UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 2, 2002

Accelerating Fertility Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa. (UN Conventional: A Point of View)
Jacques Emina Be-Ofuriyua Population generally contributes to economic development. But in the context of poverty and limited resources, high fertility can provoke health, economic and demographic problems, such as infant and child mortality,...
A Conversation on Children
A little over eleven years ago, leaders met in k New York for the World Summit for Children. With wide expectations that the "peace dividend" would be devoted to development, they declared that "the well-being of children requires political action...
A Fragile Population. (Partnerships)
More than 100 species are lost every day. Approximately 40,000 become extinct every year and thousands more are at risk. These statistics from the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Global Environmental Outlook 2000 are largely unknown...
All's Quiet in Western Tanzania. (First Person)
7:45 a.m.: "November Hotel 1-6-4, this is November Hotel 2-1. Move to channel 7." This is the start of another busy day in the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Afriline residential compound, located on top of beautiful Ngara...
...As Nationhood and Independence Dawn
As we go to press on 16 April, former guerrilla leader Xanana Gusmao has attained a commanding lead in East Timor's first presidential election. The conclusion of this electoral process paves the way for East Timor's independence on 20 May 2002....
Assembly Signs Constitution into Force. (Peacewatch: East Timor)
East Timor's Constituent Assembly on 22 March signed into force the territory's first-ever Constitution after six months of drafting, consultation and debate. The 170-article Constitution was officially approved by a nominal role call, with 72 of...
Boundary Commission Ruling Hailed. (Peacewatch: Horn of Africa)
Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the Security Council on 13 April welcomed the Boundary Commission's ruling on the border delimitation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, hailing it as a "final legal settlement' of the long-standing dispute between the...
Breaking the Silence. (Conference Room Paper)
I began compiling and editing materials on women and HIV/AIDS in early 2001 for a special issue of CAFRA News, the biannual magazine of the Caribbean Association for Feminist Research and Action (CAFRA), where I worked as Information Officer. I...
Bridging Interests, Bridging Peoples. (Development Watch)
In mid-March, more than 50 heads of State, over 200 government Ministers and hundreds of leaders from civil society and the private sector gathered in Monterrey, Mexico for the International Conference on Financing for Development. This summit-level...
Cease Fire Agreement Signed. (Peacewatch: Angola)
After decades of civil war, the death of the rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) leader Jonas Savimbi in February has led to dramatic changes and opened up new opportunities for peace for the war-torn country. On 4...
Charges of Sexual Violence. (Peacewatch: Sierra Leone)
The Security Council voiced its serious concern at the violence, particularly sexual violence, suffered by women and children during the conflict in Sierra Leone, as well as evidence of human rights abuses and breaches of humanitarian law. It requested...
Children 2002 Charting Change
Children 2002 Charting Change. 150 million children in developing countries are malnourished More than half of underweight children live in South Asia South Asia 78 Sub-Saharan Africa 32 East Asia/Pacific ...
Combating Biological Weapons
The tragic events of 11th September, coupled with the subsequent anthrax attacks and hoaxes, have greatly increased global concern over the risk of biological warfare, particularly bio-terrorism. However, the international community's attempts to...
'DHL': [Dag Hammarskjold Library] Rising to the Challenge. (System Watch)
The assumption can be made that the late Dag Hammarskjold would have agreed with the clause in the Millennium resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2000 [Millennium Summit Declaration, A/RES/55/2] which pledged the United Nations...
Dodoma: Where the Elephant Sank. (Water Watch)
Dodoma became a name before it became a town. There are different stories about how it happened. One story is that some Wagogo stole a herd of cattle from their southern neighbours, the Wahehe, then killed and ate the animals, preserving only the...
East Timor: Education and Health in Focus. (Spot Light)
For the past six months, Armindo Maia has had an enormous responsibility. On 20 September 2001, he was sworn in as the first Education Minister of the Second Transitional Government of East Timor, appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General's...
'E-Learning for Life'. (Partnerships)
The Coca-Cola Company has expanded its partnership with the United Nations system this past year, particularly in the areas of information and communications technology (ICT) education and HIV/AIDS prevention. As one innovative example, Coca-Cola...
Empowering Today's Young People. (the World Youth Forum)
The fourth session of the World Youth Forum of the United Nations System took place in Dakar, Senegal from 6 to 10 August 2001. Organized by the United Nations and the Senegalese National Youth Council, the Forum addressed the challenges young people...
Expectations from the Children's Summit. (Closing Thoughts)
A Children's Summit provides a venue for children and the youth to come together, share their experiences, and identify strengths and weaknesses, in order to appreciate their role in promoting a peaceful, just and sustainable world order. It is...
Expectations of the United Nations in a Post-September 11 World. (Thinking Aloud)
In this post-September 11(2001) world, where the consequences of globalization have been punctuated by a new frightening and unprecedented sense of global vulnerability, what should we expect of the United Nations? On 10 November 2001, UN Secretary-General...
First Government Finally Formed. (Peacewatch: Kosovo)
Briefing an open meeting of the Security Council, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Hedi Annabi on 27 March stressed that with the formation of the Government in Kosovo on 28 February, the transfer of authority from the UN...
Hand in Hand. (Partnerships)
At this year's World Cup, the focus will be on more than just soccer. UNICEF and FIFA have agreed to dedicate the event to children. Portuguese soccer player Luis Figo, world footballer of the year in 2001, has been named UNICEF goodwill ambassador....
International Criminal Court Statute Comes into Force. (Breaking News)
"Disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been...
Investing in Health and Education for Development: A Revitalized Economic and Social Council after Monterrey. (the Chronicle Interview)
Ambassador Ivan Simonovic of Croatia is the President of the Economic and Social Council. Following the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey, Mexico in March, the Council will play a crucial role in implementing the...
Measuring Civilization. (Essay)
Gandhi famously remarked that the way in which we treat minorities is the measure of civilization in a society. In differing ways, we have all failed Gandhi's test. This year marks the tenth anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Persons...
Meeting Promises Made a Decade Ago: 1990 World Summit for Children/2002 Special Session on Children
"We were all children once-and we are now the parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts of children". So states United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in his landmark report, We the Children: Meeting the promises of the World Summit for Children....
New Health Strategy Focuses on Primary Care. (Kosovo Journal)
The cornerstone of Kosovo's new health care system is primary health care (PHC) based on family health teams, consisting of medicine doctors, nurses and other relevant health professionals working in family health centres and punctas (small outreach...
New UN Mission Established. (Peacewatch: Afghanistan)
The Security Council on 28 March voted unanimously to establish the UN Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA), endorsing the mandate and structure laid out by Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Set up with immediate effect for an initial twelve-month...
No Longer the Distant Subject
In 1990, the world came to the United Nations to talk about its children. It was an unprecedented act. Never before had so many leaders gathered to discuss such an issue, no matter how pressing or egregious. It was a compassionate act. Those...
Other Peacekeeping-Related Matters
Bosnia: European Union Police Mission (EUPM). The Security Council on 5 March hailed the European Union's decision to take over UN police training and monitoring duties following the end of the UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH). Starting...
Reapers, Solitary No Longer. (NGO Watch)
Despite their virtual lack of access to the means of improving their incomes in many developing countries, women make an essential contribution to their families' survival, especially among the poorer strata. fact, in India, rural women are estimated...
Re-Emerging Kabul. (Field Watch)
Picture this. You are on a passenger-carrying cargo plane that has just landed on an airstrip on which a government minister was stabbed to death two days before, and the fields surrounding the runway are littered with the shells of fighter planes....
Refugees and Mental Health. (Old Stereotypes, New Realities)
International research and relief organizations estimate that there are between 10 million and 11 million refugees, and 20 million and 25 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Scientific studies underscore the impact that horrific...
Sweet Water
Ecuadorian agriculture is threatened due to the ever-increasing reduction of plant cover on the Andean hillsides and an alarming drop in water resources, aggravated by the illegal use of artificial agricultural inputs damaging the environment. The...
The Demise of Mesopotamian Marshlands
A round 85 per cent of the Mesopotamian marshlands--the largest wetland in the Middle East and one of the most outstanding freshwater ecosystems in the world--have been lost mainly as a result of drainage and damming, according to a report by the...
Transcending Difference: The United Nations Role. (Women Watch)
One of the most pervasive challenges of development at the turn of the twenty-first century continues to be poverty. The eradication of poverty is a priority within the agenda of national governments, donors and multilateral institutions, especially...
UN Agencies Battle Tsetse ... and Rural Poverty. (Working Together)
A new campaign in Africa to control the deadly tsetse fly, the carrier of sleeping sickness, has been launched by the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The control programme is initially being conducted in the valleys of Ethiopia, the cotton...
Up to One Fifth of the World's Children Have Mental or Behavioural Problems. (Health Watch)
An estimated 10 to 20 per cent of children worldwide have one or more mental or behavioural problems. Many disorders commonly found among adults, such as depression, can begin during childhood, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports. Categories...
Violence Escalates Further. (Peacewatch: Middle East)
Amid intensifying violence in the Middle East, Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 16 April, as this issue goes to press, reiterated his call for a third-party mechanism on the ground to quell violence and foster progress. 'Such a mechanism could take...
Voices
Five young writers explain their concerns and hopes for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children The Special Session is geared towards ensuring that we, the youth of the world, have a brighter future. Why then have so many...
Voices That Deserve to Be Heard
"Do not think that because women wear a veil we do not have a voice", says Jamila, a refugee from Afghanistan. "When the UN is looking for leaders, look to us. Tap our networks that reach and assist women and their families. Women must be included...
What the United Nations Should Be about Our Ageing World. (Opinion)
The UN Second World Assembly on Ageing concluded on 12 April 2002 as we go to press, with the adoption of an International Plan of Action, containing over 120 recommendations, and an accompanying Political Declaration. Both stress the "crucial"...
Where a Child Dies Each Minute
Every minute, a child dies of measles in Africa. Although the Western Hemisphere has essentially eliminated measles cases and deaths, with 450,000 children dying from the disease every year on the continent, measles causes more children's deaths...
Will Children Inherit All out Languages? (Culture Watch)
Many things can lead to people abandoning their native tongue. One is the break-up or transplanting of a community when individuals or groups find themselves immersed in a different cultural and linguistic environment. Another is when individuals...
Will This Be the Century of the Private Sector or the State? (Guest Column)
The answer would seem obvious, considering the major changes in economic structures that have taken place in the last fifteen years. Countries have had to face challenges in managing the transition from varying degrees of state ownership to more...