UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 4, December

1993 Session: Human Rights, Social Development
During its five-week substantive session of 1993 (28 June-30 July, Geneva), the Economic and Social Council adopted more than 100 resolutions and decisions on an entire gamut of issues before it. Among the highlights to be recommended to the General...
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48th Session Opens Amidst Substantial Achievements, Serious Set-Backs
A few days before the opening of the forty-eight session of the General Assembly on 21 September, Secretary-general Boutros Boutros-Ghali affirmed that the UN was "indispensable". Only it, he said, had the universal character, the global convening...
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Adapting UN Structures to a Rapidly Evolving World
With UN worldwide responsibilities now expanding to virtually every conceivable area of human activity - "from every angle of vision, chronological, practical, functional, conceptual, individual and institutional, we come to one conclusion", asserted...
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A New Framework for Development Cooperation
A new concept of global human security is beginning to emerge - hesitantly but surely - from the receding shadows of the cold war. Human security: * is not just security of land, it is security of people; * is not just security through arms,...
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Attaining Democracy: A 'Lengthy and Difficult Task.' (Haiti)
Steps continued to be taken towards the resumption of the democratic process in Haiti, with the confirmation of a new Prime Minister and the authorization of the UN Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) to help implement the 3 July Agreement signed at Governors...
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A Victim of Its Own Popularity?
The UN is being restructured to serve its ends anew the Secretary-General stated in his 1992 report on the work of the Organization (A/47/1). "Yet, amid the tumult of demands placed upon it, the United Nations cannot afford to become a victim of its...
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Brutal Conflict: 'An Affront to the World's Conscience.' (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Tragedy in the former Yugoslavia continued to "drain the attention, resources, and emotion of the international community", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali reported on 10 September. The "most visible and successful contribution" of the world...
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Building upon the Vision
Samuel Rudolph Insanally of Guyana, President of the forty-eighth session of the General Assembly, has served as his country's Permanent Representative to the UN since 1987. Born in Georgetown on 23 June 1936, Mr. Insanally has had an extensive...
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Conference Goal: Comprehensive Test Ban
In what was called a "major turning-point" in multilateral efforts towards totally Prohibiting nuclear testing, the Conference on Disarmament on 10 August decided to begin negotiating a comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty. Expressing hope for...
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El Salvador: More Aid Needed to Consolidate Democracy
Since reconstruction, sustained economic recovery and peace are interdependent - forming a "central axis for the consolidation of the democratic peace process" - El Salvador needs more international assistance to "consolidate and conclude this extraordinary...
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Embargo Imposed against Territory Not Controlled by Government
An oil and arms embargo against the territory of Angola not controlled by the Government came into force at midnight on 25 September. The Security Council, in its resolution 864 (1993) of 15 September, decided that, with a view to prohibiting the...
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Full Compliance Asked: 'Less Distance between Two Sides.' (Continuing UN Negotiations with Iraq)
Efforts to bring Iraq into full compliance with its obligations under relevant UN Security Council resolutions continued, with meetings by Rolf Ekeus, Executive Chairman of the UN Special Commission on Iraqi disarmament, with high-level officials in...
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Growing Fleets, Dwindling Stocks: UN Conference Debates High Seas Fishing
The high seas-property of everyone and no-one-have traditionally been an area of free-for-all exploitation, with many fish species now either depleted or over-fished. That problem was the subject of the first UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks...
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Indigenous Peoples Forum within UN Suggested
The creation of a permanent forum within the UN system to better protect the intellectual and cultural heritage of indigenous peoples has been suggested by the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. That decision...
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Iraq-Kuwait Border Drawn by UN Commission
Stretching across 240 kilometres of windswept a series of 106 pillars stand like tomb-stones dividing the territories of Iraq and Kuwait. The recently erected markers are the result of two years of work by the UN Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission....
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Israel-PLO Agreement Called 'Historic Achievement.' (Includes Assessment of United Nations Role)
The historic self-government agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the Gaza Strip and the West Bank town of Jericho will serve as a model to the international community on the peaceful settlement of conflict and...
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Keeping the Promise: 'Tangible Progress' Reported on Children's Summit Goals
A special high-level round table on "Keeping the Promise to Children", marking the third anniversary of the historic World Summit for Children, was convened by the UN Secretary-General in New York on 30 September. Attended by eight Heads of State...
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Mandela Calls for Lifting of Economic Sanctions: Oil, Arms, Nuclear Embargoes to Remain in Place
Nelson Mandela, President of the African National Congress of South Africa (ANC), on 24 September called for the lifting of all economic sanctions against South Africa - widespread embargoes imposed by the UN over the years to bring an end to that...
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New UN Peace-Keeping Operation Launched to Verify Cease-Fire Pact
A new international peace-keeping operation, the first on the territory of the former Soviet Union, was established by the Security Council on 2 4 August for an initial period of six months. In unanimously adopting resolution 858 (1993), the Council...
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New, Wider UN Mission to Monitor Ongoing Peace Process
The Security unanimously adopting resolution 872 1993) on 5 October, decided to establish the United Nations Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR) to monitor the implementation of a peace agreement between the Government and the Rwandese Patriotic...
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Non-Proliferation Integral to Development, IAEA Told
Non-proliferation and disarmament are "integral to development and progress, and central to international peace", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said in a message to the thirty-seventh session (27 September-1 October, Vienna) of the General...
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Peace-Keeping: A Whole New Range of Responsibilities
Peace-keeping, observed Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in his annual report on the work of the Organization, "now stretches across a heretofore unimagined range of United Nations activities and responsibilities". Traditional assumptions,...
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Preparatory Committee Tackles Problems of Small Island States; World Conference to Begin in April 1994
A palm-fringed tropical island may be a tourist's idea of 9 trouble-free paradise, but those who live in small island developing States - known as SIDS - face some unique problems, from remoteness from world markets to possible inundation due to global...
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Revised Timetable for 1992 Peace Accord Should Be Used by Two Parties
The Agreement consists of a complex series of inter-linked agreements to be implemented in stages, through coordinated actions by the Government and RENAMO under UN verification. It sets out principles and modalities for achieving peace, and calls...
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Sanctions Extended: Discussions Continue on Bringing Suspected Bombers to Trial
The arms and air embargo against Libya, in effect since 15 April 1992, was extended by the Security Council on 13 August. In resolution 748 (1992) of 31 March, by which the embargo was established, the Council decided the sanctions should be reviewed...
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Secretary-General Warns of Need for Alternatives
The Security Council may have to consider alternative ways to promote effective implementation of its many resolutions on Cyprus if current efforts do not succeed, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has warned. In a 14 September report (S/26438),...
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The 38th Floor: Assembly Elaborates on 'Agenda for Peace.' (United Nations General Assembly)
The forty-seventh General Assembly, in its final action of the session on 20 September, decided to consider ways and means consistent with the UN Charter to improve cooperation among competent IJN organs in order to strengthen the Organization's role...
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The Cambodian People Win
Retired UN staffer Jery Kilker, who served as the World Health Organization Information Officer at UN Headquarters in New York from 1985 to 1992, Headed the UNTAC Information Centre in Phnom Penh from April to July 1993. During the Cambodian elections,...
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Towards a 'General International Organization.' (UN Commemorates 50th Anniversary of the Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security, October 30, 1943, Moscow, Soviet Union)
As the windy afternoon of 1 November 1993 swirled into night, the General Assembly convened in a special plenary session to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security, adopted in Moscow on 30 October...
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Towards a New Clarity for UN Work
Calling for a restructured UN to lead the way towards a new definition of economic and social progress, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali warned the Economic and Social Council on 30 June that "unless we move forward to create an economically...
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UN Monitors Continuing Conflicts
Conflict situations continued throughout several former Soviet republics, particularly in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan where, from July through September, the UN monitored and mediated peace-keeping and economic developments. Central to these efforts...
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UNOSOM Objectives Affirmed, despite Continuing Violence
As violent clashes involving UN peace-keepers patrolling Mogadishu neighbourhoods escalated, the Security Council on 22 September affirmed the importance of successfully fulfilling the objectives of the UN operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II), so that...
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UN Peace-Keepers to Monitor Cease-Fire, Elections; Coordinate Humanitarian Aid
The Security Council on 22 September established the UN Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) to monitor the cease-fire established in July 1993, observe the elections scheduled for February/March 1994, and coordinate humanitarian aid. The Council's...
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UNTAC Mandate Ends; New Constitution, Government Welcomed
United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 24 September called the creation of a new Constitution and Government for Cambodia, based on the will of the people expressed through free and fair elections organized by the UN, a "historic...
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