Social Education

Official journal of the National Council for the Social Studies.

Articles from Vol. 68, No. 1, January-February

An End and a Beginning: The Fiftieth Anniversary of Brown V. Board of Education: The Landmark Case That Led to the Abolition of School Segregation
On May 17, 2004, the United States will observe the fiftieth anniversary of the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. By invalidating the doctrine of "separate but equal" in the field of public education,...
Editor's Notebook
IN THIS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION YEAR, major issues of every kind, domestic and foreign, confront the American electorate. For social studies educators, whose goal it is to prepare students for active citizenship, there will be good opportunities this...
Encouraging Reticent Students' Participation in Classroom Discussions
Imagine the following classroom scenario and then decide what you would do: You have been conducting a whole-class discussion for the past twenty minutes on the U.S. response to terrorism. The objective is for your civics/government students to...
"Furious and Formidable": A Lewis & Clark Bestiary
To PRESIDENT THOMAS JEFFERSON, who sent Lewis and Clark on their adventure, the fauna (the animals) of the West were interesting for several reasons: They might have economic value, like the beaver, which provided luxurious pelts. They might be hazardous,...
How Much of the Sky? Women in American High School History Textbooks from the 1960s, 1980s and 1990s
How many names of women from American history can the average, recent high school graduate come up with? How does this number compare with the number of males she or he can name? These are the kinds of questions that informed Janice Trecker's classic...
Lewis & Clark: An Interdisciplinary Expedition
ON JANUARY 18, 1803, President Thomas Jefferson asked Congress to fund an expedition to the source of the Missouri River. This expedition would become known as the Corps of Discovery, which would spend twenty-eight months exploring, studying, and documenting...
Order of Argument in the Case Brown V. Board of Education
The Supreme Court's opinion in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case legally ended decades of racial segregation in America's public schools. Originally named after Oliver Brown, the first of many plaintiffs listed in the lower court case of Brown...
Teaching about Primary Elections with the Internet
Most social studies topics are taught and discussed at a few specific grade levels. The Revolutionary War is primarily taught in grades 5, 8, and 11. The geography and culture of other nations is taught in most states in grades 6 and 7. Civics and...
Teaching about the Middle East: Challenges and Resource
Barbara Petzen began working as a part-time outreach coordinator at Harvard University's Center for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES) a week before September 11, 2001. She was finishing her dissertation in Middle Eastern studies, specializing in the Ottoman...
The Compromise of 1790: A Capital Simulation
THE GREATEST THREAT to the future of the United States following the American Revolution consisted of regional loyalties and interests. The first U.S. Congress hotly debated two controversial issues: the location of the national capital and the federal...
The Iraqi Governing Council
In July 2003, the United States, acting as the leader of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) that administers Iraq, established a Governing Council in Iraq. The Council consists of twenty-five Iraqi political and public figures. In the words...
The Keys to Election 2004: Thirteen Diagnostic Questions Prove to Be a Surprisingly Accurate Barometer for Presidential Elections
Despite a record number of Democrats seeking the presidential nomination, their prize will not be worth much unless the now sizzling economy fizzles in the next few months. Even then George W. Bush may well win election to a second term in office....
The Power of One: Making a Difference in a Changing World
The life of a teacher can be a challenge and on some days seem impossible. But, as our opening song says, "It's never easy when so much is on the line." "What is on the line is more than standards or standardized testing. What is on the line is an...
The U.S. Role in a Changing World: A Lesson Plan
What role should the United States play in the world today and in the years to come? What are the challenges before us? What issues are of most concern to us? What kind of world do we want in the twenty-first century? This lesson plan invites students...
Two Words in Need of Redemption
It appears that the worst name you can call a person is "politician." And the worst thing you can accuse someone of doing is "compromising." Negative attack-ad campaigning, so prevalent in recent years, has made the vocation of politician appear less...