Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 58, No. 2, May

A Marker Method to Test a Phasing Hypothesis in Family Problem-Solving Interaction
This article describes a method for identifying how families organize and proceed through the problem-solving process. The method uses new behaviors as markers to identify the beginning and ends of qualitatively different periods of problem-solving interaction....
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American Families: Issues in Race and Ethnicity
American Families: Issues in Race and Ethnicity. Cardell K. Jacobson (Ed.). New York: Garland. 1995. 528 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-81531959-2, $72.00 cloth. Cardell Jacobson has done a fine job of bringing together a group of papers that carefully illustrate...
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A Prospective Study of Divorce and Parent-Child Relationships
This study used national longitudinal data to examine parent-child relationships before and after parental divorce. Parents' reports of problems in their relationships with children were significantly elevated as early as 8 to 12 years prior to divorce....
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Assisting Young, Unmarried Mothers to Become Self-Sufficient: The Effects of Different Types of Early Economic Support
This article examines a sample of young, unmarried mothers from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and considers how different types of economic support received soon after their first child is born contributes to the later self-sufficiency of...
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Caring More or Less: Individualistic and Collectivist Systems of Family Eldercare
While previous research has emphasized the commonalities among family caregivers, this study identifies individualistic and collectivist systems of family eldercare and explores their dimensions. We analyzed qualitative interviews with 67 members of...
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Childbearing in Cohabitational Relationships
Evidence suggests that the presence of children has a positive impact on the stability of both marital and nonmarital relationships. It is, therefore, important to understand the determinants of childbearing decisions made by couples in both types of...
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Children and Marital Conflict: The Impact of Family Dispute and Resolution
Children and Marital Conflict: The Impact of Family Dispute and Resolution. E. Mark Cummings & Patrick Davies. New York: Guilford Press. 1994. 195 pp. Hardcover ISBN 089862-304-9. $40.00 cloth, $16.95 paper. Cummings and Davies' book is timely, up-todate,...
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Coresidence Beliefs in American Society-1973 to 1991
This article examines trends in beliefs about the desirability of coresidence between adult children and their parents in the U.S. between 1973 and 1991. Despite some clear historic tendencies toward independent living arrangements in the population...
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Family Cohesion and Enmeshment: Different Constructs, Different Effects
Some past conceptualizations in family research have synthesized the constructs of family cohesion and enmeshment by placing enmeshment at the high extreme end of cohesion. In this article, we argue that, theoretically, the 2 are different constructs-cohesion...
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Family Experience in Preadolescence and the Development of Male Delinquency
This study examined aspects of the family experience of 194 males at age 10 as predictors of police arrest by age 17. Effects for quality of parent-child relations, parental discipline practices, family structure, and family problem solving on arrest...
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Family Type and Children's Growth in Reading and Math over the Primary Grades
In a random sample of Baltimore school children over the first 2 years of school, there are no direct effects of parent configuration on marks or test score gains in reading and math with one exception: African American children in singlemother families...
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Fatherless in America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problem
Fatherless America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problem. David Blankenhorn. New York: Basic Books. 1995. 328 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-465-01483-6. $23.00. Unlike France, where serious sociopolitical and philosophical tracts can count on sales, readership,...
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Feminism, Family Work, and Moral Discourse: A Comment on Ahlander and Bahr's "Beyond Drudgery, Power, and Equity"
In a recent JMF article, "Beyond Drudgery, Power, and Equity: Toward an Expanded Discourse on the Moral Dimensions of Housework in Families," Ahlander and Bahr (1995) present a call to expand the study of housework to include investigations of the moral...
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For Richer, for Poorer: Mothers Confront Divorce
For Richer, for Poorer: Mothers Confront Divorce. Demie Kurz. New York: Routledge. 1995. 288 pp. Paper ISBN 0-415-91009-9. $17.95 paper. In analyzing divorce in the United States, Demie Kurz brings a sociologist's eye to the examination of the social...
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Friendly Relations? Mothers and Their Daughters-in-Law
Friendly Relations? Mothers and Their Daughters-in-Law. Pamela Cotterill. London: Taylor & Francis. 1994. 198 pp. ISBN 0-7484-01512. $25.00 paper. Stereotypes surrounding mother-in-law relationships depict a domineering, possessive older woman and...
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Gender, Power, and Communication in Human Relationships
Gender, Power, and Communication in Human Relationships. Pamela J. Kalbfleisch & Michael J. Cody (Eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1995. 366 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-80581403-5. $59.95 cloth, $29.95 paper. The 14 chapters of this book deal with...
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Is Marriage Dissolution Linked to Differences in Mortality Risks for Men and Women?
Is marriage dissolution linked to differences in mortality risks for men and women? This study, based on 44,000 deaths in Sweden, analyzes the impact of the event of marriage dissolution on subsequent mortality using sex-specific intensity regression...
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Lasting Marriages: Men and Women Growing Together
Lasting Marriages: Men and Women Growing Together. Richard A. Mackey & Bernard A. O'Brien. Westport, CT: Praeger. 1995. 208 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-275-95075-1. $55.00 cloth, $17.95 paper. Why do some marriages last while others fail? For many years,...
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Living Separately as a Child-Care Strategy: Implications for Women's Work and Family in Urban Thailand
In this article, child-care arrangements that involve mothers living separately from their children under 5 years of age in Bangkok are examined. I focus on how changes in women's roles and family structure may lead to increased dependence on child care...
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Marriage Timing in Sri Lanka: The Role of Modern Norms and Ideas
This article contributes empirical evidence to the critique of modernization theory, which continues to underpin much social research on non-Western societies despite the frequent and open challenges to its legitimacy and ability in predicting family...
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Mate Availability and the Transition to Unwed Motherhood: A Paradox of Population Structure
Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth are merged with 1980 census data and information on respondents' secondary school to examine the influence of mate availability on the timing of young women's first marriage and premarital childbearing....
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Morality, Feminism, and Family Work: A Reply to Sanchez's Commentary
We are indebted to Laura Sanchez for taking our work (1995) seriously and raising some nontrivial questions for discussion. She has motivated us to reread our own paper closely and critically, and a close reading of many of the works she cites has broadened...
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Multiple Roles and the Self: A Theory of Role Balance
The literature on multiple roles and identities tends either to ignore strategies of role-system organization altogether or to assume that all people organize a salience hierarchy, through which they assign more importance to some roles and selves than...
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Multiracial Couples
Multiracial Couples. Paul C. Rosenblatt, Terri A. Karis, & Richard D. Powell. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1995. 305 pp. Hardcover ISBN 08039-7258-X. $44.00 cloth, $21.95 paper. Interracial couples have been increasing over the past 20 years. However,...
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Relationship Conflict
Relationship Conflict. Daniel J. Canary, William R. Cupach, & Susan J. Messman. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1995. 175 pp. Paperback ISBN 0-8039-5130-2. $15.95 paper. Relationship Conflict gives an overview of contemporary research on conflict in personal...
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Sex Preferences, Family Planning, and Fertility: An Israeli Subpopulation in Transition
Jewish immigrants who came to Israel from Muslim countries of North Africa and the Middle East were transplanted to a radically different, modern society. Their high fertility levels were put critically at odds with changed socioeconomic and mortality...
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Stress as a Driver of the Allocation of Housework
This study examines the allocation of housework dynamically. Over 10 weeks, a small sample of young married couples used daily logs to report housework time in 6 tasks and the levels of stress they experienced at home and in other role settings. Stress...
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The Distributive Norm of Monetary Support to Older Parents: A Look at a Township in China
In this study, I propose to answer questions about the determinants of and variation in monetary support given to older parents by incorporating the approaches of reciprocity and gender difference and by identifying a distributive norm in Chinese society....
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The Life Course of Children Born to Unmarried Mothers: Childhood Living Arrangements and Young Adult Outcomes
This study explores the complex sequences of living arrangements among children born to unmarried mothers and the impact of childhood living arrangements on the young adult life course. Retrospective life history data from the National Survey of Families...
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Theoretical Frameworks for Personal Relationships
Theoretical Frameworks for Personal Relationships. Ralph Erber & Robin Gilmour (Eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1994. 271 pp. Hardcover ISBN 0-8058-0573-7. $59.95 cloth. This volume is like attending the highlights of a personal relationships...
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The Relationship between Social Support and Life Satisfaction as a Function of Family Structure
The present study focuses on the discriminant validity of 4 types of social support and the utility of distinguishing support provision from different referents. Hypotheses about the influence of family structure on the relationship between social support...
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