International Electronic Journal of Health Education

Articles

Vol. 15, Annual

Post-Project Assessment of Community-Supported Emergency Transport Systems for Health Care Services in Tanzania
Introduction Although fostering sustainability is a desired goal of many programs, there is seldom an opportunity to examine whether this goal is actually reached, often because of limited time frames or failure to include sustainability in the...
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Online Discussion about Sexuality Education in Schools
Introduction In an era of strangling state government budgets, wars measured in decades rather than years, and political upheaval in many parts of the world, has the most high profile social debate related to health education--about sexuality education...
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Psychometric Evaluation of a Chinese Version of the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) in School Age Children
Introduction with the widespread use of the Internet as a medium for health information, it is imperative to understand the impact that such technology has on decision-making among non-health professionals is high. The interactive nature of the...
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Multiple Health Behaviors and Psychological Well-Being of Chinese Female Undergraduate Students
Introduction Mainland China has experienced tremendous socioeconomic change over the past 30 years. To respond to the rapid economic growth, the Chinese higher education system has expanded in terms of its college enrollment, tuition fees, and financial...
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A Tailored Wellness Intervention for College Students Using Internet-Based Technology: A Pilot Study
Introduction Obesity and weight maintenance have become important public health issues, and subsequently, methods to intervene during key life periods of weight gain have gained attention. (1) In order to address this phenomenon it is important...
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Global HIV Prevention Programs for Long-Haul Truckers: Considerations for the U.S
Introduction In the United States, an estimated 1.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, and approximately 50,000 new cases of HIV are diagnosed each year. (1) Globally, it is estimated that 33.3 million people are living with HIV. (2) From...
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Mhealth on Campus: Assessing Undergraduates' Attitudes and Utilization of Mobile Health Applications
Introduction Mobile health technology has grown dramatically in recent years due largely to the popularity of smart devices. A smart device is an electronic mobile computing device, such as a smartphone, e-reader (i.e. Kindle), tablet (i.e. iPad),...
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Online Health Information (OHI) Utilization among Selected Worksite Employees in Taiwan
Introduction The rapid growth in use of the Internet for acquiring health information has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The Pew Internet Study estimated 8 in 10 U.S. Internet users have looked for online health information...
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Reducing Overweight and Obesity among Elementary Students in Wuhan, China
Introduction In China there is now evidence of increasing overweight and obesity among school-age youth in urban areas. Data from China's National Student Physical Examination Survey (NSPES) reported that among young people aged 7 to 18 years living...
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Smartphone Technology and Apps: Rapidly Changing Health Promotion
Introduction Smartphone technology and health applications are transforming health promotion. Smartphones are mobile devices with additional capabilities such as email, text messaging, video viewing, and wireless Internet access. (1) Applications,...
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Twitter as a Tool to Warn Others about Sobriety Checkpoints: A Pilot Observational Study
Introduction A major public health concern in the United States is young people who drive under the influence of alcohol. In 2009 alone, there were 4,597 alcohol-related driving fatalities among 20 to 24 year old drivers, which accounted for 35...
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The Anti-Tobacco Movement of Nazi Germany: A Historiographical Re-Examination
Introduction The notorious narratives of racial hygiene, euthanasia, sterilization, and the 'Final Solution' overshadowed the conception of preventive medicine in Nazi Germany. The modern view of Nazi German scientific research is one characterized...
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National Implementation of an Evidence-Based HIV Prevention and Reproductive Health Program for Bahamian Youth
Introduction Spanning more than a quarter century, efforts toward HIV prevention and improved reproductive health have yielded a wide array of effective behavioral interventions. (1,2) Despite these successes, still challenging to the field have...
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The Process of Adapting an Australian Antenatal Group-Based Parenting Program to Japanese and Vietnamese Public Service Settings
Introduction Cumulative evidence suggested that antenatal maternal mental health not only predicts postpartum mental health, but also influences child growth and development. Previous cohort studies in Western countries have indicated that antenatal...
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Black Families' Lay Views on Health and the Implications for Health Promotion: A Community-Based Study in the UK
Introduction There are some fundamental differences in beliefs about health, (1-5) for instance an earlier study (6) reported on health status being conceived, measured and addressed according to a biomedical model, which was in contrast to an earlier...
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The Impact of Occupational Hazard Information on Employee Health and Safety: An Analysis by Professional Sectors in Spain
Introduction Technological development, economic growth, social evolution and technical progress in recent times have led to improvements in occupational conditions, making possible safer and healthier environments at companies. The occupational...
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Stress and Communication across Cultural Boundaries in the U.S. Location of a Chinese Business
Introduction In the Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World, international leaders in health promotion recognized that corporations had, "a direct impact on the health of people" and that the private sector had, "a responsibility...
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Vol. 14, Annual

The Healthy Web-Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities
Introduction The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 650 million people or 10% of the global population have a disability. This number includes 200 million children. Population growth, extended lifespan, advances in medical technology...
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The Role of Health Education Specialists in Supporting Global Health and the Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Development Goals and Burden of Disease Globally Several documents (UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Declaration of Alma Alta, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion) preceded formulation of the Millennium Development Goals...
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E-Health Literacy Competencies among Undergraduate Health Education Students: A Preliminary Study
E-Health Literacy Competencies among Undergraduate Health Education Students E-health has been a topic of interest in the field of health education since the turn of the 21st century (1-4); yet, a clear, concise definition of e-health does not currently...
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Parental Perspectives on Alcohol Use among School-Aged Children in Ghana
Parental Perspectives on Alcohol Use among School-Aged Children in Ghana Research indicates that the misuse and abuse of alcohol causes problems not only for the health of the abuser but also for that person's family as well. (1) Furthermore, the...
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Factors Associated with School Teachers' Perceived Needs and Level of Adoption of HIV Prevention Education in Lusaka, Zambia
Introduction According to the UNAIDS 2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic, sub-Saharan Africa is home to over 70% of the world's HIV-positive population. Most notably, approximately 85% of all HIV-positive children live in the region. (1,2) The...
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Exploration of Health Concerns and the Role of Social Media Information among Rural and Urban Adolescents: A Preliminary Study
Introduction Primary socialization theory explains that parents, peers, and schools are the most important forces in adolescent health socialization, with mass media being of secondary importance. But, this model has not captured developments in...
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An Early Window of Opportunity for Promoting Girls' Health: Policy Implications of the Girl's Puberty Book Project in Tanzania
An Early Window of Opportunity for Promoting Girls' Health: Policy Implications of the Girl's Puberty Book Project in Tanzania The onset of puberty, and specifically menstruation, is an opportune moment for reaching girls as they transition into...
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Advance Directives for End-of-Life Care and the Role of Health Education Specialists: Applying the Theory of Reasoned Action
Advance Directives for End-of-Life Care and the Role of Health Education Specialists: Applying the Theory of Reasoned Action The need to address end-of-life issues has been recognized internationally. A 2005 meeting of the International Work Group...
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Investigating Perceived vs. Medical Weight Status Classification among College Students: Room for Improvement Exists among the Overweight and Obese
Introduction In spite of increased media attention and public awareness of the national obesity epidemic, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Americans continues to rise. Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys...
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Preliminary Evaluation of the 'Playing the Game' Sexual Assault Prevention Theatre Program
Introduction National studies estimated 18-25% of all women have been raped during their lifetime and that 1220% of college women have been raped during their college years. (1-4) Of these women, more than 80% knew their rapist with 62% reporting...
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You Tube: An International Medium for Sharing Videos about Hookah Smoking
Introduction Hookah Smoking The hookah pipe is an ancient tool for smoking tobacco. (1) Users smoke hookah by placing smoldering charcoal on a sheet of aluminum foil, which covers a flavored tobacco mixture located within the pipe's head. As...
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The Development of Kidney Stone Dietary Plans for Patient Education
Introduction Kidney stones are known to be among the most painful and prevalent urinary tract disorders. (1,2) More than a half million people per year visit the emergency room with renal colic, abdominal pain commonly caused by kidney stones. (1)...
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Health Education Films of the Silent Era: A Historical Analysis
Introduction Since the production of films began on a widespread basis, they have been divided into genres. (1) One such genre is educational. (2) Motion pictures have long been used as a health education technique; they are mentioned in the American...
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The Reliability and Construct Validity of American College Students' Responses to the WHOQOL-BREF
Introduction Quality of life (QOL) is a term used to describe an individual's physical and mental well-being. Like many terms used in health promotion, there is debate about how QOL should be defined and measured. One of the difficulties in defining...
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Vol. 13, Annual

Pre-Test of a Filmed Play and Women's Stories about Spouse Violence within the Context of Immigration (French Manuscript with English Abstract)
Introduction Les donnees statistiques dont dispose le Canada, et specifiquement le Quebec, ne permettent pas de deceler si les femmes immigrantes (1) subissent plus de violence conjugale que les femmes natives. Il est cependant plausible de s'attendre...
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Examining the Prevalence of Self-Reported Foodborne Illnesses and Food Safety Risks among International College Students in the United States
Introduction Foodborne illness and food safety risks continue to be a growing concern in many countries, particularly in the United States. (1) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that approximately 76 million people in...
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"We Have to Do Something for Ourselves": Using Photovoice and Participatory Action Research to Assess the Barriers to Caregiving for Abandoned and Orphaned Children in Sierra Leone
Introduction Although blessed with ample natural resources, Sierra Leone, a small West African country, is home to some of Africa's greatest social, economic, environmental, and health related-ills. To date, Sierra Leone is ranked 177th out of 177...
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Salutogenesis 30 Years Later: Where Do We Go from Here?
Introduction Mother Theresa stated that she would not participate in a march against war but would participate if the march were for peace. Such a march would not only empower people to end war, but also help them move toward peace. (1) In her view,...
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Childhood Diabesity: International Applications for Health Education and Health Policy
Introduction The twin epidemics of diabetes and obesity have been identified as a growing public health concern worldwide (1-5) to the point that the terms Obesity-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (ODDM) and diabesity have been coined to express the...
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Diabetes Control among Vietnamese Patients in Ho Chi Minh City: An Observational Cross-Sectional Study
Introduction Ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease are the first and second leading causes of death worldwide among individuals 60 years or older. (1) Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for atherosclerotic disorders which...
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Assessment of Healthcare Faculty Interest in Internet-Based International Education Collaboration and Exchange: A Pilot Study
Introduction In this time of global economic expansions and innovative technology, it is important for educators and students to be aware of the similarities and differences among the various cultures and nationalities. Achterberg (1) provides a...
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Online Simulation of Health Care Reform: Helping Health Educators Learn and Participate
Introduction When compared to other nations with similar economic and political systems, health care in the United States in 2007 offered less access, required higher costs, and was not achieving the best health outcomes {Secretary General of the...
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Calcium Nutrition Perceptions among Food Bank Users: A Canadian Case Study
Introduction Poverty and low-income prevents many Canadians from attaining a reasonable quality of life (1) and these are well recognized as important determinants of health around the world. (2-4) In addition, low-income is known to compromise...
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Prevalence of Health Behaviors among a University Staff: An Exploratory Study
Introduction In the USA, the leading causes of death among adults are associated with chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer, diabetes. (1) Developing countries are also heavily burdened by these chronic diseases. (2) Most of these diseases...
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Canonical Correlation Analysis on Life Stress and Learning Burnout of College Students in Taiwan
Introduction With rapid changes in social, political, and economic life of global society, students in school often face many life stresses, such as academic pressure, emotional distress, role ambiguity, career and achievement stress, stress from...
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Accuracy of Health and Wellness Messages Provided by ChaCha, the Mobile Answers Text Message Service
Introduction From simple questions to complex, answers are now just a few key-strokes away. The internet serves as a reference for just about everything, from checking scores of ballgames to assisting in major medical decisions. Search engines,...
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Assessing the Importance of Social and Environmental Supports for Leisure-Time Physical Activity in a Unique Socio-Cultural and Geographical Context
Introduction There have been several reports of poor health among Francophones (1,2) and Northern Ontario (2,3) residents in Canada. Despite measurably higher rates of illness, physical activity levels in these populations are not unlike those found...
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Vol. 12, Annual

Evaluation of a Computer-Based Patient Education and Motivation Tool on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice towards Influenza Vaccination
Introduction Influenza-related illnesses cause an average of 36,000 deaths (1) and 134,000 hospitalizations (2) every year in the United States. (3) Children less than 2 years of age have a high rate of influenza-related hospitalizations (4-6) and...
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Urban Men's Knowledge and Perceptions regarding Sexually Transmitted Infections in Pakistan
Introduction Pakistan is currently the sixth most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 160 million and a growth rate of 1.9 percent. (1) Pakistan enjoys a unique geographical location being at the cross roads of Central...
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Differences in Reliability of Reproductive History Recall among Women in North Africa
Introduction Breast Cancer is the most common malignancy in most countries including Morocco and Egypt in North Africa. (1,2) Some reproductive factors such as early menarche, late menopause, infertility, and age older than 35 years at first child...
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The Relationship between Parental Health, Family Functioning and Adolescent Body Mass Index
Introduction The prevalence of obesity among children, adolescents, and adults has risen to epidemic proportions within the last decade. (1) Obesity is associated with morbidity and mortality due to type II diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis,...
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Exercise Self-Efficacy and Perceived Wellness among College Students in a Basic Studies Course
Introduction With our technology-driven society overcome with sedentary behaviors, and its associated negative physical and emotional consequences (e.g., heart disease, depression), the need for effective health promotion strategies is undeniably...
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Historical Research: A Thematic Analysis of Convention and Conference Themes for Selected Professional Health Education Associations from 1975 to 2009
Introduction Interest in the history of health education and the role and development of professional associations is an important but often overlooked topic in the literature. As a profession, we are often limited by what materials exist, whether...
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Using Organization Development Concept to Conduct Administrative Assessment of Health Promoting Schools in Taiwan-A Preliminary Study
Introduction The children and adolescent health problems including smoking, teenage pregnancy, HIV infection, drug abuse, accidents, nutrition and mental health problems are major concerns in Taiwan as well as around the world. Available data showed...
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A Critical Review of Computer-Assisted Learning in Public Health Via the Internet, 1999-2008
Introduction Despite the use of computers and the internet since the 1980s to deliver health messages to the public, there is limited empirical evidence that computer-assisted learning via the internet affects change in health behaviors. (1-3) This...
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Correlates of Cigarette Smoking among Male Chinese College Students in China-A Preliminary Study
Introduction The adverse health effects of cigarette smoking have been widely studied and determined. Cigarette smoking is the major cause of many chronic and deadly diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,...
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Priority Health Behaviors among South African Undergraduate Students
Introduction The global prevalence of chronic diseases has increased dramatically over recent years, causing approximately 60% of the 56.5 million reported deaths globally each year. (1) The total number of people dying from chronic diseases worldwide...
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Usability Test of an Interactive Dietary Recording
Introduction Dietary intake methods are used to collect one's diet habit. Knowing one's energy profile and nutrient profile can help to assess whether the individual has balanced energy or has risks for metabolic syndromes or obesity related diseases....
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A Culturally Appropriate Framework for Educating Collegiate International Students about Alcohol
Introduction Alcohol Use in International Contexts According to the World Health Organization (1) alcohol consumption is a prominent health concern across the globe with over 2 billion consumers of alcoholic beverages and an estimated 76. (3)...
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Physical Activity Levels in Normal Weight and Overweight Portuguese Children: An Intervention Study during an Elementary School Recess
Introduction The health and behavioral benefits of Physical Activity (PA) in childhood and adolescence are well known.1 Current PA guidelines for children recommend moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 60 min a day. (1-3) Although,...
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Exploring a Virtual Conference Web Site for Undergraduate Health Education Students
Introduction Attendance at national conferences is just one of many activities integral to the professional development of health educators. Participation at professional conferences is encouraged for reasons such as the acquisition of new skills...
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Readability Levels of Health-Based Websites: From Content to Comprehension
Introduction In a position statement issued by the American Association for Health Education (AAHE) related to health literacy in 2008, health literacy was defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand...
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Preparing Culturally Competent Health Educators: The Development and Evaluation of a Cultural Immersion Service-Learning Program
Introduction Health educators are living and practicing in a more diverse society. Population estimates clearly demonstrate changing demographics in the United States with ethnic minorities increasing dramatically in the 21st century. Hispanics...
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Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior among Chinese, Thai and Korean College Students and Predictive Effects of the World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF
Introduction In Western countries, e.g. U.S., suicide is a significant and complex public health issue and has been widely studied among college students (1,2) as well as in other populations. (3,4) The suicide rate among American young people aged...
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Cost of Health Education to Increase STD Awareness in Female Garment Workers in Bangladesh
Introduction Female garment workers in Bangladesh develop a social sub-group as they live away from their families, usually by themselves in a metropolitan city like Dhaka. (1) Consequently, they make decisions about their lives and daily activities...
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Physician-Based Tobacco Smoking Cessation Counseling in Belgrade, Serbia
Introduction The risk and burden of tobacco smoking on illness (e.g., several cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular diseases) and death is well established. (1,2) About five million people die from smoking-related illnesses...
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Using the Global-School-Based Student Health Survey to Identify Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth
Introduction It has been reported that Chile has among the highest youth tobacco smoking prevalence in the world. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), conducted from 1999 to 2001, reported that youth in Chile had the highest rate of smoking among...
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Strategies for Living with the Challenges of HIV and Antiretroviral Use in Zambia
Introduction Recent health surveys indicate HIV prevalence is 19.7% in urban areas in Zambia. (1) The progression of disease in persons living with HIV/AIDS has dramatically altered with the advent of ARV medications; in Zambia, the aim of HIV/AIDS...
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Using the PEN-3 Model to Assess Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs about Diabetes Type 2 among Mexican American and Mexican Native Men and Women in North Texas
Introduction Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is currently the sixth leading cause of death for all groups in the United States. (1) The prevalence of this disease is disproportionately higher among the Hispanic population, representing their fourth...
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October 8

Who Are the College Students Behind the Wheel after Drinking?
Abstract Little is known about the differences in demographic/socio-psychological characteristics between college student drivers who drink moderately and those who drink heavily. This study examined characteristics of college students who did not...
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May 1

Comparative Impact of Two Training Packages on Awareness and Practices of First Aid for Injuries and Common Illnesses among High School Students in India
Abstract Knowledge about various illnesses and their management is not satisfactory among high school students especially in rural areas in India. Various incorrect practices and myths associated with illnesses and injuries still exit. Training...
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April 28

Health Promotion in Coaching: Possibilities for Improving the Profession
Abstract Coaching is a dynamic field in which many forms of health promotion occur directly and indirectly on a daily basis. It would therefore be of interest to determine the extent to which research-based data has been collected pertaining to...
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April 17

Using Environmental Stimuli in Physical Activity Intervention for School Teachers: A Pilot Study
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a six-week intervention that aimed to promote teachers' physical activity level during working hours. Thirty-eight teachers from three intervention schools (schools randomly...
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February 22

YouTube: An Innovative Learning Resource for College Health Education Courses
Abstract As college health education professors attempt to engage the Web 2.0 generation of learners, use of innovative video technology resources such as YouTube can be integrated to provide relevant and targeted information to supplement college...
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January 18

School Library Support of Health Education in China: A Preliminary Study
Abstract This preliminary study investigates the current situation of school library support of K-12 health education in China. A survey of 42 school librarians and 115 K-12 teachers from selected schools was conducted to find out their views about...
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Brief Interventions for Tobacco Users: Using the Internet to Train Healthcare Providers
Abstract One fifth of Americans smoke; many have no plans to quit. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an effective approach to intervention with precontemplative smokers, yet a substantial number of healthcare practitioners lack training in this...
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November 9

Predictors of Mexican Colonia Residents' Health Perceptions and Spirituality Level: A Pilot Study
Abstract The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and identify factors predictive of health perceptions and spirituality levels of Mexican residents living in a border colonia. Sixty residents completed a survey. The instrument consisted of...
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August 14

A Survey of Greek Elementary School Students' Smoking Habits and Attitudes
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the smoking habits of Greek elementary school students, their attitudes towards smoking, and their perceptions of the health consequences of tobacco use. Data were obtained from 1,092 elementary...
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Breastfeeding Education, Support, and Barriers among Iraqi Refugee Women in Jordan
Abstract UNICEF data indicates that Iraqi women have lower rates of breastfeeding than other Middle East countries and that breastfeeding rates are usually even lower among refugee women. This low rate of breastfeeding may be a result of refugee...
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August 1

Web-Based Physical Activity Intervention for College-Aged Women
Abstract This study compared the effectiveness of a web-based physical activity intervention to two control conditions in terms of increasing walking behavior in college-aged women. Women (N=112) from a public university in the southwest were randomly...
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July 20

Measuring Nutritional Intake of Adolescents in Ghana, West Africa
Abstract With 85% of the world's adolescent populations residing in developing countries, it is important to monitor and track their nutrition status and habits. The purpose of this study, conducted in Ghana, was to provide results from a nutrition...
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June 21

A Review of Obesity and Its Relationship with the Built Environment: Implications for Health Educators
Abstract Obesity is an important worldwide public health problem. Obesogenic environments have been associated with increasing rates of overweight and obesity. The relationship between obesity and the built environment, along with its implications...
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Can Email Prompting Minimize the Decrease in Wintertime Physical Activity Levels?
Abstract The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of using email prompts to attenuate the decrease of physical activity in adults during a winter season. In addition, the secondary purposes were (1) to evaluate the effectiveness...
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Engaging Youth to Examine Lifestyle Behaviors through Authentic Research with University Partnerships
Abstract University researchers partnered with secondary students in West Virginia and Mali on an international science investigation to strengthen science education and public health practices. WV and Mali students made comparisons of diet, physical...
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June 20

A Needs Assessment for Health Care Professionals in the Detection, Intervention and Interdisciplinary Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa Using Focus Group Methodology
Abstract The incidence of bulimia nervosa has increased significantly in the second half of the twentieth century and its occurrence is more than twice that of anorexia nervosa. Due to its complex nature, successful treatment requires an interdisciplinary...
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May 22

Simulation to Practice: Developing Nursing Skills in Mental Health: An Australian Perspective
Abstract A variety of developments in nursing education in Australia including some innovative and exciting models, educational enterprises between education and industry, and evidence of developing strengths in research and professional alliances...
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Fast Food and Body Weight among Adolescents
Abstract The objective of this study was to examine (1) the association between consumption of fast food and sweets on overweight among U.S. adolescents; and (2) how consumption of different types of food and physical exercise is associated with...
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May 2

Health Behaviors and Protective Factors of School Students Aged 13-15 Years Old in Four Cities of China
Abstract This paper presents baseline data on health behaviors and protective factors among junior middle school students aged 13-15 years old in China for the purpose of developing priorities, establishing programs and policies for school health...
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February 9

Educating Masters of Public Health Students on Tobacco Control and Prevention: An Integrated Curriculum Approach
Abstract Objectives: Comprehensive training in the area of tobacco control and prevention has not been available to public health students receiving professional degrees. This study describes findings of a project designed to develop and evaluate...
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January 15

Heterosexual STI/HIV Risk Assessment among Bolivian Truck Drivers Using Mixed Methodology
Abstract In a study to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and sex behaviors in an occupation that facilitates high HIV transmission globally, 71 Bolivian truck drivers participated in a multiple method needs assessment, in four phases. In all phases,...
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Developing a Public Health Training and Research Partnership between Japan and Vietnam
Abstract Development of academic partnerships between developing and developed countries is a sustainable approach to build research capacity in the developing world. International collaboration between the Department of Public Health of Fukushima...
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January 5

Advertising a 'Healthy Lifestyle': A Cypriot Health Education Project
Abstract This paper describes a health education program entitled 'Young Consumer' project, financed by the European Union and implemented by the Cyprus Consumer Association between March and June 2004. The aim of the project was to promote a healthy...
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