Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: international review of English Studies

Articles from Vol. 44, Annual

A (Crooked) Mirror for Knights-The Case of Dinadan
ABSTRACT The picture of chivalry in medieval romance was primarily an idealised vision of knightly custom. The world of King Arthur and Camelot codified moral and courtly standards which were presented in literature as patterns for emulation....
Chinese Loanwords in the OED
ABSTRACT It was traditionally assumed that Chinese had contributed few borrowings into English until Cannon (1987, 1988, 1990) carried out his research based on different English desk-dictionaries. His studies were supplemented by Moody (1996)...
"Cold Pastoral": Irony and the Eclogue in the Poetry of the Southern Fugitives
ABSTRACT This article attempts to analyze a shift in the ancient genre of pastoral in the poetry of the Southern modernists, Allen Tate and John Crowe Ransom, a shift that seeks to account for the historical penetration of nature and that is...
Contact with Scandinavian and Late Middle English Negative Concord
ABSTRACT Early Modern English saw negative concord disappear from the mainstream textual record (Nevalainen 1998; Kallel 2005), which may embody natural language change rather than prescriptivist pressure (Mazzon 1994). This study examines whether...
Disintegration of the Nominal Inflection in Anglian: The Case of I-Stems
ABSTRACT An evident tendency which can be observed in the behaviour of the Old English nouns belonging originally to the i-stem type is that they reveal a marked fluctuation between the inherited and the innovative (productive) paradigm, manifested...
English Family Names
ABSTRACT The English of the British Isles has already been put on the map in a number of national and regional atlases. In contrast, atlases of English family names are rather few in number and there are only a very limited number of distributional...
Evaluative Meaning and Its Cultural Significance
ABSTRACT In the framework of traditional descriptive semantics, evaluative meaning is defined as an aspect of affective meaning. By virtue of its general positive and negative evaluation, evaluative meaning finds its place in the compartment...
Finiteness, Subjunctives, and Negation in English
ABSTRACT This paper pursues the analysis of finiteness and subjunctives in English proposed in Anderson (2001b), in the context of the approach to finiteness adopted in Anderson (1997, 2001a, 2006b, 2007). Thus it defends the position that the...
General Attitudinal Meanings in RP Intonation
ABSTRACT The article takes a cognitive view of the attitudinal meanings of RP intonation. A summary statement is included about previous authors' views on attitudes conveyed by pitch direction. Data on intonation patterns concentrating on pitch...
Inverse Binding and the Status of the Spec. TP Position in Polish
ABSTRACT If the object DP in "inverted" OVS orders in Polish is anaphoric, then there is a question of the satisfaction of anaphoric A-binding in this new position. One type of examples suggests that there is no reconstruction at LF, hence the...
Investigating Dialectal Variation in the English of Nigerian University Graduates: Methodology and Pilot Study
ABSTRACT This paper describes the methodological procedures that will be used in the collection of data for a dialectal study of the English of Nigerian university graduates. It also reports on a pilot study carried out on this topic. The major...
Karl Luick's Historische Grammatik and Medieval English Consonant Changes
ABSTRACT The fragments of Karl Luick's Historische Grammatik der englischen Sprache published during his lifetime which contained an account of the development of English vowels and diphthongs have long served as a theoretical source successfully...
Names, Derivational Morphology, and Old English Gender
ABSTRACT The paper argues that names constitute a primary linguistic category: they do not constitute a subclass of nouns. What have been regarded as formal devices for signalling "name-hood", "properness", and so on, are part of a language's...
Natural Syntax: English Reported Speech
ABSTRACT Natural Syntax is a developing deductive theory, a branch of Naturalness Theory. The naturalness judgements are couched in naturalness scales, which proceed from the basic parameters (or "axioms") listed at the beginning of this paper....
On the Correlation between A-Type Scrambling and Lack of Weak Crossover Effects
ABSTRACT This paper explores certain properties of word orders in Polish clauses with monotransitive verbs where the object is moved to the clause initial position across the subject. We briefly present two current accounts of such word orders...
Periphrastic Renderings and Their Element Order in Old English Versions of the Gospels
ABSTRACT Interlinear glosses are expected to show one-to-one correspondence of Anglo-Saxon renderings to the Latin original, while free translation is allowed to use words, phrases and clauses of ordinary usage, even though Latin can affect Old...
Peter Ackroyd's London as the Backdrop to Esoteric Corners of the Past and Present
ABSTRACT This article concerns Peter Ackroyd's depiction of London as an arcane labyrinth within which demarcation of the borderline between what is rationally, historically acknowledgeable and what is not is not only highly problematic but in...
Prepositional Entries in English-Polish Dictionaries
ABSTRACT The present paper examines the microstructure of entries devoted to prepositions in bilingual English-Polish dictionaries. Given the problems inherent in the lexicographic treatment of function words, it seems worthwhile to ask: *...
Secret Passage through Poe: The Transatlantic Affinities of H. P. Lovecraft and Stefan Grabinski
ABSTRACT The paper focuses on intertextual relations between selected horror stories by H. P. Lovecraft and Polish writer Stefan Grabinski. Using a triadic concept of intertextuality derived by Michael Riffaterre from Peircean semiotics, this...
Shipping News
ABSTRACT Reports on the movement of shipping vessels in and out of English harbours have appeared as newsworthy items among English news reports from the very beginning of English newspaper publication. The earliest examples in the ZEN Corpus,...
Some Pragmatic Considerations in the Choice between This or That in English Narrative Discourse
ABSTRACT This study attempts to explore the principles that govern the choice of demonstratives (proximal vs. distal) in English narrative discourse and the pragmatic effects that such choices create in discourse. To do this, the author analyzed...
Spiritualism in Neo-Victorian Fiction
ABSTRACT The paper explores the theme of spiritualism in two neo-Victorian texts: In the red kitchen by Michele Roberts and "The conjugial angel" by A. S. Byatt. In recreating the Victorian setting, both writers self-consciously draw on the late...
"Stille as Ston": Oriental Deformity in the King of Tars
ABSTRACT The article discusses the monstrous birth in the context of the father's conversion in the thirteenth-century King of Tars. Miscegenation has to be diagnosed as the source of the child's shapelessness, while the topic of false accusations...
The Etymology of Modern English Monkey
ABSTRACT Modern English monkey does not represent a Romance loan-word of Arabian origin and transmitted by Middle Low German but is a vernacular diminutive derived from monk. ********** The origin of the Mode word monkey, recorded since...
The Historical Sociolinguistics of Elite Accent Change: On Why RP Is Not Disappearing
ABSTRACT There is a perception common in the UK today, especially amongst journalists, that the RP accent is disappearing: for example, Public School pupils and younger members of the Royal Family are now often said to be speaking Cockney instead...
The Stain and the Sign. Poetics in Philip Roth's the Human Stain
ABSTRACT The paper shows how Philip Roth's text discards and negates language, fiction and the temporality of narrative, replacing them with an experimental poetics that inscribes form into the body itself, endowing it with sensuality and musicality...
The Unfinished Cline of Grammaticalisation? Reflections on the Uses of OE under and Its Derivatives
ABSTRACT A lexical category under functioned in Old English as a preposition, an adverb or a member of a compound. This raises the questions: of whether and, if so, to what extent did these different uses undergo a process of grammaticalisation?...
Twice and Constituency
ABSTRACT It is not the case that two times may always be substituted by twice (and three times by thrice). This may be done when time has a frequency or quantity sense, not when it refers to temporal location. And, although both frequency and...
Usable vs. Abusable Past. A Reflection Apropos of Two (Publication-Politicization) Dates in the History of U.S. Literature
ABSTRACT Using as examples two radically different classic texts, Washington Irving's "Rip Van Winkle" and Stephen Crane's The red badge of courage, the article reflects on the scope (limits) of politicization of literary discourse in the guise...
User-Friendliness of Verb Syntax in Pedagogical Dictionaries of English
User-friendliness of verb syntax in pedagogical dictionaries of English. By Anna Dziemianko. Tubingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 2006. Pp. xii, 229. In Dziemianko's own words, User-friendliness of verb syntax in pedagogical dictionaries of English...
What Makes a Syntactic Change Stop? on the Decline of Periphrastic Do in Early Modern English Affirmative Declarative Sentences
ABSTRACT In Early Modern English, from about 1500 onwards, the periphrastic do-construction developed in all types of sentences, including affirmative declarative sentences. However, in the latter this development came to a halt and the number...
Why Does Ga- Not Appear in the Gothic Past Participle?
ABSTRACT Why does ga- not appear in the Gothic past participle while ge- does in Old English and German? The study on the Cumulative tendency (CT) which Niwa has made for a long time is found to solve this problem. CT is a universal tendency...
"Your Thorns Are the Best Part of You": The Female Poet and the Question of Non-Conformity in the Poetry of Marianne Moore and Gertrude Stein
ABSTRACT Marianne Moore and Gertrude Stein can be located at the heart of the avant-garde that engendered new literary forms and modes of expression in the first half of the twentieth century. This article will explore both similarities and differences...