Political Research Quarterly

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 3, September

Does Democratization Depress Participation? Voter Turnout in the Latin American and Eastern European Transitional Democracies
Scholars and policy makers have advanced conflicting hypotheses about the dynamics of voter participation in nascent democratic regimes. The authors advance the research program by examining 108 parliamentary elections in postauthoritarian Latin America...
Economic Voting and Political Sophistication: Defending Heterogeneous Attribution
The authors reply here to Godbout and Bélanger's critique of their work on political sophistication and economic voting. Principally, the authors stress the importance of using contemporaneous economic assessment and candidate preference measures in...
Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the United States: A Reassessment
The authors propose a reexamination of the conditioning effect of political sophistication on economic voting in U.S. presidential elections. Replicating Gomez and Wilson's (2001) analysis with survey data from the past five American presidential elections...
Enraged or Engaged? Preferences for Direct Citizen Participation in Affluent Democracies
Widespread approval of direct democracy has been attributed to politically engaged citizens who seek more opportunities to participate in politics. Others suggest that people prefer a limited role in politics, but cynicism with representation leads them...
Experienced Advocates and Litigation Outcomes: Repeat Players in the South African Supreme Court of Appeal
While the facts and the attendant law are essential components of understanding litigation outcomes, extralegal factors, such as the experience of the attorney representing each party, are also significantly related. The authors assert that the capability...
Exposure to European Union Policies and Support for Membership in the Candidate Countries
This article examines the relative merits of competing explanations of public support for European Union membership in thirteen Central and Eastern European candidate countries. While noneconomic factors-attitudes toward domestic politics and feelings...
Getting Attention: The Effect of Legal Mobilization on the U.S. Supreme Court's Attention to Issues
This article asks two questions stemming from a conflict in the literature on the U.S. Supreme Court's attention to issues: (1) Are levels of legal mobilization explained by salient Court decisions? (2) Is the Court's level of attention explained by...
How Sophisticated Can a Voter Be to Make Causal Attributions? A Response to Gomez and Wilson's Comment
The authors present a response to Gomez and Wilson's comments related to their article "Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the United States: A Reassessment," published in this issue of Political Research Quarterly.Keywords: economic voting;...
Institutions, Interests, and Judicial Outcomes: The Politics of Federal Diversity Jurisdiction
Since 1789, diversity of citizenship jurisdiction has been a staple of the American judicial system. After presenting a general theory of jurisdictional change and reviewing diversity jurisdiction's development, the author undertakes a quantitative analysis...
Nonvoting and the Decisiveness of Electoral Outcomes
The authors reexamine the relationship between closeness and turnout by looking at aggregate-level variables and studying fifty-seven elections. They also attempt to estimate how much voter turnout is likely to change as a function of change in the closeness...
Presidents, Political Context, and Economic Accountability: Evidence from Latin America
Using individual-level data collected in Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela, this article argues that electoral accountability revolves around the centralized nature of presidential regimes in the region and the relatively low level of institutionalization...
Retrospective Economic Accountability under Authoritarianism: Evidence from China
The relationship between the turnover of government leaders and economic performance has rarely been studied in authoritarian regimes. In mainland China the reforms of the past quarter century have increased the economic accountability of local leaders....
Talking Locally and Voting Globally: Duverger's Law and Homogeneous Discussion Networks
The heterogeneity of discussion networks has been shown to have an effect on citizens' ideas and behavior. In this article, the author undertakes to show that the relative heterogeneity of political discussion networks affects voter coordination on two...
The Effects of Campaign Spending in State Supreme Court Elections
Electoral competition has been an important subject of political science research over the past several decades. This article examines the effects of campaign spending on electoral competition in state supreme court elections. Specifically, the author...
The Paradox of Term Limit Support: To Know Them Is NOT to Love Them
The public has evidenced continuing support for state legislative term limits, while those who most closely observe the impacts of term limits often support their repeal or extension. This article examines this paradox of term limit support among two...
The Persuasive Power of Russian Courts
Given the centralization of power in contemporary Russia, can nonexecutive institutions exercise some power, especially institutions such as high courts, which are critical to establishing the rule of law? In particular, can high courts influence the...
The Political Economy of Nontariff Trade Barriers in Emerging Economies
This article examines the counterpoint to recent economic reform programs: policies that potentially defy the reform process. Policy "reversal" is particularly evident in the area of trade liberalization where nations reduced tariffs while simultaneously...
The Supreme Court and Morality Policy Adoption in the American States: The Impact of Constitutional Context
Morality policy studies are generally constructed around the theoretical perspective of democratic responsiveness, whereby factors such as religious affiliation of citizens, public opinion, and partisanship affect adoption. The author expands morality...
Western Political Science Association
WPSA March 2008 MeetingThe March 2008 meeting of the Western Political Science Association (WPSA) will be held at the Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel in San Diego, California. Andrea Simpson, University of Richmond, is serving as program chair for this...