Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 57, No. 3, August

Belief and Behavior: Does Religion Matter in Today's Marriage?
In this study the impact of changes in religiosity on marital quality and vice versa is examined. Using longitudinal data from a national sample of married persons, we assess the extent to which changes in religious involvement influence marital quality...
Book Reviews -- Families and Change: Coping with Stressful Events Edited by Patrick C. McKenry and Sharon J. Price / Reexamining Family Stress: New Theory and Research by Wesley R. Burr, Shirley R. Klein and Associates
Families and Change: Coping with Stressful Events. Patrick C. McKenry & Sharon J. Price (Eds.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1994. 346 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8039-4925-1. $52 cloth, $24.95 paper.Reexamining Family Stress: New Theory and Research. Wesley...
Book Reviews -- Meaningful Relationships: Talking, Sense, and Relating by Steve Duck / Dynamics of Relationships Edited by Steve Duck
Meaningful Relationships: Talking, Sense, and Relating. Steve Duck. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1994. 240 pp. Hardcover ISBN-0-8039-5702-5. $35.00 cloth, $16.95 paper.Dynamics of Relationships. Steve Duck (Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1994. 190 pp, Hardcover...
Book Reviews -- Mother-Headed Families and Why They Have Increased by Ailsa Burns and Cath Scott
Mother-Headed Families and Why They Have Increased. Ailsa Burns & Cath Scott. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1994. 217 pp. ISBN 0-8058-1440-X. $49.95 cloth.Scholars have studied mother-headed families in e United States intensively now for several...
Book Reviews -- Paradoxes of Gender by Judith Lorber / the Psychology of Gender Edited by Anne E. Beall and Robert J. Sternberg
Paradoxes of Gender. Judith Lorber. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1994. 48 pp. ISBN 0-300-05807-1. $30 cloth.The Psychology of Gender. Anne E. Beall & Robert J. Sternberg (Eds.). New York: Guilford Press. 1993. 278 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-89962-286-7....
Broad and Narrow Socialization: The Family in the Context of a Cultural Theory
The theory of broad and narrow socialization is described, with a particular emphasis on placing family socialization in its cultural context. In cultures characterized by broad socialization, socialization is intended to promote independence, individualism,...
Butterflies and Bifurcations: Can Chaos Theory Contribute to Our Understanding of Family Systems?
To the novice, chaos theory appears at once exotic--with terminology like strange attractor and butterfly effect--and mathematically abstruse. Yet the concepts are finding their way into the social sciences. For example, they have been used in lifespan...
Caregiver Burden: Differentiating the Content and Consequences of Family Caregiving
Families of persons with mental illness witness the devastating effects of this disorder on their ill relative and struggle to manage their situation in a society that provides little assistance. During the past 4 decades, the characterization of these...
Coparenting during the Child's 2nd Year: A Descriptive Account
New parenthood calls for husbands and wives to work together, coordinate attitudes and beliefs, and to respect, and perhaps negotiate between, one another's unique ideas about raising children. The contribution of such marital processes to parent-child...
Depression among Older Parents: The Role of Intergenerational Exchange
Many studies (e.g., Lee & Ishii-Kuntz, 1987) have reported that the psychological well-being of older persons is unrelated to frequency of interaction with adult children. This' does not necessarily mean that relations with children are irrelevant...
Determinants of Child Custody Arrangements at Divorce
Among the most difficult decisions made at divorce are those concerning child custody. Emotional attachments, fairness, and the economic consequences for children and parents are among the issues involved in arriving at a custody disposition. Given the...
Family Stories in the Early Stages of Parenthood
Storytelling as an activity has been of interest to anthropologists for years, providing a window into important themes of group membership such as intimacy, authority, and responsibility. Families also tell stories, providing interpretive meaning to...
Gender and Family Work in One-Parent Households
One-parent families, headed by an unmarried residential mother or father who lives with one or more children under the age of 18, are increasingly common (Bumpass & Sweet, 1989; U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1993). Much as been written about these families,...
Genetic Influence on Family Systems: Implications for Development
In this article, my major objective is to describe recently observed connections between genetic processes and family systems. In describing these connections I hope to show how new findings in genetics may give us a clearer idea of the role that families...
Inner-City Parents under Economic Pressure: Perspectives on the Strategies of Parenting
The historical record of industrial societies documents the widespread consequences of economic hard times for families and children, including greater risks of marital breakdown, child abuse, and neglect (Eckenrode & Gore, 1990). These hardships...
Intergenerational Solidarity and the Workplace: Employees' Caregiving for Their Parents
The field of family relations has a longstanding interest in parent-child interactions. More recently, there has been increasing attention to such interactions during adulthood, The relationship between parents and children can become particularly dynamic...
Linking Family Processes and Academic Competence among Rural African American Youths
For most of this century, the potential influence of the family on intellectual development has been largely overlooked. This state of affairs is understandable because, when the nation entered the era of universal public education, the major responsibility...
Marriage as Support or Strain? Marital Quality Following the Death of a Parent
The death of a family member often affects the health and well-being of other individuals in the family (Perkins, 1990). A death in the family also affects the structure and dynamics of families (Perkins, 1990; Uhlenberg, 1980). These dynamics include...
Mothers' Solutions to Childrearing Problems: Conditions and Processes
Parenting style is the constellation of parental perspectives about childrearing that create a context in which parenting behaviors are expressed (Smetana, 1995). Much has been written about parenting styles and their consequences for a child's academic...
Multidimensional Predictors of Caregiver Strain among Older Persons Caring for Frail Spouses
Older persons caring for frail and disabled spouses in the community have special needs and concerns. When one spouse is incapacitated, the other spouse--if available and capable--will generally assume the role of primary caregiver (Mui, 1993; Stone,...
Perception of Adoption as Social Stigma: Motivation for Search and Reunion
Adoption occurs in all societies. Yet the form of the adoption process differs according to a society's structural constraints and the expressed needs of that society's members. For example, traditional societies usually arrange informal adoptions in...
Social Capital and Successful Development among At-Risk Youth
Social scientists have been slow to appreciate the great diversity among the poor. Until quite recently, researchers have devoted more attention to examining patterns of persistent poverty than to understanding how individuals and families maneuver their...
The Divorce Process and Young Children's Well-Being: A Prospective Analysis
Despite ample evidence that children from divorced families have more behavioral, emotional, health, and academic problems than children in intact families (e.g., Amato, 1994; Amato & Keith, 1991), the mechanisms by which marital disruption affects...
The Effect of Parental Supportive Behaviors on Life Satisfaction of Adolescent Offspring
Interest in studying parent-child relationships has a long history that is reflected in a large and rich literature. In recent years, measures of parenting style have improved (Barber, Olsen, & Shagle, 1994; Hollier, 1989; Young, 1993), and, because...
The Incidence and Frequency of Marital Sex in a National Sample
Although marriage is the only context for sexual intercourse that is universally approved, sexual behaviors and attitudes are more likely to be studied outside than inside the marital context. Over 10 years ago, Greenblat (1983) commented that marital...
The Role of Family Emotional Expressiveness in the Development of Children's Social Competence
Social competence is important for obtaining and maintaining social and academic success, and for mental health and personal adjustment in childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. Problematic peer relationships have been shown to predict such extreme...
Welfare Use across Generations: How Important Are the Ties That Bind?
One of the more heated topics of debate in the poverty and family literatures centers around the question of intergenerational welfare use. That is, to what extent is the use of we handed down from parents to children? Further, what is the mechanism...
Women's Marital Naming in Two Generations: A National Study
Social explanations for patterns and trends in marital naming have received only sporadic attention from both social scientists and the mass media, although researchers have recognized the need to further study the issue (Duggan, Cota, & Dion, 1993)....