UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, Spring

Assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Condemned
The assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel on 4 November at a pro-Government rally in Tel. Aviv--an "outrageous act of terror" which had struck "one of the greatest leaders in Israel's history" -- was condemned in the "strongest possible...
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Assembly Calls for Intensified Cooperation among States to Combat Drug Abuse
The General Assembly on 21 December acted on issues of drug control, social development and crime prevention, on the recommendation of its Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural). Under a seven-part resolution (50/148) on international action...
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Assembly Calls for Peace Agreement in Guatemala
The General Assembly on 20 December, in stressing the "importance of intensifying the serious and resolute negotiations" between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (UNRG), urged that "negotiations on the remaining...
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Assembly Calls for Universal Participation in Law of the Sea Convention
The General Assembly on 5 December called upon all States that had not yet done so to become parties to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, in order to achieve the goal of universal participation. In resolution 50/23, adopted by a vote of 132...
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Assembly Urges End to Destructive Conflict
The General Assembly on 19 December urged the leaders of all Afghan parties to "renounce the use of force and settle their political differences by peaceful means". In adopting without a vote resolution 50/88, the world forum also called upon all States...
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A Stand-By Peace-Keeping Component Welcomed: An Agenda for Peace
The initiative undertaken by the UN Secretariat for the creation of a "stand-by Headquarters component within the Mission Planning Service of the Department of Peace-keeping Operations" was welcomed by the Security Council on 19 December. In a statement...
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Chernobyl: Ten Years after. : International Commemoration Day Declared for 26 April
The General Assembly on 20 December, in declaring 26 April 1996 the International Day Commemorating the Tenth Anniversary of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Accident, invited Member States to conduct activities to observe that tragic event and "enhance...
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Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Declared 'Highest Priority.' (First Committee on Disarmament and International Security Report Acted on by UN General Assembly)
Conclusion of a universal and multilaterally and effectively verifiable comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty was a "task of the highest priority", the General Assembly declared on 12 December. Acting on the recommendation of its First Committee (Disarmament...
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Continued Incursions by Former Government Forces: UNAMIR Gets a Final Extension and Adjusted Mandate
Concerned about continuing reports of "military preparations and incursions into Rwanda by elements of the former regime", and stressing the importance of the voluntary, safe repatriation of refugees, the Security Council on 12 December decided to extend...
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Effective Implementation of 'Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action' Called For
The General Assembly on 8 December, in resolution 50/42, called for the effective implementation of the "Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action", adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women. The Conference was one of the largest world gatherings...
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Global Financial Integration: A New Priority": Poverty Eradication Decade Proclaimed
Meeting head-on a new challenge in the international arena--achieving global financial integration following the conclusion in 1994 of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations--the fiftieth General Assembly asked the International Monetary...
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Global Treaty on Fisheries Signed by 31 Countries
The first global treaty to regulate high seas fishing was opened for signature at a special ceremony held at Headquarters on 4 December 1995, concluding the work of the UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. The treaty,...
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Growing Emphasis Being Placed on Provision of Humanitarian Assistance
The international community was placing growing emphasis on the provision of humanitarian assistance, protection and creation of conditions which could contribute to the early solutions of the refugee problems in the countries of origin, UN High Commissioner...
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Habitat II: City Summit to Forge the Future of Human Settlements in an Urbanizing World
"Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam, be it ever so humble, there's no place like home; a charm from the skies seems to hallow us there, which, sought through the world, is ne'er met with elsewhere." --J. H. Payne "The strength of a nation...
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Iraq's Weapons Programme Arouses Concern in UN Bodies
The General Assembly on 1 November expressed deep concern that since 1991 Iraq had withheld information from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) about its nuclear-weapons programme, in violation of its obligations under Security Council resolutions...
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New Technology Strengthens UN's Administration Systems
The United Nations of the nineties is in the forefront of efforts by public and private organizations to reinvigorate their operations to meet the challenges of today's fast-paced global community. In order to respond effectively to the demands of peace-keeping...
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Nigeria Faces Criticism after Execution of Writer: Follow-Up to Vienna Conference a Priority
The arbitrary execution in Nigeria on 10 November of writer Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight others was condemned by the fiftieth General Assembly, which in other action urged the Government of Myanmar to engage in a dialogue with Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Aung...
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On the Brink of Bankruptcy, UN Makes Cuts ... but Debt Dampens Reform: Secretary-General Calls for a Special Session
Labelling the UN's deepening financial crisis his "top priority", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 6 February called for a resumed or special session of the General Assembly in 1996 to adopt a comprehensive plan to restore the Organization's...
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Peace Agreements Bring a 'Long-Delayed Birth of Hope': Multinational Force Set Up in Bosnia to Replace UNPROFOR
"This is a time of hope", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared on 13 December. The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, signed on 14 December in Paris by the Presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the...
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Peace-Keeping, Decolonization, Information Matters Reviewed
Peace-keeping The General Assembly on 6 December, in stressing the need for the UN to "continue to improve its capabilities in the field of peace-keeping and to enhance the effective and efficient deployment of its peace-keeping missions", urged Member...
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Pot-Pourri of Issues Discussed by Speakers from All over the Globe
Each year, the General Assembly conducts its general debate, during which Member States express their views on the full range of problems on the world agenda. During the 1995 general debate (25 September-11 October), 172 speakers came to the Assembly...
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Secretary-General 'Blue Books Series' Showcases Legacy of United Nations: Praise for Series Grows as Sales Top 11,000
With the publication in early 1996 of The United Nations and the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict, 1990-1996 and The United Nations and Somalia, 1990-1996, the Department of Public Information (DPI) has published, in little over a year, nine "Blue Book" titles in...
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Secretary-General: Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
In introducing Pope John Paul II at the General Assembly, 5 October The Holy Father's presence is a reminder of the spiritual dimension of the United Nations. The United Nations was created so that hope could conquer the horror of war. It was created...
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Secretary-General's Efforts to Resolve Obstacles to Referendum Welcomed
The Security Council on 19 December welcomed the decision of the Secretary-General to intensify consultations with the Government of Morocco and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro (POLISARIO) in order to resolve their...
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Security Council Adjusts Mandate of Liberian Mission
The Security Council on 10 November adjusted the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) to include investigation of alleged cease-fire violations, monitoring of compliance with other military provisions of the peace agreements,...
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Serious Negotiations Urged to Prevent Escalation of Violence: 'Full-Scale Civil War' and Genocide Possible
In a carefully worded resolution, the Security Council on 5 March encouraged Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to continue his consultations regarding contingency planning "both for the steps that might be taken to support a comprehensive dialogue...
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Slow Progress in Implementation of Peace Agreement Concerns Council
The Security Council on 8 February extended the mandate of the UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 8 May. By unanimously adopting resolution 1045 (1996), the Council expressed concern at numerous delays in the implementation of the 1994...
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Special Commemorative Meeting in October Is Highlight of Session
A three-day special commemorative meeting, marking the first half century of the United Nations' existence, highlighted the fiftieth session of the General Assembly (19 September-23 December). The meeting capped nine months of celebrations and observances...
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Stronger Measures to Protect Ozone Layer
Some 110 Governments, meeting in Vienna from 28 November to 7 December, agreed to new commitments to strengthen the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The most significant part of the agreement was the decision by industrialized...
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Tough, No-Growth Budget for 1996-1997
Appropriations amounting to just under $2.61 billion for the UN regular budget for the biennium 1996-1997 were adopted without a vote on 23 December by the General Assembly. Income for the same period was estimated at $471.4 million. A tough zero-growth...
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UNCHS - HAbitat: Global Facilitation of Human Settlements Efforts
The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS)--widely known as Habitat--was established in Nairobi in 1978, two years after the first Habitat Conference. It formulates and implements relevant UN programmes and serves as a think-tank within...
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UN Efforts Give 'Exemplary Illustration of Diplomacy of Democratization,' Says Secretary-General: Rene Preval Wins Presidential Elections
Rene Preval, a close ally and supporter of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and Prime Minister in his Government in 1991, had won the 17 December presidential elections in Haiti and took office on 7 February 1996. According to a UN spokesperson, Mr....
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UNFICYP Mandate Renewed
The mandate of the UN Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was renewed by the Security Council until 30 June 1996. In unanimously adopting resolution 1032 (1995) on 19 December, the Council also called on the military authorities on both sides to...
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UNMOT Extended, Continuation of Dialogue Urged
The Security Council on 14 December, in extending the mandate of the UN Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) until 15 June 1996, regretted the "slow rate of progress" towards a political solution to the conflict in that country. By unanimously...
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UNOMIG Extended, Peace Process 'Deadlocked.' (Conflict between Georgia and Its Small Black Sea Region, Abkhazia)
The Security Council, in expressing "deep concern at the continued deadlock in the efforts to achieve a comprehensive settlement" to the conflict in Abkhazia--a small Black Sea region of Georgia--on 12 January extended the UN Observer Mission in Georgia...
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UNRWA Forty-Five Years Later
Created on 8 December 1949 by UN General Assembly resolution 302 (IV), UNRWA is a temporary organization which has existed for 45 years. The paradox between its temporary nature and the duration of its mandate illustrates the extraordinarily complex...
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