Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 57, No. 1, February

American Children View Their Grandparents: Linked Lives across Three Rural Generations
The economy has well-known effects on family life and generational relations (Hareven, 1982), from changes in the division of labor and socialization, to kin exchange and cultural beliefs. However, little is known about these effects in the declining...
Beyond Drudgery, Power, and Equity: Toward an Expanded Discourse on the Moral Dimensions of Housework in Families
Current research and theorizing on housework in families has emphasized technical, economic, and political dimensions. Little theorizing on is subject has recognized the moral dimensions of housework stemming from its familial/relational context. Following...
Book Reviews -- Current Controversies on Family Violence by Richard J. Gelles and Donileen R. Loseke
Current Controversies on Family Violence. Richard J. Gelles & Donileen R. Loseke. Newbury Park: Sage. 1993. 360 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-4673-2. $49 cloth, $24.95 paper.Overall, Gelles and Loseke accomplish their goal of encouraging debate among...
Book Reviews -- Families on the Fault Line: America's Working Class Speaks about the Family, the Economy, Race, and Ethnicity by Lillian B. Rubin
Families on the Fault Line: America's Working Class Speaks about the Family, the Economy, Race, and Ethnicity, Lillian B. Rubin. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1994. 284 pp. ISBN 0-06-016741-6. $23.00 cloth.Nearly 20 years after writing her classic...
Book Reviews -- from Child Abuse to Permanency Planning: Child Welfare Service Pathways and Placements by Richard P. Barth, Mark Courtney, Jill Duerr Berrick and Vicky Albert
From Child Abuse to Permanency Planning: Child Welfare Service Pathways and Placements. Richard P. Barth, Mark Courtney, Jill Duerr Berrick, & Vicky Albert. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. 1994. 297 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-202-36086-7. $41.95 cloth, $19.95...
Book Reviews -- Interpersonal Communication: Evolving Interpersonal Relationships Edited by Pamela J. Kalbfleisch
Interpersonal Communication: Evolving Interpersonal Relationships. Pamela J. Kalbfleisch (Ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1993. 302 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8058-1260-1. $69.95 cloth, $29.95 paper.This is a book about a variety of issues germane to...
Book Reviews -- Losing Generations: Adolescents in High-Risk Settings from the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Losing Generations: Adolescents in High-Risk Settings. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, The National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 1993. ISBN 0-309-04828-1. $29.95 paper.Losing Generations: Adolescents...
Book Reviews -- Painful Inheritance: Health and the New Generation of Fatherless Families by Ronald J. Angel and Jacqueline L. Angel
Painful Inheritance: Health and the New Generation of Fatherless Families. Ronald J. Angel & Jacqueline L. Angel. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. 1994. 288 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-299-13960-3. $52 cloth, $19.95 paper.This book is an encyclopedic...
Book Reviews -- Relationships in Old Age: Coping with the Challenge of Transitions by Robert O. Hanson and Bruce N. Carpenter
Relationships in Old Age: Coping with the Challenge of Transitions. Robert O. Hanson & Bruce N. Carpenter. New York: Guilford Press. 1994. 180 pp. ISBN 0-89862-198-4. $25 cloth.Relationships in Old Age is an addition to a series of books on personal...
Book Reviews -- Sexual Abuse and Consensual Sex: Women's Developmental Patterns and Outcomes by Gail E. Wyatt, Michael D. Newcomb and Monika H. Riederle
Sexual Abuse and Consensual Sex: Women's Developmental Patterns and Outcomes. Gail E. Wyatt, Michael D. Newcomb, & Monika H. Riederle. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1993. 192 pp. ISBN 0-8039-4733-X. $24.95 cloth.This book reports on a highly ambitious...
Book Reviews -- the Dark Side of Interpersonal Communication Edited by William R. Cupach and Brian H. Spitzberg
The Dark Side of Interpersonal Communication. William R. Cupach & Brian H. Spitzberg (Eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1994, 408 pp. ISBN 0-8058-1167-2 $69.95 cloth.This edited volume employs the metaphor of the dark side to explore underdeveloped...
Book Reviews -- the Violent Couple by William A. Stacey, Lonnie R. Hazlewood and Anson Shupe
The Violent Couple. William A. Stacey, Lonnie R. Hazlewood, & Anson Shupe. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994. 182 pp. ISBN 0-275-94698-3. $49.95 cloth.This work is described by the authors as the "capstone" in their trilogy of monographs on the dynamics...
Book Reviews -- When Love Dies: The Process of Marital Disaffection by Karen Kayser
When Love Dies: The Process of Marital Disaffection. Karen Kayser, New York: Guilford Press. 1993. 191 pp. ISBN 0-89862-086-4. $25 cloth.When Love Dies by Karen Kayser is an interesting book with wide appeal. Therapists, scholars, and those of us who...
Book Reviews -- When Parents Kidnap: The Families Behind the Headlines by Geoffrey L. Greif and Rebecca L. Hegar
When Parents Kidnap: The Families Behind the Headlines. Geoffrey L. Greif & Rebecca L. Hegar. New York: Free Press. 1994. 321 pp. ISBN 0-02-912975-3. $22.95 cloth.In their latest publication on the topic of child custody and abduction, Geoffrey Greif...
Cohabitation, Marriage, and Entry into Motherhood
Prior research has neither explicitly compared the entry into motherhood of cohabiting with that of married women nor examined the impact of cohabitation on marital fertility in the United States. Subsamples of 2,056 women in first unions and 1,763 married...
Coping with the Dual-Income Lifestyle
An increasing number of married women have entered the work force during the last several decades (Blau & Ferber, 1986). One consequence of this change in employment patterns is that many married women and men combine substantial work and family...
Correlates of Marital Status among African American Mothers in Chicago Neighborhoods of Concentrated Poverty
While marriage rates have been declining among all Americans, one of the most visible trends is the apparent difference in first marriage patterns between African Americans and Whites. These variations are reflected in the lower proportion of African...
Do Marital Conventionalization Scales Measure a Social Desirability Response Bias? A Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Edmonds (1967) developed the Marital Conventionalization Scale to assess the contamination of marital adjustment scales by the social desirability response bias. Although marital conventionalization has been prominent in the marital quality literature,...
Family Caregiving Systems: Models, Resources, and Values
Families are widely acknowledged to provide most of the caregiving received by older persons in this country. It should not be surprising, then, that families and caregiving are the focus of considerable research interest. Since a pioneering study refuted...
Feminists and the Ideology and Practice of Marital Equality
In her 1972 book, The Future of Marriage, and again in the second edition (1982), Bernard concluded that the future viability of marriage will depend upon "upgrading" marriage for women.After reviewing the literature on marriage, she declared that two...
Gendered Perceptions of Father Involvement in Early 20th Century America
As the 20th century comes to a close, increased attention is being directed to measuring continuity and change in men's involvement with children since the early 1900s. And, for lack of other data, self-report surveys from the 1920s and 1930s, heydays...
Gender Ideology, Marital Disruption, and the Employment of Married Women
After peaking around 1980, period rates of divorce seem to have stabilized in the United States. Nonetheless, there is still a great deal of theoretical and empirical interest in the determinants of marital instability. Conventional wisdom has long linked...
Maternal Employment, Parent Involvement, and Mathematics Achievement among Adolescents
Of women in the labor force, it is the mothers with children at home whose numbers have grown the fastest in recent decades. In 1987, 71% of mothers with husbands present in the household and children between the ages of 6 and 17 years and 57% of those...
Mothers' Labor Force Participation in New York City: A Reappraisal of the Influence of Household Extension
This study examines whether living with other adults enables married and single mothers in New York City to enter the labor market. Multivariate analyses of data on over 8,000 households revealed that living with coresident adults increased the participation...
Predicting Change in Marital Satisfaction from Husbands' and Wives' Conflict Resolution Styles
Identifying what specific conflict resolution styles are linked to change in marital satisfaction is important because managing conflict is one of the central tasks of maintaining a marriage (Gottman, 1994) and because declines in marital satisfaction...
Racial Differences in Men's Attitudes about Women's Gender Roles
The attitudes that men and women hold toward appropriate gender roles have a significant influence on many aspects of marital and family dynamics. They also help to perpetuate gender-differentiated opportunities in employment, education, politics, and...
Reconceptualizing Marital Status as a Continuum of Social Attachment
Marriage is a legal category that may or may not reflect underlying social attachments (Weitzman, 1981). Theoretically marital status is relevant to well-being because it indicates attachment to a significant other (Ross, Mirowsky, & Goldsteen, 1990)....
Social and Psychological Bases of Homogamy for Common Psychiatric Disorders
Sociologists and psychologists have long been interested in the origins of assortative mating for social and psychological characteristics. Sociologists have focused on the influence of social structure on the choice of a marital partner. Geographic...
Social Sources of Change in Children's Home Environments: The Effects of Parental Occupational Experiences and Family Conditions
This study investigates change in children's home environments as a function of change in parental occupational and family conditions. It uses data from the 1986 and I988 mother-child supplements to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) on...
The Effect of Marriage, Family, and Religious Ties on African American Suicide Ideology
Work on the incidence of suicide, and more generally crime and deviant behavior, has tended to neglect racially disaggregated empirical research (e.g., Peterson & Krivco, 1993; Sampson, 1987). As noted by Wilson and Aponte (1985), up to the 1980s,...
The Families of Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Frontier in Family Research
A paradigm shift is occurring in family studies, from viewing the family as a monolithic entity to recognizing family pluralism (Cheal, 1991; Scanzoni, Polonko, Teachman, & Thompson, 1989; Sprey, 1990; Thomas & Wilcox, 1987). Recent works have...
The Stability of Cohabitation Relationships: The Role of Children
Our review of the existing evidence on the effects of children on marital stability led us to propose that the presence of children in a cohabitation relationship is very likely to inhibit the cohabiting couple from terminating their relationship. Using...
Valiant Girls and Vulnerable Boys: The Impact of Gender and Race on Mothers' Caregiving for Chronically Ill Children
Notions of gender are embedded in the social structure and often subtly affect our views and expectations in virtually every area of life. It is only gradually, as a consequence of an emerging scholarship primarily focused on women, that social scientists...