Perspectives on Language and Literacy

Articles

Vol. 38, No. 3, Summer

Letter from the President
This edition of Perspectives on Language and Literacy brings together a collection of excellent articles about helping students with dyslexia in ways closely tied to our work at IDA. I've summarized some of the key points of these articles below and...
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Dyslexia across Languages: Orthography and the Brain-Gene-Behavior Link
Dyslexia Across Languages: Orthography and the Brain-Gene-Behavior Link Peggy McCardle, Ph.D., M.P.H., Brett Miller, Ph.D., Jun Ren Lee, Ph.D., & Ovid I. L. Tzeng, Ph.D., 2011 Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc. Hardcover. 368 pages. $74.95Over...
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Scientific, Legal, Historical, and Experiential Views of Dyslexia
This issue of Perspectives on Language and Literacy departs from our usual practice of publishing several articles on a single theme. If all of these special articles have something in common, it is that they are written by individuals whose professions...
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Politics (of Reading) Makes Strange Bedfellows
In 2011, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker created the Read to Lead Task Force to develop strategies for improving literacy. Like many states, Wisconsin has a literacy problem: 62% of the eighth grade students scoring at the Basic or Below Basic levels...
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The Legal Issues of Identification and Intervention for K-12 Students with Dyslexia
Fran Doe had some difficulties during the primary grades, especially in reading, but Fran's parents patiently attributed them to the individual developmental differences among young children. However, when these difficulties became more pronounced in...
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A Brief History of Dyslexia: Links across "The Pond"
The story of the relationship between the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) and the British Dyslexia Association (BDA) is built around the story of the charismatic Marion Welchman, the first English woman to become a member of the Council of Advisors...
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An Excerpt from My Dyslexia
Reprinted from My Dyslexia by Philip Schultz (c) 2011 by Philip Schultz. Used with permission of the publisher, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.This much is clear: the mind of a dyslexic is different from the minds of other people. Learning that my problem...
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Vol. 38, No. 2, Spring

It Is Never Too Late!
Thirty years ago, I began my practice in developmental and behavioral pediatrics. Looking back at my early expectations, I naively assumed that practitioners would soon have precise methods for diagnosis and management of learning and behavioral disorders....
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VARIED VIEWPOINTS: The Problem and Potential Solutions for the Struggling Adolescent Reader
BackgroundThe acquisition of reading proficiency has been at the forefront of educational debate at the national, state, and local level for at least a decade. These discussions have resulted in increased attention to research findings, publication of...
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Literacy Intervention for Adolescents in the Public High School
While there are a number of challenges in K-12 public education, nowhere do they seem to have as much impact as in the high school setting. These challenges include increased standards in reading and literacy in academic areas with the adoption of the...
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One Middle School's Journey
After a year-long leave of absence from my school district, I was assigned to be the principal of a large, at-risk middle school. Prior to my leave, I viewed myself as a fairly successful elementary school principal. In four short years, my staff and...
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The Dyslexia Foundation, England: Post 16 Dyslexia Advocacy in the United Kingdom
As the Chief Executive of the Dyslexia Foundation I have been lucky enough to attend the last 12 IDA International Conferences in succession. As a dyslexic academic I have delivered poster presentations and papers at numerous conferences and have visited...
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RTI & Differentiated Reading in the K-8 Classroom
RTI & Differentiated Reading in the K-8 Classroom William N. Bender, Ph.D., and Laura Waller, 2011 Solution Tree. Paperback. 208 pages. $29.95The 21st century has undoubtedly arrived in our schools and our classrooms. Hardly a day passes without...
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Pennsylvania's Secondary RTII Initiative Impact of a Multi-Tiered System of Support in Five Middle Schools
Rationale for Pennsylvania's Secondary RtII Research to Practice InitiativeThere is widespread national, state, and local support for the implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI). The intent of RTI in Pennsylvania is to assist schools with the...
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What Is the Best Choice for Scheduling Remedial Reading Classes at the Middle School Level?
Educators are struggling to address the needs of millions of adolescents with reading difficulties (RD). Currently, research is showing there are over 6 million adolescents (6th- 1 2th grades) reading 4-6 years below grade level who are in need of intensive...
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Vol. 36, No. 1, Winter

A Look Back at Ida's 60th Conference
Dear colleagues and friends,Over 2,000 practitioners, parents, educators, and scientists congregated in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, to enjoy an unparalleled program at our 60th annual conference. Thanks to all of you who participated, and a special thanks...
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New Directions in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Reading Development and Reading Disability
Amore fully integrated neurocognitive understanding of typical and atypical language and reading development is a high priority for researchers from several disciplines including genetics, neuroscience, psychology, and education. In this article I provide...
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Dyslexics Are More Than People with Reading Problems: Genes, Brains, and Treatment Predictions for the Future
I have been a member of the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) for many years. As a student I was impressed with the wealth of information I absorbed at IDA conferences. Later, as a professional and a participant in the development of the science...
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Theme Editors' Summary: DYSLEXIA WITH 2020 VISION
Where Will We Be in the Next W Years?Men might as well project a voyage to the Moon as attempt to employ steam navigation against the stormy North Atlantic Ocean.- Dr. Dionysus Lardner, Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, University College,...
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Norman Geschwind: A Man out of Time
Norman Geschwind once said of Samuel Orton, "He was a man out of his time. The wheel of history has, however, come nearly full circle and again we come to realize the need for the marshalling of a full array of disciplines for the understanding of behavior"...
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Pathology of Superiority: A Predisposition to Dyslexia May Have Advantages
The pattern of cortical development may well reflect a mechanism that is advantageous to the population as a whole, since it leads to a great diversity . . . , and therefore patterns of talent4 (Geschwind & Galaburda, 1987, p. 143).Dyslexia's Advantages...
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Dyslexia, Genes, and the Brain: 10 Years and Beyond
I want to begin by thanking Carolyn Cowen and Gordon Sherman for the opportunity to write for this issue. In my normal working life I am constrained by the requirements of my profession to communicate in a scientifically appropriate manner, meaning that...
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2020's Learning Landscape: A Retrospective on Dyslexia
Presidential Address, 71st IDA Annual Conference, Beijing, 2020(The following article, written by David Rose and Ge Vue in 2010, imagines the future by "pre-creati ng" the Presidential Address at the IDA Annual Conference in 2020.)It is with great pleasure...
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Cassandra's Thoughts about Reading and Time
A single minute released from the chronological order of time creates in the human being a similar release, in order that he may sense the minute.-Proust (1906)With both inspiration and perspicacity, the editors in this special issue of Perspectives...
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Development of "I-Read and Write!"
A Pioneering Effort to Create a Multisensory Structured Language (MSL) Program for ArabicMultisensory structured language (MSL) teaching methods have been shown to result in improved basic reading skills for students with dyslexia and related language...
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Vol. 35, No. 2, Spring

Investigating Comprehension
I hope that you will read with as much interest as I did this timely and important issue of Perspectives on Language and Literacy, focusing on the raison d'être for reading: comprehension. Several decades of research have focused intensely on the mechanisms...
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Theme Editors' Introduction
READING COMPREHENSION: ISSUES AND INSTRUCTIONAL APPLICATIONSFor many years, specific instructional techniques for reading comprehension did not exist because it was assumed that once a student could decode the words and read fluently, comprehension would...
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Reading Comprehension Instruction: Focus on Content or Strategies?
The importance of reading well has never been in dispute. Reading well not only provides practical tools for communication, for work, and, most importantly, for learning itself, it also helps citizens participate fully in the choices that govern communities...
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Dyslexia Association of Singapore
Everyone involved with the Dyslexia Association of Singapore (DAS) was delighted when the DAS was appointed a Global Partner of the International Dyslexia Association (IDA). We have come a long way in less than 20 years when in July 1 989 the Rotary...
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The Importance of Teaching Reading Strategies
While the ability to read and furthermore, to understand what is written, is critical to success in our educational system, our nation's report card in reading achievement is lackluster at best. Moreover, comprehension problems become most apparent when...
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Making Sense of Text: Skills That Support Text Comprehension and Its Development
Successful reading involves the acquisition of two broad sets of skills and knowledge: those that enable accurate and efficient word recognition and those that support comprehension. In this article, I focus on the skills and knowledge that support the...
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Reading with Understanding: Research from the Institute of Education Sciences
Over the past century, reading researchers have made substantial progress in understanding reading - determining what expert readers do during reading, explaining how children learn to read, and uncovering the underlying causes of reading difficulties....
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Comprehension Instruction in the 21st Century
For several years reading researchers have kept a watchful eye on the National Assessment of Educational Progress' (NAEP) "national report card" to determine whether newer teaching methods, textbooks, and interventions were having any significant effect...
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Vol. 35, No. 1, Winter

Perspectives from around the World
When looking at perspectives on dyslexia from around the world, an issue that we might want to consider first is whether dyslexia should be seen as a condition that affects children and adults in many countries. If one considers dyslexia simply from...
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Ida Turns 60!
The year 2009 marks an important milestone in the history of our organization. I look forward to celebrating our 60th anniversary with you by looking back at our rich history and the outstanding individuals who laid the foundations of the organization...
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PERSPECTIVES FROM Brazil
About BrazilBrazil has a population of around 180 million, in a country only slightly smaller than the United States. Over 80% live in urban areas, and an estimated 32% of the rural population lives below the poverty line. The main language spoken is...
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PERSPECTIVES FROM China
CountryThe People's Republic of China is the world's third-largest country by area (9,600,000 square kilometers) and the largest by population (1.3 billion in January 2005). China is bordered by the Mongolian Republic and Russia on the north; by Russia...
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PERSPECTIVES FROM the Arab World
The Arab WorldThis article considers developmental dyslexia from the perspective of the Arab world; a geographically wide and linguistically diverse region incorporating the Gulf Peninsula, the Levant, the eastern part of the Mediterranean, and North...
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The Centre for Child Evaluation & Teaching (CCET)
An IDA Global Partner and a "Centre of Excellence" in the Heart of the Middle EastThe Centre for Child Evaluation & Teaching (CCET) is a non-profit organization, which was established in Kuwait in 1984 to provide assistance for individuals with specific...
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PERSPECTIVES FROM the Philippines
This article defines the policy landscape of Philippine education in relation to literacy and literacy difficulties. Further, it describes the problems encountered by students due to school practices that do not reflect the spirit of these policies....
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PERSPECTIVES FROM Malta
Literacy issues are of central concern in countries across the globe-the ability to read, to communicate, and to develop one's personal and economic independence is a basic fundamental right. Nonetheless, in spite of the recognized needs, in spite of...
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Response to Intervention: Principles and Strategies for Effective Practice
RESPONSE TO INTERVENTION: PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE PRACTICE By Rachel Brown-Chidsey and Mark W. Steege, 2005 Guilford Press. Paperback. 176 pages. $32.00As a part of Guilford Press's Practical Intervention in the Schools Series, this timely...
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Vol. 34, No. 4, Fall

Role of Assessment Accommodations in Accountability
Students with disabilities across the nation participate in assessments that are designed to reveal whether their schools have been successful in ensuring that the students have the knowledge and skills needed for their grade level. These assessments...
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Accurate for All: Universal Design for Learning and the Assessment of Students with Learning Disabilities
The primary goal of universal design in large-scale assessment is to ensure accurate measurement and educational accountability for all participating students. To accomplish this goal requires careful attention to two things: the constructs that are...
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State Reading Assessments and the Inclusion of Students with Dyslexia
The inclusion of students with dyslexia in State accountability assessments is usually straightforward in terms of providing testing accommodations, such as extra testing time. When decisions are made regarding the appropriateness of different testing...
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Special Issues Affecting Inclusion of Students with Dyslexia in Statewide Assessments and Their Implications
The importance of including all eligible students receiving special education under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in the State's assessment system cannot be overstated. Assessing performance based on subgroup population allows...
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Including Students with Dyslexia in the State Accountability System: The Basic Legal Framework
A cohesion created by two federal statutes has raised expectations and opportunities for students with disabilities, including students with dyslexia, to learn to the same standards set for all students. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education...
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Roads Less Traveled
Although I enjoy celebrating how far we have come, it does a disservice to those for whom we care so much not to occasionally bring attention to how far we have yet to go.Problems learning how to read are said to be the reason for 80 to 90% of children...
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Vol. 34, No. 3, Summer

Rti: The Nutshell Revisited
A parachute is of no value without a harness and a rip cord. How is RTI like a parachute? Well, it doesn't work unless all the components are in place and used correctly. If RTI doesn't work, it is not because the concept is faulty.I wrote "RTI and Reading:...
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A School Principal's Perspective
I'm in the school gym with 175 students in front of me. They're leaving in 15 minutes, only to be replaced by a second group of that size. I have students standing with me, waiting to turn the "magnificent whirly twirly character machine, while the others...
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One Determined Dyslexic Mind
When I was nine years old, I still couldn't read. My two older brothers teased me because of it. One brother didn't believe in dyslexia and thought I was just lazy. The other brother teased everyone. I kept on trying and kept on struggling, but still...
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Learning Differences or Advantages - It Depends on How You Look at It
I recently spent the day at the Hamilton School at Wheeler in Providence, Rhode Island, and I had a chance to meet with young adults who are working hard to overcome their learning differences. That night, I delivered a scripted speech to hundreds of...
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What Makes a Great Teacher?
Having attended an independent school for students with learning differences, there are many needs and expectations that I, and other students with learning differences, have for their teachers. Rather than the regular middle school or lower school system,...
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A Teacher's Difference
When I was studying to become a teacher, a significant amount of emphasis was placed on catering to a student's uniqueness, while the teacher's individuality was largely overlooked. As my education progressed, I became increasingly cognizant that society,...
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Up from Illiteracy
I was 47 years old. I had no job. My 25 years of experience as a carpet layer were worthless because my knees were shot. I was living with my uncle, who clearly didn't want me at his house, but I had no money for rent. This was the lowest point of my...
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Sister to Sister: How Does Dyslexia Define You?
I could tell my sister was barely holding back her tears. Even over the long-distance phone line and the sound of her friends in the background, I recognized it."I just needed a little more time!" She explained. "I studied so hard; I knew all the equations....
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I Am Dyslexic, but That's Not All
I was asked to write about my experiences as a dyslexic. As I sit down to do that, I find it difficult to define those experiences and separate them out from all the other facets that make me who I am. The simple fact is, I am dyslexic. It is hard wired...
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Dyslexia: It Has Its Advantages
My first grade teacher called me stupid in front of the whole class because I couldn't spell my last name. The shame I felt at that moment is still with me today. This year I'll turn 60. On that day, long ago, I didn't go home and tell my mom or dad...
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The Extraordinary Characteristics of Dyslexia
Those of us with dyslexia share a common thread of growing up in a society that judges us. In some cases, we have been judged as retarded in our abilities to read or do math. In others, we are seen as less able or less intelligent. In most cases, though,...
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Why Me?
Why me?" "Why couldn't I learn to read when I was in school?" "Why couldn't I read as an adult?" I have asked myself these questions repeatedly.They say that reading opens doors to your future, and reading gives you the opportunity to follow your dreams....
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Learning to Succeed
I have been dyslexic my whole life. Therefore, I have never had the luxury of going through a day or even a moment without dealing with my learning difference. As a result of this, I have the opportunity to observe how others around me learn and com-...
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Thinking Differently about Thinking Differently
The year 1440 was a bad one for dyslexies. Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. Soon after, books were mass-produced, greatly increasing the rapid dissemination of ideas and information. Reading was no longer reserved for monks; anyone could...
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It Is Time to Get Serious about the Talents of Dyslexics
"I knew I was different in the way that I thought, but I didn't realize why I was so dumb at spelling . . . and rote memory and arithmetic. . . . The first time I realized how different . . . brains could be . . . was when I bumped into Jim Olds at a...
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Using the Struggle to Understand Others
I come from a family of five sisters and two brothers who are all readers and were good students in school. I was the shy and quiet sister. I struggled in school and could never figure out how to read, spell words, or solve math problems. I was always...
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Flourishing with Dyslexia
I'm Colin, a card-carrying dyslexic. Dys- lexia is one of the greatest gifts I have been for- tunate enough to be blessed with. Of course it is an inseparable part of my being and hard to know what parts of who I am can be attributed to the big "D."...
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I Take Advantage of What I Have
I usually don't like to say I am dyslexic because it makes me stand out in a negative way and it sounds like I have a disease. I feel like my mind sees things differently than others but in a positive and unique way. In school, instead of coming up with...
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An Eye for Opportunity
Dr. Mei Levine says, "Teachers must realize that the very qualities that trip up a child may be the source of his success as an adult." That was sure true in my case. I couldn't read and I couldn't sit still. What blessings these turned out tobe!Dyslexia...
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Telling Stories out of School
This is a unique issue of Perspectives on Language and Literacy. Obviously, we have many more authors than is usually the case. They are also very diverse. They come from different generations, locations, and walks of life. Furthermore, these are not...
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Vol. 34, No. 2, Spring

A Nosology for Learning Disabilities: A Foundation for the Bridge between Research and Practice
Remembering math facts was difficult for me. It still is. In elementary school I was a basket case; I had difficulty learning how to read and couldn't remember the multiplication tables. Fortunately, not all of my educational experiences were as difficult...
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Writing in Mathematics: Alternative Form of Discourse for Academically Low-Achieving Students
Proficiency in mathematics is a worthy goal for all students. Mathematically proficient students can solve novel problems and justify their thinking, not just apply memorized procedures to standard problems. Kilpatrick, Swafford, and Findell (2001 )...
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Is Literacy Enough? Pathways to Academic Success for Adolescents
IS LITERACY ENOUGH? PATHWAYS TO ACADEMIC SUCCESS FOR ADOLESCENTS by Catherine E. Snow, Ph.D., Michelle V. Porche, Ed.D., Fatten O. Tabors, Ed. D., and Stephanie R. Harris, M.A., 2007 Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc. Paperback. 176 pages. $29.95Educators...
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Dialogue Is Important: Language in Mathematics Classrooms
Occasionally, one hears an educator lament, "Math just doesn't seem to have the kind of research that we have in reading." This comment is as complex as it is curious. It does not take into account that the scope and goals of math differ considerably...
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Promoting Self-Talk to Improve Middle School Students' Mathematical Problem Solving
The importance of discourse in mathematics classrooms has been discussed since the publication of the original Principles and Standards by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM, 1989). Discourse in mathematics classrooms is characterized...
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Using Schema-Based Instruction to Make Appropriate Sense of Word Problems
Mathematical problem-solving skills are critical to successfully function in today's technologically advanced society. Yet, improving students' problem-solving skills has proved to be a significant challenge in the United States. Although the current...
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The Language of Mathematics in Today's Classrooms
"If we add 9 more dots here, what square number do we get?"Carol Jamison is teaching the first lesson of her new unit on multiplication and division. This is the second of three units on this topic in her third-grade curriculum, and it is time to move...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, Winter

Dyslexia and the Case for the Narrow View of Reading
In a recent article, I argued that the longstanding reading crisis in this country can be eliminated by embracing a narrow view of reading (Kamhi, 2007). Unlike the broad view of reading which conflates reading and comprehension, the narrow view restricts...
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Disconnect, the Real "D" Word: A School Practitioner's Perspective on Dyslexia
The term dyslexia has created much long-standing confusion and conflict between parents and school systems across the country. Issues arising from these conflicts are chronic and place students who are struggling readers squarely in the crossfire. Due...
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Dyslexia: Why Precise Definitions Are Important and How We Have Achieved Them
Of all the definitions of different types of learning disability (LD), dyslexia stands out as a type of LD for which clear criteria for identification have been specified (Lyon, 1995; Lyon, Shaywitz, & Shaywitz, 2003). The International Dyslexia...
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How Do I Thank a Word That Has Changed My Life?
Words have started wars and ended wars, they can cause you to cry and to laugh, they inspire and frighten, they teach, and they console. Words allow human beings to communicate their knowledge, feelings, and desires. Some words communicate the big picture...
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Demystifying the "D" Word: Why and How the Term Dyslexia Should Be Used
What's in a word? As Harry Ward Beecher once said, a word is a "peg to hang ideas on." Words, rich in meaning, embody knowledge, ideas, and experience.This issue of Perspectives on Language and Literacy is about the meanings realized and intended by...
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The Importance of Recognizing Dyslexia as an Educational Condition: A Parent-Professional's View
Our Family's StoryOur family's journey began 13 years ago when our children were facing unexpected educational challenges. We had taken up residence on the Big Island of Hawaii where my husband had established a medical practice. Information on reading...
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A Condition Rightly Named: Why Dyslexia Is a Useful Term
The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) was founded as the Orton Society in 1949 in honor of Samuel T. Orton, M.D., a neurologist whose early writings on the diagnosis and treatment of reading disabilities sparked scientific inquiry in medicine,...
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Vol. 33, No. 4, Fall

Adult Educators in the United States: Who Are They and What Do They Know about Teaching Reading?
Although reading is a foundational skill, more than 30 million adults in the United States fall below the basic level of skills needed to perform everyday literacy activities (Kutner, Greenberg, & Baer, 2005). Although these adult learners are very...
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Relating Reading Research to Practice: Two Resources for Adult Education Teachers
Making a connection between what reading researchers have established as effective instruction and what instructors are doing with adult learners is not an easy task. The adult education and literacy field faces a number of difficulties, including (in...
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A Review of the Adult Reading Assessment and Instruction Research
The National Institute for Literacy (the "Institute"), in collaboration with the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, established the Adult Literacy Research Working Group to identify research-based practices for reading instruction...
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Adult Reading Assessment and Instruction: Highlights from the Activities of the Nifl/ncsall Adult Literacy Research Working Group
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) completed a comprehensive assessment of adults' reading ability in 2003, administering a reading test to a representative sample of more than 19,000 people over the age of 16 in households (and prisons)...
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Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention
LEARNING DISABILITIES: FROM IDENTIFICATION TO INTERVENTION by Jack M. Fletcher, Ph.D., G. Reid Lyon, Ph.D., Lynn S. Fuchs, Ph.D., and Marcia A. Barnes, Ph.D., 2007 The Guilford Press Hardcover. 323 pages. $38.00This powerhouse team of authors states...
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Potential Requires Literacy to Grow into Opportunity
In my previous president's messages I have already exposed my prejudices. Being able to read is good; not being able to read is bad. And reading is both the superhighway and the scenic route to knowledge and wisdom. Why is it so hard for millions of...
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Assessment of Reading Components in Adult Education Programs
The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA), Title Ii of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, is the Federal legislation that authorizes adult education programs. This legislation established accountability standards organized around the following...
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Introduction to the Adult Literacy Research Working Group
Until recently, adult literacy practitioners usually designed instruction based on theories and approaches learned in training, opinions of experienced practitioners, and personal experience gained through trial and error. Though this instruction may...
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Adult Life with Dyslexia
"Some individuals with learning disabilities who received educational services during their school-age years believe they are no longer learning disabled. Therefore, they do not see learning disabilities as an issue to deal with in their adult years"...
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Vol. 33, No. 1, Winter

NCLB Assessment for Accountability: Good Teaching or Teaching to the Test?
The federal government defined its specific role in public education for the first time in 1965 when President Lyndon Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) into law. The law outlined and provided funds for many education programs...
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Implementing NCLB: Good Teaching Trumps Teaching to the Test
"... the best preparation for such tests is not mindless testing drills, but extensive student writing, accompanied by thinking, analysis, and reasoning."Douglas Reeves (2004, p. 92)One place to begin an investigation of how best to prepare for a rigorous...
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Approaches to Assessment: IDEA and NCLB
Increased attention has been placed on education in this country since the signing of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. This legislation, the most recent reauthorization of the Elementary and secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, rests upon...
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IDEA 2004: Highlights for Teachers and Related Service Providers
The Part B final regulations of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, commonly known as IDEA 2004, were officially released on August 14, 2006, marking the end of a five-year reauthorization and regulatory period. The U.S. Department...
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NCLB and IDEA: Optimizing Success for Students with Disabilities
"Students with disabilities accrue positive benefits when they are included in school accountability systems. Educators realize that these students also count, just like all other students; they understand that they need to make sure that these students...
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THE READING GLITCH: How the Culture Wars Have Hijacked Reading Instruction-And What We Can Do about It
THE READING GLITCH: How the Culture Wars Have Hijacked Reading Instruction-and What We Can Do About It. by Lee Sherman and Betsy Ramsey. 2006. Rowman & Littlefield Education. Paper. 246 pages. $29.95.One does not "preach to the choir" when writing;...
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The Law and Unintended Consequences
With few exceptions, laws are conceived much more liberally than they are implemented. Laws are conceived in an atmosphere where everything is possible; all teachers are highly qualified and all schools employ a plethora of Reading Intervention Specialists.1...
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Educational Policy: Practical Implementation of Education Legislation
Public education in the United States has undergone profound fundamental changes in scope and focus over the past 40 years. Social, political, and professional influences that drive these changes interact in an interdependent manner to both shape and...
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MULTISENSORY TEACHING OF BASIC LANGUAGE SKILLS: Activity Book
MULTISENSORY TEACHING OF BASIC LANGUAGE SKILLS: Activity Book. by Suzanne Carreker & Judith Birsh. 2005. Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc. Paper. 193 pages. $24.95.Carreker and Birsh are well known to IDA members through their writings and presentations...
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