Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 64, No. 2, May

A Panel Study of the Associations between Maintenance Strategies and Relational Characteristics
Resilience in marriage is tied to the manner in which people strategically maintain their relationships. The associations between perceptions of five relational maintenance strategies (positivity, openness, assurances, social networks, and sharing tasks)...
"Beating the Odds" versus "Changing the Odds": Poverty, Resilience, and Family Policy
Mixed in with national data on declining poverty rates are other signs that poverty, economic hardship, and inequality continue unabated. This essay examines: (a) the scope of poverty and the growing disparity in income and wealth; (b) the consequences...
Children's Well-Being during Parents' Marital Disruption Process: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis
On the basis of a large, nationally representative multiwave panel, this research examines the extent to which parents' marital disruption process affects children's academic performance and psychological well-being at 2 time points prior to and 2 time...
Community Differences in the Association between Parenting Practices and Child Conduct Problems
Various hypotheses were identified regarding the manner in which community context might influence the association between two dimensions of parenting-control and corporal punishment-on child conduct problems. The authors used hierarchical linear modeling...
Compatibility, Leisure, and Satisfaction in Marital Relationships
This study challenges the prevailing view that marital companionship promotes marital satisfaction. By following a cohort of married couples for over a decade and by incorporating several methodological improvements-such as refining the measurement of...
Ethnicities: Children of Immigrants in America
Ethnicities: Children of Immigrants in America. Ruben Rumbaut & Alejandro Portes (Eds.). University of California Press Russell Sage Foundation, 2001. 334 pp. ISBN 0-520-230116. $48.00 (cloth); ISBN 0-520-23012-4. $18.95 (paper). Since 1965 the United...
Family and Society in American History
Family and Society in American History. Joseph M. Hawes and Elizabeth I. Nybakken (Eds.). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2001. 355 pp. ISBN 0-252-06873-4. $25.00 (paper). Joseph M. Hawes and Elizabeth I. Nybakken's collected edition...
Getting Out: Life Stories of Women Who Left Abusive Men
Getting Out: Life Stories of Women Who Left Abusive Men. Ann Goetting. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. 286 pp. ISBN 0-23111649-7. $15.95 (paper). This book presents the biographies of a small sample of women who escaped from abusive men-usually...
Integrating Family Resilience and Family Stress Theory
The construct, family resilience, has been defined and applied very differently by those who are primarily clinical practitioners and those who are primarily researchers in the family field. In this-- article, the family resilience perspective is integrated...
Introduction to the Special Section: Family Resilience in Multiple Contexts
Key Words: chronic illness, gay and lesbian families, poverty, relationship maintenance, resilience, rural families. INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL SECTION We may be entering the Age of Resilience. Although resilience has been studied for well over 2 decades,...
Medicalized Motherhood: Perspectives from the Lives of African-American and Jewish Women
Medicalized Motherhood: Perspectives From the Lives of African-American and Jewish Women. Jacquelyn S. Litt. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000. 224 pp. ISBN 0-8135-- 2782-1. $20 (paper). In the early decades of the 20th century, an increasingly...
Multilevel Models in Family Research: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues
Examining the impact of context on individual-- level outcomes has become an increasingly common undertaking in the social sciences. The growth in concern for identifying the effects of macrolevel characteristics has generated both theoretical and methodological...
Older Women in Poverty: The Impact of Midlife Factors
This study investigates the factors contributing to older women's economic well-being from a life course perspective, assessing the effects of both midlife characteristics and later life events on women between the ages of 66-70, and 71-85. Using the...
Resilience in Midwestern Families: Selected Findings from the First Decade of a Prospective, Longitudical Study
The authors review findings related to mechanisms of resilience in an ongoing longitudinal study of a cohort of 558 focal youth and their families. The ongoing study began when the cohort of adolescents was in 7th grade. Findings demonstrate that resilience...
Resilience within the Family Networks of Lesbians and Gay Men: Intentionality and Redefinition
This article reviews the literature on gay and lesbian family networks as a way to identify the resilience processes that enable members to create and strengthen their family networks. Two processes, intentionality and redefinition, were identified....
Social Fathering in Low-Income, African American Families with Preschool Children
Although research increasingly focuses on nonresident biological fathers, little attention has been given to the role of other men in children's lives. The authors examine the factors associated with social father presence and their influence on preschoolers'...
Structural and Supporting Changes in Couples' Family and Friendship Networks across the Transition to Parenthood
This article prospectively examined the patterns of change in couples' family and friend networks and supports across the transition to parenthood as well as stability in individual differences over time. Additionally, parental adjustment and depression...
Talk of Love: How Culture Matters
Talk of Love: How Culture Matters. Ann Swidler. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. 312 pp. ISBN: 0-226-78690-0. $30.00 (cloth). Women and men are spending more time away from home. Divorce rates are high. "Family values" seem up for grabs. Movie...
Temperamental Vulnerability and Negative Parenting as Interacting Predictors of Child Adjustment
This study examines parenting by temperament interactions in predicting child adjustment. Participants included 40 first and second graders, their mothers, and teachers. Child report of maternal psychological control and hostility was assessed using...
The Community Context of Family Structure and Adolescent Drug Use
Using data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS), this article investigates a number of hypotheses used to explain the relationship between family structure and adolescent drug use. In particular, using linked communitylevel data, an...
The Effects of Marital and Nonmarital Union Transition on Health
This study examines the effects of marital and nonmarital union transition on health. Utilizing Canadian longitudinal data, we find that exiting both marriage and cohabitation seems to have similar effects: Dissolving either union tends to be associated...
The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Relationships and Parental Separation on Adolescent Well-Being
This article uses data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to investigate the short-term effects of parental separation on adolescent delinquency and depression. Findings indicate that parent-adolescent relationships...
The Substitution Hypothesis: The Impact of Premarital Liasions and Human Capital on Marital Timing
Nonmarital romantic and sexual relationships occur concurrently with the human capital acquisition process and contribute to delaying or forgoing marriage. Event history analysis is used to model the marital hazard rate of 341 White women born between...
The Unbearable Lightness of Positive Illusions: Engaged Individuals' Explanations of Unrealistically Positive Relationship Perceptions
Recent scholarship suggests that positive illusions about one's partner are normal in satisfying intimate relationships. Researchers have relied on the logical argument that agreement with extremely favorable evaluations of one's partner constitutes...
Walking a Tightrope: Meeting the Challenges of Work and Family
Walking a Tightrope: Meeting the Challenges of Work and Family. Carol D. H. Harvey (Ed.). Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000. 139 pp. ISBN 0-- 7546-1189-2. $59.95 (cloth). No reading of conference papers can recreate the lively debates that Carol Harvey and others...
Welfare, Premarital Childbearing, and the Role of Normative Climate: 1968-1994
Nationally representative, longitudinal survey data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics were used to examine the conditions under which welfare benefit levels affected the likelihood that low-income women age 15-24 bore their first child prior to...