Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 4, November

Applying Organizational Ecology to the Family: The Case of Who Persists in Providing Foster Care
The conditions under which we care for children have become increasingly diverse (Aquilino, 1991; Rodman & Pratto, 1987; Rosewater, 1989). This is due not only to profound changes in the family itself, resulting from changing patterns of divorce,...
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Areas of Conflict for Gay, Lesbian, and Heterosexual Couples: What Couples Argue about Influences Relationship Satisfaction
Although conflict is an ubiquitous aspect of any close relationship, researchers have paid more attention to how conflict gets resolved (e.g., Gottman, 1994; Heavey, Layne, & Christensen, 1993; Markman, Renick, Floyd, & Stanley, 1993) than to...
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Assessing the Importance of Family Structure in Understanding Birth Outcomes
Few issues in recent years have been characterized by greater disagreement among members of both the academic and policy making communities than has the question of what constitutes a "family." Quasi-humorous debates between national political candidates...
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Book Reviews -- Childhood as a Social Phenomenon Edited by Jens Qvortrup, Marjatta Bardy, Giovanni Sgritta and Helmut Wintersberger / Childhood Matters Edited by Jens Qvortrup, Marjatta Bardy, Giovanni Sgritta and Helmut Wintersberger
Childhood as a Social Phenomenon (16 National Reports between 43 and 71 pages each), plus a Statistical Compendium (78 pp.), an Introduction (41 pp.), published between 1987 and 1994, and Childhood Matters: Social Theory, Practice and Politics, 1994,...
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Book Reviews -- Children's Social Competence in Context: The Contributions of Family, School, and Culture by Barry H. Schneider
Children's Social Competence in Context: The Contributions of Family, School, and Culture. Barry H. Schneider. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1993. 202 pp. ISBN 0-08-0377637. $67 cloth.Observation of playgrounds, school hallways, and city streets shows that...
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Book Reviews -- Children's Stress and Coping: A Family Perspective by Elaine Shaw Sorensen
Children's Stress and Coping: A Family Perspective. Elaine Shaw Sorensen. New York: Guilford Press. 1993. 192 pp. ISBN 0-89862-084-8. $19.95 cloth.Elaine Shaw Sorensen makes a compelling case for the need to hear children's voices in family research....
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Book Reviews -- Cross Cultural Approaches to Home Management Edited by Rosemarie Von Schweitzer
Cross Cultural Approaches to Home Management. Rosemarie von Schweitzer (Ed.) Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1993. 440 pp. ISBN 0-8133-2074-7. $42.95 paper.The best single word to use in describing this volume is eclectic. It is eclectic in the backgrounds...
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Book Reviews -- Exploring Family Relationships with Other Social Contexts Edited by Ross D. Parke and Sheppard G. Kellam
Exploring Family Relationships with Other Social Contexts. Ross D. Parke & Sheppard G. Kellam (Eds). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1994. 248 pp. ISBN 0-8058-1073-0. $59.95 cloth.This collection emerged from the fourth summer institute of the Family...
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Book Reviews -- Families before and after Perestroika: Russian and U.S. Perspectives Edited by James W. Maddock, M. Janice Hogan, Anatolyi I. Antonov and Mikhail S. Matskovsky
Families Before and After Perestroika: Russian and U.S. Perspectives. James W. Maddock, M. Janice Hogan, Anatolyi I. Antonov, & Michael S. Matskovsky (Eds.). New York: Guilford Press. 1994. 240 pp. ISBN 0-89862-085-6. $30 cloth.In 1988, after 3 years...
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Book Reviews -- Inside the Mixed Marriage Edited by Walter R. Johnson and D. Michael Warren / Mixed and Matched by Raymond M. Lee
Inside the Mixed Marriage: Accounts of Changing Attitudes, Patterns, and Perceptions of Cross-Cultural and Interracial Marriages. Walter R. Johnson & D. Michael Warren (Eds.). Lanham, MD: University Press of America. 1994. 280 pp. Hardcover ISBN...
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Book Reviews -- Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives Edited by Christopher Clulow
Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives. Christopher Clulow (Ed.). London: Karnac Books. 1993. 146 pp. ISBN 1-85575-046-5. $25.95 paper.Standing at the confluence of family sociology and family therapy, this latest work in the Tavistock...
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Book Reviews -- Single Women: On the Margins? by Tuula Gordon
Single Women: On the Margins? Tuula Gordon. New York: New York University Press. 1994. 225 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-814-3063-9. $40 cloth, $14.95 paper.One stated purpose of Tuula Gordon's book is to illustrate the lives of single women. Both the public...
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Book Reviews -- the Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating by David M. Buss
The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating. David M. Buss. New York: Basic Books. 1994. 240 pp. ISBN O-465-07750-1. $22.00 cloth.David Buss has written a very thoughtful book on mating relationships from an evolutionary perspective. The 10 chapters...
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Book Reviews -- the Military Family in Peace and War Edited by Florence W. Kaslow
The Military Family in Peace and War. Florence W. Kaslow (Ed.). New York: Springer Publishing. 1993. 277 pp. ISBN 0-8261-8270-4. $39.95 cloth.Florence Kaslow assembles an engaging set of chapters that capture the way in which both demands and supports...
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Covariates of Household Extension in Rural India: Change over Time
The prevalence of extended households is still high in agrarian societies such as India relative to developed countries. The economic advantages to living in an extended household are many. First, an extended family may be better able than a nuclear...
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Divorce and Drinking: An Analysis of Russian Data
This study uses data on 374 respondents, aged 16 and older, from the Moscow Oblast Survey to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption and divorce in Russia. A logit regression model of drinking in Moscow finds that both divorced and single...
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Family Influences on Latino and Anglo Adolescents' Sexual Behavior
Sexual intercourse in absence of birth control has resulted in an epidemic of over one million teen pregnancies annually (Forrest & Singh, 1990), costing $17 billion in medical and social services each year (Hayes, 1987). About 1 in 7 teens have...
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Family Structure, Function, and the Early Transition to Fatherhood in Great Britain: Identifying Antecedents Using Longitudinal Data
The negative consequences of early childbearing have been well documented and include truncated education for teen parents (Card & Wise, 1978; Elster, 1989; Hoffman, Foster, & Furstenberg, 1993; Marsiglio, 1986) and higher rates of divorce in...
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Father-Child Relations, Mother-Child Relations, and Offspring Psychological Well-Being in Early Adulthood
Two major social changes have focused attention on the role of fathers. First, the massive movement of married women into the paid labor force disrupted the traditional division of labor within the nuclear family. With 67% of married mothers with children...
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Growing Up with Single Parents and Stepparents: Long-Term Effects on Family Solidarity
Research on single-parent and stepfamily outcomes tends to focus on the child's well-being (e.g., Amato & Keith, 1990; Hetherington & Jodl, 1993). Despite suggestions that divorce and remarriage are associated with increased stress among family...
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"I Count My Parents among My Best Friends": Youths' Bonds with Parents and Friends in the Netherlands
In the 1960s the generation gap was a subject of intense discussion. Bikers, provos, hippies--one youth culture after another defied the taboos of the older generation. Youth researchers therefore expected that conflicts between parents and youth would...
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Interwoven Lives: Parents, Marriage, and Guanxi in China
Marriage and family have undergone enormous changes in China in recent decades. Many of these changes--a rise in companionate marriage, lower fertility, and a decrease in the power of large family clans, for example--might be seen by some as predictable....
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Later Life Parental Divorce and Widowhood: Impact on Young Adults' Assessment of Parent-Child Relations
Most research on the long-term effects of parental marital dissolution has focused on divorce that occurs when children are under age 18. This article explores the intergenerational consequences of parental marital dissolution that occurs after children...
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Marriage Markets and the Paradox of Mexican American Nuptiality
The deteriorating economic circumstances of disadvantaged minorities has given new urgency to research on racial and ethnic differences in family formation (Jencks, 1992; Wilson, 1987). Despite a turbulent history, scholarly discourse is now converging...
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Midlife Women's Employment and Pension Entitlement in Relation to Coresident Adult Children in Great Britain
The influence of dependent children on women's employment has been extensively researched, but there has been an implicit assumption that older children have no effect on women's employment. We argue that the presence in the home of adult children, defined...
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Modernization and Consanguineous Marriage in Iran
The 20th century, especially since World War II, has witnessed a transformation of social and economic life in countries around the world. These changes, loosely linked under the rubric of modernization, are hypothesized to have a very strong impact...
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Nonmarital Cohabitation and Childbearing among Black and White American Women
Cohabitation has become increasingly common in the United States over the last few decades. The number of unmarried-couple households increased more than five-fold between 1970 and 1989, from 523,000 to over 2.7 million (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990)....
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Parental Gender Role Nontraditionalism and Offspring Outcomes
The research on nontraditional families has followed two streams. The first has focused on changes in family structure and the second on gender roles and attitudes. A great deal of research has dealt with the consequences of the former for children,...
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Relationship of Work-Family Conflict to Substance Use among Employed Mothers: The Role of Negative Affect
The growing numbers of women entering the work force, especially those who are married or parents (e.g., Matthews & Rodin, 1989; Piotrkowski, Rapoport, & Rapoport, 1987), has heightened interest among both work and family researchers in exploring...
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Religion's Role in Organizing Family Relationships: Family Process in Rural, Two-Parent African American Families
One million African American families live in the rural South (Lick, 1986). These families are at risk for unemployment, low wages, low educational levels, substandard housing, and high infant mortality rates (Coward & Smith, 1993). The challenges...
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Variation in the Consequences of Nonresident Father Involvement for Children's Well-Being
Given current rates of divorce and nonmarital childbearing, nonresident paternal parenting is becoming increasingly common. Recent research efforts show a parallel trend toward an increasing focus on nonresident father involvement. In particular, researchers...
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