UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 22, February

$1.7 Billion in New Aid Needed for Drought-Stricken Nations
Some $1.7 billion in new commitments from donor countries must be obtained to meet the urgent needs of 20 nations in Africa most seriously affected by the "unprecedented crisis" which continues to plague that continent and shows little sign of abating....
Against Annihilation
IN the face of ever-advancing technology and the failure, until now, to reduce the destructive force of nuclear weapons, the threat of annihilation through nuclear weapons remains the gravest problem facing humanity and must be addressed with the...
Committee Chairman Urges Action to End 'Reign of Violence'
The Chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid, Joseph N. Garba (Nigeria), has called on the international community to take "prompt and effective" measures that would oblige the apartheid regime in South Africa "to put a stop at once to the...
Disarmament Conference Launches 1985 Session at Time of 'Hopeful Developments' on Arms Control
The Conference on Disarmament began its 1985 meetings on 5 February in Geneva "at a time of hopeful developments" regarding arms control and disarmament, said Conference President for February, Donald Lowitz (United States). Resumption of bilateral...
Drug Abuse: A Social and Economic Threat
The dimensions of drug abuse are so enormous that Governments around the world have launched unparalleled counter-offensives against trafficking. But some countries' toleration of so-called "soft" drugs in efforts to contain "hard" ones has led to...
Finding a Place in the Geostationary Orbit: Aim Is to Ensure Access for All
The UNISPACE 82 Conference noted the explosive growth in recent years in the use of the geostationary orbit, especially for communication satellites. The Conference noted that the present system of registration and coordination might need to be improved...
Food, Fertilizer, Pumps, Trucks ... Emergency Needs of 20 Countries
The following summary reports were prepared by OEOA on the basis of information gathered by United Nations system representatives in the countries concerned, in consultation with host Governments and local representatives of major donor programmes....
Kampuchea, Disarmament Discussed in Visit to Asia and Pacific
Kampuchea and disarmament issues were of particular concern during the Secretary-General's three-week trip (25 January-15 February) to South-East Asia and the Pacific, during which he visited eight nations. After visiting Thailand, Laos and Viet...
Migrant Workers: Recent Trends
"The migration of workers from one country to another have become one of the central characteristic features of the global economic system", according to a report of the Secretary-General on the social situation of migrant workers and their families...
Outer Space Sub-Committee Discusses Spacecraft and Satellite Issues
Proposals regarding the use of nuclear power sources on spacecraft and use of remote sensing of the Earth by satellites were dicussed at the annual session of the Scientifc and Technical Sub-Committee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer...
Population Commission Recommends Action by Governments and United Nations System
The Population Commission has called for measures to improve the role and status of women, in line with priorities identified by the 1984 International Conference on Population in Mexico City last August. Those recommendations were contained in one...
Prisoners of War in Iran and Iraq - 'When Will the War Finally End?'
In neither Iran nor Iraq were the prisoners-of-war (POWs) taken in the conflict between the two countries "treated as badly as alleged by the Government of the other country", nor were they treated as well as claimed by the Government of the detaining...
Sea Convention Not Yet in Force, but Its Impact Is Already Felt
The Secretary-General noted that States crossing the political, economic and geographic spectrum had signed the pact. "The signatories included coastal and land-locked States, large and small States, developing and developed States, and represented...
Secretary-General Urges Exchange of Prisoners, End to 'Ruinous Conflict' between Iran and Iraq
In transmitting to the Security Council the report (S/16962) on prisoners of war (POWs) and civilian detainees in the Iran-Iraq conflict, Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar stated that no effort should be spared to "ameliorate or end the continuing...
Social Commission Recommends Measures to Aid Families, Migrant Workers, Aging
Measures to help solve problems ranging from youth unemployment to chronic hunger were recommended by the Commission for Social Development at its twenty-ninth session, held in Vienna (18-27 February). The initiatives were contained in 10 draft...
Spreading the Benefits of Space Technology
The UNISPACE 82 Conference discussed how all States could take advantage of space technology for economic and social development and benefit from using satellite remote sensing systems to develop and monitor their natural resources and the environment....
State of the World's Children, 1985
The State of the World's Children reports for 1982 and 1983 drew worldwide attention to the fact that just four relatively simple and inexpensive methods could enable parents in the developing world to save the lives of at least half the 40,000 children...
UNESCO Board Invites United States to Continue Participation in Agency
The Executive Board of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), concluding a special session on the consequences of the United States withdrawal, invited that Government on 17 February to resume active participation...
Using Space for Education: Direct Broadcasting Systems
Technology expected to improve rapidly From a technological viewpoint, the use of direct broadcasting satellites for educational purposes is feasible. Direct broadcasting satellites and earch stations are operational. The technology is expected...