UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 4, Winter

1998 United Nations Human Rights Prizes
On 10 December, the United Nations awarded the 1998 Human Rights Prizes to five outstanding individuals, honouring them for their courage and determination in upholding human rights. A sixth prize pays tribute to all human rights defenders all over...
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Afghanistan
The Security Council on 8 December, deeply concerned by the rapidly deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan, expressed its support for the Secretary-General's proposal to establish a civil affairs unit in the United Nations Special Mission...
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African Pastoralism in the New Millennium
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. - Universal...
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An Available Instrument of Subversion
I have, like many other black South Africans, come out of a period of the most awful repression and injustice when we suffered under the pernicious system of apartheid, which has been rightly condemned as a crime against humanity. In all that period...
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And What about International Civil Servants?
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by the law. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 8 In the three years or...
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Angola
On 4 December, the President of the Security Council, Jassin Mohammad Buallay of Bahrain, in a statement to the press, expressed the Council's grave concern for the safety and security in Andulo and Bailundo of the personnel of the United Nations Observer...
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Art ... at Home in the United Nations
Everyone has the right to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any...
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Central African Republic
A statement issued on 25 November by the Spokesman for the Secretary-General informed that the first round of the legislative elections in the Central African Republic took place on 22 November without major incidents, as planned. The 109 seats in...
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Central America and Haiti
For the first time in decades, not one of the countries in Central America was plagued by internal conflict, Secretary-General Kofi Annan reported on 31 August. The Secretary-General was certain that, with the support and efforts of the international...
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Deliberating Decolonization
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority...
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Ending Economic and Social Discrimination
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 7 Whenever we reflect upon the work and achievements of the United Nations, most of us tend...
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First Person
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. - Universal Declaration...
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Former Yugoslavia
The Security Council on 24 October demanded that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) cooperate fully with the verification missions of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO),...
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Freedom of Faith ... Freedom of the Mind
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief...
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Healing the Wounds of Past Conflicts: Mozambique Opts for a Culture of Peace
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1 The United Nations General...
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Honoured in the Breach? Development Assistance and Human Rights
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 28 On questions of human rights, the political bodies...
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In Doing So, Should the UN Try to Be Popular?
It is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights The criteria for judging the popularity of the United Nations can differ widely at any time, depending on...
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Internal Oversight: Helping Further the Respect
Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ...
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Iraq
News on General Assembly and Security Council actions, plus reports from peacekeeping operations and missions of humanitarian assistance. News of the military strikes on Iraq by the United States and United Kingdom, on 16 December, came as this...
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It Comes Down to Saving Lives
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries...
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Itself Far from Public Eye, UNFPA Looks towards the Future
At the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), we are in a paradoxical situation. In population, though we - and all our colleagues in 150 countries, the United Nations system and so many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) - have had great success,...
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Judicial Redress: Can the European Court of Human Rights Set an Example?
The 1950 European Convention on Human Rights is based upon the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is also the source of inspiration for the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic. Social...
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Law and War: A Doctrine of Deterrence
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article...
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Libya
Reviewing sanctions against Libya, Security Council members on 29 October called on Tripoli to hand over the two persons suspected of involvement in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. The suspects - Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi...
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Life Expectations
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment,...
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Lighting Up the Small Places
The General Assembly proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples of all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind,...
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Living through That 'Last Resort.'
Everyone who ponders the Universal Declaration of Human Rights inevitably will give particular attention to those articles that pertain to circumstances with which he or she is personally involved. As a writer, Article 19 has a special significance...
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Massacre of the Innocents
Everyone has the right to education. ... Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship...
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Middle East
Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 30 November appealed to Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to redouble their efforts in pursuit of a lasting solution to the conflict in the Middle East, and not to be swayed by incidents of violence...
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Monitoring Compliance
It is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ...
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Not by Bread Alone ... but Not without Bread Either
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. Everyone who works...
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Personal Notes on an Important Anniversary
A common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Shortly after arriving in New York from London in March 1946, I...
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The Chronicle Interview
You will be presiding over the last session of the General Assembly to take place entirely within this century. Does this at all affect your expectations of it and the role you envision as its President? At this session of the General Assembly,...
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'The Despotic Power of Husbands.'
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the enshrinement of its essential rights in international law is one of the great achievement of our civilization. In a large part, we owe their formulation to the great jurist Hersch Lauterpacht, Professor...
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'The Gleaming Wings of Science.'
Sensing the historic nature of the occasion, the General Assembly adopted the Human Rights Declaration without dissent. No nation wished to place itself in opposition to the tide of history, though many may have said, with St. Augustine, "God make...
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The World Ages, Gracefully
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status....
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Thinking Aloud: Can the United Nations Catalyze Development?
Everyone ... is entitled to realization, through national effort and international cooperation ... of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity ... - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 22 Yes, I think...
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Through the General Assembly's Window Member State View the World ... and the Human Being at Its Centre
Recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights The need to embark...
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Update: The Secretary-General's Report on Africa
The peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights ... and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom. - Preamble to the Universal Declaration of...
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Where Battery Begins at Home
The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 16(3) When development is perceived and examined as enlarging choices, violence...
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Will the Circle Be Unbroken?
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 3 The demographic transition which has been under way in the developing countries since the middle of the twentieth century has...
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Working Within
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 4 While the creation of a legal framework which guarantees equal rights for women...
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World Population Nears 6 Billion
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. - Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 16 (1) According to the 1998 revised estimates and projections...
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