Georgia Journal of Ecological Anthropology

Articles

Vol. 3, 1999

The U.S. Military as an Informational Environment1
AbstractThe historical development of military organization in the United States has been strongly influenced by the desire to make more precise information available to decision-makers at appropriate levels in the chain of command for national security...
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An Explanatory Model for the Maya Ethnomedical Syndrome Cha'lam Tsots
AbstractAlthough the ethnomedical system of the Highland Maya is generally well understood, little is known about the Tzeltal Maya ethnomedical syndrome Cha'lam tsots, or 'second hair.' In an attempt to better understand the emic conceptualization, and...
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Hierarchy Theory: A Vision, Vocabulary, and Epistemology
Hierarchy Theory: A Vision, Vocabulary, and Epistemology Valerie Ahl and T. F. H. Allen New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 206 pp.There is a growing interest in various fields in the abstract properties of complex systems and ways of studying...
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Practical Field Considerations for Time Allocation Study
AbstractThis paper briefly describes four methods of time allocation study and examines the use of one of them, the 'random spot-check,' in the field. Time allocation methods provide quantitative data that is particularly useful for environmental or...
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Information as Verb: Re-Conceptualizing Information for Cognitive and Ecological Models
AbstractCurrent notions of information are inadequate for ecological and cognitive models because they: 1) only account for information gain that results from reducing uncertainty; 2) assume binary logic; 3) fail to account for semantics and pragmatics;...
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Preface
The Georgia Journal of Ecological Anthropology continues to grow as we strive to provide a forum for the expression of innovative and creative ideas in this varied and interdisciplinary field. Beginning with this issue, the GJEA will feature two new...
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Striking a Balance: Improving Stewardship of Marine Areas
Striking a Balance: Improving Stewardship of Marine Areas National Research Council Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997. 177 pp.The result of a 1993 National Marine Board forum, Striking a Balance is a research report which documents the findings...
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Prospectus for Information Ecology
Opening StatementInformation Ecology (hereafter IE) is a field of inquiry being developed, in part, by members of the Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia (Appendix A). The following prospectus represents a work in progress and is the latest...
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Challenge to the Nation-State: Immigration in Western Europe and the United States
Challenge to the Nation-State: Immigration in Western Europe and the United States Christian Joppke, Editor New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. 360 pp.In highly developed Western countries, popular notions run rampant about a weakening of the nation-state's...
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Vol. 2, 1998

Preface
Reflecting trends in ecological anthropology as a whole, the Georgia Journal of Ecological Anthropology continues to grow and mature. I recently had the privilege of organizing a session for the American Anthropological Association meetings in Washington,...
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Complex Adaptive Systems, Evolutionism, and Ecology within Anthropology: Interdisciplinary Research for Understanding Cultural and Ecological Dynamics
We now know that far from equilibrium, new types of structures may originate spontaneously. In far-from-equilibrium conditions we may have transformation from disorder, from thermal chaos, into order. New dynamic states of matter may originate, states...
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Conceptualizing Prehistoric Water Scarcity in the Central Maya Lowlands: The Influence of a Critical Resource on Settlement Patterns and Political Economy
The dispersed settlement pattern of the Ancient Maya may have evolved in part as a consequence of the limited amount of permanent water available on the Karstic landscape (Scarborough 1996, p. 314).The Ecological SettingMany years of research by archaeologists,...
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The Evolution of Human Ecological Systems during the Period of European Colonization and Mercantile Expansion: A Preliminary Assessment
IntroductionThis paper, as the title suggests, deals with a broad-ranging and difficult subject, and one that anthropology, for the most part, has eschewed and left to history and geography. However, anthropology, with its emphasis on holism and its...
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An Essay on Sustainable Use: Harnessing the Market for Conservation and Development1
IntroductionExclusion of local communities from the ecosystems on which their livelihoods and lifeways depend, in the interest of ecosystem protection, always results in poverty and very often in ecosystem degradation. People cannot and should not be...
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The Name of Crow: A Cross-Cultural Survey of Terms for the Genus Corvus
IntroductionIt often has been claimed that the real utility of human language lies in its arbitrary nature, in our ability to imbue an object, a thing, a thought with transmittable meaning merely by our agreement that certain arbitrary sounds represent...
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An Essay on Lifespan Development from the Perspective of Information Ecology
IntroductionHuman ontogeny may be viewed as a course of transitions through informational states. This paper is an attempt to model the informational niches through which some individuals pass in American society. The individual modeled is an essentialized...
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Vol. 1, 1997

Can Gaharu Be Harvested Sustainably? A Case Study from East Kalimantan, Indonesia
IntroductionSince the late 1980s, non-government organizations (NGOs), agricultural extension workers, and international development agencies have devoted increasingly more attention to the potential for managing and sustainably exploiting non-timber...
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Conservation and Culture: Natural Resource Management and the Local Voice
IntroductionContemporary natural resource management is expanding its focus as a result of the dynamic interchange between conservationists and local people residing in or near the world's protected wildlands. "Whereas conservation efforts previously...
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Editor's Note for the Second Edition: Towards an Information Ecology1
There is a reason why past "ecological approaches" have failed, and it lies not in ecology but in the selfstyled "cultural ecologists." Modern ecologists, who not only analyze but even simulate dynamic ecosystems, take into consideration that all populations...
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The HTO Influence
The HTO Influence Maximum Power: The Ideas and Applications of H. T. Odum. Charles A. S. Hall (ed.) University Press of Colorado. 1995. 393 pp. $49.95 (cloth)This volume grew out of a symposium held in Chapel Hill to celebrate the lifetime achievements...
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Biodiversity Revisited
Biodiversity Revisited Biodiversity II. Marjorie L. Reaka-Kudla, Don E. Wilson, and Edward O. Wilson (eds.) Joseph Henry Press. 1997. 551 pp. $34.95 (cloth)The publication of BioDiversity (Wilson and Peters 1988) brought into being a word for which both...
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Schistosoma Japonicum Infection: A Hidden Cost of China's Three Gorges Dam?
IntroductionIn 1919, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen proposed improving shipping conditions and developing hydroelectric power generation in the "Three Gorges" section of the Yangtze River. During the 1930s, research on the project done by the Kuomintang government...
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Transforming Herds and Herders: Modeling the Evolution of Himalayan Pastoralism
Introduction: Himalayan Subsistence TypesAdaptation to the constraints (and potentialities) of high-elevation, mountainous environments has been a popular theme of anthropologists, as well as geographers and other writers. Orlove and Guillet (1985) discuss...
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The Introduction of the European Colonial and Mercantile World into New England: Transformations of Human Ecosystems
In the history of what was to become the northeast United States, there was a dramatic change in the non-human environment and the human sociocultural systems between the pre-colonial and colonial periods. Prior to human inhabitation of the area, change...
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The Marx of Mondragón?
The Marx of Mondragón?The Myth of Mondragón: Cooperatives, Politics, and Working-Class Life in a Basque Town. Sharryn Kasmir. State University of New York Press. 1996. 243 pp. $23-95 (pb)The Mondragón cooperative system in Northern Spain is one that...
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