Geographical

The monthly magazine of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers. Covers a broad range of subjects related to geography in articles on people, places, cultures, adventure, responsible travel, history, science, and the envir

Articles from Vol. 83, No. 8, August

A New Colonial Carve-Up?
Wealthy countries and corporations are increasingly acquiring huge tracts of arable land in developing countries--in particular, in sub-Saharan Africa--for industrial agriculture. these multibillion-dollar deals have led to farmers and residents being...
Caring for Somali Refugees in Kenya
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] '"Quick, follow me," beckons the man in a green bandana, and strikes off across the desert towards a strange cluster of objects. Getting closer, we see they are built of fragile branches swathed in blankets and polythene....
Delivering the Goods: How We Ensure That Supplies Reach Their Destination within 36 Hours-Anywhere in the World
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Vaccines are stored in a refrigerated area of our large stock warehouses. In Brussels, the warehouse is 7,000 square metres and contains everything from medicines and vehicles, through to surgical tents and clothing. The...
Desert Rebirth: Urban Development Is Rapidly Encroaching on the Remaining Open Desert of the United Arab Emirates, but near Dubai, It Has Been Stopped in Its Tracks. A Clever Partnership between Ultra-Luxe Ecotourism and Conservation in This Gulf Emirate Is Helping to Protect the Delicate Desert Ecosystem. Sarah Monaghan Visits the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The day before heading out into the desert beyond Dubai, I take the...
Emergency Surgery for Wounded Bodies and Minds
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 'There are still so many people who need emergency medical treatment following the violence which broke out after the elections. In the immediate aftermath we treated nearly 150 wounded patients over the course of a week....
Evacuating War-Wounded from Libya
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 'We're a team of 13, a mixture of MSF international staff and Tunisian medics, on this mission to rescue war-wounded from Misrata and transport them to the safety and medical care of Sfax in Tunisia. We've done our best...
Flooding, Farming and the Future: For Centuries, the British Landscape Has Been Engineered for the Benefit of Farmers and Landowners. Bur as Climate Change Has Increased the Frequency of Heavy Rainfall, the Consequences of This Management Are Now Being Seen, with 'Once in a Century' Floods Striking with Increasing Frequency, Forcing Us to Rethink Our Approach to Managing the Countryside
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] I wandered lonely as a cloud,' begins Wordsworth's well-known sonnet Daffodils. It's difficult to believe that he wrote it about the Lake District, a place where clouds are seldom alone, more often travelling in crowds, and...
Geopolitical Hotspot: Uganda
In May, one of Uganda's main opposition leaders, Kizza Besigye, an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 2006 and 2011, was prevented from boarding a Kenya Airways flight from Nairobi to the Ugandan capital, Kampala. Besigye had travelled to Kenya...
Golden Harvest: With the Arrival of Autumn, Britain's Rural Landscape Takes on One of Its Most Recognisable Forms, as Crops Are Harvested and Hay Bales Begin to Populate the Fields. Keith Wilson Explains How Photographers Can Best Capture the Countryside at This Time of Year
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] At this time of year, combine harvesters begin their march across Britain's farmland, reaping the grains of wheat, barley, oats and other cereals turned golden from their lush spring green. Soon after, these cropped fields...
Guardians of the Cerrado: The Cerrado Savannah Region Covers Nearly a Quarter of Brazil and Is Home to about Five per Cent of the Planet's Species. Once Viewed as Wilderness, the Land Has Been Monopolised by Huge Agri-Industries That Boost Brazil's Economy Bur Threaten the Region's, Unique Ecosystems. with Only Hall of the Cerrado Now Remaining, the Native Kraho Community Could Be Its Last Hope
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] PREVIOUS SPREAD, LEFT: Kraho children in the cerrado forest at dawn. The cerrado (Portuguese for 'open') biome is a vast tropical region in northeast and central Brazil....
Land and Freedom
On the face of it, it makes perfect sense. Countries without large expanses of land available for agriculture lease territory from other countries that have land to spare. So nations such as Saudi Arabia, for example, can ensure their food security...
Mark Davidson
Mark Davidson is an associate professor in coastal processes at the School of Marine Science and Engineering in Plymouth, where he's part of a team trying to predict how the shape of the world's coastlines will change in the future. He talks to Olivia...
MSF-Run Hospital Gives Martha Back Her Future
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 'Medecins Sans Frontieres took over Lubutu hospital in 2006, due to the high mortality rate in the area. The aim was to develop a fully-functional hospital offering high quality secondary healthcare--free. This means that...
On the Alpine Trail: Criss-Crossing the Alps Is a Network of Trails That Offer Hikes through Some of Europe's Most Spectacular Scenery. Here, Geographical's Kit Editor, Paul Deegan, Describes the Gear He Takes on His Multi-Day Alpine Treks
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 'Well, it looks like the description in the guidebook. Let's carry on.' The truth was, the landscape looked nothing like the picture the words were painting. I was making the classic mistake of matching the terrain to the...
Rewarding Geography
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 'Just because we have an ever-increasing amount of knowledge of our world doesn't mean that we no longer need a discipline that makes sense of it...
Seeds of Doom: Around the World, Many Plant Species Rely on Specific Animals to Disperse Their Seeds Away from the Parent Plant. but Many of Those Animals Are Now Facing Extinction, Raising Fears of a Cascade of Further Extinctions, with Wide-Ranging Impacts on the Health of the World's Forests. Kara Moses Reports on the Impending 'Dispersal Crisis'
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Global food production is at the mercy of insects. Without the work carried out by millions of bees and other pollinators, agriculture would simply grind to a halt. So, when bee colonies in Europe and the USA began to mysteriously...
Ten of the Best
Like many hiking expeditions, a multi-day Alpine trek requires a range of outdoor clothing to combat the changing elements; a tent, sleeping bag and stove for camping; and a comfortable rucksack for lugging all of this about (not to mention a keen...
Through the Lens: Haiti
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] On 12th January 2010, a 7.0 Richter scale earthquake struck Haiti. MSF, already working in Haiti, responded within minutes. Credit: Kadir van Lohuizen, Haiti, January 2010 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the earthquake,...
Top Ten Writer's Reads
Marius Kociejowski is a poet, essayist and travel writer who was born and brought up in Canada and now lives in England. His latest book, The Pigeon Wars of Damascus, is out now 1. A CURE FOR SERPENTS by Alberto Denti di Pirajno (ELAND, 12.99...
Travels with Paul Theroux: The Finest Travel Writer of His Generation, Paul Theroux Has Spent as Much of His Life in the World of Books as He Has on the Road
Paul Theroux saunters onto the stage in dark-grey chalk-stripe suit and a white straight-from-the box Nehrucollar shirt. His circular tortoiseshell glasses complete the image of the metropolitan intellectual. Urbane and media-groomed he pauses,...
War with out End: Burma's Forgotten Veterans
During the second world war, Burma's Karen people fought alongside the British to defeat the forces of imperial Japan. but after Burmese independence and amid British indifference, they began a fight against the ruling military junta that has gone...