Nine

Publication covering sports, fitness and history.

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 1, Fall

An Empirical Look at State Income: Taxation of Major League Baseball Players
The large increases in athletes' salaries have prompted states to exercise their rights to tax nonresident professional ballplayers. The general trend has been for each state to levy its tax rate on part of the salary of each player for games played...
A Shelter in the Storm: Baseball Responds to September 11
In 2001 the Minor League baseball playoffs were canceled for the first time since World War II and Major League baseball games were postponed in the aftermath of the devastating terrorist attacks committed against the United States on the morning of...
Barnstorming with the Bambino
"Just like those guys in the commercials." That's what everyone was saying to me last summer as I made my way to various ballparks across the country. I could see the similarity. I thought about it myself every time I saw the commercials on television....
Engineering Baseball: Branch Rickey's Innovative Approach to Baseball Management
Branch Rickey is regarded as one of the most influential figures in the history of professional baseball. Although he is most renowned for his role in the integration of the game, he left other equally indelible marks on the way professional baseball...
Foul Play: Fan Fatalities in Twentieth-Century Organized Baseball
The death of teenager Brittanie Cecil at a National Hockey League game in 2002 is a shocking reminder of the dangers inherent in many spectator sports. In both sports-related listservs and the national press, this incident has generated considerable...
Giants of the Nineteenth Century
THE 1888 NEW YORK GIANTS Despite a sluggish start the New York Giants of 1888 emerged as champions, winning the National crown with an 84-47 record, 9 games better than Cap Anson's Chicago White Stockings. Led by the pitching of Tim Keefe (35-12,...
It Pays to Be Personal: Baseball and Product Endorsements
In the 1920s Printer's Ink, the august advertising journal, printed this ditty: It pays to be personal now; It brings in the shekels--and how! If you want to sell drugs, Or Baluchistan rugs, Or revolvers to thugs, Or a spray to kill...
Muffin Baseball
Muffin games are mentioned in passing in histories of early baseball but invariably receive scant attention. At first glance this seems appropriate to their humble origins as scrimmages between the weakest members of baseball clubs. The name muffin,...
Playing in the Bush League: The Rookie and the Baseball Presidency
Most viewers of The Rookie will think of it in the terms in which it was reviewed: as a feel-good, Disney, G-rated family movie recounting the true story of pitcher Jim Morris making the Major Leagues at age thirty-five after a ten-year absence from...
Remembering the Babe: October 1, 1932
At Wrigley Field in Chicago seventy-one years ago, one of baseball's most renowned events took place. It was the day on which Babe Ruth cracked his "called shot" home run--whether an actuality, only legendary, or, as in his own account, mostly true....
Separatism and the Expos
To be a baseball fan in Montreal is to be a coroner as well. The Expos have been dying for years, and everyone has a theory about why. Many trace the team's miseries to 1994, when the Expos were the best team in baseball. Jeff Fassero, Pedro Martinez,...
Shirking in Major League Baseball in the Era of the Reserve Clause
Shirking has become an issue in professional sports with the advent of long-term guaranteed contracts, particularly because pay is largely uncoupled from performance. Baseball player-owner relations are a classic example of the principal-agent problem,...
The Impact of Rural Culture on a Baseball Career: Carl Hubbell of Meeker, Oklahoma
Baseball has two seasons. From the spring through the fall, the game belongs to the athletes. Then, as the weather grows cold and winter closes in, the spectators become the participants as baseball's second season, the Hot Stove League, begins. Fans...
Through the Looking Glass: The Forgotten World of Cuban Baseball
Imagine a world where baseball is played just for the fun of it. A place where world-class players walk or ride their bikes to the ballpark and know the fans by their first names. A place where some of the best baseball in the world is played, with...