Journal of Haitian Studies

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring

A Letter from Jean-Pierre Boyer to Greek Revolutionaries
IntroductionMany scholars have detailed the impact of the Haitian revolution in the New World.1 As this letter indicates, however, this impact spread far beyond that. This letter, written by Jean-Pierre Boyer in 1822, provides interesting insight into...
Foreign Shores
Foreign Shores. By Marie-Hélène Laforest. Montreal: Les Editions du CIDIHCA, 2002. ISBN 2-89454-135-X. 187 pp.Marie-Hélène Lafcrest's Foreign Shores participates in a recent trend of fiction that might be termed "Haitian-American." Like Edwidge Danticat,...
Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint: Nation, Race, and State on Hispaniola
Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint: Nation, Race, and State on Hispaniola. By Eugenio Matibag. New York: PalGrave MacMillan Press, 2003. ISBN 0-312-29432-8.269 pages. $69.95 cloth.Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint is a sociopolitical study of the relationship...
Images of Gé Rouge in ÉTienne's la Femme Muette and in Desquiron's Les Chemins De Loco-Miroir
The Goddess as Destroyer, also known as the Crone, was not only one of the most powerful and fearsome of the ancient tribal matriarchs, but also one of the most paradoxical. Traditionally appearing as "an old woman, a female corpse, or a mummy," she...
Life as a Child Domestic Worker in Haiti
Probably the largest group of child workers in the world are child domestic workers (CDW). The International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that there are 250 million child workers in the developing world, and that domestic work is the largest worldwide...
Mountains beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer,A Man Who Would Cure the World
Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, A Man Who Would Cure the World. By Tracy Kidder. New York: Random House, 2003. ISBN 0 8129 73011.301 pp. $14.95 paper.Those of us privileged enough to benefit from the health care in the United...
The Development of Literary Blackness in the Dominican Republic
The Development of Literary Blackness in the Dominican Republic. By Dawn Stinchcomb. G aines ville: University Press of Florida, 2004. ISBN 0-8130-2699-7.125 pp. $59.95 cloth.Stinchcomb's The Development of Literary Blackness in the Dominican Republic...
The Dew Breaker
The Dew Breaker. By Edwidge Danticat. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004. ISBN 4-00-4114-7. 244 pp. $22.00 cloth, $12.95 paper.The title of Edwidge Danticat's latest work, The Dew Breaker, is inspired by a particular feature of Haiti's history-the practice...
"The Grammar of a Film Is a Political Act": Reflections on the Life of Jean Léopold Dominique
In this world of instant communication, when even cell phones can take video images, the power of radio has not declined. This is made abundantly evident in a film centered on the life of radio activist Jean Leopold Dominique: The Agronomist (2004: directed...
The Influence of Native American and African Encounters on Haitian Art
In higher education and elsewhere, divisive polarizations between ethnically and culturally different people persist despite the efforts in academia to expand discourse in order to achieve true plurality and inclusiveness. For example, cultural and artistic...
The Map Within: Place, Displacement, and the Long Shadow of History in the Work of Edwidge Danticat
A place on the map is also a place in history.-Adrienne RichThe literature of Haiti in the twentieth century is a literature of exile. From early novels such as Jacques Roumain's Gouverneurs de la rosée (Masters of the Dew) to the Magloire-era novels...
The Restavèk Condition: Jean-Robert Cadet's Disclosure1
For so many of us Haitians, sorrow is part of our genetic code. We drink our tears in our mother's wombs...The thunder I have known, that I have fled with all my soul and now return to, humbled, is nothing more than the light contained in the distant...
The Third U.S. Intervention and Haiti's Paramilitary Predicament
How should we make theoretical sense of Haiti's instability in the past two decades? The central hypothesis of this study is that the 29-year Duvalier dicatatorship was stabilized through the paramilitary. In the past two decades, unofficial and illegitimate...
Toussaint's Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution
Toussaint's Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution. By Gordon S. Brown. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005, 321 pages. $32.00 cloth.Reviewed by Gerald HomeThis is one of many books that have poured forth of late on the critically...
Traumatic Realism in the Fiction of Edwidge Danticat
"They say we 're the crud at the bottom of the pot. They say some people don't belong anywhere and that's us"-Farming of Bones (56)In Writing History, Writing Trauma, Dominick La Capra uses the expression "traumatic realism" to describe literature that...
Two Women.Two Worlds: Responses to Peripartum Cardiomyopathy
Patient #1: Four months after the birth of her first child, a 23 year-old woman notices increasing shortness of breath with walking. The swelling of her legs during pregnancy never went away completely after delivery, and seems to be getting worse. Her...