Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 4, December

Coping with Acute Stress in Sport as a Function of Gender: An Exploratory Study
Acute stress, a persistent and inherent feature of competitive sport, consists of time-limited and short-term events (e.g., making an error or receiving a penalty from the official during the contest) can unfavorably affect performance. Typical responses...
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Expectations and Coaching Experience: Is More Better?
Expectancy theory, also referred to as the self-fulfilling prophecy effect, originated as an intriguing axiom about teachers' influences on students' performances. This phenomenon explains a situation in which one's perception of an individual influences...
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Fan or Fanatic: Refining a Measure of Sports Involvement
Sports fans are a unique group of individuals to study because many are highly involved and have an emotional attachment to sport. While there have been many studies that have examined the importance of sports to people (e.g., Wann, 1995), there has...
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Gender Bias: A Study of High School Track & Field Athletes' Perceptions of Hypothetical Male and Female Head Coaches
Since the introduction of Title IX by Congress in 1972, the number of female high school athletes has risen dramatically. Unexpectedly, during that same period, the number of female coaches at the high school level has actually decreased in proportion...
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Influence of Psychogenic Factors during a Prolonged Maximal Run
Several researchers (Benson, Dryer, & Hartley, 1978; Hatfield, Spalding, Mahon, Slater, Brody, & Vaccaro, 1992; Morgan, 1985; Williams, Krahenbuhl, & Morgan, 1991) have demonstrated that psychogenic factors (e.g., hypnosis, meditation,...
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Leader Member Exchange Theory and Sport: Possible Applications
During the past thirty years, a number of leadership studies have been completed in sport settings. These studies have, for the most part, utilized and tested existing leadership theories and models. Despite these efforts, the study of leadership behavior...
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Personality Characteristics of Competitive and Recreational Cyclists
The psychological characteristics of athletes have been of tremendous interest in the field of sports psychology for the past 20 years (Cratty, 1989). A number of studies have investigated the contribution of psychological variables to athletic performance...
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Predictors of Performance in the National Hockey League
Over the past three decades, interest in the sport of ice hockey has grown at a substantial rate, Evidence of this phenomenon is ubiquitous: the National Hockey League (NHL) - the universally acknowledged top professional league in the world (Fischler...
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The Influence of Physical Activity and Theoretically Relevant Variables in the Use of Drugs: The Deterrence Hypothesis Revisited
Although empirical studies of the association between physical activity and delinquent behavior have produced equivocal results, a widely held belief regarding the salacious effects of sport participation is that it is a deterrent to deviant behavior....
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The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Perceived Purposes of Sport among Youth Sport Participants
One contemporary framework for examining motivational processes among youth sport participants has been to adopt a goal perspective approach (Duda, 1989; 1992). This theory emphasizes the motivational significance of differences in goal perspectives...
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