Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: international review of English Studies

Articles from Annual

A Friend of My Mother('s): On the Use of Genitive vs. Common Case in Postmodifying Of-Phrases
1. Aim It is well-known that the so-called double genitive, or the post-genitive, occurs where the noun phrase following the preposition is definite and human (Quirk et al. 1985: 1283): an opera of Verdi's BUT NOT: * an opera an opera of my...
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Age and the Second Language Lexicon
1. Introductory. Age and the L2 learner: an overview There is now a wide consensus (see, e.g., Cook 1991; Ellis 1994; Harley 1986; Harley -- Wang 1997; Long 1990; Singleton 1989, 1997) that the balance of evidence relative to age and second language...
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All Hooked Up: An Ecological Look at Computers in the Classroom
Monterey Institute of International Studies and National Foreign Language Center, Washington, D.C. (1) 1. Introduction In a radio interview Bob Dylan once said that he wanted to include some hand clapping in a song they were recording in the...
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A Note on Phraseological Tendencies in the Core Vocabulary of English
Recent work, particularly in various areas of applied linguistics, has emphasized the pervasive occurrence of phrase-like units of idiomatic language use. Pawley and Syder (1983) claimed that native speakers know "hundreds of thousands" of such multi-word...
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Another Look at Genre: Corpus Linguistics vs. Genre Analysis
In current talk of text typology, the term "genre "has superseded most other formerly popular terms, such as "text type" and "register". We speak of genres not only in genre theory, but also in the rapidly expanding domain of corpus studies. However,...
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Beyond Binary Options: Effects of Two Languages on the Bilingual Mind
1. Introduction For psychologists, the fascination with bilingualism is to understand how the landscape of the mind is different for people who know two languages than it is for people who know only one. How does the mind accommodate two linguistic...
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Celtic Influence on Old English Rhetoric - a Case Study of the Interface between Diachronic Contrastive Rhetoric and History of Art
1. Problem and method Kari Sajavaara, whose 60th birthday this volume celebrates, is both an expert in the history of the English language, and he played a leading role, too, in launching modern contrastive linguistics, in extending its scope to...
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Constructing and Maintaining Sexist Ideologies: Horses Sweat, Men Perspire, Women Glow
1. Introduction ... the rules for meaning, which are part of language are not natural; they were not present in the world and merely awaiting discovery by human beings. On the contrary anything could be discovered, for without them there is no frame...
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Constructing 'Linguistic Maturity': Interactions around Written Text in the Primary Classroom
1. Introduction Recent years have seen a plethora of legislation on education and consequent changes in assessment practices in England and Wales. However, Bernstein (1990) warns us to ask of any change what has remained unchanged; and in this unchanged...
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Contrastive Analysis of Speech Acts: What Do We Do with the Research Findings?
"Thanks so much for the lovely meal." may work as an adequate acknowledgement of a fine meal just consumed at a colleague's home in another country. The utterance constitutes one of the semantic formulas or strategies for expressing gratitude. Expressions...
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Contrastive Rhetoric: Development and Challenges
1. Introduction Contrastive rhetoric is an area of research in second-language acquisition that identifies problems in composition encountered by second-language writers and, by referring to the rhetorical strategies of the first language, attempts...
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Curriculum Vitae
Born: Pieksamaki, Finland, January 18, 1938. Professor of Applied Language Studies, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Director of the Centre for Applied Language Studies, University of Jyvaskyla Education: Matriculation examination, 1956...
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Dancing a Waltz to Rock & Roll Music: Resolving Conflicting Discourse Expectations in Cross-Cultural Interaction
The conduct of interaction from moment to moment involves such a delicate balance of cooperation among the interactional partners that inadequately social action by one of the partners throws the other partners off. Behaviorally it looks and sounds...
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Designing and Implementing an Innovative Foreign Language Program: Reflections from a School District -- University Partnership
1. Introduction Recent federal legislation enacted in the United States, the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, calls for American students to leave grades 4, 8, and 12 having "demonstrated competence over challenging subject matter including English,...
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English Resultant, Affected and Eventive Objects in Polish Grammar
1. Introduction Some of the major contributions of Contrastive Studies are, on the one hand, the awareness that in many respects languages have to be described in their own terms, particularly at the level of structure, and, on the other hand, that,...
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Inside the "Black Box" of Classroom Language Tests
1. Introduction Tests are powerful devices as they can determine the future of individuals and programs. Tests are therefore used by those who recognize their power for a variety of purposes, goals and agenda and not necessarily to measure knowledge....
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Language Learning in School: The Promise of Two-Way Immersion (1)
Consider the following excerpt from an elementary school class. Mr. Hernandez (2) is teaching a lesson about migration to his class of eight-year-olds. Half of the class are fluent speakers of English (including one student already bilingual in Chinese...
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Language Teaching Policy Effects -- a Case Study of Finland
1. Emergence of foreign language teaching policy Systematic attempts to define a national policy of foreign language teaching are of relatively recent origin. The growing need for such a policy is due to a number of developments. The fact that the...
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List of Publications
(A = article, R = review, B = book) 1962 A 1 "The two English prose texts of Robert the Devil printed by Wynkyn de Worde", Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 63: 62-68. 1964-1966 A 2 "Finnish theses and dissertations in modern languages and...
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Making Texts Speak: The Work of the Forensic Linguist
1. Introduction It is a myth that texts, like Finns are silent -- but like Finns they don't tell their secrets to everyone. Among the tasks of the forensic linguist are: to discover what texts are actually saying, to teach texts to express themselves...
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Meaning and the Social Context: Notes on the Pragmatics of Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Intelligibility
1. Introduction In a paper considering the theoretical foundations of cross-cultural and cross-linguistic understanding, Sajavaara (1988) notes the importance of interaction-based studies for developing our understanding of the ways in which meaning...
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Negativity as a Cognitive and Interactional Concept
1. Negative judgements and negative states of affairs Negation and negative judgements have occupied the minds of philosophers, psychologists, and, later, linguists, for centuries. (1) The most serious controversy refers to the formal ontology of...
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Pragmatics and Mental Images
1. Introduction Teaching the same basic courses in linguistics year after year may gradually become a frustrating experience. The teacher also becomes increasingly aware of the possibility that the contents of the course may not have the same meaning...
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Prototypes and Invariants in Linguistic Categorisation
1. Introduction Since Ross (1972) and Rosch (1973), prototypes and concepts with fuzzy borders have been discussed in linguistic semantics. Some linguistic theories, especially generative linguistics and logical semantics have taken no notice of...
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Relational Pragmatics: Towards a Holistic View of Pragmatic Phenomena
Science may be described as the art of systematic over-simplification. Karl Popper 1. Introduction The situation in theoretical pragmatics is a peculiar one: first there is the Chomsky -- Kasher cognitivist research program (cf. Sinclair 1995)...
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Second Language Acquisition: The Procedural Skill Hypothesis
1. The objective of this paper The main line of argument pursued in this paper is the following: the task of acquiring a second language is based on the acquisition of the procedural skills needed for the processing of the language. In this paper,...
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"Short O" in East Anglia and New England
The New England "short o" has been discussed in the literature on American dialects a number of times (see Avis 1961; Kurath -- McDavid 1961: 12). Kurath (1964: 150) introduces this phenomenon as follows. He discusses the loss in American English of...
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Sociolinguistic Perspective on an SLA Theory of Mind *
As we consider the mind that acquires a second language -- when we ask what is innate to that mind, or whether we need a specially nativist or a generally nativist theory of second language acquisition (SLA), we must remember that innateness is not...
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"Some Kind of Gibberish": Irish-Speaking Children in the National Schools, 1850-1922
"I didn't take long to cast my eyes all round the house", wrote Tomas O'Crohan (1951: 15, 47) of his first day at National School on the Blasket Islands off southwestern Ireland around 1866. He noticed books and heaps of papers and a blackboard covered...
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Stops and Other Sound-Symbolic Devices Expressing the Relative Length of Referent Sounds in Onomatopoeia
1. Introduction Phonetic symbolism or a symbolic connection between the sound shape of a word and its referent has seriously attracted attention of many linguists since Sapir's "Study in phonetic symbolism" was published in 1929. Sapir's study started...
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Tabula Gratulatoria
Adamska-Salaciak, Arleta Poznan, Poland Ahlqvist, Anders Galway, Ireland Ahvenainen, Ossi Jyvaskyla, Finland Albanyan, Ahmed Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Altenberg, Bengt Lund, Sweden Arcain, Enrico Rome, Italy Awedyk, Wieslaw...
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The Role of English as a Language of Maximum Access in Israeli Language Practices and Policies
1. The inexorable spread of the English language 1.1. Planned or accidental English today is rapidly moving into an unprecedented status as candidate for the sole world language. (1) Despite the special situation created by the revitalization...
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The Silence of Power and Solidarity in Fallen Sons
1. Introduction According to Halliday (1978) language performs three basic metafunctions: the ideational, the interpersonal and the textual. The ideational metafunction refers to talking about people, objects, states, events, etc., i.e., about anything...
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Towards Discursive Social Psychology of Second Language Learning: The Case of Motivation
1. Introduction In recent years, there has been a major change of orientation in social psychology. It has involved a radical redefinition of the paradigm subscribed to, the nature and objectives of scholarly enquiry, and the kinds of materials...
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What Is Standard American English?
1. Introduction For decades, enthusiasts of communicative language teaching have deplored what is "static" in the linguistic input to language teaching and learning. Sajavaara found one source of this conservativism in the fact that "... variation...
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What Is the Overlord Actually Doing with a Situation?
... a communicatively oriented approach describes how the speaker implements his communicative intentions, how the hearer deciphers the speaker's intentions, and how these interact in particular situations of communication. Kari Sajavaara (1981)...
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What We Do with English When We Take Notes: Evidence Form a Civil Lawsuit
1. Linguistics and legal issues The usefulness of forensic linguistics has, by now, been well established in both criminal and civil law. Evidence of this can be found in the expanding literature on the subject (Levi 1994; Rieber--Stewart 1990;...
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