UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 3, September-November

1950: Ralph Bunnche: 'Nation Shall Not Rise Up against Nation ...'
In his Nobel Lecture on 11 December 1950, Ralph Johnson Bunche spoke of the United Nations in glowing terms after being honoured as the first UN Nobel Peace Laureate. Calling the United Nations "the greatest peace effort in history" and emphasizing...
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1954: UN High Commissioner for Refugees: 'Keeping Pace with History in the Making'
The second Nobel Peace Prize for the United Nations went not to an individual but to one of its specialized agencies: the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Seen as a bridge between the community of States, as reflected...
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1961: Dag Hammarskjold: Shaping the High Expectations of the Office
Dag Hammarskjold, the first United Nations Secretary-General to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, was also among the first UN staff members to lay down their lives in the line of duty. He is credited with launching the United Nations on its active career...
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1965: The United Nations Children's Fund: Employing 'Weapons of Peace'
The United Nations was honoured in 1965--for the fourth time--when the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) for playing a vital role in fostering "the brotherhood among nations and the furtherance of peace"....
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1969: International Labour Organization: 'Patiently, Undramatically, but Not Unsuccessfully'
The words si vis pacem, cole justitiam--if you desire peace, cultivate justice--represent the fundamental moral idea on which the International Labour Organization (ILO) is based. And the 1969 Nobel Peace Prize to the UN agency is a tribute to its...
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1981: UN High Commissioner for Refugees: Renewed Recognition as Testament to Its Success
It is quite remarkable that the definition of a refugee, formulated in 1950 in an essentially European context and marked by the traumatic experience of the Second World War and the period of the cold war, should still apply today to situaLions which...
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1988: UN Peacekeeping Forces: 'The Impartial Soldiers'
The fact that the Nobel Peace Prize was given to soldiers serving the United Nations in its efforts at securing peace might appear as an anomaly. One of the stipulations of Alfred Nobel for the ideal recipients is that they should have done the most...
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2001: The United Nations and Kofi Annan: 'The Only Negotiable Route to Global Peace'
The centenary year of Nobel Prizes gave the Nobel Committee pause. It was time to consider historical continuities, the ideals of the unity of mankind and the promotion of justice and humanity as envisaged by Alfred Nobel. The culmination of this scrutiny...
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Advancement of Education in Guyana: A Case Study
In addressing students in October 2000, Guyanese President Bharrat lagdeo reiterated a long-standing commitment of successive governments of Guyana: to ensure that every child is provided with quality education that is "relevant to the developmental...
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A First-Hand Account of 19 August 2003
A suicide car bomber destroyed the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad on 19 August, killing 22 people, including Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Special Representative for Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello. The attack, which occurred at 4:45 p.m. Baghdad...
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A Model for Today's International Civil Servant
"I am a professional optimist", Ralph Bunche told journalists at Nicosia International Airport at the conclusion of a visit in July 1966 to view the peacekeeping operations in Cyprus. "If I were not a professional optimist through 21 years in the United...
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Blaming the Victim, Globally
In the mid-1970s, William Ryan wrote a nice little book called Blaming the Victim, which showed how people on welfare were regularly characterized as being lazy or ignorant and their sorry conditions were their fault. It was assumed that anyone could...
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Building Peaceful Communities
No easy answers exist to the problems of youth violence, poverty and hopelessness, but as United States Secretary of State Colin Powell once stated, "sometimes the best single thing you can do for an inner-city kid is to show him or her that there's...
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Classifying Farming Systems Mapping Food Security and Poverty Reduction
Growth in farm income and household food security has lagged behind the expectations of the 1996 World Food Summit, which committed to halving the number of the undernourished by 2015. Increases in agricultural productivity required to boost farm income...
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'Dealing with a Direct Challenge'
In his progress report on the global goals set at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, Secretary-General Kofi Annan has called for renewed world unity on security issues following the Iraq war, increased momentum if global development targets...
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Education as a Matter of Policy
From the political point of view, the Israeli-Palestinian peace process was jump-started with the signing of the Oslo Accords. A famous handshake between two enemies raised hopes for a peaceful future, close at hand. Since then, it has become clear...
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Essay
In this most anxious period of human history, the subject of peace, above every other, commands the solemn attention of all men of reason and goodwill. Moreover on this particular occasion, marking the fiftieth anniversary of the Nobel Foundation,...
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'Fertilize the Plant, Not the Soil' Dispelling Myths about Fertilizers and Plant Nutrients
On the future of agriculture In less than thirty years, we will reach a historical moment in the history of humankind when the era of land expansion, which started some six perhaps even seven thousand years ago with the beginning of agriculture,...
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Food Security in Developing Countries Why Government Action Is Needed
Global food supplies are sufficient to meet the calorie requirements of all people if food were distributed according to needs. Per capita food supplies are projected to increase further over the next twenty years. (1) Thus, the world food problem...
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Helping Women Become Economically Independent
"I am the income source of my family. I never thought it would be possible." Woman entrepreneur, New Delhi, India Rosa, a young Mayan woman in the mountains of northern Guatemala, had tears and pride in her eyes as she told me that not only does...
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'He Was a Humanitarian'
The recent passing of Robert Batscha, President of the Museum of Television & Radio (MT&R), came as a shock not only to the entertainment industry but numbed many in the UN community and beyond as well. Why the United Nations? The easiest...
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Learning the Art of Making Peace
Imagine a trip to the mall could transform your life, forever. Movie matinees or trendy boutiques provide alluring temptations for ordinary teenagers, but those teenagers who gathered around a conference table are not your typical mall-goers. Instead,...
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Learning to Create Solidarity: United Nations Volunteers Programme
One of the major activities of the United Nations Volunteers programme (UNV) focuses on the improvement of living conditions in communities. Volunteerism thereby plays a crucial role, following the overall UNV framework of action and its specific role...
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Managing LMOs How the UN Is Helping Developing Countries
Living modified organisms or LMOs, which have been developed as a result of modern biotechnology, have the potential to make a substantial contribution to sustainable development, as was stated in Chapter 18 of Agenda 21--the comprehensive global plan...
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'May I Speak a Word or Two against Brotherhood?'
Ralph Bunche was present at the creation of the United Nations as a member of the United States State Department group that began the drafting of the UN Charter under the direction of Leo Pasvolsky. At the San Francisco Conference in April 1945, he...
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Memories, Reflections ... and Observations
I was born in Washington, DC in September 1943 about the time my father was working on African affairs at the United States Office of Strategic Services. We moved to Parkway Village in Queens, New York, at the time the United Nations was established....
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Post-Conflict Reconstruction Developing Public-Private Partnerships
The Business Humanitarian Forum (BHF), a Geneva-based international non-profit association, has developed a model for public-private cooperation on specific development projects that could make an important contribution to restarting the economies...
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Reinventing Government Mexico Hosts 5th Global Forum
"He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils; for time is the greatest innovator." --Sir Francis Bacon Mexico is honoured to have been chosen as the host and organizer of the 5th Global Forum on Reinventing Government. We are aware...
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Seeing a Hemisphere United by Health
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) holds the distinction of being the world's oldest ongoing international public health agency. This year, PAHO entered its second century, a milestone that coincides with my inauguration as its director, and...
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Teaching about the United Nations: Drawing on the Expertise of the UN Secretariat
Many universities and colleges offer courses that deal one way or another with the United Nations--some focus exclusively on the Organization; others deal with it in the larger context of international organizations. In all of them, faculty members...
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The Anti-Personnel Mine-Ban Convention: An Extraordinary Success
Since its entry into force in March 1999, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Mine-Ban Convention) has been a true success story on how more than two thirds...
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The Chronicle Interview
You will be President of the General Assembly at a time when the Organization is challenged by criticisms and expectations. How can the Assembly contribute to strengthening its Influence in international debates? The fifty-eighth session of the...
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The Chronicle Library Shelf
A global agenda: Issues Before the 58th General Assembly of the United Nations. For over two decades, the United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA) has provided an informative and absorbing overview of matters before the...
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The Global Ban on Chemical Weapons: Commitment and Confidence in the OPCW
The First Review Conference of the Chemical Weapons Convention met in The Hague, the Netherlands from 28 April to 9 May 2003, to undertake a review of the Convention's operation. Its mandate included, in particular, a review of scientific and technological...
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The Impact of Farm Subsidies: Bringing Some Balance to the North-South Debate
Farm subsidies were the target of much criticism at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. In his address to the Summit, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien echoed the position of the World Bank--and to some degree,...
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The Role of Sustainable Fertilization
Global Food Security and the Role of Sustainable Fertilization was the theme of an important agricultural Conference recently held in Rome, Italy. The Conference was jointly organized by the International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA) and the...
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'The Service of the United Nations Is a Calling'
We, whose work is so wrapped up in the tragedies of others, now face one of our own. Our senses reel from the sights and sounds of one of the darkest days in the history of the United Nations. On television, the image of our colleagues carried out...
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The United Nations as an Educational Resource
This article contends that the United Nations as an "educational resource" results from the interrelation between its own public information function and UN-related academic research and teachings. While the United Nations public information activities...
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The United Nations: Formally Recognized and Recognized by Association
The Norwegian Nobel Committee, in its 101 years of existence has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize not only to United Nations agencies and staff eight times--we took at the eight laureates associated with the United Nations, including the Organization...
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The UN Role in Western Sahara
The UN Security Council on 31 July, stressing that a political solution was critically needed in the settlement of the dispute over Western Sahara--the only remaining non-self-governing territory in Africa--and given the lack of progress, extended...
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Trails of Peace in the Balkans
Is economics at the root of all problems? More often than not, the answer is yes, especially when we are referring to a developing country or region where resources are scarce and infrastructure is inadequate. These are precisely the parts of the world...
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UN Chronicle
The United Nations has lived through a senseless attack that in one instant, on 19 August, took the lives of 19 UN staff members, killed another 3 persons and injured scores more. They were all in Iraq to help its people regain their sovereignty, their...
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'Un Homme De Terrain'
"If words could bring them back", a colleague said sadly the other day, "22 people would be alive today." She was referring to the outpouring of emotional support that flooded the United Nations in the wake of the horrific truck bombing at the UN Baghdad...
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Why Do Schools and Hospitals Collapse in Earthquakes?
In response to the earthquake near Bingol, Turkey in the early morning hours of 1 May, I wrote the following in reply to a question from Guardian science editor Tim Radford. Although these thoughts are very rough and preliminary, the same passion moves...
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