Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 57, No. 4, November

Action-Oriented Research: Models and Methods
In recent years there has been a growing interest in research approaches that can better inform policy and practice and lead to social action. This article describes four models of action-oriented research: action, participatory, empowerment, and feminist...
Alternative Methods for the Quantitative Analysis of Panel Data in Family Research: Pooled Time-Series Models
This article examines quantitative panel analysis techniques appropriate for situations in which the researcher models determinants of change in continuous outcomes. One set of techniques, based on the analysis of pooled time-series data sets, has received...
A Model for the Analysis of Paired Data
There is a certain opposition between the ideal of equal opportunity and that of family responsibility. Responsibility involves autonomy, which will produce divergence among families, which, in turn, will mean divergent conditions for the children; that...
An Empirical Investigation of Sampling Strategies in Marital Research
Critical analysis of the methods employed in marital research has often led to progress in understanding marriage. For example, skepticism over the validity of self-report methods (e.g., Raush, Barry, Hertel, & Swain, 1974) led to observational coding...
Assessing Longitudinal Change in Marriage: An Introduction to the Analysis of Growth Curves
Fundamental topics in understanding marriage involve issues of development and change. For example, determining the causes of marital distress requires that marital quality be examined repeatedly in marriages that may be deteriorating or remaining satisfied...
A Tutorial in Logistic Regression
Logistic regression has, in recent years, become the analytic technique of choice for the multivariate modeling of categorical dependent variables. Nevertheless, for many potentird users this procedure is still relatively arcane. This artile is therefore...
Book Reviews -- Child Care in Russia: In Transition by Jean Ispa
Child Care in Russia: In Transition. Jean Ispa. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 1994. 230 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-89789-390-5. $55 cloth.Jean Ispa first observed and studied Soviet child care centers in 1993-94 as part of her doctoral research on toddler...
Book Reviews -- Family Diversity and Well-Being by Alan C. Acock and David H. Demo
Family Diversity and Well-Being. Alan C. Acock & David H. Demo. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1994. 288 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-42664. $49.95 cloth, $24 paper,In response to societal concern that nontraditional family living arrangements are detrimental...
Book Reviews -- Fathers and Divorce by Terry Arendell
Fathers and Divorce. Terry Arendell. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1995. 288 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-7188-5. $49.95 cloth, $24.95 paper.Terry Arendell presents the results of a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews with a volunteer sample of 75...
Book Reviews -- Gender, Families, and Close Relationships: Feminist Research Journeys Edited by Donna L. Sollie and Leigh A. Leslie
Gender, Families, and Close Relationships: Feminist Research Journeys. Donna L. Sollie & Leigh A. Leslie (Eds.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1994. 300 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-5207-4. $48 cloth, $22.95 paper.If you want to help students understand...
Book Reviews -- Living on the Edge: The Realities of Welfare in America by Mark R. Rank
Living on the Edge: The Realities of Welfare in America. Mark R. Rank. New York: Columbia University Press. 1994. 266 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-231-08424-2. $29.95 cloth, $14.00 paper.This book is an excellent resource for many college classes in social work,...
Book Reviews -- Men, Women, and Household Work by Jacqueline J. Goodnow and Jennifer M. Bowes
Men, Women, and Household Work. Jacqueline J. Goodnow & Jennifer M. Bowes. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. 1994. 224 pp. ISB 0-19-553572-3. $19.95 paper.Jacqueline Goodnow and Jennifer Bowes studied the sharing of household work by 50 heterosexual...
Book Reviews -- Mothers and Their Children: A Feminist Sociology of Childrearing by Jane Ribbens
Mothers and Their Children: A Feminist Sociology of Childrearing. Jane Ribbens. London: Sage. 1994. 236 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-8834-6. $65.00 cloth, $22.95 paper.Jane Ribbens leaves you with no choice, in this thoughtful and provocative book, but...
Book Reviews -- Mothers and Work in Popular American Magazines by Kathryn Keller / Representations of Motherhood Edited by Donna Bassin, Margaret Honey and Meryle Mahrer Kaplan
Mothers and Work in Popular American Magazines. Kathryn Keller. Westport, CT: Greenswood Press. 1994. 208 pp. ISBN 0-313-2884-X. $49.95 cloth.Representations of Motherhood. Donna Bassin, Margaret Honey, & Meryle Mahrer Kaplan (Eds.). New Haven, CT:...
Book Reviews -- Putting Families First: An Experiment in Family Preservation by John R. Schuerman, Tina L. Rzepnicki and Julia H. Littell
Putting Families First: An Experiment in Family Preservation. John R. Schuerman, Tina L. Rzepnicki, & Julia H. Littell. New York: Aldine de Gruyer. 1994. 328 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-202-36091-1. $44.95 cloth, $24.95 paper.In Putting Families First:...
Comparing One-Partner and Couple Data on Sensitive Marital Behaviors: The Case of Marital Violence
Data on sensitive marital relationship issues such as marital violence, marital conflicts, or sexuality are often subject to considerable reporting bias. This reporting bias can affect validity and prevalence estimates, as well as correlations between...
Deprivatization and the Construction of Domestic Life
Interpretations of family and domestic life are increasingly deprivatized, that is, accomplished in various sites outside the household. Addressing this situation, this article has two goals. First, it presents a constructionist approach to family studies...
Detecting and Correcting Attrition Bias in Longitudinal Family Research
Conducting longitudinal research has been encouraged among family scholars as a way to better understand family process and to measure changes in family structure and relationships over time. When doing longitudinal research, a common problem is the...
Explanatory Practice in Family Studies
The question "What is an explanation?" rarely is asked by family scholars. Despite this, their collective explanatory endeavor seems neither haphazard nor purely idiosyncratic. Explaining something, on the whole, tends to be seen as different from trying...
Measurement Issues in the Assessment of the Experiences of Parenthood
The widespread and dramatic changes in the structural characteristics of contemporary American families have encouraged family social scientists to rethink "the family" as a social form, debate the characteristics and qualities of functional families,...
Modeling Family Dynamics with Event History Techniques
This article describes the essentials of event history analysis, illustrated with data on marital stability from two waves of the National Survey of Families and Households. First, the advantages of event history analysis are described. Second, issues...
Reporting and Interpreting Results in Family Research
As the family field becomes increasingly diverse, presentation of research findings becomes even more critical. In many instances the presentation of quantitative research on the family, albeit unwittingly, suffers from a tendency to interpret findings...
Socioeconomic Stratification in Family Research
Unresolved issues in stratification theory and measurement are pointed out and implications for family research are discussed. Sources of useful measures are suggested. In addition, the results of a survey of the use of socioeconomic stratification concepts...
Survey Approaches to the Assessment of Family Functioning: Conceptual, Operational, and Analytical Issues
This article reviews several conceptual, operational, and analytical issues related to survey approaches to the assessment of family functioning. First, a multidimensional conceptualization of family functioning that is embedded within a family systems...
The Effects of Unequal Covariances and Reliabilities of Contemporaneous Inference: The Case of Hostility and Marital Happiness
Changes in attitudes and behaviors and processes of interaction in close relationships are inherently reciprocal (Copeland & White, 1991; Larzelere & Klein, 1986). Despite statistical difficulties, the number of articles actually estimating these...
The Importance of Task in Evaluating Positive Marital Interactions
This article illustrates the importance of task context for evaluating the reliability and validity of observer assessments of warm/supportive marital interactions. Multiple observer ratings of 424 families were obtained within and across two observational...
The Place of Feminism in Family Studies
In this article, we as the question: What is the place of feminism in family studies? Scholars often take stock of their discipline. They search for what is there and what is missing, what concepts, theories, questions, and methods are at the center...
Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Research
During the past 6 years (1989-1994), the Journal of Marriage and the Family has published 527 articles. Only 10 or 1.9% were qualitative, either entirely (4) or partly (1), or in a combination of qualitative and quantitative data (5). Four other articles...
Utilizing Data from Multiple Family Members: A Within-Family Approach
The issue of unit of analysis has been a critical one in the study of the family for a number of years. The recognition that responses and perspectives of husbands and wives are not always the same (Bernard, 1972; Safilios-Rothschild, 1969) has had a...