UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 1, Spring

Afghanistan
"The situation in Afghanistan remains precarious. Success in United Nations peace efforts remains elusive. The military situation is dangerously fluid and may soon deteriorate further with the onset of the spring thaw", Secretary-General Kofi Annan reported...
Ambassador Razali Suggests 24-Member Security Council: 10 Permanent, 14 Non-Permanent Members
These are excerpts from the statement on 20 March of General Assembly President Razali Ismail, in his capacity as Chairman of the open-ended working group on the question of equitable representation on and increase in membership of the Security Council:...
Angola
The Security Council on 16 April extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 30 June 1997, with the understanding that the Mission would proceed, as appropriate, with the transition towards an observer mission....
... but Severe Poverty Afflicts a Quarter of the World
Two years after a ground-breaking United Nations summit meeting drew international attention to the growing dangers of poverty, unemployment and social disintegration, the Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis (DESIPA) has...
Car Thefts: Putting on the Brakes
Throughout the world, the theft and resale of automobiles and other vehicles are fast becoming big business for organized criminals, and the United Nations is urgently seeking to shore up some of the key loopholes that are enabling this illicit enterprise...
ESCAP Turns 50: Working at the Grass Roots
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) celebrates its fiftieth anniversary in 1997. Amid regional challenges and the current financial crisis of the United Nations, two countries asked this year to become new members: Palau,...
Fifth Committee: UN Medium-Term Plan, Budget, Documentation Addressed
A medium - term plan, which spells out the strategic objectives of the United Nations for 1998-2001 was endorsed by the General Assembly on 18 December, on the recommendation of its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary). By adopting resolution...
First Committee Recommends Forty-Eight Disarmament Related Texts
After the General Debate, the Main Committees of the General Assembly began their deliberations, recommending resolutions and decisions for the Assembly to consider in plenary. On 10 December, the Assembly - in expressing its conviction that the continuing...
Flashback
On 10 December 1963, 21 States submitted a draft resolution calling for the United Nations Charter to be amended to increase the membership of the Security Council from 11 to 13 by the addition of two non-permanent members.The sponsors maintained that...
Former Yugoslavia
The first year of the implementation of the Peace Agreement on Bosnia and Herzegovina was overall a "year of success", High Representative Carl Bildt reported on 9 December. "But each step forward we have taken has also demonstrated how many more are...
Fourth Committee: Peacekeeping, Decolonization, Outer Space Reviewed
The General Assembly on 13 December - by affirming that the "efforts of the United Nations in the peaceful settlement (disputes, including through its peacekeeping operations, are indispensable)" - decided to expand the membership of the Special Committee...
From the Secretary-General
My many years of service with the world Organization have convinced me that the first ingredient of political stability is an informed citizen. The first ingredient of economic progress is a skilled worker. And the first ingredient of social justice...
Full Employment Possible, Says ILO Study
Full employment is a goal which can be realized without necessarily overheating national economies, according to a report prepared for the United Nations by the International Labour Organization (ILO). The paper, with conclusions that call into question...
Human Rights Observers Killed in Rwanda
Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 4 February expressed shock at the killing of five human rights observers in an ambush in Rwanda while driving in two clearly marked United Nations vehicles. The attack took place in Karengera Sector of Cyangugu prefecture...
Interning with Internet
"Next week", my Editor asked me, "do you think you could help out UN Publications on an Internet project called 'CyberSchoolBus'? They need people, and I know you have Internet experience. We'll 'loan' you to them for a week. Does it sound interesting?"...
Iraq
Iraqi Foreign Minister Mohammed Said Al-Sahaf on 6 March told Secretary-General Kofi Annan that the Government of Iraq would cooperate fully with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), which oversees the destruction of proscribed arms held by...
Liberia
Emphasizing that the holding of free and fair elections as scheduled for 30 May was "an essential phase of the peace process in Liberia", the Security Council on 27 March urged the international community to provide financial, logistical and other assistance...
Libya
The Security Council on 4 April cited a 29 March flight of a Libyan-registered aircraft from Tripoli to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as a clear violation of the sanctions imposed against Libya under its resolution 748 (1992), and called on its Government to...
Micro-Finance for Macro-Results
A small loan of US$200 to a poor rural woman in Indonesia, Benin or Paraguay may not seem much, but it can make the difference between continued chronic poverty for herself and her family and a chance of a better life. Whether she invests the money in...
Middle East
Due to negative votes by a permanent member - the United States - the Security Council on two occasions, on 7 and 21 March, failed to adopt draft resolutions calling for the cessation of Israel's construction of the Jabal Abu Ghneim settlement in East...
Need for International Arrangements?
Given the importance of foreign direct investment (FDI), the question of international arrangements dealing with it has become a prominent issue on the international policy agenda. The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development...
No Magic Numbers
At its fifty-first session, the General Assembly received from the Secretary-General a report on the implementation of the Declaration on International Economic Cooperation, adopted in 1990, and the International Development Strategy for the Fourth United...
Positive Outlook for Economy in Latin America and Caribbean
In 1996, Latin America and the Caribbean returned to the path of moderate growth with stable prices that characterized the regional economy in the nineties before the eruption of the Mexican financial crisis at the end of 1994, according to estimates...
Preservation and Enhancement of Peace
There was widespread support, particularly among troop contributors such as Denmark, Finland, the Republic of Korea and Canada, for the creation of a "Rapidly Deployable Headquarters" peacekeeping missions. Nepal and others insisted that preparation...
Second Committee: Challenges of Global Financial Integration Stressed
The General Assembly, acting on the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council, on 16 December adopted the United Nations Declaration against Corruption and Bribery in International Commercial Transactions (resolution 51/191). Under the Declaration,...
Secretary-General Says: 'Managerial Reform Well under Way.' (UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan)(Costwatch)
Managerial reform in the United Nations will yield savings of $100 million this year and improve the world body's effectiveness, according to a report released at United Nations Headquarters on 22 April. The report was prepared by the Management Reform...
Shipping: The Shoreline of Time and Technology
Shipping, like many other industries, is in the midst of a technological revolution, which shows little sign of coming to an end. Many of these changes have been beneficial. Increasing automation has enabled great cost savings to be made. Improved cargo-handling...
Sixth Committee: Terrorism 'Unjustifiable' in Any Circumstances
The General Assembly on 17 December, in strongly condemning "all acts, methods and practices of terrorism as criminal and unjustifiable, wherever and by whomsoever committed", decided to establish an ad hoc committee to elaborate an international convention...
Somalia
All fictions in Somalia should cease immediately all hostilities and cooperate with efforts for peace and national reconciliation, the Security Council stressed on 26 February. In a statement by Council President Njuguna M. Mahugu of Kenya, it expressed...
Specific Success Stories
Perhaps more than any other ESCAP undertaking, the Asian highway and railway projects symbolize the effort by ESCAP to encourage cooperation in Asia and the Pacific. The idea to establish a highway running across Asia from Saigon to the Turkish border...
Standby Arrangement System: Enhancing Rapid Deployment Capacity
"The planning of peacekeeping operations is the ultimate challenge", Major-General Franklin van Kappen, Military Adviser to the Secretary-General, told the UN Chronicle in March. "Because you never know where you have to operate; you never know what...
Tajikistan
The Security Council on 14 March extended the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) until 15 June 1997, subject to the proviso that the 1994 Tehran Agreement remained in force and the parties - the Government of Tajikistan and the...
The Chronicle Interview: Karel Kovanda, Outgoing President of the Economic and Social Council
"If you ask me what is my plan for this year, it is first to clarify what ECOSOC (the Economic and Social Council) should not do," says former Czech Ambassador Karel Kovanda in this conversation with the UN Chronicle. Mr. Kovanda, who was elected President...
The Lives, and Means, of People
Speakers called for implementation of commitments made at international conferences in recent yea, and for debt-relief to least developing countries (LDCs). Brazil felt the UN agenda must become more appealing and result-oriented to correct the tendency...
The Sinister Strangeness of Silence
As representatives of the Zairian Government and the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) prepared to meet in South Africa, a Joint Statement on the crisis in eastern Zaire was released by: Emma Bonino, European Union...
The United Nations and the New World Agenda
At the height of the great euphoria and optimism attending the dramatic political changes that swept across Eastern Europe, Vitaly Korotich, editor of the Soviet magazine Ogonyok, commented that, "We the people are the new superpower." One year later,...
The World Assembles Once Again
During the General Debate of its current fifty-first session, the United Nations General Assembly heard statements from 12 Heads of State, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, 6 other Ministers and 22 Permanent Representatives or other Envoys. As in last year's...
Third Committee: Children in Conflict Considered
The General Assembly on 12 December recommended the appointment of a Special Representative to raise awareness about the impact, of armed conflict on children. It also decided to convene a three-day special session in June 1998 to explore new ways to...
UN Inter-Agency Appeal for the Great Lakes Emergency
Events in the Great Lakes since October 1996 have further complicated what may be the worst humanitarian crisis currently facing the international community. Protracted civil conflict and ethnic strife continue to plague Burundi, Rwanda and Eastern Zaire,...
What Would a 'Revitalized' Second Committee Look Like?
An NGO Perspective by Richard Jordan, Global Education Associates This reflection on what a revitalized Second Committee would look like is based on the conception of partnership among delegations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), a concept...
WIPO Addresses Internet Copyright
On 20 December 1996, the World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) Diplomatic Conference on Certain Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Questions adopted two Treaties: the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty. Any...
WondrousWiredWorld of the United Nations: A Cyber Sampling
A Cyber Sampling Your 96 by now dog-eared :-) pages of the latest issue of the UN Chronicles "dead-tree edition" can hold only so much information. Despite a close reading, you find you still don't know all the details behind the Secretary-General's...
Zaire: Kofi Annan Calls for Negotiated Solution
Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 14 April said he was pleased that the two parties to the conflict in Zaire had accepted the five-point peace plan endorsed by the Security Council on 18 February in resolution 1097 (1997), but expressed concern that its...