IPA Review

Articles from Vol. 47, No. 4, 1995

Breaking out of the Award System
WHEN the Berlin Wall fell at the end of the Cold War, it symbolized the end of the authoritarian and centralized control of the lives of half of the peoples of Europe. The collapse of the wall was spectacular, but resulted from generations of people...
Confidence in Ourselves
IN his large and impressive A History of the Modern World, Paul Johnson identifies the unfolding logic of relativism as the most corrosive influence on Western civilization this century. It began with Einstein's theory of the relativity of time and space;...
Economics on Trial
The Death of Economicsby Paul OrmerodFaber: London, 1994ATTACKS ON the practice and profession of economics are not new to Australians. For some years now we have seen a succession of books and conferences denouncing, in particular, the evils of 'economic...
Estranged Relations
As an Englishman, I feel immediately at home in Australia; by comparison, America is alien and incomprehensible. Yet, such is the power of contemporary myth, that I never expected to find Australia so congenial; for our two countries have almost ceased...
Federalism Burgeons Overseas
IN the US, strengthening the Federal system is on the agenda of both the Republicans -- who now control both houses of Congress for the first time in 40 years -- and even so-called 'New Democrats'(1), of whom President Clinton claims to be one.One of...
Femostats
SENATOR Gareth Evans recently launched a report by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), The State of the World's Children 1995. One of the report's 70 or so pages was headed (somewhat oddly given the main title of the report) "The Greatest Abuse...
Lies, Damned Lies and the Media
MANY old Treasury hands (and not a few others) will recall the penchant of Sir William McMahon, Australia's Treasurer from 1966 to 1969 and Prime Minister from 1971 to 1972, for rattling off statistics about the economy's performance that bore little...
More at Stake Than Woodchips
WOODCHIPPING is an emotive issue because few industries encapsulate the dilemmas confronting modern Australia so completely. Woodchipping is a complex issue and can only be understood in the context of Australia's history, economy and ecology. It goes...
Narrow Horizons
THE recent appearance of a book entitled Australian Civilisation has once again raised the question of how best to describe the sorts of activities and flourishings in which Australians engage. Americans quite proudly refer to 'American civilization'...
Out of Court
A QUESTION relating to the independence of the judiciary arose recently as a by-product of a quite different issue.A Major policy of the Kennett Government in Victoria has been to raise the State's profile. In pursuing that aim its most spectacular commercial...
Politicians Inc
IF you listen very carefully, you might soon hear one vested interest group quietly celebrating a 100 per cent pay rise, courtesy of Australian taxpayers. But the Australian taxpayers are unlikely to hear of this increase being attacked in Parliament...
Rethinking Family Change
The demographic changes in American families during the past few decades are well known. By 1965, the birth rate had dropped to the level that existed prior to the post-war 'baby boom', the divorce rate began a steep increase that was to lead to a doubling...
Right and Wrong
The Book of VirtuesCompiled by William J. BennettBookman PressTHE ENTHUSIASTIC reception which has greeted William J. Bennett's 832-page anthology of "great moral stories", essays and verse has surprised cynics and nihilists, but nobody else. Reviews...
Russian Roulette
Russian 2010by Daniel Yergin and Thane GustafsonNicholas Brealey PublishingDistributed in Australian by Allen & UnwinTHE DEFEAT of communism and the collapse of the Soviet Union seemed to herald a new era of stability and democracy, not least for...
Science & Superstition
THE Arts have declared war on the Sciences -- a war for the soul of modern man. If this sounds far-fetched and apocalyptic, anyone inclined to dismiss it should first study the evidence presented in a new and important book. Higher Superstition: The...
Universities in Uniform
"The French Revolution caused great loss of life, liberty, fraternity, etc., and was, of course, a Good Thing, since the French were rather degenerate at the time .... The French Revolution is very interesting and romantic; quite near the beginning of...
When Is Shooting Justified?
OVER the last few years members of the Victoria Police have been responsible for a significantly larger number of killings than their counterparts in other States. These recent killings raise the important issue of the moral justification for police...
Why Australia Needs Research
IN an issue of New Scientist (16 January 1993), former Commissioner for the Future and current head of the Science Policy Research Centre at Griffith University, Professor Ian Lowe, made the comment: "Research aimed at putting people out of work worries...