Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 3, September

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Typhoid Fever Immunization Programmes in an Indian Urban Slum Community
INTRODUCTION Globally, there are an estimated 16 million cases of typhoid fever annually, causing 600,000 deaths mainly in developing countries (1). The World Health Organization recommends establishing typhoid fever vaccination programmes in endemic...
Assessment of Relevant Cultural Considerations Is Essential for the Success of a Vaccine
INTRODUCTION The triumph and the controversy surrounding the smallpox-eradication programme doubtlessly have served as the cornerstones for thousands of public-health lectures, symposia, and manuscripts over the last several decades. A search for...
Costs of Illness Due to Typhoid Fever in an Indian Urban Slum Community: Implications for Vaccination Policy
INTRODUCTION Typhoid fever is a common cause of morbidity in adults and children in India and in many other developing countries (1). Available vaccines for typhoid fever are not being widely used despite widespread concern about in-vitro and clinical...
Evaluation of Serogroup a Meningococcal Vaccines in Africa: A Demonstration Project
INTRODUCTION One of the most significant accomplishments in medicine and public health is the development and use of vaccines for the prevention and control of infectious diseases of major public-health concern. This preventive approach is fundamental...
Evaluation of Serogroup A Meningococcal Vaccines in Africa: A Demonstration Project
ABSTRACTEndemic and epidemic meningococcal disease constitutes a major public-health problem in African countries of the 'meningitis belt' where incidence rates of the disease are many-fold higher (up to 25 cases per 100,000 population) than those in...
Introducing New Vaccines in Developing Countries: Concepts and Approaches to Estimating Burden of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B-Associated Disease
INTRODUCTION During the past several decades, a number of new vaccines have been introduced into the routine immunization programmes of developing countries starting with the earliest efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) in the global...
Multidisciplinary Studies of Disease Burden in the Diseases of the Most Impoverished Programme
INTRODUCTION Immunization is one of the most significant public-health interventions, preventing millions of episodes of infectious diseases and deaths around the world. The bulk of global infectious disease burden is in less-developed countries,...
PneumoADIP: An Example of Translational Research to Accelerate Pneumococcal Vaccination in Developing Countries
INTRODUCTION Few pathogens rival Streptococcus pneumoniae as a cause of childhood illness and death. According to the estimates of the World Health Organization, pneumococcal infections kill more than one million children aged less than five years...
Policy Analysis: An Essential Research Tool for the Introduction of Vaccines in Developing Countries
INTRODUCTION Despite enormous advances in the prevention and treatment of disease in developed countries and among the rich in developing countries, the poor in developing countries continue to face the ravages of respiratory and diarrhoeal diseases,...
Sociobehavioural Research Methods for the Introduction of Vaccines in the Diseases of the Most Impoverished Programme
INTRODUCTION Health-seeking can be conceptualized as an ongoing life-long process that includes both behaviours to cure or seek relief from specific symptoms or illnesses and behaviours to avoid symptoms and illnesses. The latter may include a range...
The Importance of Engaging Policy-Makers at the Outset to Guide Research on and Introduction of Vaccines: The Use of Policy-Maker Surveys
INTRODUCTION Why conduct policy-maker surveys? Increasingly, the public sector is creating large research programmes to accelerate the introduction of new vaccines in developing countries. In recent years, multi-million dollar programmes have...
The Role of Epidemiology in the Introduction of Vi Polysaccharide Typhoid Fever Vaccines in Asia
INTRODUCTION Epidemiology is an essential tool to evaluate biomedical innovations, such as vaccines. The role of epidemiology is not just confined to pre-licensure evaluations of efficacy of vaccines (Phase I, II and III trials), as it also plays...
Translational Research to Assist Policy Decisions about Introducing New Vaccines in Developing Countries
INTRODUCTION The world is in the midst of a revolution in vaccine development, which is yielding a wide array of new approaches to vaccines and an increasing number of vaccines against newly-targeted diseases. Despite this, the movement of introduction...
Use of Vaccine Trials to Estimate Burden of Disease
INTRODUCTION Vaccination has been used for the prevention of specific conditions in different parts of the world for centuries, but the 20th century saw the development of vaccination as a highly effective global public-health strategy (1). The...