Psychomusicology

Articles

Vol. 21, No. 1/2, 2011

Research on Singing: Development, Education and Well-Being - Introduction to the Special Volume on "Singing and Psychomusicology"
Across the entire lifespan, singing influences lives in many ways. It begins with the lullabies and play songs during infancy, and with the infants' own babbling that morphs between speech and song. Singing reaches children in their homes, the playground,...
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Dedication to Johan E.F. Sundberg
Johan Sundberg: Eminent pioneer in voice sciences, longstanding scientist at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology with a personal Chair in Musical Acoustics; author of the seminal book The Science of the Singing Voice and over 200 articles on singing;...
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Human Singing: Towards a Developmental Theory
ABSTRACT - The aim of this article is to propose a revision of models of singing development that identify age-related stages of mastery of basic elements of Hie Western-European music system. Instead, emphasis is placed on structural and process-oriented...
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Singing Development as a Sensorimotor Interaction Problem
ABSTRACT - Singing is a ubiquitous human behavior and plays a significant role in human culture and socialization. Research on children's singing has focused on music instruction techniques for developing singers, yet little is known about the developmental...
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Expressive Timing and Dynamics in Infant-Directed and Non-Infant-Directed Singing
ABSTRAC T - Expressive variations in timing and dynamics were examined in infant-directed performances of Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star fry mothers and in non-infant-directed performances by non-mothers. Mothers sang to their infants, and non-mothers...
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Melodic versus Intonational Coding of Communicative Functions: A Comparison of Tonal Contours in Infant-Directed Song and Speech
ABSTRACT - Global intonational contours of infantdirected speech are said to serve effective communicative functions. For example, steep rising contours are thought to arouse an infant while smoothly falling contours are thought to be soothing. Several...
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Canadian and Japanese Preschoolers' Creation of Happy and Sad Songs
ABSTRACT - Canadian and Japanese 4- and 5-yearold children were asked to create a happy song or a sad song. Approximately 60% of Canadian preschoolers produced a song under these circumstances in contrast to roughly 40% of Japanese preschoolers. Of the...
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Researching the First Year of the National Singing Programme Sing Up in England: An Initial Impact Evaluation
ABSTRACT - The article reports on the first year of an independent evaluation of the National Singing Programme 'Sing Up' (2007-2011) in England. The aim of the Sing Up Programme is to provide all primary-aged children (up to the age of 11 years) with...
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Mouth versus Eyes: Gaze Fixation during Perception of Sung Interval Size
ABSTRACT - We used eye tracking to examine the relative influence of the mouth and eyes on perception of sung interval size. Frequency and duration of gaze were tracked while participants rated the size of intervals produced by two singers in three signal-to-noise...
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Automatically Extracting Performance Data from Recordings of Trained Singers
ABSTRACT - Recorded music offers a wealth of information for studying performance practice. This paper examines the challenges of automatically extracting performance information from audio recordings of the singing voice and discusses our technique...
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Preparation and Spontaneity in Performance: A Singer's Thoughts While Singing Schoenberg
ABSTRACT - The longitudinal case study method has been used far over a decade to study professional musicians' preparation for performance from memory. This research suggests that a subset of the features to which the performer attends during practice...
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The Perceived Structure of Forest Nenets Songs: A Cross-Cultural Case Study
ABSTRACT - In this case study, several participants were ashed to identify the boundaries between successive melody lines in traditional vocal compositions of the Forest Nenets (people inhabiting Northeast Europe and Western Siberia). Unstructured interviews...
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Singing, Health and Well-Being: A Health Psychologist's Review
ABSTRACT - Research is reviewed on singing, health and well-beingfrom the perspective of health psychology. In accordance with a multidimensional, biopsychosocial conceptual framework commonly used by health psychologists, the review is organized by...
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A Preliminary View of Some Foundational and Contemporary Research on Singing in China: Introducing Translations of Two Contrasting Works
ABSTRACT - This brief essay provides an introduction in historical context for subsequent Chinese translations of two contrasting contributions that focus on the science of singing. The first is the translation of a chapter from a classic book by Dr....
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Scientific Principles of Singing Chapter 4: Artistic Application of the Voice
ABSTRACT- In Chapter 4 of The Scientific Principles of Singing (Lin, 1962/1996), introduced here far the first time in English, pioneering Chinese vocal scientist Dr. Jun-Qing Lin (1914-2000) discusses the application of vocal science (acoustics and...
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Interpretation of the Acoustical Analysis of the Timbre of Chinese National Singing: Female Example
ABSTRACT - This study analyzed the female voice in Chinese National Singing from the perspective of music acoustics. By using music acoustic methodology, we collected, compared, and analyzed the sounds of female Chinese National Singing and bel canto....
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Singing Voice Research at the Speech and Cognition Department, GIPSA-Lab, Grenoble, France
DESCRIPTION OF THE RESEARCH LABORATORYGIPSA-lab: Grenoble Images Speech Signal AutomatismLocated at Grenoble in the heart of the French Alps, GIPSA-lab is a multidisciplinary laboratory where both theoretical and applied scientific research is conducted...
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"Psychology of Time"
"Psychology of Time" edited by Simon Grondin "Psychology of Time", edited by Simon Grondin. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group, 2008. (ISBN: 978-0-08046977-5. Hard cover, xv + 435pp., $74.95.)This book of reviews fills a void, for although several edited books...
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"The Social and Applied Psychology of Music"
"The Social and Applied Psychology of Music" by Adrian North & David Hargreaves "The Social and Applied Psychology of Music", by Adrian North & David Hargreaves. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. (ISBN 978-0-19-856742-4, Paperback, 476pp.,...
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"The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature"
"The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature" by Daniel J. Levitin "The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature", by Daniel J. Levitin. New York: Dutton, 2008. (ISBN: 9780525950738. Hard cover, 354 pp., $25.95.)Although...
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The CeleBRation Choir: Establishing Community Group Choral Singing for People Living with Neurological Conditions
EDITOR'S NOTE - The Journal values translation of research to the broader community and will publish brief descriptions of examples of such translational activities that may serve as precedents or incentives for further research/community interactions....
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Vol. 20, No. 1/2, 2009

Editorial
A PRIVILEGED RESPONSIBILITY: TO THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTUREIt is a profound honour and privilege to serve as the new Editor of Psychomusicology, and I am delighted that W. Jay Dowling, Bruno H. Repp, and Lauren Stewart kindly accepted my invitation...
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Dedication to Robert Francès
Robert Frances: Pioneer extraordinaire in the field of music psychology; musician, scientist, administrator, author, and researcher; honored for scholarship, leadership, bravery, strength, and courage. We dedicate to him this special double issue (Vol...
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Autobiography and Psychomusicology: Introduction to the Special Issue "A History of Music Psychology in Autobiography"
ABSTRACT-This special issue of Psychomusicology: Music, Mind & Brain presents the scholarly autobiographies of 12 pioneers in the psychology of music. Each has witnessed over four decades of academic life and has contributed to the foundation of...
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Psychomusicology: A Program, a Journal, and Divergent Paths
ABSTRACT-Carlsen, Taylor, and Williams present the background that brought each of them first to music and then to psychomusicology. Carken's story outlines the development and structure of the academic program of psychomusicology within the systematic...
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My Life in Music Cognition Research
ABSTRACT - The author traces his interest and education in music from childhood through adulthood. He describes the development of ideas about his core work, involving interleaved melodies, auditory attention, memory representation for melody, and "expectancy...
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Development of Music Perception and Cognition Research: An Autobiographical Account from a Canadian Perspective
ABSTRACT - There were not many opportunities for music perception and cognition research during the first half of the 20th century. The author traces the development of the field from a bare landscape to a discipline with journals, laboratories, institutions,...
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My Marriage with Music Psychology
ABSTRACT - A childhood musical environment, supportive family, early experience of performance on piano and organ, interest in psychology in late teenage years, studies of psychology and musicology at Uppsala University, and fortuitous external academic...
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The Development of Music Psychology in Britain: A Personal Perspective
ABSTRACT-The development of music psychology in Britain over the last few decades is outlined from the personal viewpoint of the author, who was actively involved in research and teaching in the field. The important ideas and influential researchers...
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Musikpsychologie: An Autobiographical Historical Perspective
(TRANSLATED BY BRUNO H. REPP)ABSTRACT-As the historical birthplace of psychology, musicology, and music psychology, Germany has been an important center for the development of our field. In this article the author traces the development of all three...
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My Life and Times
ABSTRACT-Following a doctorate in psychology, Mari Riess Jones obtained a position at Ohio State University (OSU) in the Department of Psychology teaching quantitative psychology. Always fascinated by timing in natural settings, she was also influenced...
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From Electrical Engineering to Psychology of Music: Autobiographical Reflections on My Research and Collaboration in the Japanese Context
ABSTRACT - A passion for radio engineering and an interest in music led the author to studies in electrical engineering followed by research positions in audio engineering at NHK, the Japanese Broadcasting Corporation. NHK afforded him the rare opportunity...
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A Short Scientific Autobiography: Genesis of a Psychoacoustician of Music in Poland
ABSTRACT-This "life report" describes how I became a "psychoacoustician of music". It starts with some events from World War II and then tells of my desperate, belated endeavors to attain the competence in piano performance necessary for entrance as...
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One Cognitive Psychologist's Quest for the Structural Grounds of Music Cognition
ABSTRACT-Here, I describe how I came to believe that the musical scales and tonal systems of diverse human cultures reflect both (a) underlying, universal principles of cognition, including a modality-general time-distance law, and (b) underlying cognitive...
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Music Psychology: The Building of a Community
ABSTRACT-Although music psychology as a research topic can be traced back to at least the 1880s, it was not until the 1980s that it became an academic discipline with its own identity. The autobiographies in this issue describe the transformation of...
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The Legacy of Paul Fraisse: Two Classic Papers on Synchronization
ABSTRACT-This brief essay provides an introduction to subsequent English translations of two classic papers on synchronization by Paul Fraisse and colleagues. The relevance of this pioneering work to more recent research on synchronization is pointed...
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Note on the Possibility of Syncopating as a Function of the Tempo of a Sequence
Translated from the French1 by Bruno H. ReppThe difficulty of producing syncopation in music - that is, of playing a strong note off the beat established by other notes - is a well-known fact. It is explained by the difficulty we have in breaking an...
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The Subject's References in Synchronization and Pseudo-Synchronization
ABSTRACT-This experiment compared subjects' behavior when they synchronized their taps with an auditory sequence and when they continued to tap while controlling the sounds with the taps, so that the sounds appeared to be perfectly synchronized with...
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MSc in Music, Mind and Brain at Goldsmiths, University of London
AIMS OF THE PROGRAMMEResearch in music cognition and the cognitive neuroscience of music is undertaken in a number of laboratories worldwide, providing opportunities for graduates to specialize in an area that is increasingly becoming a mainstream topic...
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"Music, Language, and the Brain" by Aniruddh D. Patel
"Music, Language, and the Brain" by Aniruddh D. Patel "Music, Language, and the Brain" by Aniruddh D. Patel. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008). (ISBN13: 9780199755301, ISBNlO: 0199755302, Paperback, 520 pages, $35.00).The book starts by reminding...
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"Embodied Music Cognition and Mediation Technology" by Marc Leman
"Embodied Music Cognition and Mediation Technology" by Marc Leman "Embodied Music Cognition and Mediation Technology", by Marc Leman. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008). (ISBN: 978-0-262-12293-1 Hard cover, ?? + 297 pp., $40.00)Marc Leman is well known...
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"Listen to Their Voices: Research and Practice in Early Childhood Music" by Katharine Smithrim and Rena Upitis
"Listen to Their Voices: Research and Practice in Early Childhood Music" by Katharine Smithrim and Rena Upitis "Listen to Their Voices: Research and Practice in Early Childhood Music", by Katharine Smithrim and Rena Upitis (Eds.). From the Research to...
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Vol. 19, No. 2, Spring

Messages from the Editor
It is time for me to retire as Editor of Psychomusicology. This is not to say that I have lost interest in Psychomusicology (or research in music perception and cognition!). It simply means that I have found new interests in my "retirement years" that...
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Read My Lips: An Animated Face Helps Communicate Musical Lyrics
Understanding the lyrics of many songs, not just contemporary songs, is sometimes difficult. Watching the talker's face improves speech understanding when the speech is degraded by noise or by hearing difficulty. To explore whether the face can be similarly...
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The Effect of Familiar Music on the Perception of Other Individuals
When individuals hear recognizable music, they are likely to perceive another person in the environment as more familiar-through a process of assimilation. This familiarity might promote trust and thus inhibit a systematic scrutiny of this person. To...
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The Association between Types of Music Enjoyed and Cognitive, Behavioral, and Personality Factors of Those Who Listen
A community sample of 358 individuals completed questionnaires that assessed preference for 30 different styles of music, a number of demographic variables, involvement with singing or playing an instrument and a number of personal variables including:...
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The Mood of Rock Music Affects Evaluation of Video Elements Differing in Valence and Dominance
This research investigated the influence of the mood of two examples of instrumental rock music (ominous and happy) on audience evaluation of two video elements that differed in positive/negative valence and dominance (a positive, dominant character...
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Musical Aptitude Definition and Measure Validation: Ecological Validity Can Endanger the Construct Validity of Musical Aptitude Tests
Definitions of musical aptitude as well as musical aptitude tests frequently are criticized for low ecological validity. In many cases, however, the demand for ecological validity can actually make a test worse as a measure of musical aptitude because...
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Component Skills Involved in Sight Reading Music
(ProQuest-CSA LLC: ... denotes obscured text omitted.)Component Skills Involved in Sight Reading Music. By Lee, Ji. Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang, 2004.This study on sight reading is the published version of a dissertation completed at the University...
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Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring

Messages from the Editor
If you glanced at the editorial page (first page) of this issue, you noticed changes from previous Psychomusicology volumes. One of them is relatively minor. For convenience (and perhaps clarification), the former categorical titles of "Consulting Editors"...
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Interval and Interval Class Similarity: Results of a Confusion Study
Undergraduate music majors (N = 27) identified simple musical intervals (m2 through M7), presented at 10 different pitch levels and in three different presentation modes (ascending, descending, harmonic). Resulting error matrices were analyzed by direct...
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The Impact of Music on Subjective and Physiological Indices of Emotion While Viewing Films
Despite continued acknowledgment of the importance of music in viewing films, empirical studies investigating the interaction of music with film are conspicuously absent. Evidence from a few isolated cognitive studies suggests that the relationship between...
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Pitch Processing and Phonological Awareness
The purpose of this research was to observe performance in the processing of pitch in relation to phonological awareness performance in kindergarten students. Thirteen students (N = seven girls, six boys), registered into the preschool program of the...
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The Natural Ways of Musicality, Language, and Self Regulation in Infants
Infants have been seen as entering this world with a collection of reflexes, to serve them as tools of survival during the early days of life. However, ongoing research is redefining the cognitive and biological abilities of infants, even infants in...
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A Theoretical Model of Musical Memorization
The purpose of this article is to describe a model of how music is memorized for performances. The process of memorization appears to comprise three stages: preview, practice, and over-learning. Previous experience and enculturation also are very important...
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Vol. 18, Spring

Aging and Memory for Music: A Review
People of all ages enjoy listening to music, yet most research inmusical development has concentrated on infancy through childhood. Our recent research program examined various aspects of music cognition in younger (ages 18 through 30) and older adults...
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Music, Age, Performance, and Excellence: A Neuroscientific Approach
Playing a musical instrument demands extensive procedural, motor, and cognitive abilities, and early musical learning results in plastic reorganization of the developing brain. Even the adult brain has a considerable plasticity, and neuronal cortical...
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Memorial Dedication
Professor Takao UraeraotoThis Volume ofPsychomusicology is dedicated to Professor Takao Umemoto, a contributor to the psychology of music throughout his professional life. He passed away at the age of 80 years, on November 23,2002 in Kyoto, Japan. He...
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Music and Quality of Life in Older Adults
This article briefly reviews some basic issues of adult development and measures used in assessing quality of life as a background for reviewing music studies with healthy older adults. Research shows that music activities (both music listening and music...
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Old People's Remembrance of Strong Experiences Related to Music
Old people's remembrance of their strong experiences related to music was investigated within an extensive research project aimed at developing a descriptive system for such experiences. Participants were asked to describe the strongest experience of...
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Learning to Play Music in Later Adulthood: A Personal Perspective Focusing on the Piano
As compared to young children, older adults have knowledge of musical grammar and considerable lifelong exposure to specific music pieces. Hence, it is argued that techniques for teaching children to play the piano are not the most effective for adults....
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Psychology of Music and Aging Comes of Age: Psychogeromusicology
The escalation of research in both the psychology of music and the psychology of aging has led to a natural convergence on a new shared domain, that of psychogeromusicology. The present Volume of Psychomusicology represents different views of this domain:...
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Time, Music, and Aging
The capacity to perceive and produce rhythmic patterns accurately is an important element of musical skill. As people age, deficits in some cognitive functions may lead to less accurate rhythmic performance. This article reviews studies on age-related...
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The Science and Psychology of Music Performance: Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning
The Science and Psychology of Music Performance: Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning, by Richard Parncutt and Gary E. McPherson, (Eds.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002Among practicing musicians and music teachers there is no shortage...
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Musical Development of Elderly People
Creating and listening to music typically depends on hearing, flexibility of the voice, motor skills, and cognitive processing. Declines in these factors are not generally apparent prior to the sixth decade due to compensation by flexible information...
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The Importance of Music to Seniors
To determine the significance of music in the lives of senior individuals, a short questionnaire was added to the protocol of the 2nd phase of the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA2). Over 300 participants (mean age 78.3 years) from Prince Edward...
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Age, Music, and Driving Performance: Detection of External Warning Sounds in Vehicles
The growing elderly population increases the number of older drivers. Driving requires detection of information against an acoustic background. Modern vehicles are designed to reduce external noises (including warning signals) and provide audio entertainment...
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