Melbourne Journal of Politics

An interdisciplinary academic journal publishes articles in political science and theory, public policy, international relations, European studies, post-colonial students and sociology.

Articles

Vol. 35, Annual

Positive Action for Women in Japan's Liberal Democratic Party: A One-Off?
Introduction In 2005, the percentage of women in the Lower House of the Japanese national assembly, the Diet, reached a historic nine per cent, surpassing the almost sixty year record of 8.4 per cent which was set in 1946, the first year women gained...
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Reviewing Labor's Internal Reviews 1966-2010: 'Looking Forward, Looking Backwards'
Introduction Since the ALP began considering why it couldn't win federal office in the post-Evatt period, it has held fairly regular internal reviews. Each time it has asked Party and union members to posit reasons for federal (and sometimes state)...
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Fatah's Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades: Armed Struggle as a Response to a Crisis of Legitimacy
Introduction Since its inception in the late 1950s, the Fatah movement has developed several armed wings. Some such as al-Asifa (the Storm), the Fatah Hawks and the Black Panthers have been officially recognised, while others, such as the Black...
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Clinton, Bush and Obama: Transitional Options
Introduction While the significance of nuclear weapons has remained a significant pillar in U.S. security policy across the Clinton, Bush and Obama administrations, there have been subtle differences and notable variations. In terms of the Clinton...
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When Protest Makes Policy: How Social Movements Represent Disadvantaged Groups
When Protest Makes Policy: How Social Movements Represent Disadvantaged Groups S. Laurel Weldon, Ann Arbour, University of Michigan Press, 2011. 231pp. ISBN 9780472117482 $113.99 (hardcover) The introduction of When Protest Makes Policy...
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Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State
Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State Dana Priest and William M. Arkin New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2011. 296pp. ISBN: 9780316182218 Confirm price with your local retailer Two-time Pulitzer Prize winner...
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Alternative and Activist New Media
Alternative and Activist New Media Leah A. Lievrouw Polity Press, 2011, 294 pp. 9780745641843 $29.95 (paperback) Lievrouw's addition to Polity's Digital Media and Society series offers a well read and written introduction to the socio-political...
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Unmaking War, Remaking Men: How Empathy Can Reshape Our Politics, Our Soldiers and Ourselves
Unmaking War, Remaking Men: How Empathy can Reshape our Politics, our Soldiers and Ourselves Kathleen Barry North Melbourne, Spinifex Press, 2010. 246pp. ISBN 0982796706 $34.95 AUD (paperback) Unmaking War, Remaking Men Unmaking War...
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Vol. 34, Annual

Economics and Political Survival: The Experience of the Palestinian Leadership under Yasser Arafat, 1994-2004
Introduction The Islamic Resistance Movement's (HAMAS) surprise electoral victory at the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections ended Fatah's monopoly of power in the Palestinian political arena. Since the signing of the Oslo Accords...
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Lobby Groups and Front Groups: Industry Tactics in the Climate Change Debate
Introduction Australian industry (1) has had an extensive and often hidden engagement in the climate change debate in Australia. Industry has actively influenced both the formal and public agendas and shaped policy outcomes. I begin with theories...
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Towards an Intellectual History of the Australian New Left: Some Definitional Problems
There is no book-length history of the New Left in Australia, much less one which focuses on its intellectual aspects. (1) Sociologist and former 1970s' radical Peter Beilharz has suggested one reason for the lack of a 'more probing work on the period'...
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The Influence of National Interest in Aid Policy Making: A South Pacific Illustration
Aid is expected to advance the donor's political and commercial interests, assist the recipient's economic growth, and reallocate resources to poor people. These separate objectives are loaded on to individual projects like baubles onto a...
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Bill of Rights in Australia: History, Politics and Law
Bill of Rights in Australia: History, Politics and Law Andrew Bynes, Hilary Charlesworth and Gabrielle McKinnon Sydney: UNSW Press, 2008, 256pp. ISBN 9781921410178 (pbk) $34.95 Writing the foreword to this book, Philip Alston of New...
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Fear of Security: Australia's Invasion Anxiety
Fear of Security: Australia's Invasion Anxiety Anthony Burke Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, 2008. 289 pp. ISBN 9780521714273 (pbk.) $24.95 Fear of Security. Australia's Invasion Anxiety is a revised version of the initial work...
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Conservatism and American Political Development
Conservatism and American Political Development Brian J. Glenn and Steve M. Teles New York, Oxford University Press, 2009. 392pp. ISBN 0195373936 (pbk) $24.95 For many American liberals, the years of Lyndon Johnson's Presidency are remembered...
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Environmental Skepticism: Ecology, Power and Public Life
Environmental Skepticism: Ecology, Power And Public Life Peter J. Jacques Farnham, Ashgate, 2009. 222pp. ISBN 075467102X / 9780754671022 (hbk.) $133.10 A central concern of environmental political theory has been whether the non-human...
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Embedding Global Markets: An Enduring Challenge
Embedding Global Markets: An Enduring Challenge. John G. Ruggie (Ed) Burlington, VT.: Ashgate, 2008, 272 pp. ISBN: 9780754674542 (Hbk.) $157.30 In 1982 John Ruggie introduced us to the concept of embedded liberalism in the article 'International...
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Vol. 32, Annual

Military Privatisation and Its Impact on the Nature of Warfare
Abstract The rise and proliferation of private military companies (PMCs) came in response to the changing political, strategic and economic environment following the Cold War. Certain places more than others, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, have...
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'Strange Bedfellows?' Security, Humanitarianism and the Politics of Protection
Abstract The 'politics of protection' is overwhelmingly a politics of competing discourses about the legitimacy and authority to protect, i.e., who has a right to act as protector, in what circumstances and within what kind of limits. Yet one of...
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London, July 2005: A Failure of Security?
Abstract This paper is a detailed study of the group psychology of the population of London during the events of July 2005. The consideration includes analysis of the symbolic and functional roles of the security forces and governing authorities...
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Escaping India: An Explanation of Pakistan's Middle East Orientation
Abstract Pakistan is an integral part of South Asia in geographic, cultural, linguistic and historic terms but its rulers have emphasized the country's relations with the Middle East since independence in 1947. The desire to simultaneously find...
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Conceptualising European Union Legitimacy through Democratic Participation
Abstract Against a backdrop of democratic and legitimacy theory, I critically re-examine the European Union's purported 'democratic deficit' and question whether it has continued relevance as a 'de-legitimating' force. I consider the provisions...
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Hidden in the Curriculum: Political Literacy and Education for Citizenship in Australia
Abstract For almost 30 years the concept of 'political literacy' has been the focus of academic commentary as well as providing a theoretical framework for education. The term was recently described in the United Kingdom as the acquisition of the...
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Vol. 31, Annual

The Mix of Policy Rationales in Science and Technology Policy
Abstract During the last twenty years significant shifts in the use of science and technology policy instruments of OECD-countries have taken place. This article asks if we can discern any coherent pattern in the policy design guiding these shifts....
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Australian Intergovernmental Relations and the National Emissions Trading Scheme
Abstract Australia's subnational governments are in the process of developing a national carbon trading scheme, despite Commonwealth Government opposition to domestic emissions trading. Through the proposed National Emissions Trading Scheme (NETS),...
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Rights and Wrongs: Intercultural Ethics and Female Genital Mutilation
Abstract Female genital mutilation is a cultural practice affecting the lives of millions of women. Because of its multi-faceted nature, the issue frustrates conventional theoretical frameworks such as feminism or human rights. Contemporary academic...
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Negative Exposure: A Snapshot of ATSIC in Australia's Mainstream Print Media
Abstract The news media plays a significant role in informing members of society about the world around them. The power of media includes influencing what is news and what gets published, and their ability to represent events and situations in certain...
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Objective, Relative or Plural? Value Pluralism and the Status of Universal Values (1)
Abstract Recent debates about the concept of value pluralism have sought to draw out important implications for political thought and practice. A key issue has been the idea that there exists a set of "universal values 'that captures the outline...
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Mapping, Enumeration and Government under Chinese Socialism
Abstract This paper employs notions of mapping and governmentality to investigate practices of government under Chinese socialism. Projects of enumeration such as the household registration system and the National Census are presented as administrative...
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Vol. 30, Annual

The 'ASEAN Way': Towards Regional Order and Security Cooperation?
Abstract ASEAN is often regarded as the paragon case of successful regional security cooperation, and attributes its achievement to its political formula: the behavioural and procedural norms that have now become the bedrock of the organisation,...
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'Quite Good Theatre'? the Productivity Commission and Architectural Regulation
Abstract The Inquiry into architectural regulation was the first national, public review of the regulation of a profession under National Competition Policy. Architects urged maintenance of regulation; the Productivity Commission, equally predictable,...
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Vol. 29, Annual

Political Legacies: Australian Political Studies and the University of Melbourne
ABSTRACT The Department of Political Science at the University of Melbourne is the oldest political studies department in Australia. It had its origins in the pioneering efforts of William Macmahon Ball in the interwar period, culminating in the...
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Is Smog Democratic? Environmental Justice in the Risk Society
ABSTRACT Sociologist Ulrich Beck states that 'poverty is hierarchic, while smog is democratic' (1). In this article, it is argued that this claim is misguided. The environmental justice movement has shown that environmental risks are unevenly distributed...
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The Role of the Commonwealth Attorney-General in Appointing Judges to the High Court of Australia
ABSTRACT Daryl William's statement while attorney-general that, 'it ought to be concluded that the perception that the attorney-general exercises important functions independently of politics and in the public interest is either erroneous or at...
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Rethinking Democracy: The End of Democratic Transitions?
ABSTRACT The literature on democratic transitions and consolidations is struggling to properly understand a growing number of regimes that fail to conform to existing typologies. These regimes lie within a grey zone between the black and white dichotomy...
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Bonding, Bridging and Investment: Important Aspects of a National Social Capital Policy Strategy
ABSTRACT SOCIAL CAPITAL CAN BE BUILT THROUGH INVESTMENT IN EMPLOYMENT AND EDUCATION, THOUGH DIFFERENT FORMS OF CAPITAL--BONDING AND BRIDGING CAPITAL--GENERATE CONFLICTING CLAIMS ON SUCH INVESTMENT. THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE SUGGESTS...
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Responsibility and Time for Escape: The Meaning of Wellbeing to Young Australians
ABSTRACT This paper uses a sociological perspective to explore the way that young people talk about wellbeing. It draws on interviews with 62 young people from a Victorian regional centre. The interviews are explored using the theory of individualisation,...
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Young People, Habitus and Opinions about Politics
ABSTRACT This paper examines the engagement of young people in Australia with the field of politics in terms of Bourdieu's notion of habitus. Survey responses of pre-voting youth at three very different schools indicate a sense of being left out...
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Vol. 28, Annual

A Net Opportunity: Australian Political Parties on the Internet
ABSTRACT In recent years, some elaborate claims have been made about how the Internet can revolutionise politics. While the Internet is not a panacea for all problems, it does present a number of opportunities. It is fast, inexpensive, flexible,...
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Antinomies of Agency, Structure and Technology: A Case Study
ABSTRACT Twentieth century sociology and political science posited two pre-eminent counter-factuals to agency. These entities were social structure and instrumental reason, including the letter's attendant technologies. An unusual case study is...
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Surrogacy: All the Features of a Relationship That Could Go Wrong?
ABSTRACT Surrogacy arrangements have been a feature of family formation for centuries. However, their practice has not been embraced as an acceptable way of allowing infertile couples to form a family. The notion of a surrogacy arrangement raises...
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Beyond Technoglobal Corporatisation: Toward a Wild Politics
ABSTRACT The argument of this paper (1) is that globalisation depends on an ideology that takes as its inspiration accumulation: the accumulation of wealth, of personal glory or of individualistic freedoms. The ideology valorises universalisation...
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Annual

The Politics of Federation. (Centenary of Federation Special)
Although federation was essentially a political act, putting in place a new sphere of governance, little attention has been paid to the achievement of federation as a political process. This paper addresses the politics of federation. Its starting...
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Federation and National Identity in Canada and Australia: A Comparative Perspective. (Centenary of Federation Special)
Can representative democratic government work where there exist significant and enduring differences of group identity? It is sometimes suggested that one of the answers to the tensions between identity politics and democracy might be the creation...
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Can't Wait for the Sequel: Australian Federation as Unfinished Business. (Centenary of Federation Special)
Geography is a central organising principle behind federalism in Australia, providing indispensable material for historical analysis and future constitutional development. However, while federation was vital to the evolution of institutions for reconciling...
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Active Citizenship: A Role for Women Municipal Councillors? (I) (Articles)
Citizenship is a central concept in western political thinking and one that has attracted considerable attention in academic and political debates of recent years. (II) Nevertheless, citizenship is an ambiguous term, encompassing a range of political,...
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Mark Latham, the Third Way and the Australian Welfare State. (Articles)
This article explores the political philosophy known as the Third Way, and its approach to the welfare state. Third Way ideas are seen as a response by social democrats to the global social and economic changes impacting on traditional welfare states....
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Republicanising the Head of State. (Critical Comment)
The seminar, "Republicanising the Australian Head of State: The Way Forward", chaired within the Political Science Department by Professor Brian Galligan on 11 October 2000, focused on my book, Democracy: choosing Australia's republic (MUP, 1999)....
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Vol. 26, No. 0, Annual

Towards a Feminist International Political Economy
To create a feminist international political economy (IPE) we must challenge both the scope and assumptions of traditional IPE. The spheres in which women are involved in the international political economy, as well as the gendered nature of international...
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The Ideology of the Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS): From the Charity Model to Welfarism to Social Justice
Historical literature on Australian social policy has explored a number of differing perspectives. Much analysis has focused on the Australian Labor Party/Liberal Party Left/Right ideological split as the key to understanding the policy debate (1),...
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You Get What You Pay For: Local Print Media Coverage of the 1998 Australian Federal Election *
Journalist A: I get really angry when candidates pressure journalists to run with their press releases when they are unwilling to pay for advertising space. Candidates should pay for more advertising space. It's not fair that candidates think they...
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Peacekeeping and the Lusaka Protocol *
Few governments are more deserving of revolutionary overthrow than that of President Eduardo dos Santos. Few rebel movements are less deserving to accomplish that overthrow than that of Jonas Savimbi. Simon Barber In 1993, Angola was in the eighteenth...
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Charitable Interpretations: The Industry Commission Tells a Story
"When I use a word," Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, "it means just what I choose it to mean -- neither more or less." "The question is,' said Alice, `whether you can make words mean so many different things." "The question is,"...
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A Reply to David Tacey's What Are We Afraid Of?: Intellectualism, Aboriginality, and the Sacred (1)
In responding to my essay (2) critically examining his book Edge Of the Sacred (3), David Tacey rejects my criticism that he is imposing "alien" archetypal structures upon Aboriginal culture on the grounds that "the claim of archetypal theory is that...
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Vol. 25, Annual

The Reconciliation `Bargain'
We live in times of sharp social, legal, and economic divisions, here and abroad. We approach the next century with the belief (or the hope) that--by the effluxion of time, experience and growth--it should be a much better one. We point to virulent...
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Alan Missen Memorial Lecture
Parliament House, Canberra Wednesday, 27 August 1997. To deliver a lecture in honour of the memory of the late Senator Alan Missen over lunch, a lunch held just prior to Question Time, is to risk doing much less than justice to his memory. Neither...
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Overcoming Uncertainty: Wik Peoples V Queensland
Introduction When Prime Minister Howard travelled to Longreach in 1997 to promote his response to the High Court's Wik judgment,(1) he claimed that he was "absolutely amazed at the level of fear and misinformation" about native title present in...
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Foundations for Reconciliation in Social Science: The Political Thought of C.D. Rowley(*)
We have inherited quite a grim history, as so many other nations have; and for many reasons we must learn to apply to the facts of our own past and to current attitudes the same sociological principles which is it so much easier for us to...
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Metaphors of Light and Darkness: The Politics of `Black Armband' History
We are witnessing a deliberate attack on our values, a deliberate attack on those who wish to promote merit and excellence, a deliberate attack on our heritage and our past. And there are those who gnaw away at our national self-respect,...
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When Pauline Speaks: Parliamentary Speech and Reconciliation
Introduction Pauline Hanson's comments in Parliament on the so-called `race issue' have been hurtful and divisive. She has referred to "the privileges that Aboriginals enjoy over other Australians" and has been critical of the so-called `guilt'...
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Aboriginal Reconciliation: Transformations in Settler Nationalism
We have to amend the past wrongs, promote an understanding between all Australians for a better relationship and accept that we are one nation. (The Hon. Helen Sham-Ho, Liberal Party MLC, NSW.) Reconciliation is the building of a united Australia...
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The Truth Hurts: Psychoanalytic Speculations on Reconciliation
If the perception of reality entails unpleasure, that perception--that is, the truth--must be sacrificed. (Sigmund Freud(1)) Since the arrival of white settlers in Australia in 1788, official historiography has been hegemonic. It tells a tale of terra...
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Voting Rights and the Image of the Nomad
Introduction It is a feature of the literature surrounding Aboriginal identity that Aboriginal agency is most obvious and most easily detected in the period since 1967. For reasons of opportunism and imported practices and influences, the political...
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The Jungian Quest for the Aborigine Within: A Close Reading of David Tacey's Edge of the Sacred: Transformation in Australia(1)
The opinion is now frequently expressed that the acquisition of Aboriginal cultural property will assist non-Aborigines in overcoming a range of afflictions that they allegedly suffer. To list but some of these, it is posited that Aboriginal cultural...
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What Are We Afraid Of?: Intellectualism, Aboriginality, and the Sacred
I thank the editors of the Melbourne Journal of Politics for the opportunity to offer some brief response to Mitchell Rolls. The differences between my own intellectual position and his reductive or materialist worldview strike me as almost insurmountable....
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Vol. 24, Annual

Feminism, Psychoanalysis and Identity Politics: An Interview with Jane Flax
MJP: Where did you do your undergraduate study and your dissertation:? Jane Flax: I did my undergraduate study at Berkeley, I graduated in 1969. Then I went to Yale and did my graduate work. I got my PhD in 1974 Both degrees were in political science....
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Travelling with Lingis: An Interview with Alphonso Lingis
Introduction Alphonso Lingis is currently professor of philosophy at Penn State University. Lingis was born of Lithuanian emigrant parents, he studied in Belgium and continues to travel extensively throughout the world. His early publications included...
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Research and Its Discontents
N.B: I have sought to use the standard format for `scientific' papers in order to demonstrate the difficulties of doing social `science'. Objective: To determine whether the new self-conscious `gay' groups in Southeast Asia (and by extension in...
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Prefacing Research on the Global Gay
Dennis Altman's paper "Research and its Discontents" aims to raise methodological issues that would accompany any investigation into the modalities of homosexuality in Southeast Asia. The central empirical question it raises is the extent to which...
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Comment on "Research and Its Discontents"
This short piece exploring the development of versions of homosexualities in Southeast Asia throws light on a number of key issues about research both into this issue and into research more generally in the region. A central point coming out of Altman's...
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Ontology against Performativity
Contemporary feminist debates over the meanings of gender lead time and again to a certain sense of trouble, as if the indeterminacy of gender might eventually culminate in the failure of feminism. Perhaps trouble need not carry such a negative valence....
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Sows on Heat and Disoriented Boars - Straight Sex from Bali to Melbourne
Sexual relationships between Balinese and tourists (turis) who visit Bali are common practice. Andrew Duff-Cooper posits that "non-locals on holiday enhance their time with sex".(1) Both the tourist and the local seek out the exotic in one another,...
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Alternative Communities, Alternatives to Community(*)
Introduction: An Offering ... And All the Angels of Heaven Besides A little tree stands in the meadow and many more nice little trees besides. A little leaf freezes in the frosty wind and many more lonely little leaves besides. A little pile...
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Dressing Up a Self: Fashion and Kristeva's "Subject in Process"
Ways of thinking about people who dress fashionably usually start from assumptions about the symbolic content of the clothing in question or the agency of the person who wears it - often locating a lack of either. The feminist response to fashion has...
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Economic Rationalism, the Churches and the Politics of Welfare
For over a decade, economic rationalist ideas have been dominant in Australian society. Economic rationalists seek to undo the post-war Keynesian consensus on state intervention in the economy, a centralized arbitration system and high public expenditure...
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A Day with Julia Kristeva: Arts, Ethics, Philosophy, Politics
A day with Julia Kristeva: arts, ethics, philosophy, politics Tuesday July 9, 1996 Artspace, Woolloomooloo Presented by the Women's Research Centre at Macquarie University and the University of Western Sydney, Nepean, a day with Julia Kristeva promised...
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