Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 66, No. 3, August

Ambiguous Loss Research, Theory, and Practice: Reflections after 9/11
This article contains an overview of three decades of research, theory development, and clinical application about ambiguous loss. Although the work includes both physical and psychological types of ambiguous loss, the focus is the aftermath of 9/11...
Before They Said "I Do": Discriminating among Marital Outcomes over 13 Years
One hundred couples were followed for 13 years from the premarital period well through the primary risk period for divorce. Results of discriminant analysis indicated that couples who remain satisfied, become distressed, and divorce can be reliably classified...
Children and the Stability of Cohabiting Couples
Theory and empirical evidence generally credit children with creating stability in their parents' marriages, but whether children have a similar effect on cohabiting unions has not been previously investigated in the United States. This article uses...
Cross-Ethnic Equivalence of Socialization Measures in European American and African American Youth
We examined the cross-ethnic equivalency of socialization measures developed primarily with European American families. Four aspects of measurement equivalence were assessed: conceptual, operational, scalar, and functional. Evidence of between-and within-group...
Cumulative Environmental Risk and Youth Problem Behavior
Using data from Wave 1 (n = 5,070) and Wave 2 (n = 4,404) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examined the relationship between cumulative risk exposure and youth problem behavior. Cross-sectional analyses revealed a positive,...
Dimensions of Family Functioning: Perspectives of Low-Income African American Single-Parent Families
Family functioning is influenced by socioeconomic status, culture, family structure, and developmental stage, and is assessed primarily using instruments developed for middle-income European American two-parent families. These instruments may not validly...
Do Parents of Girls Have a Higher Risk of Divorce? an Eighteen-Country Study
Using data from the June 1980 Current Population Survey, Morgan, Lye, and Condran (1988) reported that families with a daughter have a higher divorce risk than families with a son. They attribute this finding to the higher involvement of fathers in raising...
Do Residential Conditions Explain the Relationship between Living Arrangements and Adolescent Behavior?
Persistent effects of childhood living arrangements and family change on adolescent outcomes have often been attributed to differences in socialization and intrafamily processes. We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to assess an alternative...
Exploring Nonnormative Coresidence in Urban China: Living with Wives' Parents
We model histories between two cohorts of urban Chinese couples (N = 1,191) of a rarely studied living arrangement-coresidence with the wife's parents-using a dynamic life history analysis in contrast to previous cross-sectional studies of coresidence....
Gender and Morality in Anglo-American Culture, 1650-1800
Gender and Morality in Anglo-American Culture, 1650-1800. Ruth Bloch. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2003. 225 pp. Paperback ISBN 0-52-23406-5, $21.95.Essays I own tend to bear the physical proof of my interest in them. Those neatly underlined...
It's about Time: Couples and Careers
It's About Time: Couples and Careers. Phyllis Moen (editor). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2003. 436 pp. Cloth ISBN 0-8014-8837-0, $45.00. Paperback ISBN 0-8014-8837-0, $19.95.Phyllis Moen's edited volume, It's About Time: Couples and Careers, is...
Japanese Fathers of Preschoolers and Their Involvement in Child Care
We examine how relative resources, time availability, gender ideology, living arrangement, child-care demand, and job satisfaction are associated with the levels of younger Japanese fathers' involvement in child care for preschoolers. A theoretical model...
Love and Death in Germany: The Marital Biography and Its Effect on Mortality
In this article, we analyze how the marital biography is affecting mortality in Germany today (N = 12,484). We find support for temporal selection into marriage for both genders, but the effect is stronger for men. In addition, protection through marriage...
Marriage Rituals as Reinforcers of Role Transitions: An Analysis of Weddings in the Netherlands
Using a nationally representative survey of married couples (N = 572) in The Netherlands, I analyze three characteristics of the contemporary western marriage ceremony: (a) whether couples give a wedding party, (b) whether couples have their marriage...
Moving Out: Transition to Nonresidence among Resident Fathers in the United States, 1968-1997
This article provides the first individual-level estimates of the change over time in the probability of nonresidence for initially resident fathers in the United States. Drawing on the 1968-1997 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we used discrete-time...
Other People's Kids: Social Expectations and American Adults' Involvement with Children and Adolescents
Other People's Kids: Social Expectations and American Adults' Involvement With Children and Adolescents. Peter Scales. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2003. 274 pp. Cloth ISBN: 0-306-47734-3, $59.95.Recently, while standing at the grocery...
Postsecondary Education and Economic Well-Being of Single Mothers and Single Fathers
We investigate the effects of postsecondary education on the economic well-being of single parents. The data for this study are from the 1993 Panel Study of Income Dynamics, with a sample of 930 single mothers and 168 single fathers. The results indicate...
Stress Hormone Changes and Marital Conflict: Spouses' Relative Power Makes a Difference
We investigated the impact of relative marital power on 72 newlywed couples' endocrinological responses to marital conflict. Marital power was determined by comparing spouses' reports of dependent love for one another. Less powerful spouses displayed...
The Best of Ties, the Worst of Ties: Close, Problematic, and Ambivalent Social Relationships
This study builds on research addressing intergenerational ambivalence by considering emotional ambivalence toward the wider social network. Men and women ages 13 to 99 (N - 187) completed diagrams of their close and problematic social relationships....
The Time Squeeze: Parental Statuses and Feelings about Time with Children
Policy makers, parents, and the public are concerned with perceived declines in parents' time with children. Data from two national surveys (N = 1,159 and N = 827) used in this study show that nearly half of parents report feeling too little time with...
Understanding Racial Differences in Marital Disruption: Recent Trends and Explanations
We use data from the Current Population Survey to investigate racial differences in recent patterns of marital disruption. Although a leveling in the trend of disruption has occurred for White women since 1980, our results suggest less stabilization...
Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life
Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life. Annette Lareau. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2003. 331 pp. Paperback ISBN 0-520-21826-4, $21.95.In this insightful ethnographic study, Annette Lareau explores how class shapes childhood....
Unique Influence of Mothers and Fathers on Their Children's Antisocial Behavior
The social development model (Catalano & Hawkins, 1996) was adapted to examine the unique influence of mothers and fathers on their children's antisocial behavior. Analyses examined 325 families with sixth-grade children. Structural equation modeling...