Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Journal furnishing social scientific analysis to understand problems of social policy, politics, and welfare.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, March

Citizen Participation in Neighborhood Organizations in Poor Communities and Its Relationship to Neighborhood and Organizational Collective Efficacy
Collective efficacy describes residents' perceptions regarding their ability to work with their neighbors to intervene in neighborhood issues to maintain social control and solve problems. This study examines whether citizen participation in neighborhood...
Financial Knowledge of the Low-Income Population: Effects of a Financial Education Program
This study examines the effects of one large financial management training program for low-income people. The data are from tests of pre- and post-training financial knowledge of 163 participants. The test was designed to measure basic knowledge of...
Social Assistance and the Challenges of Poverty and Inequality in Azerbaijan, a Low-Income Country in Transition
Although low-income countries in transition are facing the challenges of poverty and inequality, evidence on the performance of safety nets in these countries is scarce. This article uses micro-file data from a nationally representative household budget...
The Earned Income Tax Credit: A Study of Eligible Participants vs. Non-Participants
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this study (N = 1,504) showed that about half the EITC eligible tax fliers in 2001 did not file EITC tax returns and that differences between EITC tax fliers and non-EITC tax fliers varied...
The Effect of Parental Work History and Public Assistance Use on the Transition to Adulthood
Though available data suggest a relationship between poverty and emerging adulthood, fewer studies have been conducted to assess whether parental work or public assistance mediates these outcomes. Using the National Survey of Families and Households,...
The Sequential Costs of Poverty: What Traditional Measures Overlook
This research note proposes an addition to the poverty measurement debate. Motivated by dissatisfaction with the official poverty measure, which many scholars and practitioners share, we propose the use of sequential costs of poverty to enrich the...
The Severely-Distressed African American Family in the Crack Era: Empowerment Is Not Enough
Numerous African American families have struggled for generations with persistent poverty, especially in the inner city. These conditions were further strained during the 1980s and 1990s by the widespread use of crack cocaine. For many, crack use became...
The Social and Economic Impact of Sanctions and Time Limits on Recipients of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
A central feature of the reforms enacted through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (welfare reform) has been the adoption of strategies to involuntarily remove Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) recipients...
Welfare to Web to Work: Internet Job Searching among Former Welfare Clients in Florida
This study provides the first empirical test of whether searching for jobs on the Internet can help people gain access to high quality jobs. Using new data from former welfare clients in Florida, we present results from a multivariate regression analysis...
When Policy Meets Practice: The Untested Effects of Permanency Reforms in Child Welfare
The Adoption and Safe Families Act (P.L. 105-89; ASFA) passed into federal law in 1997. ASFA emphasized child protection over family preservation, and introduced reforms intended to increase the likelihood and the speed with which children in the child...