The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from October 19, 1994

A Former First Lady Details a Political Life
NEARLY two years after she and her husband left the White House for the relative anonymity of post-presidential life in Houston, Barbara Bush remains one of the most beloved first ladies. With her halo of white hair, her maternal air, her self-deprecating...
Air, Sea, or Undersea? `Chunnel' Services Bid for Passenger Loyalty
IN the air, on the sea, and under the sea, the battle lines are being drawn in a tussle for passengers traveling between Britain and the European continent.Eurostar, the new passenger service on high-speed trains using the Channel Tunnel, has set a low...
Aristide's Task: To Smooth Ups and Downs of Haiti from the Poor at the Port to the Rich in the Hills, Haitians Look to Their Restored Leader for Progress
HAITI is a country of up and down. Mountains define this small island nation - geographically, sociologically, politically, and economically. The equation is simple: Some people are up, most are down.This is true everywhere in Haiti, but it is played...
A Year Later, Bhutto's Return to Power Looks More Tenable but a Relentless Opposition Campaign Hampers Her Ability to Govern
AFTER standing outside Karachi's posh Avari Hotel for almost four hours in search of a customer, taxi driver Sardar Khan plans to leave for the day. "These politicians are bad for business. They fight while we suffer," he says, pointing toward a newspaper...
Big Powers Arm-Wrestle over Iraqi Sanctions
ABANDONING all pretense about a united front to confront Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, the world's great powers are bitterly divided over just how to contain his belligerence.Diplomatically, the conflict has been playing out at the United Nations Security...
Charles Speaks out, and Royalty Bristles Critics See Frank Biography of Prince as a Possible Signature of Abdication
THE furor wrought by Prince Charles's bare-all authorized biography has throne-watchers convinced that the British monarchy has been endangered by endless revelations about the private lives of the royal family.The biography by journalist Jonathan Dimbleby,...
Combating Abuses of Religious Human Rights Clerics, Politicians, Activists Discuss `Golden Rules' of Religious Liberty
THE "ethnic cleansing" of Muslims in Bosnia. Clashes between Sikhs and Hindus in India. The bitter strife between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. And in the United States, the denial of permission for Jews to build synagogues or Muslims...
Era of Borderless World Challenges South Africa
IN his speech to the joint US Congress Oct. 7, elder statesman Nelson Mandela proclaimed that the concept of a global village had become a reality that no nation-state could ignore.This new reality, he said, had to become the cornerstone of a new world...
Events
ANGOLAN ANNOUNCEMENT LIFTS HOPES Angola's warring foes have agreed in principle to end nearly 20 years of civil war, but foreign diplomats advised caution over the prospects for real peace, remembering that previous deals came to nothing. Diplomats...
Grocers, Consumers Profit as Shopping Giants Return to Forgotten Inner City
LOS Angeles entrepreneur Darioush Khaledi is proudly bucking conventional business wisdom: He is making a profit in the inner city.Mr. Khaledi's company, KV Markets, is Southern California's largest independent grocery chain, with 13 inner-city stores...
In Global Peacekeeping, Might May Prove to Be More Effective Than Right
IF you see two boys pummeling each other in the street, the proper way to make peace is to step in and impartially pull them apart. Adults seldom take the side of one child and help finish the other off.Both the United States and the United Nations typically...
Inspired Election Choices
OVER the next few months, citizens in the United States and in other nations will be going to the polls in order to elect leaders at many different levels of government. Such choices are not always easy to make. Cynicism, confusion, and frustration...
Iraq's Front-Line Shift
WITH Saddam Hussein's troops no longer massing along the Kuwaiti border, it seems the front lines of the Iraqi dispute have shifted to the UN Security Council, where the fight is over whether or how to lift the 1990 sanctions on Iraq. The Russians are...
Mexico City Struggles to Clear the Air Some Pollutant Levels Are Decreasing, but Car and Factory Emissions Still Trouble City
FOR decades the March 18 Oil Refinery in northern Mexico City belched out enough smoke, gases, and dirt to produce close to 5 percent of the pollution fouling the air of this notoriously polluted city.Then in 1991, President Carlos Salinas de Gortari,...
Northern Ireland Talks Face Many Pitfalls Getting Everyone to the Table Is Only the Start; the IRA and Protestant Unionists Have Quite Different Agendas
PRESIDENT Clinton's recent decision to lift the ban on official contacts between the United States and the political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Sinn Fein, suggests that Northern Ireland could follow South Africa and the Middle East on the...
Not All's Forgiven as Queen Tours a Czarless Russia
QUEEN Elizabeth II turned her back on royal scandals at home during a historic visit to Russia this week, determined not to let the already bruised monarchy's image further deteriorate abroad.Looking regal in a diamond tiara and mink coat, the queen...
Nuclear Deal Could Entice North Korea out of Its Shell
IF fully implemented, the US-North Korea nuclear pact reached on Oct. 18 will crack the long isolation of the Pyongyang regime and perhaps set it on a course toward normal political and economic relations with its neighbors and the Western world.But...
Reagan Redux: Democrats, GOP Fight over 1980s but Campaign Strategies May Backfire, since Americans' Views on Reagan Era Are Mixed
RONALD REAGAN and later George Bush ran against the Carter years, with their stagflation and hostages abroad. That was a no-brainer, as strategies go.Lately Democrats from Sen. Harris Wofford of Pennsylvania to Douglas Stephens, a candidate for an open...
Russia Doesn't Play 2nd String Moscow Squeezed a Pledge from Iraq to Recognize Kuwait, but Few in the West Seemed Impressed
THERE is nothing Russia likes less than to be treated as a second-rate power.And nowhere does Moscow have so many opportunities to try to prove that it is more than a has-been than in Iraq, its old client-state.So when Russian Foreign Minister Andrei...
Satisfying Marriages
IT'S hardly a secret that in the world of TV soap operas and Hollywood movies make-believe marital infidelity is nearly as common as make-believe murder and mayhem.Alas, real-life lapses in good judgment occur too. Charges concerning both the Prince...
Tanker Captains Know the Way to Houston Combination of Low Prices and Dwindling Reserves Is Boosting US Oil Imports from around the World
WHETHER carrying a cargo of Arabian Heavy from the Persian Gulf or Sumatran Light from the South China Sea, captains may guide their supertankers to 29 degrees 45 minutes north, 95 degrees 20 minutes west - coordinates for the port of Houston.This city...
Tannen Talks Shop: Men and Women in the Workplace
IMAGINE what life must be like for Deborah Tannen, the Georgetown University linguist who has made a career of explaining men and women to each other by enlightening them on the different ways they tend to use language.Every day must be full of raw material....
Tuning Up the Engine of Europe's Economy Long Sustained by Manufacturing, Germany's Ability to Halt Declining Competitiveness Will Require Adapting to a Service-Oriented Market Series: Chancellor Kohl Described His Country as the `Motor' of the European Union, but Germany May Lose Its Competitive Edge If It Does Not Deregulate Much of Its Economy. Part 4 of Five. * Part 1: A Penchant for the Status Quo * Part 2: Bridging the East-West `Mentality Gap' * Part 3: States Push for Greater Rights under Federalism * Part 4: Keeping the Economic Engine Competitive * Part 5: Wielding Foreign Clout without Inspiring Fear
SINCE the Industrial Revolution, manufacturing strengths have propped up the German economic machine.Industrial giants - names such as Daimler-Benz, Krupp, and Bayer - made Germany the economic powerhouse of present-day Europe and a crucial player in...
US Defense Chief Forges Close Ties to China's Veiled Military Leaders
THE United States and China have broadened their military links in another conciliatory step to relax their tensile relations.Almost six months after President Clinton decoupled US trade and China's human rights record, Defense Secretary William Perry...
Yasser Arafat Faces Crisis of Legitimacy in Palestine Only Elections Will Satisfy Palestinians' Need for Authorities That Are Accountable to Them
THE kidnapping by Hamas militants of an Israeli soldier last week sharpened the contradictions inherent in the fragile peace process embarked upon by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. Yasser Arafat, chairman of the PLO and of the Palestinian...