Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 3, September

A Framework Linking Community Empowerment and Health Equity: It Is a Matter of CHOICE
INTRODUCTION In the field of healthcare, the principles of equity and participation, over the past five decades, have been increasingly identified as key factors for health improvements. The recognition of their importance was confirmed by the Alma...
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A Wealth Index to Screen High-Risk Families: Application to Morocco
INTRODUCTION Several indicators can measure the health status of a population. One of the most sensitive indicators is the mortality of infants and children, usually measured by the life-table probability of dying between birth and the fifth birthday,...
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Equity in Self-Reported Adult Illness and Use of Health Service in South Africa: Inter-Temporal Comparison
INTRODUCTION Socioeconomic inequalities in health have featured high on the policy-making agenda since the 1980s, particularly after the publication of the Black report in the United Kingdom (1,2). Socioeconomic inequalities in health are pervasive...
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Examining Health Equity through Satisfaction and Confidence of Patients in Primary Healthcare in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
INTRODUCTION In the current era of global health-sector reforms, studies of patient satisfaction have been recognized as ways to identify priorities and problems of healthcare systems. While studies of patient satisfaction are more commonly used...
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Global Equity Gauge Alliance: Reflections on Early Experiences
THE CONCEPT OF AN EQUITY GAUGE The Equity Gauge initiative traces its beginnings to an October 1999 meeting of the Global Health Equity Initiative in Chile, attended by researchers, advocates, and public-health practitioners from all continents....
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Healthcare-Financing Reforms in Transitional Society: A Shanghai Experience
INTRODUCTION The Chinese Government designed a healthcare-insurance system that was intertwined with the labour system as part of its social security system in urban areas since the 1950s, so as to provide the urban Chinese people maximum healthcare...
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Immunization Divide: Who Do Get Vaccinated in Bangladesh?
INTRODUCTION Inequality in health refers to differences in health (outcome or other measures) among different groups in the population. Not all inequalities are, however, unacceptable. Inequality that is deemed 'unfair', 'unacceptable', or 'avoidable'...
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Incident HIV Infection among Men Attending STD Clinics in Pune, India: Pathways to Disparity and Interventions to Enhance Equity
INTRODUCTION The Government of India estimates that 3.97 million Indians were infected with HIV in 2001, the majority through heterosexual transmission (1). The estimated prevalence rates varied by geographic region, with the highest rates in the...
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Inequity in Health: Let's Not Live with It
Variations in population health between nations and among various social and economic groups within a nation beyond a certain limit is unjust. Such variations hinder the population from attaining its maximum health and life potential and have far-reaching...
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Mechanisms of Racial Inequalities in Prevalence of Diarrhoea in South Africa
INTRODUCTION South Africa is the fifth most unequal society in the world, as measured by the Gini coefficient (1). Racial inequalities are particularly marked as a consequence of decades of apartheid policies, which essentially served to benefit...
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Medical Expenditure and Rural Impoverishment in China
INTRODUCTION Poor health is a common consequence of poverty (1-3). There has been increasing interest in poverty as a consequence of poor health as reflected in the recently-published report of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (4). Poor...
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Monitoring Equity in Health and Healthcare: A Conceptual Framework
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to articulate a conceptual framework for monitoring equity in health and healthcare. It is directed primarily to policy-oriented researchers in the hope that they can use this material to help them generate...
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PATHOLOGIES OF POWER: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor
PATHOLOGIES OF POWER: Health, human rights, and the new war on the poor Paul Farmer, with a foreword by Amartya Sen University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 2003. 402 p. U$27.50Although Dr Paul Farmer's latest book does not really talk...
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Review of North-South and South-South Cooperation and Conditions Necessary to Sustain Research Capability in Developing Countries
INTRODUCTION In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in strengthening the research capability of institutions in developing countries, particularly those of Africa. This trend took steam in the mid-1990s with the establishment of the...
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