UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 1, March-May

16 Days of Activism against Gender Violence
On 25 November 2004, residents of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, walked the city's streets distributing white ribbons, leaflets and postcards during a public march organized by Gender and Development for Cambodia to raise awareness of violence against women....
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Atlas for Tsunami-Affected Areas in Southern Asia
An atlas on areas affected by the 26 December 2004 tsunami in southern Asia (see page 39), published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has proven to be very useful to relief teams working in the devastated zones....
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Autonomy Eludes Two Million People; Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
More than 2 million people continue to live in some 16 Non-Self-Governing Territories, even as the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2001-2010) reached its halfway point. For that reason, the issue of decolonization, along...
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Children's Rights World Congress
As I write this article, the world is trying to come to terms with the trauma of one of its worst natural disasters: the Asian tsunami that left an estimated death toll of over 200,000, with thousands still missing, almost certainly dead (see page...
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Combating Trafficking in Persons through Gender-Focused Strategy
On 20 December 2004, the United Nations General Assembly adopted by consensus resolution 59/166, Trafficking in women and girls. Since 1995, when the Philippines first led the tabling and negotiations on a draft text on trafficking, it had enjoyed...
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Dedicating 2005 to Sport and Physical Education: Promoting Health, Peace and Development
The "International Year of Sport and Physical Education", proclaimed for 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly in November 2003, offers a unique opportunity to show the positive values of sport and its vital role in society. These fundamental...
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Defining Quality and Inequality in Education
Since positive messages do not often make headlines, we should welcome a few indications of progress towards education for all. There are more children going to school than ever before, even though the current pace of progress is too slow to reach...
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Diversifying Sustainable Farming Systems: Behaviour Change Is Key
Save the Children US is part of the International Save the Children Alliance that works in over 100 countries worldwide. The goal of its Food Security Program is to reduce the number of children who suffer from hunger and malnutrition. It has 13 long-term...
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Eat Here: Reclaiming Homegrown Pleasures in a Global Supermarket Brian Halweil
The world's agricultural biodiversity--the ultimate insurance policy against climate variations, pest outbreaks and other unforeseen threats to food security--depends largely on the millions of small farmers who use this diversity in their local growing...
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Elimination of All Forms of Religious Intolerance: Seeking Consensus amid Differences
In a break from tradition, the General Assembly passed a resolution condemning anti-Semitism, Islamophobia and Christianophobia as part of a broader text against religious intolerance. The adoption of resolution 59/199, "Elimination of all forms...
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Finding Common Ground; First Committee: Disarmament and International Security
As the world stands in the midst of dangers brought on by the nuclear proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, arising environmental concerns (see box on page 13) and thriving illicit small-arms...
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Girls' Education Campaign in Turkey
Feyat, a day labourer in Turkey who moved to Aydin from Agri ten years ago, is struggling to feed his wife and seven children. His eldest daughter, fourteen-year-old Feray, is the only one of the girls attending school, but she will have nowhere to...
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Helping to Achieve the MDGs; Second Committee: Economic and Financial
Natural disasters devastate many parts of the world, whether they were high-intensity hurricanes battering the Pacific islands or gigantic ocean waves killing thousands in its wake. From strengthening coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief...
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'In Larger Freedom': Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All
The full report and supplemental information can be accessed at www.un.org/largerfreedom. The following is the Report's Executive Summary. Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 21 March 2005 released his report--"In Larger Freedom": Towards Development,...
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Meanwhile
Whenever I think of Auschwitz--or Birkenau or Mauthausen or Theresienstadt, the names that in this season of Holocaust remembrance are coming back to haunt us from sixty years ago--I think of a retired Australian United Nations official called Tom...
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Partnership with the Poorest
Exactly ten years ago in Copenhagen, Denmark, the 1995 World Summit for Social Development in its Programme of Action called for "enabling [people who live in poverty] to become genuine partners in development". In February 2005, the UN Commission...
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Putting People First in Development; Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian and Cultural
The Third Committee deals with myriad topics related to social development, advancement of women, international drug control and human rights issues. Delegates meet, discuss and debate these issues and work to forge resolutions that enjoy unanimous...
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Reviewing the Millennium Declaration, Revitalizing the Organization
From the opening of the fifty-ninth session of the General Assembly, delegations stressed the need for an international review of the Millennium Declaration and for revitalizing the United Nations as the centrepiece of its sixtieth anniversary, commemorated...
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Searching for Consensus in International Law; Sixth Committee: Legal
The essence in the functioning of the Sixth Committee lies on total consensus among United Nations Member States on resolutions dealing with wide-ranging international legal matters. "For the Legal Committee it is not advisable to have any decision...
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Smart Infrastructure
On 26 December 2004, a tsunami struck southern Asia, causing one of the worst disasters the world had ever seen. With each passing day, the horror became more unfathomable as the death toll eventually reached over 200,000. However, the nightmare had...
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'Terror in the Soul': Remembering Auschwitz
Sixty years ago, in January 1945, Auschwitz was "liberated". Some of the people commemorating this event are surviving witnesses, whose numbers are rapidly diminishing and will soon reach complete extinction. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] To some, Auschwitz...
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The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke
Cardiovascular disease now ranks as the leading cause of death, resulting in one third of all deaths globally. The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke, published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in conjunction with the United States Centers for...
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The Chronicle Interview
AMBASSADOR DUMITRU-DORIN PRUNARIU is President of the Romanian Space Agency and Chairman of the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS). In 1981, he became the first Romanian in space...
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The Global Research Alliance: A Knowledge Pool for Global Good
No single player has the funding, research and delivery capabilities required to solve problems on a global scale. With increasing globalization and the many problems being faced by all, particularly developing countries, it is clear that alliances...
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The Rise of Food Democracy
The National Touring Association, one of the largest lobbying groups in Norway, representing walkers, hikers and campers, recently joined forces with the nation's one and only celebrity chef to develop a line of foods made from indigenous ingredients...
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Towards a Unified Security System; Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
The Fifth Committee confines its scope not just to "budgetary and administration" issues. It also monitors United Nations activities as diverse as reviewing human resources management policies and establishing strengthened security management systems...
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Vital Voices: Advocacy and Service Work of NGOs in the Fight against Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is one of today's most egregious human rights violations. Traffickers prey on the most vulnerable members of society: people burdened with poverty, disabilities and discrimination. Trafficking in persons refers to the illegal trade...
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Wide-Ranging Resolutions on Status of Women
The Commission on the Status of Women, at its session from 28 February to 11 March 2005 at UN Headquarters in New York, adopted ten resolutions on improving women's status, including six new texts on gender mainstreaming in national policies and programmes;...
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