The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from June 18, 1990

A Family Cut from the Public Payroll Contemplates a New Way of Life
AS in many third-world countries, Brazil's government has long played an informal welfare role.People with few real qualifications got jobs through relatives or political connections in return for votes or other favors. Bosses created special job categories...
An Arts Baron with Panache the New Chairman of Kennedy Center Is a New York Banker and Amateur Cellist Who Aims to Strike a Proper Balance between Creativity and Bottom-Line Concerns
THE fencer's protective mask is on, and not a moment too soon. In just a few months as chairman of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, agile James Wolfensohn has shown Washington the flash and dazzle that made him an Australian Olympic...
Baker's Mideast Ire
SECRETARY of State James Baker vented his frustration last week with the stalled Mideast peace process. And he has ample cause for frustration.Mr. Baker rightly took issue with the conditions being set by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir before...
Bush Gets into Five-State Fray for US Senate Seats Series: Campaign '90. Part 21 of a Series
TELEPHONE lines are humming between the White House and at least five states with sizzling Senate races - Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Rhode Island, and Hawaii.President Bush and his political staff detect an opportunity to pick off several United States...
Collor Strives to Trim Federal Fat BRAZIL GOVERNMENT REFORM
PRESIDENT Fernando Collor de Mello has promised to turn the Brazilian government deficit into a surplus this year, by cutting an estimated $5.5 billion of the $13 billion federal budget.Removing bureaucratic fat is meant to make a big contribution to...
Commercials Aimed at Kids Spark Debate Pending Legislation Would Limit Television Marketing for Children and Require More Educational Programming. TV ADVERTISING
IF there's a quiet corner of childhood still untouched by the marketing industry, it is not apparent to the naked eye.Over the last decade, more advertising on television targeted kids, and ads penetrated to every nook and cranny of childhood experience...
Death Squads Seek Negotiations COLOMBIA: RIGHT-WING VIOLENCE
THEIR leaders say they are self-defense groups formed to fight Colombia's leftist guerrillas. But human rights activists and some government officials say they are really death squads financed by drug traffickers.Government officials accuse some members...
French Give Tribute to Revered Leader A Triple Anniversary Celebrates the Life of Charles De Gaulle - a Letter from Rouen, France
IN the ornate city hall of the capital of Normandy, a group of mostly gray-haired men and women prepares for the city's commemoration of Charles de Gaulle with the reverence of officers anticipating their commander in chief.There are squabbles about...
Give and Take on NATO
MIKHAIL GORBACHEV'S yielding on the shape of Western alliances last week - agreeing that West German troops could be part of NATO even if East German troops are not in the Warsaw Pact - shows how much the Soviet position on the new Europe is still evolving.But...
Gorbachev's `Crabgrass'
THE Soviet Union's nationalities problems are Mikhail Gorbachev's equivalent of crabgrass. He might try pull them out in one place, but they'll pop up elsewhere.The decision to moderate Moscow's economic embargo of Lithuania does credit to Mr. Gorbachev's...
Graduate-Student Workers Make Gains in Unionization at Several Universities Moves Parallel Growth in Their Teaching, Research Roles. EDUCATION OR LABOR?
GRADUATE-STUDENT employees at several universities nationwide say they made important gains in organizing this spring, a sign of the growing clout of campus unions.Analysts say the unions' accomplishments can be traced to students' economic hardship,...
How the US Strangled Arafat's Peace Initiative
HAVING failed to deliver Israel to the negotiating table, the United States now stands poised to end what is left of the Middle East peace process by breaking off its dialogue with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). This terminates a year in...
Kinetic Sculpture on the Roll
MY first penciled sketch, on a dinner napkin, roughly showed a stretched 10-speed: a bicycle designed so that I could recline nearly parallel to Mother Earth while I pedaled steadily along. Over top of the bike, I'd attach a clear fiberglass canoe, like...
Microbes Get Chance at Oil Slick Texas Officials Run Open-Ocean Tests of Technique First Tried on Alaska Spill. TANKER SPILL CLEANUP
WHEN the Exxon Valdez disgorged its infamous black cargo on Prince William sound last year, Carl Oppenheimer's very serious offer of oil-eating microbes went unheard in the confusion of the crisis and the inevitable din of snake-oil salesmen hawking...
NBC Commentator Plays Cassandra in Print
PERIL AND PROMISE: A COMMENTARY ON AMERICA. By John Chancellor, New York: Harper & Row, 176 pp., $17.95</P><P>`THE future can be reclaimed by an America that regains its will to succeed. But success can be achieved only by sacrifice...
New Jersey Puts Trash on Display Unconventional Exhibit Aims to Educate Visitors and Enlist Them in Solving the Garbage Crisis. REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE
NO art critic has ever been surrounded by such outright rubbish. But that's the point: Visitors enter New Jersey's Garbage Museum straight through a dump - a symbolic one, that is.The winding entrance is covered in trash - from old toys, telephones,...
News Currents
UNITED STATES</P><P>President Bush Friday vetoed a bill that would have lifted many of the Hatch Act's curbs on political activity by federal workers. The Senate passed the Family and Medical Leave Bill Thursday, with proponents asking...
News Veteran Shares His Views after 40 Years in the Business, Journalist John Chancellor Reflects on the Media and the World. AUTHOR INTERVIEW
THE bright television lights seem out of place in a hotel suite. But when you're NBC television commentator John Chancellor and you're on the road to talk about your book, everyone's invited to stop by, from notepad-wielding print journalists to local...
Policy Conflicts Reveal Discord in Chinese Leadership China's Communist Party Struggles to Salvage Legitimacy
A YEAR after senior leader Deng Xiaoping tried to restore "stability and unity" by crushing popular protests for democracy, China is showing increasing signs of political uncertainty. As public alienation deepens, clear policy contradictions are giving...
Prosecution Plans Rebuttal as Twitchell Trial Continues Defense Rests Its Case after Medical Expert Disputes Prosecution's Version of Cause of Child's Illness
THE defense rested Thursday in the manslaughter trial of David and Ginger Twitchell. But the case is not yet ready for the jury.Special prosecutor John Kiernan is attempting to present a rebuttal case that could last up to three weeks.The manslaughter...
Quebec Ban Limits Ads for Children
Pierre Valois has a position that many parents would envy.As chief lawyer for the Consumer Protection Bureau of the Canadian province of Quebec, Mr. Valois enforces a provincial ban on advertising to children.Kids' shows haven't disappeared in Quebec;...
Redeploying Scientific Talent from the East
UPHEAVAL and change in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have pushed a large group of scientists and technologists into occupational flux. A one-time opportunity exists to redirect this pool of trained manpower toward research agendas set by global...
Reporting the Baghdad Summit Arab Fears and the Israeli Right Wing
THE recent Arab summit conference in Baghdad was held to consider among other things, the looming dangers to the peace process by the sudden flood of Soviet Jews to Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories.By and large, the American media coverage...
Romanian Leader Blames Right Wing for Violence
THE streets of Bucharest were quiet last weekend, after the worst violence since the government crackdown in Timosoara that sparked the December revolution.Attacked by the opposition and Western governments for suppressing dissent, the government pledged...
Smaller Capital Need Seen for E. Europe
SOME Western political leaders have been putting pressure on the international financial community to boost investment capital flows to Eastern Europe. The money would be used to modernize the region and spur the economic liberalization underway there.Case...
Time for a `New Isolationism'
THE collapse of the Berlin Wall, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the spread of democracy from Johannesburg to Santiago to Ulaanbaator - how are Americans to react to these fundamental changes? Perhaps we can begin with the realization that we...
Wolfensohn Left Australia for America with Just $300
JAMES WOLFENSOHN was born in Sydney, Australia, into a family where "there wasn't a lot of financial success, but there was a lot of intellectual strength," as he puts it. His father was a small-business consultant, his mother a musician. "I had to be...
World Cup Fails to Fill Hotels TOURISM GETS THE BOOT
ANTONIO MINIATI paces nervously in front of 26 empty tables at his fashionable Florentine Ristorante Oreste, and asks: "Where are all the Americans?" Mr. Miniati is not alone in asking.When it was announced last December that the United States would...