UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 46, No. 1-2, March-June

4 Doable Actions for Mother & Newborn Care
With only six years to go before the 2015 deadline to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health, some countries have made encouraging progress, while many have stagnated, or worse, slipped...
Achieving Zero New Victims of Landmines
As we think about how to reduce and eliminate new victims of landmines, we are reminded of the remarkable advances during the evolution of mine action work which began with the Mine Action Programme for Afghanistan in 1989. Our determination to live...
A Nuclear-Weapons-Free World Is It Achievable?
After the worst of times, we are perhaps entering the best of times for proponents of nuclear disarmament. At long last, advocates of the elimination of nuclear weapons have reason for some guarded optimism. The road to a nuclear-weapons-free world...
A Short History International Human Rights Law
The phrase "human rights" may be used in an abstract and philosophical sense, either as denoting a special category of moral claim that all humans may invoke or, more pragmatically, as the manifestation of these claims in positive law, for example,...
Breastfeeding, the Mother in Charge
We have reached a tipping point. In less than a century, breastfeeding has become the exception rather than the rule--a devastating trend to the health and well-being of large segments of the world population. Increasing the rates and duration of breastfeeding...
Celso Furtado
Asked to define underdevelopment, Celso Furtado replied in his characteristically north eastern Brazilian accent: "There is no need to define underdevelopment; just go out and look; that is underdevelopment!" Yet, his greatest contribution to development...
Every Surviving War Child Has Two Stories: One from the War and One from Its Aftermath
By ZLATA FILIPOVIC, on behalf of the members of the Network of Young People Affected by War (NYPAW): Ishmael Beah (www.beahfound.org) born in Sierra Leone is the author of A Long Way Gone, Memoirs of a Child Soldier. He lives in the USA. Kon...
Financial Meltdown and Malnutrition
In the aftermath of the recent global food crisis and economic downturn, the world's poor face unparalleled challenges to their food and nutrition security. While increased volatility in food prices will likely continue, wages for unskilled labour...
Girls in War: Sex Slave, Mother, Domestic Aide, Combatant
"The attackers tied me up and raped me because I was fighting. About five of them did the same thing to me until one of the commanders who knew my father came and stopped them, but also took me to his house to make me his wife. I just accepted him...
Gunnar Myrdal
Born in 1898 in Sweden, Nobel Laureate Gunnar Myrdal would become one of the leading economists of the twentieth century. Known for his research on transformative issues in underdeveloped economies, he believed inequality to be a major impediment to...
Health Literacy and Sustainable Development
Many of us wonder what exactly literacy is and the role it plays in improving the lives of people on a daily basis. Literacy is a human right and can be considered a tool of personal empowerment: a means for social and human development. Educational...
Heavy Lifting for UN Peacekeeping: Strategic Deployment Stocks
MEETING THE LOGISTICAL CHALLENGE When the decision has been taken to initiate a peacekeeping mission, the required lead-time for deployment varies, depending on the willingness of Member States to contribute troops, equipment, and other financial...
KBR68H, Indonesia Radio as a Force for Democracy
Founded by six journalists in 1999, at a time of Indonesia's transition to democracy, KBR68H is the first interactive media channel of its kind in Indonesia. Today, the radio news agency is a highly respected media organization which provides eight...
Learning from Slavery-The Legacy of the Slave Trade on Modern Society
In 2006, I gave some lectures at Harvard during which I called for a month, a week--a day even--of collective mourning for the millions whose souls still cry for proper burial and mourning rites. These lectures have now been published under the title:...
Myrdal and the Economic Commission for Europe
Myrdal served as Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) for 10 years (from 1947 to 1957). This period was the most dynamic of the six decades of ECE and built on the three major pillars of Myrdal's leadership. The first...
Next Steps to Universal Nuclear Disarmament: The Control of Nuclear Weapons So Far
It is almost 65 years since the development of the first nuclear bomb, and yet we have had only two cases of use of nuclear weapons in war, namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So we have been spared the horror of a large nuclear war during this period when...
Small Arms: No Single Solution; Every Minute Someone Is Killed by a Gun
A thousand people die each day from gunshot wounds, and three times as many are left with severe injuries. If the death, injury and disability resulting from small arms were categorized as a disease, it would qualify as an epidemic. Yet the media and...
Space Debris and the Battle for Space
On 10 February 2009, a decommissioned "Cosmos 2251" satellite and an operational "Iridium 33" satellite collided at an altitude of 790 km in low Earth orbit (LEO), a zone heavily populated by communications satellites. The collision created two distinct...
The Future of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
The world's first nuclear test, "Trinity", took place on 16 July 1945, in a torrid desert in New Mexico which the Spanish Conquistadores had named Jornada del Muerto (Journey of the Dead Man). In the decades that followed, over 2,000 such tests occurred...
The Nuclear Age
1704 Isaac Newton proposes a mechanical universe with small solid massed in motion 1874 G J Stoney proposes that electricity is made of discrete negative particles he calls "electrons" 1898 Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium and...