Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 65, No. 3, August

African American and European American Women's Marital Well-Being
Using a sample of 247 African American and European American women in their 3rd year of marriage, this study compared the predictors of marital well-being for each group by focusing on the influences of individual, interpersonal, and social and economic...
A Multilevel Analysis of Child Care and Women's Fertility Decisions in Western Germany
The availability of public day care is often assumed to be crucial to the compatibility of childrearing and women's employment. This article takes a multilevel perspective in investigating the role of child care in childbearing decisions in western Germany....
A Typology of Maritally Violent Men and Correlates of Violence in a Community Sample
This study empirically tests A. Holtzworth-Munroe and G. L. Stuart's (1994) typology of male batterers in a community sample. Latent class analyses based on severity of physical aggression, generality of violence, and psychopathology partially replicated...
Child Care and Inequality: Rethinking Carework for Children and Youth
Child Care and Inequality: Rethinking Carework for Children and Youth. Francesca M. Cancian, Demie Kurz, Andrew S. London, Rebecca Reviere, & Mary C. Tuominen. New York: Routledge. 2002. 266 pp. ISBN 0-415-93351-X. $24.95 (paper).This anthology offers...
Childhood Living Arrangements and the Formation of Coresidential Unions
The relationship between multiple dimensions of childhood living arrangements and the formation of subsequent unions is investigated. Using the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth, both statuses and transitions associated with childhood living arrangements...
Cohabiting and Married Couples' Income Organization: Approaches in Sweden and the United States
Using 1994 International Social Survey Program (ISSP) data, we examine the effect that cohabitation versus marriage has on couples' income organization approaches in Sweden and the United States, two legally and normatively different contexts. Previous...
Distal and Proximal Factors in Domestics Violence: A Test of an Integrated Model
We employed 4,095 couples from both waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) to test a model of couple violence drawn from several theoretical perspectives. The outcome distinguishes among nonviolent couples and those experiencing...
Establishing Independence in Low-Income Urban Areas: The Relationship to Adolescent Aggressive Behavior
Although adolescents in poor urban areas often assume independent, adult-like roles, relatively little is known about the relationship between these roles and other adolescent behaviors. This research examines the association between independent roles...
Explaining the Decline in Women's Household Labor: Individual Change and Cohort Differences
Women's hours of housework have declined, but does this change represent shifts in the behavior of individuals or differences across cohorts? Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys, individual and cohort change in housework are examined over...
Family Policies and Children's School Achievement in Single- versus Two-Parent Families
We investigate the gap in math and science achievement of third- and fourth-graders who live with a single parent versus those who live with two parents in 11 countries. The United States and New Zealand rank last among the countries we compare in terms...
For Better and for Worse: Welfare Reform and the Well-Being of Children and Families
For Better and for Worse: Welfare Reform and the Well-Being of Children and Families. Greg J. Duncan & P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale. (Eds.) New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 2002. 329 pp. ISBN 0-8715-4245-5. $42.50 (cloth).For Better and for Worse...
Has the Price of Motherhood Declined over Time? A Cross-Cohort Comparison of the Motherhood Wage Penalty
Several recent studies have shown a negative association between motherhood and wages. However, an analysis of change over time in the motherhood penalty has not been conducted. Using two cohorts of young women drawn from the 1975-1985 National Longitudinal...
How Families Still Matter: A Longitudinal Study of Youth in Two Generations
How Families Still Matter: A Longitudinal Study of Youth in Two Generations. Vern L. Bengtson, Timothy J. Biblarz, & Robert E. L. Roberts. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2002. 215 pp. ISBN 0-521-80423-X. $55.00 (cloth).Have the Baby Boomers...
Identifying the Effects of Income on Children's Development Using Experimental Data
Prior research suggests that poverty can be detrimental to low-income children's development. Is this relation capturing the effects of poverty or the effects of other characteristics of low-income families associated with poverty? Can low-income children...
Involved Fathering and Men's Adult Development: Provisional Balances
Involved Fathering and Men's Adult Development: Provisional Balances. Rob Palkovitz. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 2002. 308 pp. ISBN 0-8058-3562-2. $32.50 (paper). ISBN 0-8058-3564-4. $69.95 (cloth).Nothing but death is so certain in men's...
Learning to Be Old: Gender, Culture, and Aging
Learning to Be Old: Gender, Culture, and Aging. Margaret Cruikshank. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2003. 243 pp. ISBN 0-8476-9849-1. $22.95 (paper). ISBN 0-8476-9848-3. $65.00 (cloth).This book takes a position that aging is socially constructed...
Neighborhood Structure, Social Organization, and Number of Short-Term Sexual Partnerships
We examine the relationship between neighborhood structural characteristics, social organization, and the sexual partnering practices of adults. Analyses of 1990 census and 1995-1997 survey-based data on Chicago neighborhoods and adult sexual activity...
New Family Values: Liberty, Equality, Diversity
New Family Values: Liberty, Equality, Diversity. Karen Struening. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield. 2002. 215 pp. ISBN 0-7425-1231-2. $22.95 (paper). ISBN 0-7425-1230-4. $75.00 (cloth).Abraham Lincoln, eyes glued to public opinion, reportedly tried...
Parental Housing Assistance and Parent-Child Proximity in Italy
Many studies of intergenerational exchanges include parent-child proximity as an exogenous explanatory variable. Proximity may itself be a consequence of intergenerational resource flows, however. We analyze patterns of economic transfers between generations...
Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction: A Meta-Analytic Review
This meta-analysis finds that parents report lower marital satisfaction compared with nonparents (d = -.19, r = -.10). There is also a significant negative correlation between marital satisfaction and number of children (d = -.13, r = -.06). The difference...
The Infrequency of Family Violence
We examined the frequency of domestic violence and verbal altercations relative to the level of domestic conflict using survey data from the United States and Korea. We found evidence that individuals are generally less likely to use violence during...
The Power of Good Deeds: Privileged Women and the Social Reproduction of the Upper Class
The Power of Good Deeds: Privileged Women and the Social Reproduction of the Upper Class. Diana Kendall. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2002. 208 pp. ISBN 0-7425-1976-7. $23.95 (paper).Diana Kendall's The Power of Good Deeds belongs to a growing...
The Relationship between Cohabitation and Marital Quality and Stability: Change across Cohorts?
The relationship between premarital cohabitation and marital dysfunction was examined with a total sample of 1,425 spouses in two U.S. marriage cohorts: those married between 1964 and 1980 (when cohabitation was less common) and those married between...
What Parents Learn from Experience: The First Child as a First Draft?
This study sought evidence for the proposition that experiences with earlier-born adolescents will improve parents' interactions with and parenting of later-born adolescents. Participants were mothers, fathers, and both first- and second-born siblings...
Why Stay Married? Rewards, Barriers, and Marital Stability
This paper describes people's open-ended, personal accounts of why they stay married. Most people perceived the cohesiveness of their marriages in terms of rewards and barriers, and few people referred to a lack of good alternatives. People who reported...
Women's Work Is Never Done: Comparative Studies in Care-Giving, Employment, and Social Policy Reform
Women's Work Is Never Done: Comparative Studies in Care-Giving, Employment, and Social Policy Reform. Sylvia Bashevkin. (Ed.) New York: Routledge. 2002. 208 pp. ISBN 0-415-93481-8. $23.95 (paper).Women's Work Is Never Done is an engaging feminist collection...