Geographical

The monthly magazine of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers. Covers a broad range of subjects related to geography in articles on people, places, cultures, adventure, responsible travel, history, science, and the envir

Articles from Vol. 80, No. 11, November

A Game of Cat and Mouse: In the Dense Jungle of Brazil's Mata Atlantica-The Atlantic Rainforest-A Small Team of International Volunteers Is Assisting Local Biologists in Efforts to Track Down Two of the Region's Most Elusive Inhabitants: The Jaguar and the Puma
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Watch your step; says Dr Marcello Mazzolli as he examines the soft mud of the jungle trail. The patch looks perfect, and he and his research team quickly set about meticulously manicuring it like a Zen sand garden, clearing...
A Lost World above the Clouds
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Skirted on all sides by sheer walls up to 450 metres in height, the colossal sandstone mesa Mount Roraima in the Guiana Highlands was once proclaimed 'unscalable' and 'forever beyond the reach of mankind'. But 124 years ago,...
Arabian Chest: Once the Property of the Wife of the Third Sultan of Zanzibar
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Arabian chests became popular during the early 20th century when European travellers and explorers bought them as symbols of the 'romantic' Arabian Empire. But most weren't actually Arabian; many were originally constructed...
A Simple Abode: High in the Little-Explored Knuckles Range of Sri Lanka, a Grassroots Tourism Project Is Helping to Sustain and Preserve the Traditional Ways of a Dwindling Village Community
Walking uphill in the pouring rain with leeches nipping at your ankles isn't an experience for the faint of heart, but it's a small price to pay for a visit to the remote mountain village of Walpolamulla--population: six--the site of an inspiring small-scale...
Bean and Gone: Cultivated in China for Millennia, the Nutritious Soya Bean Is One of Nature's 'Swiss Army Knives', Having a Multitude of Uses in the Global Food Industry. but Worldwide Demand Has Meant That Large Scale Production in Countries Such as Brazil and Argentina Has Led to Huge Swathes of Rainforest Being Lost and Other Adverse Effects on the Environment
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] It once seemed that soya's reputation as a health food was assured--for lowering cholesterol, providing calcium for those who couldn't drink cow's milk and helping women through the menopause. Similarly, it seemed as if it...
Blackdown Hills: Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty: Riven with River Valleys and Dotted with Iron Age Hillforts, the Blackdown Hills on the Somerset-Devon Border in Southwestern England Are Being Opened Up by a New Trail System. Olivia Edward Meets Some of the People Working to Improve Access and Preserve the Region's Unique Character
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] I'm feeling rather intrepid. We're cutting a path through some thick, wet undergrowth, on the hunt for a herd of longhorn cattle. The ground underneath is uneven and boggy, and we have to be careful not to tread on the numerous...
Event of the Month
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] 4 November, 7pm Discovering people: Brian Blessed (LECTURE, LONDON) Join Libby Purves in conversation with Brian Blessed, one of Britain's best-loved actors, directors and writers, as well as a passionate traveller...
Health: Numerous Related Factors Influence Life Expectancies around the World, from Food Consumption to Medical Provision
In much of the world, average life expectancies are increasing. The rises are attributed to improvements in agriculture and, hence, nutrition, as well as health education, improved sanitation and drinking water quality, together with advances in medicine....
Mongolia
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In July, the political situation in Mongolia deteriorated significantly, and violent protests erupted in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. The catalyst for the unrest was electoral fraud, with opposition parties accusing the incumbent...
Orchard Country: Traditional Orchards Have Been a Vital Feature of Britain's Landscape and Culture for Centuries. James Russell Finds out Why They Were Planted, and Why They're Now under Threat
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Just outside the village of Kingsbury Episcopi, overlooking the flat lands of central Somerset, Burrow Hill stands like a Neolithic monument--Solsbury in miniature, topped by a single sycamore. You can see it for miles, and...
Paul Rose
Paul Rose 57, expedition leader, polar guide, professional diver and instructor, mountaineer, engineer and television presenter, was base commander of the British Antarctic Survey's Rothera Research Station for ten years and is a former vice president...
Pedalling the Pacific: Two Naked Men in a Pedal Boat in the Middle of the World's Largest Ocean-It Sounds like a Comedy Sketch, but Was Part of a Bold Global Circumnavigation Attempt Using Only Human Power. Stevie Smith Describes the Equipment He and His Companion Employed on the Pacific Leg of Their Epic 13-Year Voyage
We're riding the roller coaster of a Pacific swell nearly 1,000 kilometres west of California. In a pedal boat. We've been pedalling against the wind all day, staring at the same patch of fathomless blue. We're hamsters on a wheel, going nowhere. ...
Ten of the Best
Some of the equipment used during Moksha's 1998-2000 Pacific voyage is no longer available. The selection featured here includes similar and updated products that are available now if you're thinking of pedalling the Pacific 1 Global Positioning...
The Making of Modern-Day Manila
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Manila, the capital of the Philippines, was all but flattened at the end of the Second World War. The war's conclusion saw independence granted, following a history of occupation by Spain, the USA and Japan. Most of these...
The Path to Enlightenment
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Earlier this year, two French photojournalists visited an isolated monastery known as Yachen Gonpa in eastern Tibet. Little known outside of the region, the monastery serves around 8,000 Buddhist monks and nuns, and is probably...
TOP 10 Writer's Reads
1. Lord of the Rings by JRR Tolkien (HarperCollins, 19.99 [pounds sterling]) By far the best escapist book of all time. I can still remember the excitement and expectancy with which I consumed it as an adolescent 2. The Stand by Stephen King...
Travelling with the Circus, the Mexican Way: Emily Ainsworth Is This Year's Winner of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) and BBC Radio 4 Journey of a Lifetime Award. She Travelled to Mexico and Joined a Family Circus, and in This Exclusive Piece for Geographical, She Reveals the World She Found There
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Humberto's brother was missing a finger. He had lost it when he tried, and failed, to prise his daughter's head from the jaws of a tiger she was taming. Humberto had himself sold the tigers to his brother's circus; for years,...
Use Them or Lose Them
I think we're all now pretty much in agreement about the need to preserve the world's biodiversity. And most people would agree that cultural diversity provides benefits for communities and is worthy of protection. But there's an area where these two...
Weather Report: Don't Let Bad Weather Get You Down-Grab Your Camera, Get out and Photograph It. Meteorological Mayhem Can Make for Excellent Images, Says Keith Wilson. but Keep an Eye out for Lightning
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Geo photo Over the millennia, humanity has closely studied the shifting weather patterns in order to make decisions vital to basic survival and future progress. But over the past decade, as global climate change has taken...
Win the Experience of a Lifetime: Help with Arabian Leopard Conservation in Oman
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Has this feature on the Brazil expedition whetted your appetite to join Biosphere Expeditions on one of its research projects? Then this is your chance to join a unique Arabian leopard conservation expedition to Oman. Courtesy...
World of Confusion: The Vatican Library Holds a Previously Unstudied Map from the 16th Century That Raises Intriguing Questions about European Conceptions of Columbus's Voyages to the New World
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] Exploration in the Middle Ages and Renaissance was a tricky business--something that's easy to forget and perhaps hard to grasp for a society used to the conveniences of satellite images and GPS. Christopher Columbus, for...