a major contribution to the disarmament process. Some of these emerged in the general debate, others appeared in documents....
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The Debate: 'Open, Non-Confrontational.' (Third Special Assembly on Disarmament)
The general debate, which President Florin described as "an open and nonconfrontational dialogue", lasted from 1 through 14 June. Altogether, there were 136 speakers. The whole range of security and disarmament issues was debated with general agreement...
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The Nuclear Twilight
It is a hot, humid summer night in Beijing, Moscow or New York. Windows are open to let in the warm, stifling air People shift and sweat in their beds, unable to sleep. But the city lies still in the heat. Suddenly, the night is torn apart by an...
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The Process of 'Transnationalization' Continues, UN Commission Told; Effect of Disinvestment Campaign in Southern Africa Called 'Ambiguous.'
The process of" "transnationalization" increased activity by international corporations and their expanding role in the world economy,-continued in the 1980s, according to the fourth Survey on Transnational Corporations 'in World Development. That...
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Trusteeship Council Recommends Early Approval of Compact for Palau
The Trusteeship Council has recommended that the process of approval of the compact of Free Association for Palau-one of the four administrative entities which make up the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands or Micronesia-be completed at the earliest...
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Two Million Children Saved in 1987; Immunization, Oral Rehydration Campaigns Successful in Third World
The lives of 2 million children were saved in 1987 because simple, lowcost health techniques were promoted through an alliance of social resources-an approach that could save millions of lives in the future, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)...
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UNICEF Looks to the Future; African Children a Major Priority
Deep concern over the deteriorating situation of children in Africa and focus on other major concerns-debt relief for child survival and the needs of street children and abandoned children-marked the 1988 session of the Executive Board of UNICEF (New...
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