UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 41, No. 2, June-August

10 Stories the World Should Hear More About
On 3 May, the United Nations, concerned that the war in Iraq has sidelined other important international stories, released its first list of issues that it believes the world should hear more about. The United Nations launched these ten stories on...
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Aid Organizations and the Press
"The natural tendency is that money should go for food. There used to be a natural culture of modesty, and we felt good about it, that there should be little advocacy for the group, that everyone just wanted to do their work. This changed during the...
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AIDS Orphans: 'When You Die, How Should I Do This?'
It's called a "memory book"--a parent dying from AIDS jots down facts and prepares her child for the grim reality of a parentless future. Following case studies in psychosocial support for children affected by HIV/AIDS in the United Republic of Tanzania...
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Andean Man: Figures in Action Soar at UN Exhibit
Andean sculptor Peruko Ccopacatty has lived in the United States since 1981, but as he said in a recent interview about a retrospective exhibit of his work in the United Nations Secretariat lobby last year, "I have never left Peru". Born in 1946 in...
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Anti-Semitism Has Been a Harbinger of Discrimination against Others
Opening remarks by Kofi Annan at the Seminar on "Confronting anti-Semitism: Education for Tolerance and Understanding" organized by the UN Department of Public Information, 21 June 2004, New York In holding this series of seminars, the United Nations...
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A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words
When I was a fellowship student in France, my greatest pleasure was Wednesday evenings when the Faculte des Lettres turned out its lights and became a cine club. From the projector's magic lantern came images from filmmakers like Truffaut, Fellini,...
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Bakassi Peninsula
Relations between Nigeria and Cameroon have for years suffered from tensions revolving around the dispute over their 1,600-kilometre land boundary, extending from the Lake Chad area to the Bakassi Peninsula, and the maritime boundary into the Gulf...
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Building a Collective Response to Terrorism
The experience of recent years demonstrates that it is only through the joint efforts of the world community that the fight against terrorism can succeed. In the face of the dramatic growth of this threat, which acquired a global dimension, the Russian...
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Central African Republic
The Central African Republic, gifted with virgin rainforests and rich in gold, diamonds and uranium, now faces the danger of losing its luster. Since gaining its independence from France in 1960, it has metamorphosed into one of the most tumultuous...
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Challenging Times Ahead for Peacekeeping Operations
United Nations activities in peace and security focussed on the prevention and resolution of conflict and the provision of assistance to post-conflict societies across the globe. In 2004, complex peacekeeping operations will face many interrelated...
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Confronting Anti-Semitism: Education for Tolerance and Understanding
It was a day of reflection, introspection and education for tolerance at the first United Nations conference on confronting anti-Semitism, part of a series of seminars on "Unlearning Intolerance" organized by the Department of Public Information (DPI)...
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Current Peacekeeping Missions
UNTSO and UNMOGIP are funded from the United Nations regular biennial budget. Costs to the United Nations of the 12 other current operations are financed from their own separate accounts on the basis of legally binding assessments on all Member States....
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Divided City: Information Poverty in Nairobi's Slums
"I was born in a slum, I live in a slum, I will probably die in a slum, and if there is a slum in heaven, then I will most likely end up there too." These were the words of a member of the public who was invited to a forum organized by Kituo cha Sheria...
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Education for All: 'What Are You Doing to Provide Us with an Education?'
Following their endorsement of an ambitious set of development goals at the turn of the century, over 170 countries will face their first call to account in 2005: have we eliminated gender disparities in primary and secondary education? The 2005 milestone...
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Exhibit of the Gitter-Yelen Collection: Viewing 400 Years of Japanese Art
Enter the exquisite exhibition, An Enduring Vision: 17th to 20th Century Japanese Painting from the Gitter-Yelen Collection, in the Main Gallery of the Japan Society from 9 March to 20 June 2004, and you enter the serene realm of scholar-poets, ascetics,...
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First Person: My Return to Kabul Going Back to Give Back
I have learned that true love does exist. While most people look for it in another human being, I recently found mine with Kabul, Afghanistan--a love that can endure for nearly 25 years, one that should not be ignored and cannot be replaced. I was...
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FLIPZOIDS: A Reading Presented by the UNSRC Philippine Cultural Society
While the United Nations is solving worldwide migration issues, a large number of Asian-American immigrants are struggling with the attendant socio-cultural problems. It is in this context that the the Philippine Cultural Society of the United Nations...
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Fostering Terror: Child Soldier Crisis in Uganda
For the rebels in northern Uganda, children have become their killing machines. Some are as young as eight years old when the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) abduct and introduce them to the rebellion movement. Since the 18-year-old rebellion against...
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Four Freedoms Medal: For Secretary-General Kofi Annan
On 6 January 1941, in the annual message to the United States Congress, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt outlined his idea of four core freedoms that applied to people "everywhere" and "anywhere" in the world. He said: "The first is freedom of speech...
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Heifer International: Passing on the Gift
Heifer International's approach to humanitarian aid sixty years ago was simple. In the words of founder Dan West: "Not a cup, but a cow." Doling out milk in a relief line after the Spanish Civil War, West realized that the gift of a productive and...
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Indigenous Peoples Living in Voluntary Isolation
Haudenosaunee Chief Deskaheh and Maori spiritual leader T. W. Ratana would have a lot to smile about as they look in 2004 from their ancestral realm upon the United Nations. Representing the Six Nations of the Iroquois on a mission to the League of...
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Learning about the United Nations through Distance Education
At a time when the role of the United Nations has come under deep scrutiny, the need for strengthening the Organization's contribution to world polity has become more imperative than ever. The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations (IFUNA)...
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Learning beyond Our Limits: Exploring Cultures through Art
Leonardo da Vinci said that "the colour of the object illuminated partakes of the colour of that which illuminates it". This is as true today as it was 500 years ago. And it is as true for a work of art as for those who seek to find something deep...
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New Educational Web Site: 'Journey through Japan'
The Japan Society's new web site, "Journey Through Japan", (http://www.japansociety.org/journey), designed for educators and students in grades K to 12, is a boon for curious minds of all ages. It offers a vast learning experience unlike any other....
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Overfishing
The issue of overfishing is identified as one of the ten stories the world should hear more about--a UN effort to shine a spotlight on some important international issues and developments that often do not get sufficient media attention. A threat...
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Persons with Disabilities
The Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, which is drafting an international convention, continued its work during its two-week...
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Power Users of Technology: Who Are They? Where Are They Going? Why Does It Matter?
"The Power Users Initiative deals with what people can learn about children who have developed sophisticated technology skills. It is just one example of changing patterns of learning, challenging schools. It raises important questions on behalf of educators....
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Ralph Bunche Comes Home: A Commemorative Exhibit in New York City
The year-long centenary celebration of Ralph Bunche's birth on 7 August 1903 has come full circle, in a sense, with the Queens Museum of Art's fascinating show, Ralph Bunche: Diplomat for Peace and Justice, in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens,...
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Seeing Africa through African Eyes: The New York African Film Festival Encourages Cultural Dialogue
For over a decade, the New York African Film Festival, Inc. has been introducing African cinema to ever-growing appreciative audiences in the United States. Over a two-week period in April, the Festival features films by African filmmakers and documentaries...
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Strategic Partnership in the Ideals of Peace and Humanism
Throughout the history of human civilization, nations went through different periods of development, accompanied by the search for ways of nation-building, self-realization, increased national self-consciousness, and other types of transformations....
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Strong Science and Technology Capacity: A Necessity, Not a Luxury
Science and technology, which have opened the doors for a green revolution in many countries, are being reinforced for developing countries so that they can make informed decisions in addressing their critical needs and enhancing their capabilities,...
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Tajikistan
Tajikistan is a land rich in culture and in mineral resources. Home to literary icons such as 10th century philosopher-scientist Abu Ali ibn Sina and poet Rudaki, it has also been the scene of civil war and strife between rival factions from 1992 to...
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Taking the World Up in Smoke: A Tobacco Peril
Every eight seconds one person dies of tobacco-related diseases, which kill 4 million people annually. The worldwide demand for tobacco is expected to continually rise for at least another decade. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] While tobacco consumption...
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'The Agronomist': The Life and Work of Jean Dominique
On 3 May 2004, eminent writers and reporters gathered at UN Headquarters in New York City to observe World Press Freedom Day (see box on page 31), an annual event which serves as an occasion to inform the public of violations of the right to freedom...
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The Chronicle Interview
"I know what Africa has given me and what she's capable of", says Mahen Bonetti, founder and Executive Director of the African Film Festival, Inc., but although everyone was talking about Africa at the end of the 1980s, "there was no African voice"....
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The Global Peacekeeping Investment
Former United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower cautioned the American Society of Newspaper Editors in his "Chance for Peace" address delivered in April 1953: "This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers,...
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The Inequality Challenge: Perspectives on Growth, Poverty and Inequality
Poverty to a great extent has been a thorn in the side of the road to progress and development for many nations across the globe, and economists would agree. Its scourge has been driving many researchers over the past few decades to study poverty-related...
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The Role of Education in Promoting Health and Human Rights
For some time now, health professionals working on health promotion have considered government policies as significant components of a structural approach to addressing individual- and community-level outcomes. However, most of us have not yet identified...
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'This Really Must Stop': A More Effective Monitoring of Violations against Children in Armed Conflicts
In today's conflicts, civilians are frequently the victims of egregious and horrific violations of their security and rights. Children and adolescents in particular regularly face sexual violence, mutilation, murder and torture, as well as the destruction...
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United Nations Ambassador's Club Video Series: Enhancing Education about the United Nations
The United Nations accomplishes a great deal of excellent work in solving problems facing the world, but, unfortunately, many people outside UN Headquarters have little idea of what it does. In recent years, educating the public about the work of the...
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'With Corruption Everyone Pays'
When people in Kenya ask you for tea, they are often not requesting a hot drink but rather a bribe. For many years, this expression has been used to put a dirty meaning into nice words, as Kenya's Permanent Representative to the United Nations Judith...
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Women as Peacemakers
As the international community adjust to implement UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), adopted by the United Nations on 31 October 2000, innovative women peace-builders make inroads across the globe. Negotiating peace and rebuilding societies...
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World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention
Injuries from road crashes kill 1.2 million people every year and injure or disable as many as 50 million more. The World report on road traffic injury prevention, launched on World Health Day by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank,...
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