UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 1, 2002

A Comprehensive Action against Terrorism. (GA 56 - Sixth Committee (Legal))
Marcel Fortuna Biato, a senior Counsellor with the Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations, compares the International Criminal Court (ICC) to a "legal atomic bomb". "The Court is effective in so far as it acts as a deterrent to the most...
Afghanistan: On the Road to Recovery
War-ravaged, drought-stricken and impoverished, Afghanistan has in the past months witnessed momentous historic changes. When five years of Taliban rule ended last year, it opened an unprecedented window of opportunity for peace and prosperity in...
A Milestone on the Road to Democracy. (Kosovo)
It was on a crisp, sunny December morning, as if the freshness of the air outside symbolized a new beginning for Kosovo, that all 120 members of the newly-elected Assembly, which for the first time in history truly represented the people of this...
A 'Monterrey Consensus' Might Replace the Washington Consensus
The first major conference that has been undertaken by the United Nations in close partnership with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, other UN agencies and representatives from civil society and the business...
An Encompassing Social Agenda. (GA 56 - Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural))
In the final two meetings of the Third Committee, two texts sparked a heated debate. One was the draft resolution on the impact of globalization on human rights, which was later adopted by the General Assembly by a vote of 116 to 44, with 9 abstentions....
An Insight into Africa's Threatened Sea Turtles
Urgent international efforts are needed to conserve West Africa's sea turtles, with studies showing that the region holds some of the world's most important feeding and nesting sites, many of them under threat. The call is being made by the Secretariat...
Are Humans an Endangered Species? (Thinking Aloud)
On a global basis, the expansion of human activity and associated loss of habitat, rising emissions of greenhouse gases, rapid population growth aggravating poverty in developing countries, and scarcity of food and fresh water are real and undeniable...
A World of Issues Brings Member States Together
Han Seung-soo, President of the fifty-sixth session of the General Assembly, referring to Afghanistan said: "This year marked a turning point in our debate on this issue that has been on the agenda of the General Assembly since 1980." The Assembly...
Behind the Issue
The Second World Assembly, to be held in Madrid from 8 to 12 April 2002, is dedicated to the overall review of the outcome of the first World Assembly on Ageing, as well as the adoption of the proposed international strategy for action on ageing....
Counterpoint
Thank you for your letter, with the UN Chronicle (No. 3, 2001) that includes my article. I think the volume is excellently designed and edited and captures the food issues in the global context very well. Unfortunately, your editor has changed...
Defining Moment for Human Vatues. (Fifth-Sixth Session of the General Assembly)
"Clearly, 11 September has only reinforced that we are facing unprecedented challenges, global issues with no borders: the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; organized crime; and international terrorism." Ambassador Andre Erdos of...
Ebola Returns. (Follow-Up)
On 4 December 2001, the World Health Organization (WHO) received reports of seven deaths from an outbreak of suspected viral haemorrhagic fever in Ogooue lvindo province in the northeastern part of the Gabon. Laboratory testing carried out at the...
Food Trade and Food Rights. (Essay)
In a recent UN Chronicle issue [No. 3, 2001], Asbjorn Eide pointed out that the obligation to protect the right to food "requires measures by the State to ensure that enterprises or individuals do not deprive individuals of their access to adequate...
Human Rights and Development. (Development Watch)
Human rights and development are about enhancing individual dignity and increasing choices, chances and capabilities. Peace and security are the ultimate goals of the United Nations. In the long run, they would be best sustained by the implementation...
ICTR Releases Easy-to-Use CD-ROM
In 2001, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) created its first complete CD-ROM--the "ICTR Basic Documents and Case Law 1995-2000". The Legal Library and Reference Section of the Tribunal produced the CD-ROM to heighten understanding...
Initiatives against Disarmament. (GA 56 - First Committee (Disarmament and International Security))
On 4 October 2001, as delegates of the First Committee assembled for their second meeting of the session, they knew that their agenda, though formally similar to last year's, had changed. Negotiations on conventional and nuclear disarmament now...
In Memoriam: Celso Daniel (1951-2002)
Like the rest of the world, I was shocked and stunned to learn of the brutal abduction and assassination of Mayor Celso Daniel in Brazil. His high-profile killing has outraged the Brazilian public, and many see it as yet another failure of the state...
Keeping Hope Alive
On 19 December 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan held a press conference with members of the international press to both reflect upon the past year and look towards the future with optimism and determination. Here is a look at what...
Peacewatch
KOSOVO Coalition talks continue The 17 November provincial-wide elections in Kosovo failed to give any single party a majority, and negotiations in forming a coalition government and electing a President remained inconclusive. Despite two ...
Questions of Development. (GA 56 - Second Committee (Economic and Financial))
Francisco Seixas da Costa said he had maintained the tradition of consensus in the Second Committee. As Committee Chairman, he oversaw debates on hotly-contested subjects, among others, on sustainable development, globalization and interdependence,...
'Remember This Girl'. (from the Secretary-General)
Today, in Afghanistan, a girl will be born. Her mother will hold her and feed her; comfort her and care for her--just as any mother would anywhere in the world, In these most basic acts of human nature, humanity knows no divisions. But to be...
Satisfaction, Regret ... and Hope. (Rights Watch)
I look back on my nearly nine years as the United Nations Commission on Human Rights Special Rapporteur on the question of torture with mixed feelings. Fortunately, one I had when I tendered my resignation to the Chair of the Commission, namely,...
Saving the Turtles Saves Ourselves
The existence of sea turtles on earth pre-dates that of man by more than I 150 million years. In the past, they roamed freely by the millions in the world's oceans and hauled themselves ashore its sandy beaches to nest in no less spectacular numbers....
School Bells from Bombshells
Information about Afghanistan--its history, its people and the combined effects of war and drought, particularly on women and children--is available today more than ever before. Yet, the media, policy papers and programme agendas fail to capture...
Secretary-General Outlines Vision for Building Secure Future
The global economic growth that propelled many economies during the 1990s did not promote sustainable development or the kind of development that encompasses economic growth, social development and environmental protection, according to a new report...
Slow Economic Recovery in 2002
Recovery from the economic downturn that began early in 2001 and was aggravated by the 11 September terrorist attacks is likely to take place slowly in the year ahead, and adverse effects of the continuing slowdown are hitting economies hardest...
The Children of Shamshatoo
It seemed almost pre-historic, carved out of a deserted landscape that could have been the perfect prop for a Steven Spielberg movie, except that it was no prop and it was not pre-historic. It was Shamshatoo, a campsite set up outside Peshawar--the...
The Chronicle Interview
With preparations for the World Summit on Sustainable Development already well under way, Nitin Desai, Under-Secretary-General of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs and Secretary-General of the conference, has a lot on his mind. But...
The Mental Health Dimension
One of the most pressing issues facing Afghan refugees, especially women, today is their mental health, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and advocates for women. Although the issue of survival takes priority, more people are recognizing...
The Process of Informals in the Fifth Committee
It was close to midnight in Conference Room 5 at United Nations Headquarters when Thomas Schlesinger closed his files and left for home a satisfied man. Schlesinger, a senior Counsellor with the Austrian Mission to the United Nations and Austria's...
UN Chronicle
Our cover photograph, of a young Afghan girl carrying an even younger boy, personifies different aspects--war and displacement--of an even grimmer problem: the scarcity of hope. Over much of its modern existence, Afghanistan has been burned by war...
'Unpaid Assessments Down'. (GA 56 - Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary))
Three economic indicators determine the financial health of the United Nations: the level of unpaid assessments of Member States; the level of cash balances; and debt owed by the United Nations to Member States that provided peacekeepers. In his...
UN Year of Dialogue among Civilizations
In 1998, the General Assembly unanimously declared the year 2001 as the "United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations". The concept of a dialogue among civilizations was introduced by President Seyed Mohammad Khatami of the Islamic Republic...
Wiping Away Remnants of Colonialism. (GA 56 - Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization))
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee is officially known as the Fourth Committee. Yet, in the order of elections to its chair, it comes second. "Political issues years ago were dealt with by the First Committee", Ambassador Hasmy...