Twentieth Century Literature

A quarterly journal of scholarly literary criticism publishing refereed papers on all aspects of twentieth-century literature, including English-language essays on literature in other languages.

Articles from Vol. 45, No. 4, Winter

Critical Dreams: Orientalism, Modernism, and the Meaning of Pound's China
No figure of twentieth-century literature has had a more overt relation to China than Ezra Pound. From the early moments of his career in London to his final days in Italy, Pound made China part of his general project to rethink the nature of the West,...
Learning to Hover: Robert Frost, Robert Francis, and the Poetry of Detached Engagement
In Robert Francis's reminiscence of Robert Frost, A Time to Talk, the entry dated April 4, 1932, contains a poem published the day before in the Springfield Republican and Union. Francis wrote the poem to commemorate Frost's arrival at Amherst. Here...
Models of Memory and Romance: The Dual Endings of Toni Morrison's Beloved
One of the great moments of ideological negotiation in any work occurs in the choice of a resolution for the various services it provides. Narrative outcome is one place where transindividual assumptions and values are most clearly visible, and where...
Modernism's Shell-Shocked History: Amnesia, Repetition, and the War in Graham Greene's the Ministry of Fear
[T]he 1930s quickly became associated with the rejection of high modernism as it had developed after the war and with a renewed dedication to realism and political commitment. Brian Diemert (23) [T]o fight against forgetting means to fight to...
Morals, Manners, and "Marriage": Marianne Moore's Art of Conversation
Contemporary accounts indicate that in addition to her other skills, Marianne Moore was a formidable talker. It also seems that she could be encouraged, or dared, to display this talent. Two anecdotes suggest her ability and her friends' reactions...
The Censored Language of War: Richard Aldington's Death of a Hero and Three Other War Novels of 1929
When Richard Aldington published his first novel, ironically titled Death of a Hero, in September 1929, he had his English publisher Chatto & Windus include a note on how his manuscript had differed from the printed text. In it he said: To my...
The Double Voice of Metaphor: A. S. Byatt's "Morpho Eugenia"
Analogy is a slippery tool. A. S. Byatt (100) The double voice of postmodern fiction presents a challenge because it requires that we question the way we read and interpret not only postmodern literature but also literature as a whole. [1] This...