Competition Forum

Journal that publishes manuscripts regarding various business topics and how they relate to competition.

Articles from Vol. 4, No. 1, 2006

A Conceptual Model of Learning Culture and Innovation Schema
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper proposes disparities in firms' innovation successes can be explained by their learning culture (i.e., reflexive, bounded and critical) which influences the assumptions and understanding that organizations develop about themselves,...
An Evaluation of the Competitiveness of the Agribusiness Sector in South Africa
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe objective of this paper is to conduct a comprehensive analysis on the competitiveness of the agribusiness sector in South Africa. Three instruments emerged from this; the AGRIBUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS STATUS (ACS) index; the AGRIBUSINESS...
Arational Decision Stages: The Breakdown of Rationality in Strategic Planning and Implementation
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe rational decision making stages often collapse during an imminent natural disaster, such as Hurricane Katrina. Each stage is shaped by independent moderating forces, such as the of the decision maker expertise, resource constraints...
A Two-Stage Model of Business Strategies: The Impact of Necessary and Sufficient Conditions on Firm Performance
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYRather than to conceptualize strategy as a monolithic block of organizational activities, we argue that strategy has to be understood in terms of two stages. The first stage is a set of "necessary" conditions, followed by a second set...
Biosophical Analysis of Ethics in Pharmaceutical Industry: Opportunities and Challenges
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYOur objectives in this article are to present an account of morality and ethicality that is systematic, accessible, and usable in bioscientific and biotechnologal endeavors. One of the objectives of this article is to introduce the ethical...
Business Strategies for Political and Economic Operations: The Case of United States, China, and the United Kingdom
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis study will examine the United States, China, and the United Kingdom's business strategies for political and economic operations. This analysis is aimed at determining if their strategy is working successfully or not. Statistical...
Comparative Ethical Analysis of Competition in Academia: Academic Massification and Academic Elitism?
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis article is a comparative ethical analysis between academic massification and academic elitism. The research undertaken revealed that there are fundamental significant differences between academic justice and academic fairness. Specifically,...
Competitive Business Advantages in the Era of Unified SuperConvergence
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYA new era is unfolding in the evolving saga of digital convergence. Recent advances and trends in broadband wireless technologies and systems, and the corresponding products and services they engender, suggest that there will likely...
Competitiveness and Spontaneous Changes in Jobs Revisited
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYEarlier research on the topic of competitive behavior as a driver of employee efforts to surreptitiously initiate changes in their jobs to satisfy their needs for competitiveness as well as some other needs was incomplete and exploratory...
Corruption, Competitiveness, and Growth
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYIt has been suggested that corruption has become increasingly more important in understanding international development. Some of the current literature on transparency/corruption is reviewed, which suggests game theory helps in understanding...
Democracy and Sustainable Enterprise
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYManagement practices and the enterprises they create are being challenged as non-democratic and unsustainable. Building on the democratic proposition of "by and for the people" and the democratic operative of "free and informed choice"...
Demons' Markets: Arabs, Muslims, and the United States
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis article presents some manifestations of Anti-Arab and Anti-Muslim sentiments in the U.S. including the DP World attempt to assume management of six major U.S. Ports in 2006, the National Security Agency domestic spying unveiled...
Deterring Cynicism to Regain American Competitiveness
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYAbstract:A research was conducted on Business Cynicism depicting ten possible perceptions and callousness about lack of ethics, in which employees of businesses organizations participated. Some important hypotheses were tested. ANOVA...
Drawing the Line between Ethical and Marginal Practice
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis article describes the traditional moral development and ethical reasoning models as developed by Lawrence Kohlberg, Manuel Velasquez, Mark Pastin, Graham Tucker, and Steven Mintz. These models describe decisions on the macro level;...
Formulating Turnaround Strategies for GM in the U.S. Auto Market
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYIn general, market-share statistics indicate the competitiveness of different companies in the same industry. From 2003 to 2005, GM's market share in the U.S. continuously declined while Toyota's U.S. market share steadily increased....
Intelligent Software Agents and the Creation of Competitive Advantage
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYAn agent is developed with empowerment to act on its own by making its own decisions and reacting independently to its problem domain. An agent will determine how capable it is to change its own course and respond to obstacles it meets...
International Joint Ventures: An Integrated Framework
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper will review the literature in the field of international joint ventures (IJVs) and attempt to integrate the literature in one framework. Previous studies have focused on a limited number of issues in IJVs. This study will...
Managing the Barriers to Strategic Flexibility
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe increasing concern for the erosion of strategic fit brings into focus the imperative to develop and maintain strategic flexibility. This paper explores three major problems (the firm's insensitivity to negative feedback, self-serving...
McDonalds in Crisis: A Comparative Analysis in a National Organizational Context
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe crises that affect organizations can often not be of a catastrophic nature. The release of the film Super Size Me was a foreseeable event for the McDonalds corporation in the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom. Each...
On the Impact of Demographic Variables on Interpersonal and Organizational Trust
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper explores two different types of trust, interpersonal and organizational trust and the characteristics and behaviors involved in the formation or maintenance of trust in the workplace. A field study was conducted involving...
Optimizing a Three Component Simplex-Centroid Experimental Design*
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper reviews a methodology for optimizing a radiation cure coating formulation. The approach employs a three component simplex-centroid experimental design to generate linear property response models. The key resultant property...
Project Management and How It Relates to IS Software Quality and Performance
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYProject Management is a very essential tool for migration through the cradle to grave process. Projects sometimes fail due to bad system design or manufacturing defects due to bad process design or poor quality checks and inspection....
State of Competition in Malaysian Mobile Telecommunications Industry
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis is an industry profile of the Malaysian mobile telecommunications industry circa 2005 written with the purpose of highlighting the state of competition in this dynamic global industry.The profile traces the historical development...
The Concept and Application of Competitive Advantage Envelope
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYEven though some companies that do not have either low-cost or differentiation advantage have survived in a real world, there is no research about the phenomenon. Our study tries to explain this phenomenon by introducing the concept...
The Importance of Pedigree: Why Instituting RFID-Based Tracking of Pharmaceuticals Is Essential to Counteracting Counterfeiting and Maintaining Both the Health of the Public and the Potency of the American Drug Industry
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis article investigates the fast-growing problem of counterfeit prescription drugs, examining the toll being exacted by counterfeit medicines worldwide. The article also looks at the health concerns caused by the rising tide of fake...
The National Animal Identification System: Ensuring the Competitiveness of the American Agriculture Industry in the Face of Mounting Animal Disease Threats
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis article provides an overview of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS), a joint industry-government program being undertaken to protect both animal and public health and the health of the American agriculture industry....
The Utilization-Gap in Knowledge about the Design of Strategy-Formation Processes: Lessons from Research Methodology and the Philosophy of Science
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper addresses the issue of balancing substantive theory-building with the need for validation, in relation to the practitioners' needs of guidelines for the design of the strategy-formation process. The issue is examined by analyzing...
Toward Creating Learning-Based Competitive Advantage: An Empirical Investigation
EXECUTIVE SUMMERYThis paper is a case study of creating learning-based competitive advantage through organizational learning. It examines how two business firms create competitiveness through transforming themselves into learning organizations. The research...
Toward Process-Oriented ERP Implementation
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis paper is a case study of ERP implementation, with a focus on the process perspective of the implementation. The research methodology employs a fact-based principle that combines quantitative and qualitative methods. Data was collected...
Training a Neural Network for Knowledge Discovery
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYNeural networks are widely used in model building for the purpose of knowledge discovery. But network training lacks an optimal strategy to get the most from this analysis tool. This paper utilizes data from a survey on job satisfaction...
Transnational Transorganization Systems: Evolution and Implications for Competitive Strategy
EXECUTIVE SUMMERYThe purpose of this paper is to encourage and aid organizational strategists to develop and employ effective transnational transorganization systems as a means to promote organizational competitiveness. Strategically competitive organizations,...
Undergraduate Male and Female Attitudes about Hypothetical Marketing Moral Dilemmas: Ten Years Later
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis study investigated the attitudinal responses of 305 undergraduate students with respect to nine hypothetical marketing moral dilemmas. Participants varied by gender, class, major, race, religion, and nationality. It was found that...
U.S. Competitiveness in the Auto Industry
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe U.S. auto industry is comprised of "The Big Three" and has dominated the automobile manufacturing industry since it began over 100 years ago. When the foreign markets infiltrated the U.S. auto industry in the 1980's, the changes...
Utilizing Capabilities to Increase Stakeholder Wealth: A Balanced Scorecard Approach
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe balance scorecard can be used to examine the creation of wealth from a stakeholder perspective. While the balanced scorecard is focused upon metrics which measure wealth creation, this study examines what capabilities the firm needs...
We're Going to Shop till We Drop. the Japanese Resurgence for Designer and High Fashion Goods: A Case Study
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Japanese economy is once again alive and well. And one firm riding this wave of prosperity is Chanel. This world famous cosmetics and fashion manufacturer and marketer has enjoyed uncommon success, not only in its native France but...
Will the Real Complexity in Strategic Management Please Stand Up?
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe terminology about organizational and environmental complexity has shifted from 'environmental turbulence' forty years ago, to 'chaos theory' and 'complexity theory' in recent times. But a clear exposition of the concept of complexity...